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  • IATH Best Practices Guide to Digital Panoramic Photography

    EditEd by Sarah WEllS, barry GroSS, MichaEl GroSS, and bErnard FriSchEr

  • ii

  • EditorS: Sarah Wells

    Barry Gross

    Michael Gross

    Bernard Frischer

    contributorS:Brian Donovan

    Barry Gross

    Michael Gross

    Eugene Johnson

    Worthy Martin

    Lisa Reilly

    Will Rourke

    Ken Stuart

    Michael Tuite

    Tom Watson

    Madelyn Wessel

    thankS to:

    Daniel PittiRick MandelkornGretchen Wagner

    IATH Best Practices Guide to Digital Panoramic Photography

  • ii

    2007 by The Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia. All rights reserved.

    Cover photo by Barry and Michal Gross. Cover art by Karey Helms/IATH.Photo pg. i by Brian Donovan.

  • iii

    Table of Contents

    1. ovErviEW and objEctivES .................................................................61.1. Who iS thiS GuidE For? ............................................................................ 61.2. introduction and ExaMplES ...................................................................... 71.3. briEF hiStory and uSE oF panoraMic photoGraphy ...................................... 81.4. baSic diGital panoraMic photoGraphy MEthodS ........................................ 131.5. hoW to uSE thiS GuidE........................................................................... 14

    2. prE-production ..........................................................................172.1. EStabliShinG projEct GoalS ..................................................................... 172.2. chooSinG thE SitE ................................................................................. 182.3. chooSinG SitE nodES ............................................................................. 182.4. EnvironMEntal conSidErationS/SchEdulinG thE Shoot ............................... 212.5. EquipMEnt ............................................................................................ 222.6. travEl prEparationS ............................................................................... 352.7. local SitE liaiSon (Mr. Fix-it/FixEr) ......................................................... 412.8. SitE accESS and rESourcES ....................................................................... 432.9. budGEt ................................................................................................ 46

    3. copyriGht and pErMiSSionS ............................................................503.1. copyriGht ............................................................................................ 513.2. Fair uSE and dE MiniMiS uSE ................................................................. 533.3. contract vErSuS copyriGht ................................................................... 533.4. pErMiSSionS and rElEaSES ........................................................................ 543.5. pErMitS and inSurancE ........................................................................... 553.7. intErnational copyriGht ....................................................................... 573.8. additional rESourcES and rEFErEncES .................................................... 58

    4. panoraMa crEation (part 1): MEthodS and tEchniquES For capturinG iMaGES .......................................................................60

    4.1. introduction to typES oF diGital panoraMa photoGraphy and StructurES .. 604.2. introduction to photoGraphy and diGitization ...................................... 614.3. SElEctinG iMaGE FilE ForMatS .................................................................. 614.4. uSinG iMaGE capturinG SyStEMS and lEnSES ............................................... 634.5. panoraMic tripod hEadS ........................................................................ 704.6. photoGraphic WorkFloW ...................................................................... 71

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    5. additional rElatEd MEdia .............................................................775.1. objEct/invErSE panoraMaS ...................................................................... 775.2. audio ................................................................................................. 795.3. vidEo panoraMa (MovinG iMaGE) ............................................................. 805.4. aSSociatEd hardWarE and SoFtWarE ....................................................... 82

    6. panoraMa crEation (part 2): StitchinG and rEndErinG ..................846.1. introduction to thE StitchinG and rEndErinG procESS .............................. 846.2. prEparinG raW data ............................................................................... 846.3. SoFtWarE.............................................................................................. 856.4. color ManaGEMEnt on thE coMputEr ...................................................... 886.5. hdr and MultiplE ExpoSurE coMpoSitinG ............................................... 886.6. StitchinG thE panoraMa ......................................................................... 886.7. batch procESSinG, ScriptS ....................................................................... 896.8. rEndErinG thE panoraMa ....................................................................... 906.9. hot SpotS, (hypEr)linkS, and ExEcutablE ScriptS ........................................ 926.10. EMbEddinG author inForMation, WatErMarkS, SpritE trackS, and copyriGht ............................................................................................. 926.11. convErtinG hiStorical iMaGES ............................................................... 93

    7. StandardS For data docuMEntation .............................................967.1. introducinG StandardS For data docuMEntation .................................... 967.2. doMain SpEciFic data docuMEntation StandardS ...................................... 977.3. introduction to MEtadata .................................................................... 977.4. controllEd vocabulary ....................................................................... 987.5. rESourcE diScovEry MEtadata ................................................................. 987.6. tErMinoloGy rESourcES and claSSiFication SchEMES ................................... 997.7. phySical GEo-rEFErEncinG ....................................................................... 99

    8. rESourcE dElivEry and uSEr iSSuES ...............................................1018.1. ovErviEW oF rESourcE dElivEry iSSuES and uSEr intErFacE (vr tourS) ....... 1018.2. viEWinG platForM ................................................................................ 1018.3. prESEntation: SoFtWarE and viEWinG optionS ......................................... 1028.4. aliaSinG, Moir pattErnS, and othEr viEWinG pitFallS and SolutionS ........ 1048.5. incorporatinG additional MEdia ........................................................... 1068.6. virtual tourS ..................................................................................... 1078.7. applyinG panoraMaS ............................................................................ 109

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    8.8. track Synchronization ....................................................................... 1108.9. controllinG accESS ............................................................................ 110

    9. uSE ...........................................................................................1149.1. uSE oF panoraMaS and vr in thE lEcturE/claSSrooM/lab/hoME ................ 1149.2. Scholarly uSE .................................................................................... 1159.3. practical uSE For EnGinEErS and architEctS ............................................ 1179.4. intErnEt ............................................................................................. 1189.5. publicationS ....................................................................................... 1189.6. hand-hEld dEvicE at SitE/landScapES ...................................................... 1199.7. hiStorical and hEritaGE SitE prESErvation and rEStoration ..................... 119

    10. StoraGE and prESErvation .........................................................12110.1. lonG-tErM phySical StoraGE .............................................................. 12210.2. diGital prESErvation StratEGiES .......................................................... 12210.3. thE Global diGital prESErvation arEna ................................................ 123

    11. concluSion .............................................................................125

    appEndix 1. author contact inForMation ........................................127

    appEndix 2. iMaGE capturE WorkFloW ...............................................129

    appEndix 3. iMaGE prE-procESSinG, StitchinG, and rEndErinG WorkFloW .....................................................................130

    appEndix 4. SaMplE batch ScriptS ......................................................132

    panoiMaGESortEr.pl ......................................................................132

    ptMacpanoiMaGESortEr.pl .............................................................134

    appEndix 5. htMl and ExaMplES .....................................138

    rEFErEncES ......................................................................................139

  • 1. ovErviEW and objEctivES

    1.1. Who iS thiS GuidE For?

    The IATH Best Practices Guide to Digital Panorama Photography is written for researchers and photographers looking to use digital technology to build digital panoramas of cultural heri

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