marks, collective marks and trade names act - chap 18 th laws of saint christopher marks, collective

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  • 1 Laws of Saint Christopher Marks, Collective Marks and Cap 18.22 and Nevis Trade Names Act

    Revision Date: 31 Dec 2002

    ST CHRISTOPHER AND NEVIS

    CHAPTER 18.22

    MARKS, COLLECTIVE MARKS AND

    TRADE NAMES ACT

    and Subsidiary Legislation

    Revised Edition showing the law as at 31 December 2002

    This is a revised edition of the law, prepared by the Law Revision Commissioner under the authority of the Law Revision Act, No. 9 of 1986

    This edition contains a consolidation of the following laws: Marks, Collective Marks and Trade Names Act

    Act 10 of 2000 in force 28th July 2000 Trade Mark Rules – SRO 18 of 1937 Registration of United Kingdom Trade Marks Rules – SRO 1 of 1947

  • 3 Laws of Saint Christopher Marks, Collective Marks and Cap 18.22 and Nevis Trade Names Act

    Revision Date: 31 Dec 2002

    CHAPTER 18.22

    MARKS, COLLECTIVE MARKS AND TRADE NAMES ACT

    ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

    PART I – PRELIMINARY...................................................................................................5 1. Short title ................................................................................................................5 2. Interpretation...........................................................................................................5

    PART II – MARKS ............................................................................................................... 6 3. Acquisition of exclusive right to a mark .................................................................6 4. Registrability of mark .............................................................................................6 5. Application for registration .....................................................................................6 6. Examination of application .....................................................................................7 7. Opposition to registration .......................................................................................7 8. Registration of mark ...............................................................................................8 9. Rights conferred by registration of mark ................................................................8 10. Duration and renewal of registration ......................................................................8 11. Invalidation of mark ...............................................................................................9 12. Removal of mark from Register .............................................................................9 13. Licensing of marks .................................................................................................9

    PART III – COLLECTIVE MARKS..................................................................................10 14. Collective marks ...................................................................................................10 15. Invalidation of collective mark .............................................................................10 16. Licensing of collective mark .................................................................................10

    PART IV – TRADE NAMES.............................................................................................10 17. Trade names ..........................................................................................................10

    PART V – GENERAL PROVISIONS................................................................................11 18. Where documents not in English ..........................................................................11 19. Changes in ownership ...........................................................................................11 20. Agents ...................................................................................................................11 21. Registrar ................................................................................................................11 22. Register .................................................................................................................12 23. Correction of errors...............................................................................................12 24. Extension of time for applications ........................................................................13 25. Exercise of discretionary power............................................................................13 26. Jurisdiction of court ..............................................................................................13 27. Infringement .........................................................................................................13 28. Offences ................................................................................................................14

  • 4 Cap 18.22 Marks, Collective Marks and Laws of Saint Christopher Trade Names Act and Nevis

    Revision Date: 31 Dec 2002

    29. Registrar’s annual report ...................................................................................... 15 30. Regulations........................................................................................................... 15 31. Application of international treaties ..................................................................... 15

    FIRST SCHEDULE ................................................................................................... 16 SECOND SCHEDULE .............................................................................................. 31

  • 5 Laws of Saint Christopher Marks, Collective Marks and Cap 18.22 and Nevis Trade Names Act

    Revision Date: 31 Dec 2002

    CHAPTER 18.22

    MARKS, COLLECTIVE MARKS AND TRADE NAMES ACT

    AN ACT to provide for the protection of Marks, Collective Marks and Trade Names in Saint Christopher and Nevis; and to provide for related or incidental matters.

    PART I – PRELIMINARY

    1. Short title.

    This Act may be cited as the Marks, Collective Marks and Trade Names Act.

    2. Interpretation.

    In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,

    “collective mark” means a visible sign designated as such in the application for registration and capable of distinguishing the origin or other common characteristic, such as the quality, of goods or services of different enterprises which use the sign under the control of the registered owner of that sign;

    “Court” means the High Court;

    “International Classification” means the classification according to the Nice Agreement concerning the International Classification of Goods and Services for the purposes of the Registration of Marks, of June 15, 1957, as last revised;

    “mark” means any visible sign capable of distinguishing the goods (“trademark”) or services (“service mark”) of an enterprise;

    “Minister” means the Minister responsible for marks, collective marks and trade names;

    “Paris Convention” means the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property of March 20, 1883, as last revised;

    “priority date” means the date of the earlier application that serves as the basis for the right of priority provided for in the Paris Convention;

    “Register” means the Register of Marks referred to in section 23 of this Act;

    “Registrar” means the Registrar responsible for registering Marks;

    “trade name” means the name or designation by which a business or enterprise is identified and distinguished.

  • 6 Cap 18.22 Marks, Collective Marks and Laws of Saint Christopher Trade Names Act and Nevis

    Revision Date: 31 Dec 2002

    PART II – MARKS

    3. Acquisition of exclusive right to a mark.

    The exclusive right to a mark, as conferred by this Act, shall be acquired by registration in accordance with the provisions of this Act.

    4. Registrability of mark.

    A mark shall not be registrable if it is (a) incapable of distinguishing the goods or services of one enterprise

    from those of other enterprises; (b) contrary to public order or morality; (c) likely to mislead the public or trade circles, in particular, as regards

    the geographical origin of goods or services concerned or their nature or characteristics;

    (d) identical to, or is an imitation of, or contains as an element, an armorial bearing, flag or other emblem, a name or abbreviation or initials of the name of or official sign or hallmark adopted by, any State, inter-governmental Organisation or Organisation created by an international convention, unless authorised by the competent authority of that State or Organisation;

    (e) identical to, or confusingly similar to, or constitutes a translation of, a mark or trade name which is well known in Saint Christopher and Nevis for identical or similar goods or services of another enterprise, or if it is well-known and registered in Saint Christopher for goods or services which are not identical, or similar to those in respect of which registration is applied for, provided, in the latter case, that (i) use of the mark in relation to those goods or services would

    indicate a connection between those goods or services and the owner of the well-known mark; and

    (ii) the interests of the owner of the well-known mark are likely to be prejudiced by such use; or

    (f)

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