Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics

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Introduction to AP U.S. Government and Politics. Mr. Burkowski Jr. (JB) Academy for Advanced Academics. Know and Understand the Basic Functional Concepts of American Politics. The Electorate The Voter Self-Interests Beliefs/Philosophies Interest Groups Issues Lobbying - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Introduction to AP U.S. Government and PoliticsMr. Burkowski Jr. (JB)Academy for Advanced AcademicsKnow and Understand the Basic Functional Concepts of American PoliticsThe Electorate The VoterSelf-InterestsBeliefs/PhilosophiesInterest GroupsIssuesLobbyingThe Government InstitutionsLegislationExecutiveBureaucratic AgenciesJudicialThe Linkage InstitutionsPolitical PartiesMediaElections and CampaignsAgain, Think PoliticallyI know exactly how a bill becomes a law in the federal government.OK, do you know why a legislator would delay or prevent a bill from becoming a law? Do you know how the legislator would do this?Do you know why and how a bill can become law faster than usual?It is more than knowing the rules, but how to play the game.Power and Types of GovernmentPower is the ability to coerce someone to do what you wantAutocracyOligarchyTheocracyTotalitarianismDemocracyAutocracyUnlimited power is vested in one personAbsolute MonarchyHereditary positionEx. Louis XIV, Saudi ArabiaDictatorshipAssume power through force or persuasionEx. Kim Jong-il of North KoreaOligarchyPower is vested in the hands of a few, usually elitesIn most cases, power passed down through heredity and/or elitist characteristic to preserve influence and powerPlutocracy or Aristocracy is rule by the wealthyExamples:SpartaApartheid South AfricaTheocracyPower is assumed by religious leaders who establish laws and limits based on religious decreeExamples:Massachusetts Bay ColonyIslamist Republic of IranThe AyatollahHoly See/Vatican CityThe PopeTotalitarianismGovernment assumes all power and controls all aspects of societyThe state may fall under the control of a single dictator, political party, or group of elitesExamples:Benito Mussolinis Fascist ItalyDemocracyRule by many, rule of the peopleCitizens participate in the political process and determine public policyDirect DemocracyAll citizens determine public policyRepresentative DemocracyCitizens elect representatives to determine public policyRepublicPeople reserve the ultimate authorityGovernment leaders answer to electorateGovernment limited by constitution and/or popular sovereigntyType of Governments for U.S. GovernmentParliamentary SystemLegislative supremacy which delegates powers to executivesEx. United KingdomUnitary governmentPower solely reserved in central governmentCentral government delegates powerEx. United KingdomConfederationLoose alliance of sovereign statesStates reserve sovereignty and work together for common causes toward foreign statesCentral government significantly limited and changes to government require unanimous consentEx. U.S.A. under Articles of ConfederationFederation/Federal RepublicStrong central government manages national policiesDivision of powers between national and state/local governmentsFederal government holds supreme powerEx. U.S.A. under U.S. ConstitutionDemocratic TheoriesTraditionalConsent of the governedPluralistInterest groupsElite/ElitistUpper class leadersBureaucraticBureaucrats/government officialsHyperpluralismNumerous interest groups

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