history of animation: important animators and their films
Post on 18-May-2015
Embed Size (px)
DESCRIPTIONAm extra credit presentation for my History of Film class in Fall 2012. Animation wasn't part of the curriculum so I took it upon myself to educate the class through detailed research and experimentation with moving .gif files so that they could see the animation in addition to hearing about it. Unfortunately that movement didn't transfer when I uploaded this Powerpoint and some of the loops are stuck on odd frames.
- 1. A Brief History of Important Animators and Their Films by Melissa Wilkinson
2. Winsor McCay (1869-1934) Self-taught in comic art Worked in vaudeville Started animating Little Nemo on a bet Did almost all work himself Thousands of drawings 3. Winsor McCay (1869-1934) Gertie the Dinosaur (1914) First character animation Live interaction 4. Walt Disney (1901-1966) Started in comic art Studied at Kansas City Art Institute First character: Oswald the Lucky Rabbit Created Mickey Mouse after loss of rights to Oswald 5. Walt Disney (1901-1966) Mickey & Minnie debuted in Steamboat Willie (1928) First sound-synch cartoon Snow White & The Seven Dwarves (1937) First animated feature film 6. Walt Disney (1901-1966) Didnt originate practices, but refined them Always looking for ways technology could help storytelling Multi-Plane Camera Caricature of both life and action Live models for animals 7. Walt Disney (1901-1966) Mostly managerial, oversaw studio of other animators: Ub Iwerks Walts first business partner, did most of the animation work Helped design Mickey Mouse, Walt created the personality Nine Old Men Walts right-hand team Les Clark, Marc Davis, Ollie Johnston, Milt Kahl, Ward Kimball, Eric Larson, John Lounsbery, Wolfgang Reitherman, Frank Thomas Reitherman directed all animated films after Walts death, 1966-1981 8. Chuck Jones (1912-2002) Started art career selling pencil portraits for $1 on the sidewalk Worked as a cel washer for Ub Iwerks Hired by Warner Brothers to work on Looney Tunes Created Road Runner & Wile E. Coyote, Pepe LePew, Marvin the Martian, and Michigan J. Frog 9. Chuck Jones (1912-2002) Directed 10 of the 50 Greatest Cartoons #1 Whats Opera, Doc? (1957) #2 Duck Amuck (1953) How The Grinch Stole Christmas (1966) Won 3 Oscars, Lifetime Achievement Award 10. Richard Williams (1933) Created The Animators Survival Guide textbooks Teaches sold-out animation masterclasses Academy Award for A Christmas Carol short adaptation in 1971 Animated titles for the Pink Panther movies Directed animation for Who Framed Roger Rabbit 11. Richard Williams (1933) The Thief & The Cobbler project started in 1964 Incredibly detailed, scenes redrawn constantly Failed to complete the project on time, film was handed over to substitute animators Heavily edited, unnecessary dialogue added Released as Arabian Knight in 1995, poorly received Fan-made Recobbled Cut available on YouTube 12. Hayao Miyazaki (1941) Studio Ghibli called The Japanese Disney Films all hand drawn, less than 10% computer effects Lupin III: The Castle of Cagliostro (1979) Nausicaa of the Valley of the Wind (1984), adapted from his own manga series My Neighbor Totoro (1988) Princess Mononoke (1995) Spirited Away (2002), won Academy Award for Best Animated Feature 13. Hayao Miyazaki (1941) Gorgeous natural backgrounds Detailed character mannerisms Delicious-looking food Strong, fierce heroines Rosy-cheeked youngsters Flight, avation, transportation Morally gray villains Protection of nature Magic, wonder, innocence 14. John Lasseter (1957) Voted Best Artist by his senior high school class Sword in the Stone inspired him to work at Disney Graduated from CalArts Character Animation program Was fired from Disney after his experimental projects didnt work out Joined the Lucasfilm computer graphics team that would eventually form Pixar 15. John Lasseter (1957) Brought character animation skills to a technical team Early short films: The Adventures of Andre & Wally B, Luxo Jr, Reds Dream, Tin Toy Received Special Achievement Academy Award for Toy Story, first computer-animated feature film Re-worked Toy Story 2 nine months before release Currently serves as Chief Creative Officer for both Disney and Pixar 16. If you want to learn more Visit my blog at cartoonology.tumblr.com!