History of Art I Islamic Art and Architecture. Byzantine: Hagia Sophia.

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Slide 1 History of Art I Islamic Art and Architecture Slide 2 Byzantine: Hagia Sophia Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Slide 6 Slide 7 Icons (Image) Christ (oldest known icon, sixth century) Sacred image Followed a fixed pattern (so craftsmanship emphasized over creativity) Encaustic: durability Slide 8 Madonna Enthroned, c. 1200 AD, National Gallery of Art, DC Slide 9 Islamic Tradition Islam is the religion that centers around the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, c. 570- 632 AD Begins in Arabia but spreads all the way from Spain to India and Indonesia. In art we will see more emphasis in the decorative arts rather than figural art. Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Kaaba Slide 13 A pre-Islamic site Muhammad taught that Abraham and Ishmael built it Contains a black stone (a meteorite) that the Angel Gabriel gave to Abraham Muslims walk around the kaaba seven times Slide 14 The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 690 AD Slide 15 Slide 16 Probably built by Byzantine architects from Constantinople. This will be typical of Islamic art and architecture in general: freely borrowing and adapting local traditions. What type of plan is this? Part of an effort to make Jerusalem, not Mecca the prime pilgrimage site Slide 17 Rock: from which Muhammad ascended to God Slide 18 Plan Slide 19 Slide 20 Nine Square Grid Slide 21 Slide 22 Slide 23 Slide 24 Mosaic Slide 25 The Mosque A Prayer Hall: Place of Prostration Slide 26 A Qibla Wall A Mihrab Minarets Slide 27 Mosque at Kairouan, Tunisia Slide 28 Cordoba, Spain, 800 AD Slide 29 Slide 30 Slide 31 Slide 32 Horseshoe Arches Slide 33 Slide 34 Mihrab Slide 35 Slide 36 Slide 37 Djenne Mosque, Mali, Africa Slide 38 Slide 39 Palaces The Alhambra, Granada, Spain, 1000 AD Slide 40 Slide 41 Slide 42 Court of Myrtles Slide 43 Hall of Two Sisters Slide 44 Slide 45 Muqarnas Slide 46 Slide 47 Type of corbel but decorative, not structural Based upon radial symmetry Slide 48 Court of Lions Slide 49 Slide 50 Slide 51 Slide 52 Slide 53 India Taj Mahal, 1600 Slide 54 Slide 55 Taj Mahal Slide 56 Slide 57 Slide 58 Slide 59 Slide 60 Arabesques: on surface, on onion dome

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