Interview, Ethnography, And Action Research

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Post on 03-Dec-2014




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Thesis Project Research Method Overview


  • 1. Interview, Ethnography, and Action Research

2. Types of Interviews

  • Standardized
  • Unstandardized
  • Semistandardized
  • Dramaturgical

3. Techniques for New Researchers

  • Uncomfortable silence (max. 45 sec.)
  • Echoing
  • Letting people talk

4. The Ten Commandments of Interviewing

  • Never begin an interview cold
  • Remember your purpose
  • Present a natural front
  • Demonstrate aware hearing
  • Think about appearance
  • Interview in a comfortable place
  • Dont be satisfied with monosyllabic answers
  • Be respectful
  • Practice, practice, practice
  • Be cordial and appreciative

5. Practice Interview

  • Purpose: To determine the most difficult aspects of teaching

6. Reflection

  • Did your body language change during the exchanges? Did you move closer or further apart?
  • Did the level of sound change when you when from the mundane structured questions to more personal ones?
  • What did it feel like to sit silently and concentrate on listening?
  • What did you do that made your interviewee feel comfortable and open?
  • What suggestions for improvement does your interviewee have?

7. Recording Data

  • Note taking
  • Post-interview write-up
  • Tape recording
  • Video recording

8. Ethnographic Strategies

  • Gaining entry
  • Gatekeepers
  • Guides and informants
  • Becoming invisible

9. Watching, Listening, and Learning

  • Taking in the physical setting
  • Developing relationships with inhabitants
  • Tracking, observing, eavesdropping, asking questions
  • Locating subgroups and stars

10. Data Collection

  • Field notes
  • Strategies for recalling data
    • Record key words and phrases while in the field
    • Make notes about the sequence of events
    • Limit the time you remain in the setting
    • Write full notes immediately after exiting the field
    • Write up your notes before sharing hem with others

11. Analyzing Ethnographic Data

  • Typologies(classifications; groupings)
  • Mapping
  • Sociometric Assessments
  • Observational records; Frequency of specific behaviors

12. Action Research

  • The basics of action research
    • Identifying the research question
    • Gathering the information to answer the question
    • Analyzing and interpreting the information
    • Sharing the results with the participants