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55th CCOP Annual Session 3 – 7 November 2019 Chiang Mai, Thailand
Member Country Report of
(For Agenda Item 3)
COORDINATING COMMITTEE FOR GEOSCIENCE PROGRAMMES IN EAST AND SOUTHEAST ASIA (CCOP)
CCOP Member Country Report: JAPAN 1
ANNUAL MEMBER COUNTRY REPORT
Country: JAPAN Period: 1 July 2018 – 30 June 2019 1. OUTREACH
1.1. Summary This chapter describes the major outreach activities of the Geological Survey of Japan (GSJ), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) on their research outputs on geoscience. The first section below reviews the general outreach activity of GSJ mostly targeting the people in Japan. The second section introduces the International Training Course that GSJ launched in 2018.
1.1.1. Outreach activity of GSJ GSJ gives priority to outreach activity as an important opportunity to provide its research results to the public, particularly to young students, industry people, and policy makers. The Geological Museum, the most important outreach facility of GSJ, exhibits GSJ’s research outcomes both by its permanent exhibition, which is regularly updated, and by short-term special exhibits held several times a year. In addition to the outreach activities through the Museum, GSJ conducts the following activities. For the general public: - Geological Information Exhibition at the annual meeting of the Geological Society of
Japan. The 2018 event in Sapporo, Hokkaido was postponed from September 2018 to March 2019 (Fig. 1.1) due to a strong earthquake that hit southern Hokkaido on September 6, 2018.
- “Geo Salon,” a seminar series on geological science to the public in Tsukuba and other places.
- Open Laboratory Day for the public in Tsukuba and regional offices of AIST. - Geological exhibition for the “Geology Day (10th of May),” a special day set by
academic societies and other geology-related organizations to promote the understanding of geology in Japan.
- Exhibition at the METI, which is held as a part of the Kids Day events of the central government in Tokyo during summer holidays.
For industry and academics: - One or two-day exhibits for industry in Tsukuba and regional offices of AIST. - Training course on geological mapping for junior employees of geology-related
companies. GSJ is trying to enhance training course based on the requests from companies.
- “GSJ Symposium” on specific geoscience topics. Some symposia are planned to the general public (Fig. 1.2).
GSJ website (https://www.gsj.jp/en/) is GSJ’s another important measure of outreach. GSJ provides various kinds of geological information including recent research results,
COORDINATING COMMITTEE FOR GEOSCIENCE PROGRAMMES IN EAST AND SOUTHEAST ASIA (CCOP) CCOP Building, 75/10 Rama VI Road, Phayathai, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand Tel: +66 (0) 2644 5468, Fax: +66 (0) 2644 5429, E-mail: email@example.com, Website: www.ccop.or.th
2 CCOP Member Country Report: JAPAN
prompt reports of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, online geologic maps, geological databases, etc. through its website.
Fig. 1.1: Geological Information Exhibition held in Sapporo in March 2019.
Fig. 1.2: GSJ Symposium held in Chiba on January 18, 2019 with the theme of “Understanding the Geology and Earthquake Hazards in Chiba Prefecture.”
Programme Contact Person: Social Coordination Group, Research Promotion Division, GSJ, AIST E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
1.1.2. GSJ International Training Course From 2018, GSJ has provided a training opportunity for young geological researchers and engineers in the CCOP member countries to improve their practical geological survey techniques and to build up international human networking. The training course is funded by GeoBank, the GSJ’s own foundation launched in 2017 with the support of companies and individuals interested in geoscience. In 2019, the second international training course was held from June 4 to 21 under the title of “GSJ International Training Course on Practical Geological Survey Techniques 2019 -Application to Geological Disaster Mitigation-” with nine trainees from nine of the
CCOP Member Country Report: JAPAN 3
CCOP member countries. The program was comprehensively organized so the trainees can learn not only basic skills and knowledge of earth science, but also its application to the issues with high social needs. The trainees received intensive lectures and practical works on fieldwork, geological maps and databases, experiments with the latest equipment, and so on. For example, they joined field excursions (Fig. 1.3), observed igneous and metamorphic rocks under the polarizing microscope, hand-picked radiolarians and observed them operating a scanning electron microscope (SEM) (Fig. 1.4). They also experienced microtremor survey (Fig. 1.5) and leaned how to track volcanic eruption process with core and outcrop samples (Fig. 1.6). The training received favorable remarks from the trainees. They rated the program as useful and practical for their future works, created a new friendly international connection and felt their stay in Japan comfortable. GSJ will hold another training course next year, improving its content to make it more informative and beneficial for the participants based on the feedbacks from both trainees and lectures. Details of the third training course will be announced in early 2020.
Fig. 1.3: Field excursion in Abukuma Mountains. Fig. 1.4: SEM observation of radiolarians.
Fig. 1.5: Demonstration of microtremor survey. Fig. 1.6: Observation of volcanic debris of Mt. Fuji.
Programme Contact Person: International Coordinating Group, Research Promotion Division, GSJ, AIST E-mail: email@example.com
4 CCOP Member Country Report: JAPAN
2. COOPERATION AND PARTNERSHIP
2.1. Summary GSJ conducts international cooperation activities either on a bi-lateral basis or under an international project. The major areas of international collaborative researches that are related to Southeast Asian countries are: - Geological information (OneGeology and CCOP Geoinformation Sharing
Infrastructure Project) - Geological hazards (Asia-Pacific region geohazards risk) - Geological environment (Coastal geology) International cooperation activity on geological environment and others conducted by Kanazawa University in Cambodia and by the University of Tokyo are also reported in this chapter. In addition, a tri-lateral cooperation between China, Korea and Japan, called “Trilateral GeoSummit” started in 2015 is also introduced here.
2.2. Geological Information 2.2.1. OneGeology GSJ has been continuously implementing the OneGeology project covering East and Southeast Asia in cooperation with CCOP and its member countries. The WMSs of the geological maps of Indonesia, Malaysia, Vietnam, Myanmar, the Philippines and Papua New Guinea are hosted by the GSJ server. Those of Laos, Thailand and South Korea are hosted by their own servers. GSJ has just submitted 11 WMSs to OneGeology for their registration. These maps include the 1:1M Geological Map of Mongolia, 1:10M Geological Map of Asia, the 1:10M Plutonic and Volcanic rocks of Asia, 1:10M Earthquake Source Region of East Asia, 1:10M Tephra Fall of East Asia, and 1:200k Seamless Geological Map of Japan V2. The OneGeology website covering East Asia is now moved to the GSi system and the new URL is https://ccop-gsi.org/gsi/onegeologyasia/index.php.
Program Contact Person: Dr. Kazuhiro Miyazaki, Research Institute of Geology and Geoinformation, GSJ, AIST E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2.2.2. CCOP Geoinformation Sharing Infrastructure for East and Southeast Asia (GSi) The CCOP Geoinformation Sharing Infrastructure for East and Southeast Asia (GSi) Project is one of the important CCOP activities to establish comprehensive geoscience database that can share the geological information. The scope of the GSi project is (1) to compile various geoscientific information in the CCOP member countries and construct a database on the open Web using world standard and GIS formats (Fig. 2.1), (2) to promote digitization of geoscience data in the CCOP member countries at a high-quality level, and (3) to establish a comprehensive geoinformation database and infrastructure in Asia. The project aims to make geoscientific information available and easily accessible to anybody using the GSi system. The geoscientific information includes geology, geohazards, geophysics, mineral resources, geo-environment, groundwater, topographic maps and remote sensing data. The duration of the project is from 2015 to 2020. The first
CCOP Member Country Report: JAPAN 5
version of the GSi system was officially opened to the public during the 3rd CCOP GSi International Workshop in Langkawi, Malaysia on September 18-20, 2018 (Fig. 2.2). The GSi main portal site (Fig. 2.1) provides web-based functions for spatial data rendering and analysis using WMS and WPS, respectively (Bandibas and Takarada, 2019). It can also be used to download data in several formats (Shapefile, KML, PNG and PDF). The system follows the standard model of the Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI). It also provides an interface for the creation of a customized WebGIS portal site for spatial data viewing and processing. More than 15 customized portal sites