karen mossberger university of illinois at chicago

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Karen Mossberger University of Illinois at Chicago. BROADBAND RESEARCH: COMMUNITY-LEVEL CHANGE IN CHICAGOS SMART COMMUNITIES, CUYAHOGA COUNTY DATA Caroline Tolbert, University of Iowa Karen Mossberger , UIC Chris Anderson, University of Iowa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation



Karen MossbergerUniversity of Illinois at Chicago


Caroline Tolbert, University of IowaKaren Mossberger, UICChris Anderson, University of Iowa

Chicago research funded by Partnership for A Connected Illinois and The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur FoundationOhio research funded by One Community

Presenting data from the Digital Excellence study (access, use, reasons not online, activities online) rdd survey of 3,453 , were asked us to estimate internet use for community areas; other cities some samples of library patrons, public housing residents; here - large sample, includes respresentative samples of low-income and minority residents; large enough to model or to estimate use in community areas and census tracts. Point estimates on handouts and later these are from the models, which include the characteristics of neighborhoods. No other city has used these methods to examine at the neighborhood level, or to try to understand the factors that actually influence internet use in the city.1Chicagos Smart CommunitiesBroadband Technology Opportunities Program (broadband stimulus funding, National Telecommunications and Information Administration)

$7 million federal BTOP SBA grant to City of Chicago in 9 Chicago community areas (2010-2013)

Coordinated by Local Initiative Support Corp. (LISC) with community-based organizations

FamilyNet Centers Civic 2.0 training and tech organizers (community groups)Business Resource NetworkDigital Youth Network and YouMediaNeighborhood PortalsAd campaign


3City-wide Survey: A Unique Neighborhood-Level ViewCity-wide surveys in early 2011, 2013 (comparison with 2008)English & Spanish, approx. 10 mins.n= 3,000, RDD, cell phone sampling includedGeocoding, merger with census data, multilevel modelingEstimates for 20 aspects of technology use, barriers to use, for 77 community areas

Comparing change in Smart Communities with other Chicago neighborhoods from 2008-2011, controlling for demographic change

Ideas about impact studies collaboration to do these?4Broadband vs. Smartphone Only 5

5Regression Results, 2008-2011Smart Communities (BTOP SBA) neighborhoods have 15 percentage point higher increase in Internet use, 2008-2011 compared to other Chicago community areas, controlling for demographic change

No significant increase in broadband adoption, activities online (use for work, use for job search, health info, etc.)

Regression models based on change in estimates in multilevel models, 2008, 2011

Substantively large effect for Internet use in targeted communitiesCant say with certainty that Smart Communities caused change, but controlled for many other factors, such as gentrificationRegression allows us to say what the difference is between similarly-situated areas with and without the Smart Communities intervention

Report available at broadbandillinois.org.Mossberger, Q.2Why Broadband Matters for Anchor InstitutionsCuyahoga County Survey, November 2012Random sample phone survey, 1200 respondents

68% of parents use schools website62% email teachers50% follow students on school portalCuyahoga Social Services50% of social service recipients have broadband at home vs. 63% for County overallOhio Direction Card 52%WIC 50%Medicaid 42%Healthy Start 63%Ohio Work First 69%Senior/Disabled Bus Passes 34%

Implications and Further ResearchBroadband matters for neighborhoods and community anchor institutions

Chicagos Smart Communities program may have been responsible for substantial gains in Internet use outside the home, using public access, smartphones, etc.

What might explain community-level outcomes?A critical mass of programs, resource sharing?

Broadband adoption at home did not increase, but prior research in Chicago and elsewhere shows that cost is a major barrier (Mossberger, Tolbert, Bowen & Jimenez 2012; Mossberger, Tolbert and Franko 2012)

Early 2013 citywide survey will offer additional measure of change later this yearDoes broadband adoption increase after Internet Essentials?Smart Communities promoted the program, which began right after the 2011 survey


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