humanism and the allure of antiquity part 2

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Humanism and the Allure of AntiquityPART2

Masaccio

Tommaso de ser Giovanni de Mone Cassai

Artistic heir of Giotto, but takes space and light one step further into unexplored territory

Dies at age 27 (causes unknown)2

Santa Maria del Carmine3

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Brancacci ChapelImages of St. Peters life by various artists5

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8MASACCIO, Tribute Money, Brancacci Chapel, Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, Italy, ca. 1427. Fresco, 8 4 1/8 x 19 7 1/8.

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Tribute MoneyMathew 17:24-27

Tax collector meets Jesus and disciples at the entrance of the Roman town of Capernum, Jesus directs St. Peter to shore of lake Galilee to gather a coin from the mouth of a fish.9

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Linear Perspective18

Atmospheric Perspective19

Halos foreshortened20

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22Figural forms (especially the tax collector) suggest bones, muscles, and the pressures on tendons and joints to convey contained energy.

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Chiaroscuro (cast light and shadow)23

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Santa Maria Novella25

26MASACCIO, Holy Trinity, Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy, ca. 14241427. Fresco, 21 10 5/8 x 10 4 3/4.

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Holy Trinity

First application of linear perspective and mathematics to a depiction of space.

Ascending pyramid of figures leads viewers from the despair of death to the hope of resurrection and eternal life.27

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Mary34

St. John35

Lorenzo Lenzi and Wife36

Drapery modeled with chiaroscuro37

Vanishing point is 5 feet above the ground, roughly eye level.

Rational measured coherence:

If calculated as a real space:Painted vault is 7 feet and the depth of the chapel is 9 feet.38

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I once was what you are and what I am you also will be.42

Memento Mori

A visual reminder of human mortality.43

Memento Mori

Today we might interpret this as a reminder to seize the day or live life to its fullest, but at the time it is more an exhortation to repent so that one might join the kingdom of heaven.44

45DONATELLO, David, late 14401460. Bronze, 5 2 1/4 high. Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence.

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Medici Palace and Garden entry way

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Contrapposto51

overt eroticism

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First freestanding nude since Classical antiquity. Nudity usually associated with shame and sin.55

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David vs. GoliathSword vs StoneMilan and Naples vs. FlorenceMilitary might vs. Cultural richness

David represents Florence, the always underdog against the greater powers of Milan(Visconti) and Naples (Ladislaus)

The private sensuality and eroticism are strangely at odds with this public, civic message

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57ANDREA DEL VERROCCHIO, David, ca. 14651470. Bronze, 4 1 1/2 high. Museo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence.

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DONATELLO, Penitent Mary Magdalene, ca. 1455. Painted and gilded wood, 6 2 high. Museo dellOpera del Duomo, Florence.

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Rejection of the material world for a secluded spiritual life

Sculpture acts as a moral conscience for the city of Florence60

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64DONATELLO, Gattamelata (equestrian statue of Erasmo da Narni), Piazza del Santo, Padua, Italy, ca. 14451450. Bronze, 12 2 high.

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Gattamelata= Honey Cat67

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