light and shadow: courts and county courts districts

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English History Courts and legislation from the 16th and 17th centuries

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  • 1. Commercial Law Common Law Anglo-Saxon Law Oral Law Admiralty Court Administrative Court Court of the Pleas Alfred the Great Edward II & III 880-890 AD 1066 ADBattle of Hastings and William the Conqueror Feudal Law Roman Civil Law (Corpus Juris Civilis) Code Napoleon 1804 Magna Carta 1215 Code of Hammurabi (1750 BC) Code of Ur-nammu (2150 BC) Law of Manu (1550 BC) Code of Urukagina (2350 BC) Old Testament Rainbow Contract (4220 BC) Pope Innocent III & Richard III of Aquitaine Confirmation of the Charters 1297 Bank of England Act 1694 Great Fire of London 1666 English Bill of Rights 1688/89 Oliver Cromwell 1649-1660 (Based on Justinians Code) Reformation Jewish Expulsion Vulgate Period 13th 15th C. Unam Sanctam 1302 Unam Sanctam 1302 Pope Boniface VIIIPope Boniface VIII Romanus Pontifex 1455 Romanus Pontifex 1455 Pope Nicolas VPope Nicolas V Aeterni Regis 1481 Aeterni Regis 1481 Pope Sixtus IVPope Sixtus IV 3 TRUSTS = TRIPLE CROWN TIARA3 TRUSTS = TRIPLE CROWN TIARA Ecclesiastical Law Plague Cst que vie Act 1666 TRUST 16th C. Justinian 525 BC

2. Civil Law Common Law Ecclesiastical Canon Law EARTH WORLD Indebtedness Great Flood Magna Carta 1215-1297 Code Napoleon 1804 Code of Urukagina and Ur-Nammu 2350-2050 BC Code of Justinian 529 AD English Bill of Rights 1688/89 Law of the Sea [holy See] Fire (1666) Conditions Cestui que Vie Act 1666 Great Flood Sovereign Sovereign Sovereign Unum Sanctum, ect. 3. http://www.thecrownestate.co.uk/about-us/our-history/ Although the ownership of some property can be traced back to Edward the Confessor, the estate as a whole essentially dates from 1066 Crown Lands Act 1829 - 1936 Crown Estate Act 1961 Chapter 55 The Treasury and the Crown Estate, Schedule of properties rights and interests, Code of business ethics, Memorandum of understanding with MMO 4. Parliament Act 1911 (1 & 2 George V) 18th August 1911 Reduced the Parliamentary term from 7 to 5 years Bill for Parliament Act 1949 16th December 1949 Changed 3 sessions to 2 sessions. Passed without the consent of the House of Lords [4] Septennial Act 1715 (William and Mary) An Act for enlarging the Time of Continuance of Parliaments, appointed by an Act made in the Sixth Year of the Reign of King William and Queen Mary, entitled An Act for the frequent meeting and calling of Parliaments. This act enlarged Parliament term from 3 to 7 years [1] Parliament Act 1661 And that as no Parliament can be lawfully kept without the special warrant and presence of the Kings Majesty or his Commissioner So no acts sentences or statutes to be past in any Parliament can be binding upon the people or have the authority and force of laws without the special authority and approbation of the Kings Majesty or his Commissioner 1 interponed thereto at the making thereof [2] Crown and Parliament Recognition Act 1689 (2 Will and Mar) That we do recognize and acknowledge your Majestys were are and of Right ought to be by the Laws of this Realm our Sovereign Liege Lord and Lady King and Queen of England France and Ireland and the Dominions thereunto belonging in and to whose Princely Persons the Royal State Crown and Dignity of the said Realms with all Honours Stiles Titles Regalities Prerogatives Powers Jurisdictions and Authorities to the same belonging and appertaining are most fully rightfully and entirely invested and incorporated united and annexed.1 To interpose; to insert or place between [3] Meeting of Parliament Act 1694 (6 & 7 Will and Mary) Whereas by the ancient Laws and Statutes of this Kingdome frequent Parliaments ought to be held And whereas frequent and new Parliaments tend very much to the happy union and good agreement of the King and People (minimum 3 year parliament terms at least amended with Septennial Act 1715 and Parliament Act 1911) *Acts of Parliament (Commencement) Act 1793 For remedy whereof the clerk of the Parliaments shall indorse (in English) on every Act of Parliament which shall pass after the eighth day of April 1793 *Interpretation Act 1978 Meeting of Parliament Act 1797 37 Geo 3 Meeting of Parliament Act 1799 39 & 40 Geo 3 **Clerk of the Parliaments Act 1824 Meeting of Parliament Act 1870 33 & 34 Victoria ** Constitutional Reform Act 2005 Parliament (Elections and Meeting) Act 1943 5. Monarch on the Throne between 1600 and 2012 James II (Catholic James) 1685 till 1689 (abdicated throne, fled and bailed out to France from Brighton by rowing boat) William of The House of Orange 1688/89 till 1702 (Glorious Revolution) - Anne succeeded 1702-1714 George Louis I (George I) - 1 August 1714 till 11 June 1727 George Augustus (George II) - 11 June 1727 till 25 October 1760 George William Frederick (George III) - 25 October 1760 till 29 January 1820 George Augustus Frederick (George IV) - 29 January 1820 till 26 June 1830 William Henry (William IV) - 26 June 1830 till 20 June 1837 HOUSE OF HANOVER Alexandrina Victoria (Queen Victoria) - 20 June 1837 till 22 January 1901 HOUSE OF SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA (Later WINDSOR/MOUNTATTEN Albert Edward (Edward VII) - 22 January 1901 till 6 May 1910 George Frederick Ernest Albert (George V) - 6 May 1910 till 20 January 1936 (1917 changed to Windsor due to anti-war demonstrations with house of saxe-coburg-gotha) Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David (Edward VIII) - 20 January till 11 December 1936 (abdicated) Albert Frederick Arthur George (George VI) - 11 December 1936 till 6 February 1952 HOUSE OF STUART Elizabeth Alexandra Mary (Elizabeth II) - 6 February 1952 till present day Charles I 1625 till 1649 Commonwealth created 1649 - 1660 (then came Oliver Cromwell and later the Bank of England 1694) Charles II 1660 till 1685 6. 1721 - 1761 1762 WHIGS TORIES 1763 - 1769 1770 - 1781 1782 1783 - 1805 1806 1807 - 1829 1830 - 1833 1834 William Lamb, Viscount Melbourne 1835 - 1840 1841 - 1845 1846 - 1851 1852 - 1854 LIBERALS CONSERVATIVE [TORIES] 1855 - 1865 1866 - 1868 Benjamin Disreali Benjamin Disreali 1869 - 1873 1874 - 1879 1880 - 1884 1885 1886 1887 - 1891 1892 - 1894 1895 - 1904 Marquess de Salisbury - Arthur Balfour [1902-4] LIBERAL [COALITION GOVERNMENT] 1905 - 1907 1908 - 1921 1922 - 1928 1929 - 1930 NATIONAL LABOUR [NATIONAL GOVERNMENT] [1931 1934] CONSERVATIVE [NATIONALIST TORIES] 1935 - 1944 1945 - 1950 1951 - 1963 1964 - 1969 1970 - 1973 1974 - 1978 1979 - 1996 1997 2009 NEW [SLAVE] LABOUR 2010 - present CON- LIBERAL COALITION Robert Walpole [First Prime Minister] Neville Chamberlain Winston Churchill [WWII and Postmaster General 1922-23] Margaret Thatcher years [Falklands] Tony Blair [Kuwait, Iraq] Gordon Brown Harold Wilson Edward Heath [ECC] Harold Wilson James Callaghan Clement Attlee (postmaster general 1831) Churchill Sir Anthony Eden [Suez Crisis] - Harold McMillan Herbert H. Asquith David Lloyd George Stanley Baldwin James Ramsay McDonald Sir Robert Peel John Stewart Earl of Bute Frederick North, Lord North William FitzMaurice, Earl of Shelburne William Pitt, the Younger William Grenville, Lord Grenville Robert Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool Charles Grey, Earl Grey Sir Robert Peel Lord John Russell Viscount Palmerston William Ewart Gladstone William Ewart Gladstone William Ewart Gladstone William Ewart Gladstone Marquess de Salisbury Marquess de Salisbury Henry Campbell- Bannerman George Hamilton- Gordon, Earl of Aberdeen Nick Cameron Dave Clegg GEORGE I (1714 1727) GEORGE II (1727-1760) GEORGE III (1760-1820) GEORGE IV (1820-1830) WILLIAM IV (1830-1837) QUEEN VICTORIA (1837 - 1901) Saxe-Coburg-Gotha VICTORIA ENDS 1901 *GEORGE V (1910-1936) GEORGE VI (1937-1952) ELIZABETH II (1952- Present day) EDWARD VII (1901-1910) EDWARD VIII (1936) ABD 7. 1721 - 1761 1763 - 1769 1782 1806 48 years % 1762 1770 - 1781 1783 - 1805 1807 - 1829 1829 Robert Jenkinson, Liverpool 108years 1721 Walpole Prime Minister 56 years % Whigs Tories 8. Sir Robert Peel Sir Robert Peel Benjamin Disreali William Ewart Gladstone William Ewart Gladstone William Ewart Gladstone Marquess de Salisbury Marquess de Salisbury 1830 - 1833 1835 - 1840 1846 - 1851 1855 - 1865 50% 1834 1841 - 1845 1852 - 1854 1866 - 1868 1930-31 James Ramsay McDonald 100years 1830 Charles Grey, Earl Grey 34% Whigs Tories 1869 - 1873 1874 - 1879 1880 - 1884 1885 1886 1887 - 1891 1892 - 1894 1895 - 1904 1905 - 1907 1908 - 1921 (Liberals) 1922- 1928 (Conservative Nationalists Tories) Benjamin Disreali William Ewart Gladstone The world is governed by very different personages from what is imagined by those who are not behind the scenes. Benjamin Disreali, 1852 9. 1 http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/64614/bicameral-system 1 A system of government in which the legislature comprises two houses. The modern bicameral system dates back to the beginnings of constitutional government in 17th-century England and to the later 18th century on the continent of Europe and in the United States. The English Parliament became bicameral in recognition of the distinction between the nobility and clergy and the common people. When the British colonies were established in America, the colonial assemblies were likewise bicameral because there were two interests to be represented: the mother country, by the governor in council, and the colonists, by their chosen deputies. BICAMERAL SYSTEM 10. LOWER HOUSE UPPER HOUSE HOUSE OF COMMONS HOUSE OF LORDS 11. House of Representatives The Senate LOWER HOUSE UPPER HOUSE 12. The Whig government set up a Royal CommissionRoyal Commission to investigate the working of local councils. Joseph Parkes, the lawyer chosen to be Secretary to the CommissionCommission, had a reputation of being radical. He investigated two- hundred and eighty-five (285) town councils, most of which were found to be unsatisfactoryunsatisfactory. As a result of the Commission'sCommission's findings, a Bill was drawn up and brought to the House of Commons by Lord John Russell in June 1835. This Bill went through the House of Commons without t

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