internet of things (iot), innovasjonsdriveren i fremtiden internet of things (iot),...

Download Internet of Things (IoT), innovasjonsdriveren i fremtiden Internet of Things (IoT), innovasjonsdriveren

Post on 11-Jun-2020

0 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • LO IKT konferansen, 1Nov2016, Vika Atrium, Oslo
 “Et samfunn i endring; The Internet of Things”

    Internet of Things (IoT), innovasjonsdriveren i fremtiden

    Josef Noll, Prof. at University of Oslo/UNIK

    Project leader IoTSec.no josef@jnoll.net1

    mailto:josef@jnoll.net

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    Outline ! From Mobile to IoT

    ➡ The Internet of Things//Tingenes Internett (IoT) ! Digitisation of the Society

    ➡ Sensor and Data driven ➡ Industry and Society ➡ The InfoInternet for free basic access

    ! Privacy and Security ➡ Do we really understand the challenge? ➡ Privacy labelling

    ! Conclusions

    2

    [Source: Monique Morrow, Cisco]

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    History of computers and the Internet

    3

    ! “There might be a need for 5 computers” (1943 Watson(?), 1951 Hartree)

    ! George Orwell, “nineteen eighty-four”, novel, 1949

    “Much faster than I ever thought!”

    “Too complex for me to handle!”

    • The building where the Internet (Arpanet) came to Europe in June 1973

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    Internet service usage - the Digital Gap

    4

    0

    30

    60

    90

    Pr iva

    te ho

    me s

    wi th

    bro ad

    ba nd

    Wi rel

    es s P

    C

    us ed

    ou tsi

    de of

    ho me

    Int ern

    et Ba

    nk ing

    On lin

    e c on

    tac t

    to pu

    bli c s

    erv ice

    s

    eC om

    me rce

    - b ou

    gh t

    4041 36

    13

    61

    71 77

    84

    39

    83

    12 16

    63

    41

    Greece Norway EU-average

    [source: EU commission, Aug2011]

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    DNV report 2013, DNV GL report 2014

    Technology Outlook 2020 / Transformative Technologies ! Technology applications in Maritime,

    Renewables & Electricity, Health Care, Oil & Gas and Food & Water industries ➡ sensors will drive automated data management ➡ from passive data to automated decisions ➡ automated decision tools by 2020

    ! Maritime: «policy driven» ! Health care: «trust» on sensor and mobile

    apps

    5

    “In an

    y c han

    ge ma

    nag em

    ent

    pro ces

    s, t he

    cha llen

    ge is

    com mu

    nic atin

    g r isk

    ,” ( Pe

    ter

    Bje rag

    er, DN

    V G L)

    “O nly

    59 %

    of the

    pu bli

    c

    tru st

    the en

    erg y

    ind us

    try ,” (

    Ed elm

    an Tr

    us t

    Ba rom

    ete r 2

    013 )

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    The Internet of Things (IoT) ! IoT =

    ➡ Things + ➡ Internet + ➡ Semantics

    ! Tingene som snakker ➡ med en datamaskin, ➡ som forstår hva det


    dreier seg om, ➡ og tar selvstendige


    beslutninger

    6

    Source: L. Atzori et al., The Internet of Things: A survey, Comput. Netw. (2010), doi:10.1016/

    * security * privacy * dependability * context-aware * personalised

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    Trend: Digitalisation of Industry (and Society) ! EU has introduced1 Industrie4.0

    ➡ digital innovation hubs, ➡ leadership in digital platforms, ➡ closing the digital divide gap ➡ providing framework conditions

    ! Norwegian Government has established2 “Klyngene som omstillingsmotorer” (Sep2015) ➡ NCE Smart Energy Markets on “Digitalisation of

    Industry” ➡ NCE Systems Engineering på Kongsberg og

    NCE Raufoss on Productivity and Innovation

    72 http://abelia.no/innovasjon/klyngene-skal-omstille-norge-article3563-135.html

    1 http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_SPEECH-15-4772_en.htm Source: Trumpf / Forschungsunion
 Wirtschaft & Wissenschaft

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org http://abelia.no/innovasjon/klyngene-skal-omstille-norge-article3563-135.html http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_SPEECH-15-4772_en.htm

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    Digitalisation of the Society

    8

    Source: EU commission, 
 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BK-UuUnQalM&feature=youtu.be

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BK-UuUnQalM&feature=youtu.be

  • Feb 2016, Josef NollBasicInternet.org BasicInternet.foundation Basic Internet @Basic4all

    Connectivity & Affordability ! Mobile driven development,

    ➡ Revenue-driven ! Affordability (costs of data) ! industrial perspective

    ➡ Industry4.0, Internet of Things ! Novel Approach required

    9

    [Source: GSMA, Nov2015]

    77% don’t have decent access

    http://BasicInternet.org https://www.facebook.com/BasicInternet.foundation https://plus.google.com/b/112843192525301686752/112843192525301686752/about ttps://twitter.com/@Basic4all

  • Feb 2016, Josef NollBasicInternet.org BasicInternet.foundation Basic Internet @Basic4all

    InfoInternet Infrastructure ! Basic Access

    ➡ free access of information ➡ walk to Internet

    ! Broadband and Mobile services ➡ Voice, video & games ➡ speed & comfort ➡ privately managed

    ! Complementarity

    InfoInternet - the infrastructure for Digital Access Road Infrastructure ! Basic infrastructure

    ➡ free usage for pedestrians & cyclists

    ➡ authentication for cars ! Highways & toll roads

    ➡ speed & comfort ➡ often privately

    managed ! Successful

    complementarity

    10

    multimedia++

    Péage

    [Source: Wikipedia]

    http://BasicInternet.org https://www.facebook.com/BasicInternet.foundation https://plus.google.com/b/112843192525301686752/112843192525301686752/about ttps://twitter.com/@Basic4all

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    Addressing the challenges of IoT connectivity Device ownership ! who owns the device ! which data are going

    to whom ➡ maintenance ➡ usage 


    Easyness Setup ! 1. step ownership ! take control 


    Scalability ! business model for

    SIM/device not scalable

    ! free wireless for IoT data

    11

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    Mobile Security => IoT Security

    12

    [source: www.rediff.com]

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org http://www.rediff.com

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    IoT Security - IoTSec.no ! First massive attack from IoT devices

    ➡ 16Oct2016 IoT botnet attack on Dyn ➡ Camera (CCTV), video recorder, TV,…

    ! Norway: Only one project on IoT Security ➡ IoTSec.no - Focus on Research ➡ Outcome: Smart Grid Security Centre (SGSC)

    ! Academic research versus industrial viewpoint ➡ “language missmatch” ➡ Academic: long term, open available information,

    e.g. Smart Home focus ➡ Industry: current challenges, e.g. focus on grid

    13

    [Source: https://krebsonsecurity.com/2016/10/hacked-cameras-dvrs-powered-todays-massive-internet-outage/ ]

    16Oct2016

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org http://iotsec.no http://iotsec.no https://krebsonsecurity.com/2016/10/hacked-cameras-dvrs-powered-todays-massive-internet-outage/

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    IoT challenges - “programmed to kill”

    14

    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/542626/why-self-driving-cars-must-be-programmed-to-kill/

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    Change in Business Models due to IoT

    15

    http://www.scmagazine.com/iot- security-forcing-business-model- changes-panel-says/article/448668/

    http://iotsec.no http://basicinternet.org http://www.scmagazine.com/iot-security-forcing-business-model-changes-panel-says/article/448668/

  • Feb 2016, Josef NollIoTSec.no

    IoTSec.no “Research on IoT security”


    “Building the national Security Centre for Smart Grid”

    http://IoTSec.no

    16

    Smart Meter Internet

    Communication & IoT for society

    http://IoTSec.no http://iotsec.no

  • Nov2016, Josef NollInnovation through IoT - IoTSec.no - BasicInternet.org

    The Smart Grid in the close future ! Smart gr

Recommended

View more >