HEMIPTERA ΚΑΡΠΟΦΟΡΩΝ ΔΕΝΔΡΩΝ

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HEMIPTERA

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<p>.... </p> <p>HEMIPTERA </p> <p>: : </p> <p> 2010</p> <p>1</p> <p> ____________________________ ! . _______________________________________________________________2 Euphyllura phillyrea __________________________________________________4 Saissetia oleae ________________________________________________6 Aspidiotus nerii A ____________________________________________9 Parlatoria oleae __________________________________________10 Pollinia pollini ___________________________14 ___________________________________________________16 Aspidiotus nerii __________________16 Planococcus citr. _______________________17 Pseudococcus adonidum ______________________________________________21 Aonidiella aurantii . _____________________________________21 Chrysomphalus dictyospermi ___________23 Lepidosaphes beckii ___________________________25 Lepidosaphes ulmi ___________________________________________________26 Aspidiotus nerii _________________________________________27 Ceroplastes rusc _________________________28 Ceroplastes sinensis _______________________29 Coccus hesperidum ____________________31 Coccus pseudomagnoliarum __________________________________32 Aleurothrixus floccocus _________________________33 Parabemisia myricae A _______________35 Dialeurodes citri ________________________________________37 Aphis citricola ________________39 Toxoptera aurant ____________________40 Myzus persicae ( ) __________________________43 cery purchsi ______________________________________________44 Aphanostigma piri _______________________46 phis pomi ____________________________47 Dysaphis plantaginea ____________________48 Cacopsylla pyri L ______________________________50 Eriosoma lanigerum _______52 Quadraspidiotus perniciosus ______________________54</p> <p>2</p> <p>Stephanitis (Tingis) pyri . ___________56 ___________________________________________________58 Hyalopterus pruni ___________________________________________________58 Hyalopterus amygdali ___________________59 Myzus Persicae ________________60 Eulecanium corni____________________________________________________65 &gt;&gt; persicae ______________________________________________________65 ________________________________________65 Monosteira unicostata ________________________________________________66 Pseudaulacaspis pentagona ______________67 Sphaerolecanium prunastri ____________________________________________69 _______________________________________________________71</p> <p>3</p> <p>Euphyllura phillyreae (Hemiptera Homoptera, Aphalaridae )</p> <p> ,.</p> <p> Euphyllura phillyreae</p> <p> E. phillyreae , . . , . . , , . , . </p> <p>4</p> <p>. . , . 30-45 90 . 12-15 . . . , . . 3-.</p> <p> , , , . .</p> <p> . .</p> <p>5</p> <p> . . , .</p> <p>Saissetia oleae (Hemiptera- Homptera,Coccidae Lecaniidae)</p> <p> . , . 100. .</p> <p> -. </p> <p> . . 800 (). . . 1 . 1-2 .</p> <p>6</p> <p> Saissetia oleae</p> <p> , . , . , . .</p> <p>Saissetia oleae </p> <p> , , , .. .</p> <p>7</p> <p> . . , , . , . 5 10 5 10% . . : : 2 3 . Metaphycus flavus. Metaphycus helvolus (Hymenoptera,Encyrtidae). Coccophaqus pulchellus (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) : Scutellista cyanla (Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae) Chilocorus bipustulatus Adalia sp. (Coleoptera,Coccinelidae). Exochomus sp. . . . 1 , . , , . : ,8</p> <p>Aspidiotus nerii A(emiptera- omoptera Diaspididae ) . 100 . , , .</p> <p>A A. nerii</p> <p> . nerri . . , , , , .</p> <p> , . , . , . . . </p> <p>9</p> <p> . 10 , , (Alexandrakis et al., 1997).</p> <p> (A. nerii) Chilocorus, Scymmnus, Chrysopa, Semidalis ... Aphytis chilensis, A. melinus Aspidiotiphagus citrinus.</p> <p>Parlatoria oleae (Hemiptera Diaspididae)</p> <p> . 200 . , .</p> <p> . () 1,5-2 . , . </p> <p>10</p> <p> , . - . - .</p> <p> . .</p> <p> . , . , . , , . . 20%, . .</p> <p> . , . , ( -) .</p> <p> , : Encyrtidae Metaphycus helvolus 2 3 , Metaphycus swirski (Metaphycus aff. stanleyi) Metaphycus bartletti, Metaphycus lounsburyi 11</p> <p> (3 ). Diversinervus elegans. Saissetia oleae Nerium oleander (Coccus hesperidum , , , . . Rhyzobius forestieri Chilocorus bipustulatus, Exochomus quandripustulatus, Chrysopa carnea.</p> <p> .. , Diaspitidae. . .. . </p> <p>12</p> <p> . , , ( ). . , , .. . Scolitydae . , .. , , . (7) . Pollinia pollini. (Asterolecanidae) P. pollini . . , . (Alexandrakis 1984). , , .. , 13</p> <p> . </p> <p>Pollinia pollini (Hemiptera Homoptera, Asterolecanidae )</p> <p> . , . , , , . . P.pollini . P.pollini , .</p> <p> P.pollini . , . . , , , .</p> <p>14</p> <p> . , P.pollini .</p> <p>15</p> <p>Aspidiotus nerii (Hemiptera,Diaspididae)</p> <p>: . , , , (.. ), .</p> <p> , . 3-4 3. . . - , . . , . . , , .</p> <p> , , . , . , . , , .</p> <p>16</p> <p> . . , , , . - . , .</p> <p>Planococcus citr. (Hemiptera,Pseudococcidae)</p> <p> . . . . .. , , , , , , . , , , .</p> <p>Planococcus citr.</p> <p>17</p> <p> 3-4 . , . . . . . . , , , . 20C - 16C 35C 27C. . , . , . . . . . . , . 26C 60%</p> <p>- , . , . H , . 18</p> <p> . (Cladosporum spp.) , . . , . . .</p> <p> Planococcus citr.</p> <p> . . , , . : ) : . ) : . , </p> <p>19</p> <p> . . . . .</p> <p> Gryptoleamous motrouzeri Loptomatix dctylopi. . , . . . .</p> <p>Planococcus citri</p> <p> Planococcus citri </p> <p>20</p> <p>Pseudococcus adonidum(Hemiptera,Pseudococcidae) , P. citri . , , Begonia .</p> <p> P. citri. , . (), ( 200). .</p> <p> P. citri. P. citri.</p> <p>Aonidiella aurantii .(Hemiptera, Diaspididae)</p> <p> . .</p> <p> . , . , , , , . 2-3 . </p> <p>21</p> <p> . (, , ) . ( 400C), , .</p> <p>- </p> <p> Aonidiella aurantii </p> <p> (, , , , , ) . E . 2-3 . . . . . . . , , .. , ( ) </p> <p>22</p> <p> . , , , . , . (, , , ) , . , , . .</p> <p> , Aphytis melinus A.aurantii. Aphytis melinus Comperiella bifasciata, , . , buprofezin( ) ( ).</p> <p>Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Hemiptera, Diaspididae) : . . , , , , , , .</p> <p> 3 . . 23</p> <p> . Diaspididae . .</p> <p> :</p> <p> Chrysomphalus dictyospermi </p> <p> . Aonidiella aurantii . Aonidiella aurantii </p> <p> . . . Aonidiella aurantii . </p> <p> Aphis melinus Rhyzobius lophanthae.</p> <p>24</p> <p>Lepidosaphes beckii (Hemiptera, Diaspididae)</p> <p>: </p> <p> . . , (). . .</p> <p> Lepidosaphes beckii</p> <p> , , . , .. ( ) , , . , , . , .</p> <p>25</p> <p> . Coccinelidae: Chilocorus bipustulatus, Exodiomus quadripustulatus, Linodorus sp. Aphytis chrysompalis, A. melinus, A. lepidosaphes spidiophagus</p> <p>citrinus(Aphelinidae). :</p> <p>Lepidosaphes ulmi(Hemiptera, Diaspididae)</p> <p>: </p> <p> Lepidosaphes ulmi </p> <p> . . .</p> <p> , , , , , , , , .. </p> <p>26</p> <p> , . , , , .</p> <p> , </p> <p>Aspidiotus nerii (Hemiptera,Diaspididae)</p> <p>: . . , , .</p> <p>- : , . , . .</p> <p>27</p> <p> . Childcares bipustuatus, Exochomus quadripustulatus Lindurus lophanthae.</p> <p>Ceroplastes rusc (Hemiptera,Coccidae)</p> <p>: . . , , .</p> <p> C. rusci , . -. . 1000-1500 . 1520 , . . , . , .</p> <p>Ceroplastes rusc</p> <p>28</p> <p>- , , . , .</p> <p> Chilocorus bipustulatus, Exochomus quadrippustulatus, Eublema scitula, Samidalis</p> <p>aleyradiformis. C. rusci : ScuItellista cynea, Coccophagus flvostutellaumm, Cerapterocerus corniger, Comis albitarsis, Tetrastichi spp., .</p> <p> Ceroplastes rusci</p> <p>Ceroplastes sinensis (Hemiptera, Coccidae)</p> <p> . , , . , , .</p> <p>29</p> <p> C.sinensis . - . , . , , , . , , , , .</p> <p>-</p> <p>Ceroplastes sinensis</p> <p> , , . , , , , .</p> <p>30</p> <p> : Chilocorus bipustuatus, Exochomus quadripustulatus, Eublema scitula, Samidalis aleyradiformis.</p> <p>Coccus hesperidum (Hemiptera, Coccidae)</p> <p> . , , , , , , Rosaceae, Begonia spp. Arbutus andrachne.</p> <p> 3-4 . - . . 1 . . , .</p> <p>- , , . .</p> <p>31</p> <p>Coccus hesperidum</p> <p> C. hesperidum , , .</p> <p>Coccus pseudomagnoliarum (Hemiptera, Coccidae) </p> <p> . . . . . .</p> <p>- , . .</p> <p>32</p> <p>Coccus pseudomagnoliarum</p> <p> .</p> <p>Aleurothrixus floccocus (Hemiptera, Aleurodidae)</p> <p> . . , . , . 200 . . . 3 . 5-7 . .</p> <p>33</p> <p> Aleurothrixus floccocus</p> <p>- </p> <p> Aleurothrixus floccocus</p> <p> . . . . ( ) . , . . , </p> <p>34</p> <p>v . , . , .</p> <p> Cales noack </p> <p> . . ' , . , Cales noacki . Cales noacki . Cales noacki 35 . .</p> <p>Parabemisia myricae A (Hemiptera, Aleurodidae)</p> <p> . . . .</p> <p>35</p> <p> .</p> <p>- :</p> <p> . . . . . . .</p> <p>36</p> <p>Dialeurodes citri (Hemiptera, Aleurodidae)</p> <p> . . </p> <p> Dialeurodes citri</p> <p>O . . . 100 . . . .</p> <p>37</p> <p>- :</p> <p> . . , . </p> <p> Encarsia lahorensis Clitosthetus arcudtis. Intarsia lahorensis .</p> <p>38</p> <p>Aphis citricola (Hemiptera, Aphididae)</p> <p> . Aphis citricola Rosaceae Spiraea, , , . </p> <p>-</p> <p> . citricola , . , . . tristeza,. .</p> <p>39</p> <p>Toxoptera aurant (Hemiptera, Aphididae)</p> <p> , , Rhamnus, oxalis .</p> <p> . . , . , . . tristeza . Toxoptera citricidus.</p> <p> oxoptera auranti , . , </p> <p> , </p> <p>40</p> <p> . vo . . 11 Yvo Aphidiidae . auranti . : Aphidius colemn, Aphidius matricariae, Aphidius picipes, Diaeretella rapae, Ephedrus persicae. Lipolexis graclis, Lysiphlebus fabarum, Lysiphlebus testaceipes, Praon volucre Trioxys angelicae. . auranti Lysiphlebus fabarum, Lysiphlebus testaceipes Lysiphlebus fabarum, . auranti L. testaceipes 1973 Aphis citricol, Toxopter aurantii. , L. tesacepes 26 . : Aphis fabae (Euonmus europaea ), Aphis hederae (Hedera), Aphis solanella (Solanum), Toxoptera aurantii (Citrus), Aphis craccivora ( ), Rhopalosiphum maidis (Triticum) Aphis punicae (Punica granatum), Aphis nerii (Nerum...</p>