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    DALLAS — Michael Hinojosa was about to enter the ninth grade in Dallas when a federal judge or- dered the city’s public schools to integrate.

    It was 1971, and Mr. Hinojosa, the Mexican-American son of a preacher, was suddenly re- assigned to a new school, whose football coach told him that it was too late to join the squad — its ros- ter had been set months earlier.

    “I had a traumatic experience” with desegregation, Mr. Hinojosa said.

    So, too, did Dallas. Like many cities, it replaced one form of seg- regation with another, as white and middle-class families moved

    to the suburbs or put their chil- dren in private schools.

    Now Mr. Hinojosa is the super- intendent, and the Dallas school system, one of the country’s most segregated urban districts, has become a national leader in trying to figure out how to encourage students of all backgrounds to willingly go to school together.

    Two years ago, under Mr. Hino- josa’s predecessor, the Dallas

    schools set a goal of starting more than 35 new schools by 2020. Through this effort, Mr. Hinojosa hopes to reverse enrollment de- clines and increase student achievement, while wooing college-educated and white fam- ilies that may have never before considered public education in Dallas.

    Some of the schools, in fact, make no secret of whom they are trying to draw: Half of their seats are reserved for students from middle- or higher-income fam- ilies, and some are set aside for students living outside the dis- trict.

    “Every major city in America has to find some way to deal with

    In Dallas, Opening Up Long-Divided Schools By DANA GOLDSTEIN

    First graders at Solar Preparatory School for Girls in Dallas, which emphasizes science and art. ALLISON V. SMITH FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES

    Continued on Page A13

    Luring Students of All Backgrounds to Learn Together

    The seven sailors who died when the destroyer Fitzgerald collided with a container ship last weekend were a snapshot of the nation they served: an immigrant from the Philippines whose father served in the Navy before him; a poor teenager whose Guatemalan

    family came north eager for op- portunity; a native of Vietnam hoping to help his family; a fire- fighter’s son from a rural cross- roads in the rolling green fields of Virginia.

    The roll call of the dead also il- lustrated the degree to which the military relies on recruits from immigrant communities around the country.

    The Navy is still investigating what caused the near sinking of the 505-foot destroyer, which col- lided with a container ship early Saturday morning in the waters off Japan, flooding two berths full of bunks, as well as other rooms.

    The destroyer’s windowless liv- ing quarters, where bunks are stacked three high, represented unlimited possibility for Sonar

    Technician Third Class Ngoc T. Truong Huynh. It was only after the sailor joined the Navy, his sister said, that he started smiling more often.

    “He was going out on so many adventures with his fellow sailors, and we at home missed him,” said the sister, Lan Huynh. But, she added, her family was “so happy that he was finally happy.”

    “He found his purpose and he loved every minute of it,” she said.

    Seaman Huynh, who went by Tan, was born in Da Nang, Viet- nam, in 1992, and immigrated with his mother to the United States in 1994, looking for a better life, said Ms. Huynh. But his mother strug- gled to find her economic footing here, and his childhood was diffi- cult and unsettled, with the family

    moving often. As the oldest of four siblings, he felt the tug of respon- sibility.

    By 2014, Seaman Huynh, who his sister said became a citizen in 2009, was yearning to find adven- ture and a way to provide for his family, she said. So he enlisted in the Navy and was soon assigned to the destroyer that traveled to

    7 Sailors Killed in Collision Emerged From Diverse Backgrounds in Pursuit of a Common Cause By DAVE PHILIPPS

    Continued on Page A13

    Sailors of the destroyer Fitzgerald, from left, Noe Hernandez, 26; Xavier Martin, 24; Shingo Douglass, 25; Carlos Sibayan, 23; Dakota Rigsby, 19; Ngoc T. Truong Huynh, 25; and Gary Rehm Jr., 37.

    tower, including many Muslims. “Good riddance,” one far-right for- um commented.

    But early Monday, a white British man rammed a rental van into a congregation of Muslims leaving prayers during Ramadan, the holiest month on the Muslim calendar. One person was killed and at least 10 were injured.

    “It feels like you’re under siege,” said Mr. Abdullah, 23, a law student standing outside Fins- bury Park Mosque in North Lon- don on Monday morning hours af- ter the attack. “I wonder,” he said, “is anyone going to write about a

    LONDON — Like many of Lon- don’s Muslims, Mohammed Ab- dullah grew tired of defending himself, and his religion, after Is- lamist terrorists carried out two attacks in the city and another in Manchester during the past three months. Hostile glances followed him on the street, and rising fury greeted him on social media.

    Then came last week’s devas- tating fire at Grenfell Tower, a citywide tragedy that killed at least 79 people inside the 24-story

    ‘white Christian terrorist’ this time round?”

    London may be the most di- verse and tolerant city in the world and is home to more than one million Muslims from dozens of countries. The city’s mayor, Sadiq Khan, is Muslim, and he en-

    joys broad support outside the Muslim community, too. When Britain voted to leave the Euro- pean Union, London voted to stay.

    But this proudly cosmopolitan city is now confronted with the tensions and ugliness that have been simmering on the fringes for years and are boiling to the sur- face.

    As Hamdan Omar, another stu- dent who grew up in the area, put it, “There are people on both sides who want the clash of civilizations.”

    Jeremy Corbyn, the Labour Party leader, on Monday at Finsbury Park Mosque in London, where a van plowed into worshipers. STEFAN ROUSSEAU/AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE — GETTY IMAGES

    Continued on Page A8

    An Attack on Muslims Shakes a Proudly Cosmopolitan London By KATRIN BENNHOLD Worries That the City’s

    Culture of Tolerance May Be Fraying

    WASHINGTON — Long-run- ning tensions between the United States and Russia erupted pub- licly on Monday as Moscow con- demned the American military’s downing of a Syrian warplane and threatened to target aircraft flown by the United States and its allies west of the Euphrates.

    The Russians also said they had suspended their use of a hotline that the American and Russian militaries used to avoid collisions of their aircraft in Syrian airspace.

    The episode was the first time the United States downed a Syrian plane since the civil war began there in 2011 and came after the SU-22 jet dropped bombs on Sunday near American-backed fighters combating the Islamic State. It followed another major American military action against the Syrian government: a cruise missile strike to punish a nerve gas attack that killed civilians in April.

    The latest escalation comes as competing forces converge on un- governed swaths of Syria amid the country’s six-year civil war. Syrian forces and Iranian-backed militias that support them are ex- tending their reach east closer to American-backed fighters, includ- ing forces that the Pentagon hopes will pursue the militants into the Euphrates River valley af- ter they take the Islamic State’s self-declared capital of Raqqa. The collision of the disparate forces has, in effect, created a war within a war.

    “The escalation of hostilities

    U.S. Is Warned After It Downs Syrian Fighter

    Russia Issues Threat on Allied Aircraft

    By MICHAEL R. GORDON and IVAN NECHEPURENKO

    Continued on Page A11

    Incinerated vehicles, blackened trees and melted road signs mark a land- scape ravaged by a wildfire that killed at least 64, many as they tried to flee the flames in their cars. PAGE A6

    INTERNATIONAL A4-11

    Inside Portugal’s Burn Zone

    The Afghan government has quietly supported a breakaway group called the Renouncers in their fight against the mainstream Taliban. PAGE A11

    Kabul Aids Taliban Faction

    Students seized an auditorium at Mexi- co’s largest university in 2000, and the occupiers say they’ll stay. PAGE A4

    A 17-Year Campus Occupation The Supreme Court said the govern- ment may not refuse to register poten- tially offensive trademarks. PAGE A14

    Protection of Offensive Speech

    Otto F. Warmbier, a University of Virgin- ia student, was released in a coma from a North Korean prison last week. PAGE A14

    NATIONAL A12-20

    Former Captive Is Dead

    Big repairs have commuters planning new routes, and employers are weigh- ing flexible arrangements. PAGE A21

    NEW YORK A21-25

    Penn Station Detours

    Jeff Charles coached for 21 years, until a 16-year-old player died. PAGE B7

    SPORTSTUESDAY B7-11

    Estranged From Football

    Ether, a virtual currency whose value has risen 4,500 percent since the begin- ning of the year, may soon threaten the dominance of Bitcoin. PAGE B1

    BUSINESS DAY B1-6

    A Rising Challenger to Bitcoin

    Silicon Valley leaders met with the president to discuss ways to upgrade government technology. PAGE B5

    White House Tech Summit

    A device designed by military doctors is being introduced for civilian use as a way to treat internal bleeding. PAGE D1

    SCIENCE TIMES D1-6

    Born on the Battlefield

    The jazz artis