Interview, Ethnography, And Action Research

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Thesis Project Research Method Overview

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<ul><li> 1. Interview, Ethnography, and Action Research</li></ul> <p> 2. Types of Interviews </p> <ul><li>Standardized </li></ul> <ul><li>Unstandardized </li></ul> <ul><li>Semistandardized </li></ul> <ul><li>Dramaturgical </li></ul> <p> 3. Techniques for New Researchers </p> <ul><li>Uncomfortable silence (max. 45 sec.) </li></ul> <ul><li>Echoing </li></ul> <ul><li>Letting people talk </li></ul> <p> 4. The Ten Commandments of Interviewing </p> <ul><li>Never begin an interview cold </li></ul> <ul><li>Remember your purpose </li></ul> <ul><li>Present a natural front </li></ul> <ul><li>Demonstrate aware hearing </li></ul> <ul><li>Think about appearance </li></ul> <ul><li>Interview in a comfortable place </li></ul> <ul><li>Dont be satisfied with monosyllabic answers </li></ul> <ul><li>Be respectful </li></ul> <ul><li>Practice, practice, practice </li></ul> <ul><li>Be cordial and appreciative </li></ul> <p> 5. Practice Interview </p> <ul><li>Purpose: To determine the most difficult aspects of teaching </li></ul> <p> 6. Reflection </p> <ul><li>Did your body language change during the exchanges? Did you move closer or further apart?</li></ul> <ul><li>Did the level of sound change when you when from the mundane structured questions to more personal ones? </li></ul> <ul><li>What did it feel like to sit silently and concentrate on listening? </li></ul> <ul><li>What did you do that made your interviewee feel comfortable and open? </li></ul> <ul><li>What suggestions for improvement does your interviewee have? </li></ul> <p> 7. Recording Data </p> <ul><li>Note taking </li></ul> <ul><li>Post-interview write-up </li></ul> <ul><li>Tape recording </li></ul> <ul><li>Video recording </li></ul> <p> 8. Ethnographic Strategies </p> <ul><li>Gaining entry </li></ul> <ul><li>Gatekeepers </li></ul> <ul><li>Guides and informants </li></ul> <ul><li>Becoming invisible </li></ul> <p> 9. Watching, Listening, and Learning </p> <ul><li>Taking in the physical setting </li></ul> <ul><li>Developing relationships with inhabitants </li></ul> <ul><li>Tracking, observing, eavesdropping, asking questions </li></ul> <ul><li>Locating subgroups and stars </li></ul> <p> 10. Data Collection </p> <ul><li>Field notes </li></ul> <ul><li>Strategies for recalling data </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Record key words and phrases while in the field </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Make notes about the sequence of events </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Limit the time you remain in the setting </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Write full notes immediately after exiting the field </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Write up your notes before sharing hem with others </li></ul></li></ul> <p> 11. Analyzing Ethnographic Data </p> <ul><li>Typologies(classifications; groupings) </li></ul> <ul><li>Mapping </li></ul> <ul><li>Sociometric Assessments </li></ul> <ul><li>Observational records; Frequency of specific behaviors </li></ul> <p> 12. Action Research </p> <ul><li>The basics of action research </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Identifying the research question </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Gathering the information to answer the question </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Analyzing and interpreting the information </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>Sharing the results with the participants </li></ul></li></ul>