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A PowerPoint exploring the genre of Interiors in Visual Arts.

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  • 1.Interiors Year 7 Visual Arts

2. Interiors The theme of interiors spaces has been used by artists in both past and present times often as a means of commenting on the way human beings construct their environment and their relationship to these spaces. Some artists create studies of interiors in as realistic as possible manner to show the physical character of the space. Other artists are interested in saying something about the characteristics of the people who live in the space and to reflect the relationship of human beings to an interior. Still others use this theme as a means of exploring an idea, to create meaning through metaphor or as a vehicle through which to explore personal artistic style. 3. 17th Century Dutch Johannes Vermeer Woman with a Water Jug, is a painting finished between 1660 1662 by the Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer in the Baroque style. Vermeer (Dutch1632 December 1675) specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. Vermeer was a moderately successful painter in his lifetime. He seems never to have been particularly wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings. He was interested in capturing the light, texture and pattern of interior spaces and the character of the people who lived in them. Look at this painting by Vermeer. How does Vermeer use light in this painting? 4. The Music Lesson c. 1662-65 What similarities can you see in his paintings?Soldier and a Laughing Girl c. 1658 5. Modern artist Henri Matisse Henri Matisse (French1869 1954) was a French artist, known for his use of colour and his fluid and original draughtsmanship. Matisse was one of the great artists of the modern era. His exploration of space and colour was very influential on younger artists. He uses the theme of interiors to explore his own style. Open Window, Collioure 1905 6. Harmony in red, depicts a maid arranging fruit on a table in a room dominated by its vibrant red wallpaper. The painting is a brilliant celebration of pattern and decoration. The rhythms of the foliage pattern on the tablecloth and wallpaper are echoed in the background through the window, uniting the interior with the cooler exterior. In this work Matisse painted with flat areas of colour, emphasising the flat decorative surface of the painting. Give examples from the artwork which show how Matisse created pattern and rhythm in this artwork.The Desert Harmony in Red 1908 7. Australian artist Grace Cossington SmithGrace Cossington Smith (1892 1984) was an Australian artist and pioneer of modernist painting in Australia and was instrumental in introducing Post-Impressionism to Australia. My chief interest, I think, has always been colour, but not flat crude colour, it must be colour within colour, it has to shine; light must be in it, it is no good having heavy, dead colour The room is in my own home here, and the sunlight did not come in a definite way but the whole room seemed to be full of light, which is what I want to do more than the actual sunlight. I feel that even the shadows are subdued light and they must have light in them as well as the light parts. In this painting, short brushstrokes of pure colour animate the pictorial surface, highlighting Grace Cossington Smiths skill as a colourist. By the mid 1950s the artist had begun to concentrate primarily on domestic interiors, party due to the fact that her muchloved sister had become ill. Describe how has Cossington Smith has composed this painting to add interest to the interior. 8. Australian artist Brian DunlopRoom 1978 Brian Dunlop (19382009) was a still life and figurative painter born in Sydney, Australia. He made his reputation as a painter of tranquil interiors, where light was caught by translucent curtains. His work was given a human scale by the introduction of figures, sometimes nude. 9. What mood is created in Dunlops paintings? How does he create this? 10. Australian artist Margaret Olley Margaret Olley (1923 2011) was an Australian painter. She is one of Australias most revered and prolific painters, hers was a life devoted to art. Olleys home of more than sixty years was Duxford Street, Paddington, in Sydneys eastern suburbs. She bought the rambling property in the 1960s, renting its larger terrace house and the garden rooms for income while she annexed herself between them in the Hat Factory a former milliners workshop. This allowed her the financial security to paint and entertain as she pleased. For over half a century this would be her home, her studio and her muse. It was where she entertained around a large timber table she had brought from her mothers Brisbane home. The place her friends painters, writers, curators and critics would come for a cuppa and a chat. The place where she died peacefully in July 2011. Over the years Olley had painted many interiors and still life settings in her homes rooms. Rooms she had painted in pomegranate, ochre and powder blue shades that she had mixed herself. Against them she arranged rugs and busts and flowers and fruit, on and around furniture of a kindly, weathered charm, beside windows where the light was to her liking. Then she spent her days, weeks, months capturing on canvas these scenes in her trademark daubs of oil. Her house seemed not so much decorated as accumulated, more so with each passing year. This was not a domestic home, this was an artists home, recalls Christine France, a friend and art historian. Mirrored sideboards reflected carefully chosen objects and great bowls of flowers. Laden tables were placed to catch a shaft of light. Wooden sheep, bowls of fruit and dried pomegranates, balanced in an ancient jug, were arranged on kelim-covered chests. 11. Photograph of Olleys home in 2011 12. Margaret Olley, Yellow Interior, 1989. What can you tell about Olleys personality from her paintings of her home? 13. Australian artist Brett Whiteley Brett Whiteley (1939-1992) The art of Sydney-born Whiteley was intimately connected to his tumultuous, creative life. Largely a self-taught artist, he travelled widely, and live in London, the US and Fiji. In 1969 he returned to Australia, settling in Lavender Bay. Among many accolades, Whiteley won the Archibald Prize twice (including for Self portrait in the studio 1976) and the Wynne Prize and Sulman Prize three times each, and was the first artist to win all three in one year, in 1978. This large canvas was principally inspired by the art of Henri Matisse and uses ultramarine blue, which Whiteley favoured for its ecstasy-like effect. It includes a snippet of real hair as well as a selfportrait of Whiteley in a mirror. The mirror acts as an entry point to both a psychological space (revealing something of his state of mind) and a physical space (his home at Lavender Bay on Sydney Harbour). The tiny portrait also reflects the influence of Francis Bacon, another of Whiteleys artist heroes, and of Asian culture, in which people are often portrayed as merely part of a larger landscape. What do you learn about Whiteley through his painting of the interior of his home? Which two artists in this PowerPoint were inspired by the work of Matisse?Self portrait in the studio 1976 14. Your task: My Space 1. Brainstorm the topic of interiors. Make a list of possible rooms in your home that you could use as the subject matter for your artwork and record this in your VAPD. 2. At home choose an interesting position in your chosen room which includes a corner. Complete a detailed, realistic representation of your interior setting as a line drawing on A3 paper. Consider creating the illusion of space by depicting doorways and windows and try to capture the surface quality of the different objects in the room. 3. At school do a couple of sketches of your composition and experiment with using flat colour and pattern inspired by the art of Matisse to create a mood for your interior. 4. Use oil pastels to colour your artwork. Focus on creating flat unrealistic colour and pattern.