History of Art I Islamic Art and Architecture. Byzantine: Hagia Sophia.

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  • Slide 1
  • History of Art I Islamic Art and Architecture
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  • Byzantine: Hagia Sophia
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  • Icons (Image) Christ (oldest known icon, sixth century) Sacred image Followed a fixed pattern (so craftsmanship emphasized over creativity) Encaustic: durability
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  • Madonna Enthroned, c. 1200 AD, National Gallery of Art, DC
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  • Islamic Tradition Islam is the religion that centers around the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad, c. 570- 632 AD Begins in Arabia but spreads all the way from Spain to India and Indonesia. In art we will see more emphasis in the decorative arts rather than figural art.
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  • Kaaba
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  • A pre-Islamic site Muhammad taught that Abraham and Ishmael built it Contains a black stone (a meteorite) that the Angel Gabriel gave to Abraham Muslims walk around the kaaba seven times
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  • The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 690 AD
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  • Probably built by Byzantine architects from Constantinople. This will be typical of Islamic art and architecture in general: freely borrowing and adapting local traditions. What type of plan is this? Part of an effort to make Jerusalem, not Mecca the prime pilgrimage site
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  • Rock: from which Muhammad ascended to God
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  • Plan
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  • Nine Square Grid
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  • Mosaic
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  • The Mosque A Prayer Hall: Place of Prostration
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  • A Qibla Wall A Mihrab Minarets
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  • Mosque at Kairouan, Tunisia
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  • Cordoba, Spain, 800 AD
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  • Horseshoe Arches
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  • Mihrab
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  • Djenne Mosque, Mali, Africa
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  • Palaces The Alhambra, Granada, Spain, 1000 AD
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  • Court of Myrtles
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  • Hall of Two Sisters
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  • Muqarnas
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  • Type of corbel but decorative, not structural Based upon radial symmetry
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  • Court of Lions
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  • India Taj Mahal, 1600
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  • Taj Mahal
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  • Arabesques: on surface, on onion dome