green collar workers and other mythical creatures
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DESCRIPTIONGREEN COLLAR WORKERS AND OTHER MYTHICAL CREATURES. Common Data Requests. Descriptive statistics: How many green collar workers are currently employed by location and type? Forecasts What will be the future employment demand? What KSAs will green job-seekers need? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
GREEN COLLAR WORKERS AND OTHER MYTHICAL CREATURES
Common Data RequestsDescriptive statistics: How many green collar workers are currently employed by location and type?
What will be the future employment demand?
What KSAs will green job-seekers need?
How many are in the training pipeline?
What skills gaps loom on the horizon?
Will an insufficient supply of workers with appropriate KSAs thwart policy goals and objectives?
How much will green workforce development cost?
What will be the return on investments in green collar worker preparation?
WHOS ASKINGElected officials and candidatesThe mediaLWDAs, COGs, EDCsIndustry and professional associationEducation and training partnersSpecific employers
The Data DilemmaLack of clear operational definitiongreen economygreen industrygreen occupationgreen job
Surplus of inspired definitions
Whats the differencebetween these two toilets?WHICH OF THE TWO IS GREENIf you are a plumber withthe skills to install Toilet A,do you need new trainingto install toilet B?
Is one forklift operator greener than another?Does the operators greenness depend on:A. the fuel source for the forkliftB. the materials being movedC. the way those materials will subsequently be usedD. the education and training of the operatorE. A, B and C but not D.
Who/what constitutesgreen building? Forestry & lumber milling Construction & specialty trades Architectural & landscape designProcurement, project management, quality control Imbedded software development & integration Materials sciences, chemistry, physics, engineering
Types of DefinitionsBy Industry
By Detailed Work Assignment
Outcomes-Based ApproachWhat is its net impact on energy consumption?Compute in term of BBOEs (barrel of oil equivalents)Compute in terms of cost per unit of energy (e.g., $/BUT, $/kilowatt, $/megajouelWhat is its net impact on emissions of CO2, SO2 and NOx?What is its impact on net job creation?
Bubble Chart ComparisonsDecreased energy consumption or cost per unitIncreased energy consumption or cost per unitIncreasedEmissionsDecreasedEmissions
What Are the Policy LeversRegulations and finesMarket forces (e.g., green profit centers through carbon cap and trade, enhanced oil recovery)Financial incentives for R&D, pilot/demon-stration projects commercialization?Government procurementConsumer educationWorkforce preparation
Scalable ResponseSound employment growth forecasts, not hyperboleHow different are the required knowledge, skills and abilities (KSAs)?Where do efforts to impart those KSAs fit into the curriculum?New major/program of study?New course (basic or capstone)?New module (e.g., less than semester length)?Whos the target? (incumbent worker skill upgrade, postdoctoral student. . . high school)
ResourcesTexas LMCIWeb site www.lmci.state.tx.us(512) 491-4803
California Employment Development Department www.edd.cal.gov
Center on Wisconsin Strategy www.cows.org
Community and technical colleges
Marc AnderbergDirector of Applied ResearchLabor Market and Career Information DivisionTexas Workforce CommissionARC Conference St. Louis MOOctober 28, 2008*Descriptive statisticsCurrent employment by location (state, my electoral district, LDWA, labor shed)and type (sector or cluster X, industry Y, occupation Z)ForecastFuture demand: How many? Where (by location, industry, occupation)? How much will they earn (e.g., above poverty wages)? How many nongreen workers will be displaced?Will skill supply thwart - the general greening of the economyspecific state and local economic development initiativesWelfare-to-work initiatives or re-employment of UI benefit recipients
*Each expects a different kind of answer and degrees of certainty (confidence intervals around your estimates)*Inspired definitions: vested interest jockeying for piles of money heaped on the table; advocacy groups laying claim to $$; pundits and consultants lining up gigs.*Low flow toilet with 3.6 gallon tank would be considered green (old toilets had 6 gallon tanks on average)Manufacturing/installation of low flow tanks mandated by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (1994)No difference in the KSAs required for installation & maintenance of green toilets*Forklifts can run on gasoline, LNG/propane, diesel, ethanol (conventional or cellulosic), nonvirgin vegetable oil, electricity (depends on feederstock used to generate it), hydrogen fuel cellsThe materials may be toxic, low emission or emission free; products being moved may be more or less energy efficient than similar ones from competitors or fewer resources may have been used in their production. The materials may be raw materials, intermediate goods, final products destined to first markets, reuse/recycling or remanufacturing.None of the above change the knowledge, skills and abilities required of the forklift operator *The US Green Building Council has established guidelines for green construction, the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Deign (LEED) rating system.Lumber from old growth forests, not clear cut and followed by conscientious reforestation but does it take different KSA to fell old growth trees or to mill them into lumber?But does it take different KSAs to pound a nail into a green-certified piece of lumber?And why train more carpenters, for example, in green skills at a time when the credit crunch and housing bust has brought new construction starts and permits to their lowest point in decades?The greening of the economy is more likely to be a top-down than bottom-up event: R&D in materials science e.g., more efficient photovoltaic cells for solar power; application software development for smart thermostats and lighting or other imbedded systems trickling down to the architects to the construction company procurement agents, project managers and site superintendents.*Industry suggested by the language coming out of the Department of Labor: green construction, alternative energy, advanced manufacturing.But not all firms in the same industry are equally green despite having adopted green jargon and hyperbole for marketing purposes.At the firm level, some establishments may be green while others are not or even within one establishment, some activities are green while others are not.Not all workers in the same occupation are equally green or may be working on a green project one day and a nongreen one the next.SkillsNet of Waxahatchie Texas is working with the LMCI unit of the TWC to examine the greenness at the DWA level of the O*NET daabase*Let size of dots represent net job creation or, better yet, cost per net job growthLet one axis represent net effect on energy consumptionLet the other axis represent net effect on emissions***