help wanted: creating equal opportunities for minorities

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  • 1.

2. Help Wanted: Creating Equal Opportunities for Minorities
john a. powell
Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity
3. Todays Discussion - Overview
What is happening?
An unusual recession/economic crisis
A deep and uneven recession/economic crisis
Implications?
Long term
The response
Our Critique
What needs to happen
4. Whats happening?
A deep and prolonged recession
Source: U.S. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Source: Center for Budget & Policy Priorities
5. Uneven Impacts Across various dimensions
An uneven recession with many disparate impacts
Race, Age, Gender, Geography, Educational Attainment, Occupation
Intersections where the recession cuts deep
From recession to economic crisis
Underemployment Rate by Race July 2007 to Nov 2009
(Calculated by the Economic Policy Institute)
6. An Uneven Recession: Geography
Percent of Population in Poverty: 2006-2008
Source: American Community Survey
7. Unemployment by Metro Area
December 2009 (national unemployment: 9.7%)
Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics *not seasonally adjusted
8. Unemployment by County
December 2009 (national unemployment: 9.7%)
Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics *not seasonally adjusted
9. Intersections: Geography & Race
Source: Economic Policy Institute (EPI)
10. Recovery, Jobs, and Equity
National Unemployment Rates by Race
Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics
11. Jobs, Race, and Gender
May Unemployment Rates by Race and Gender
Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics
12. Jobs, Race, and Age
May Unemployment Rates by Race and Age
Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics
13. Unemployment, Incarceration, and Inequality
In 1998, unemployment reached a 30-year low of 4.5%
In 1998, the incarceration rate reached its highest point in U.S. history, with 1.78 million men in prisons and jails.
What does this mean for the true unemployment in African American communities?
Source: Bruce Western; Incarceration, Unemployment, and Inequality
14. Unemployment, Incarceration, and Inequality
Percent of U.S. population in racial group under correctional supervision
Source: US Bureau of Justice Statistics
15. Larger Racial Impacts than Previous Recessions
Figures taken from Howard J. Walls, The Effects of Recessions Across Demographic Groups.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Sept. 2009
16. Long Term Impacts & Implications: Recession Generation?
Sources: U.S. Census (ACS), Annie E. Casey Foundation
17. Long Term Impacts & Implications
A recession generation, As New York Times columnist Bob Herbert stated:
there is little doubt that poverty and family homelessness are rising, that the quality of public education in many communities is deteriorating and that legions of children are losing access to health care as their parents join the vastly expanding ranks of the unemployed. This is a toxic mix for children, a demoralizing convergence of factors that have long been known to impede the ability of young people to flourish.
Bob Herbert. Children in Peril, The New York Times. April 20th 2009.
18. The Response
Our research/critique
American Recovery Reinvestment Act (stimulus)
Has ARRA helped communities in greatest need?
Yes and No
Data challenges make equity assessment extremely challenging
Many areas for improvement
Additional jobs bills?
19. Has ARRA Helped High Need Communities?
Positives preventing draconian state budget cuts
Keeping families out of poverty
Note: Includes 2010 shortfalls
Source: Center for Budget & Policy Priorities
20. State Relief: More Challenges to Come What is the Response (State & Federal)
Source: Center for Budget & Policy Priorities, Congressional Budget Office
21. ARRA Contracts and Equity
Federal ARRA Contract Procurement as of May 7th
Source: Federal Procurement Data System, US Census 2002 Economic Survey of Business Owners
22. ARRA Contracts and Equity
Women-owned, Latino-owned, Black-owned, and Asian-owned businesses account for 28.2%, 6.8%, 5.2%, and 4.8% of all U.S. businesses respectively, according to the US Census Bureau, 2002 Economic Census Survey of Business Owners
Source: Federal Procurement Data System
23. ARRA Contracts and Equity
Federal ARRA Contract Procurement: 1st half vs. 2nd half
Source: Federal Procurement Data System
24. The Need for Targeted Universalism
Universal goals require a more targeted approach
Source: Government Accountability Office (GAO)
25. Universal Approach of ARRA
Administration has taken a race-lite approach to public investment.
Examples of targeted investment (like N.S.P.) represent a relatively small portion of an otherwise universal package.
Budget stabilization funds keep communities of color afloat, but dont recover or develop.
Rising tidesdont lift all boats equally.
26. A Broader Equity Recovery Platform

  • Assuring civil rights compliance, tracking and data on recovery and recession

27. More targeted investment(geography, race, areas of need) 28. More investment in broader community infrastructure (not just roads) 29. Connecting marginalized workers to thegrowth sectors in the new economyE.g. Linking green economy initiativesto worker training

  • New $6 billion Homestar Program

30. Local Jobs For America Act (HR 4812)