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  • Multifamily Retrofits – The Path Forward for

    Multifamily Energy Efficiency Programs

    Charlie Taylor, Scott Campbell, and Christa Shute

    Thursday February 4th, 2016

  • WHO’S IN THE ROOM?

    • Property owners, developers

    • Design community (Architects, Engineers, etc.)

    • Energy Efficiency Program Staff

    • Policymakers, consultants, Non-profits etc.

    • Implementers, builders, contractors etc.

    • Others?

    2

  • 3

    Mission

    Accelerate energy efficiency as an essential

    part of demand-side solutions that enable a

    sustainable regional energy system

    Vision

    Region embraces next generation energy

    efficiency as a core strategy to meet energy

    needs in a carbon-constrained world

    Approach

    Overcome barriers and transform markets via

    Collaboration, Education and Enterprise

    One of six regional energy efficiency organizations (REEOs) funded by the US Department of Energy (US DOE) to link regions to US DOE guidance, products and programs

    NORTHEAST ENERGY EFFICIENCY PARTNERSHIPS “Accelerating Energy Efficiency”

  • REGIONAL CONTEXT

    4

    -NEEP’s High Performance Buildings team first began it’s

    multifamily retrofit project in 2011.

    -Assisted Efficiency Maine in efforts to set up a “one-stop-

    shop”, organized a regional working group, held focus groups

    for landlords and tenants, and disseminated best practices.

    -Published a report in 2014 on strategies to advance energy

    efficiency in small and mid-sized multifamily buildings.

    -Focused on small to mid-sized multifamily buildings (5-20

    units).

    -Currently working on a collaborative project to advance the

    efficiency of multifamily buildings across the country with four

    other REEOs.

  • NATIONAL BEST PRACTICES REPORT

    • Set for release later this year, will contain:

    -Best practices derived from experiences from 5 different

    regional organizations providing technical guidance and

    support to multifamily programs across the country.

    -Policy and program implementation recommendations

    -Case studies

    5

  • REGIONAL MULTIFAMILY MARKET ASSESSMENT

    6

    Characteristics of the region’s multifamily housing (5+ units):

    -Over 5 million multifamily housing units

    -Almost half was built before 1960

    -Overwhelmingly located in urban areas

    -A majority heat with natural gas

    -A quarter heat with oil

  • VERMONT MULTIFAMILY BUILDINGS Characteristics of Vermont’s multifamily housing:

    – 42% built before 1960

    – About 80% heat with oil or other unregulated fuels

    (propane, biomass, etc.)

    – More rural, 26% located in rural areas compared to about

    5% for the rest of the region.

    7

  • REGIONAL BEST PRACTICES: SIMPLIFY!

    • Refine the development of “one-stop-shops” for multifamily

    building owners

    • Efforts to reduce the work needed from the building owner

    through the retrofit process:

    – Create a single point of contact

    – Streamline paperwork

    – Clear, easily understandable audit reports

    – Assign qualified contractors for implementation

    – Include installation and savings verification

    8

  • EXPAND PROGRAMS FOR DELIVERED FUELS

    • Vermont is a leader in this space

    • Huge opportunity for savings in multifamily buildings which

    are largely ignored in many states

    • Nearly 1 million units in New England and New York heated

    with oil.

    • Many large MF buildings heated with steam

    • Funding mechanism needed in states with significant

    populations heating with oil and biomass

    9

  • FINANCING

    • Accessible financing is crucial to this market

    • Public/private partnerships can maximize benefits for

    building owners

    • Public entities can leverage funding by creating loan loss

    reserves or interest rate buy-downs which facilitate private

    investment

    • On-bill and PACE financing enable building owners to bundle

    retrofit costs with existing bill/tax payments and typically

    have much lower default rates than other forms of debt

    10

  • FACILITATE ENERGY DATA ACCESS

    • Building owners need access to easily understandable

    building energy data

    • Benchmarking in Energy Star Portfolio Manager, WegoWise,

    or a similar platform enables comparison between buildings.

    • Automated data transfer through Green Button Connect My

    Data and similar services allow third party service providers

    to retrieve energy data on an ongoing basis

    • This data should be accessible for tenants. Policies requiring

    disclosure of energy bills or benchmarking data to tenants

    give insight into the otherwise “invisible” energy attributes

    of the building.

    11

  • GEOGRAPHICALLY TARGET AREAS WITH GRID

    CONSTRAINTS

    • A vast majority of multifamily housing is located in urban

    areas

    • Often grouped together by neighborhood

    • “Geo-targeting” enables energy efficiency program staff and

    grid planners to work together to delay the construction of

    expensive grid infrastructure needed for

    load growth.

    • There is value in investing in deeper

    incentives because of the savings realized

    by both the efficiency measures and the

    delay of more costly “poles and wires”

    alternatives.

    • Most effective when paired with other DERs 12

  • NEEP MULTIFAMILY RESOURCES

    NEEP Website: www.neep.org

    NEEP Reports: “Increasing Energy Efficiency in Small Multifamily Properties in the Northeast: Recommendations for Policy Action”

    “Operations and Maintenance Guide for Schools and Public

    Buildings”

    “Energy Efficiency as a Transmission and Distribution Resource

    Using Geotargeting”

    http://www.neep.org/ http://www.neep.org/sites/default/files/resources/NEEP Multifamily Report_April 2014.pdf http://www.neep.org/sites/default/files/resources/O%26M Guide Revision v2.5_FINAL.pdf http://www.neep.org/file/2414/download?token=bNV2vVea

  • 14

    CONTACT INFO:

    Charlie Taylor – High Performance Buildings Research and

    Analysis Associate

    Ctaylor@neep.org

    781-860-9177 x 151

    mailto:Ctaylor@neep.org

  • Multifamily Efficiency Retrofits:

    the Path Forward

    Better Buildings by Design

    February 4, 2016

    Scott Campbell

  • Better Buildings by Design, Burlington Vermont, Feb 4, 2016: 16

    3EThermal.org

  • Better Buildings by Design, Burlington Vermont, Feb 4, 2016: 17

    nytimes.com/2015/09/12/science/climate-study-predicts-huge-sea-level-rise-if-all-fossil-fuels-are-burned.html?ref=energy- environment&_r=0

  • Overview

    • Baseline Savings Potential

    • Barriers

    • Actual Savings Compared to Predicted

    • Policy Opportunities

    Better Buildings by Design, Burlington Vermont, Feb 4, 2016: 18

  • • All rental units in Vermont: ~75,000

    • Units in apartment buildings (3+) ~50%: ~38,000

    • ‘Affordable’ units (

  • Baseline Savings Potential

    Better Buildings by Design, Burlington Vermont, Feb 4, 2016: 20

    1998

    VT Weatherization Assistance Program

    Impact Evaluation

    State Auditor’s Office

  • Better Buildings by Design, Burlington Vermont, Feb 4, 2016: 21

    0%

    5%

    10%

    15%

    20%

    25%

    30%

    35%

    40%

    45%

    Vermont Gas: Market Rate

    Vermont Gas: Low-Income

    Home Performance Energy Star

    VT Fuel Efficiency Partnership

    predicted

    actual

    2013 Studies:

    VFEP internal ‘Fuel Study’

    VGS, HPwES:

    Impact Evaluation studies by

    West Hill Energy & GDS Assocs

    for Dept of Public Service

    Realization Rate: 89% 62% 51% 75%

    Baseline Savings Potential

  • 0%

    5%

    10%

    15%

    20%

    25%

    30%

    35%

    40%

    45%

    older small house

  • Barriers

    • Owner

    • Programmatic

    • Design & Execution

    Better Buildings by Design, Burlington Vermont, Feb 4, 2016: 23

  • Barriers for the Owner

    • Resources: Funding & Financing

    • Knowledge: Whom to Trust?

    • Project Management

    • Split Incentive

    Better Buildings by Design, Burlington Vermont, Feb 4, 2016: 24

  • Program Barriers

    • Timelines

    • Funding

    • Coordination with complementary programs

    Better Buildings by Design, Burlington Vermont, Feb 4, 2016: 25

  • Barriers in Design and Execution

    • Project parameters

    • Team expertise

    Better Buildings by Design, Burlingto

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