George Herbert Mead’s “Symbolic Interactionism” Chris Walden

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<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul><p>George Herbert Meads Symbolic Interactionism Chris Walden Slide 2 Introduction George Herbert Mead was born in South Hadley, Massachusetts in February of 1863. George Herbert Mead was born in South Hadley, Massachusetts in February of 1863. In 1894, Mead moved from The University of Michigan to Chicago, Illinois, where he would later become the center of the sociological department at The University of Chicago. In 1894, Mead moved from The University of Michigan to Chicago, Illinois, where he would later become the center of the sociological department at The University of Chicago. Slide 3 Introduction Contd After Meads death in 1931 his students at the University published his Mind, Self, and Society teachings. After Meads death in 1931 his students at the University published his Mind, Self, and Society teachings. Herbert Blumer, Meads pupil, further developed his theory and coined it Symbolic Interactionism. Herbert Blumer, Meads pupil, further developed his theory and coined it Symbolic Interactionism. Slide 4 Introduction Contd This theory is the process of interaction in the formation of meanings for individuals. This theory is the process of interaction in the formation of meanings for individuals. In simple form, people act based on symbolic meanings they find within a given situation. In simple form, people act based on symbolic meanings they find within a given situation. The goals of our interactions are to create a shared meaning. The goals of our interactions are to create a shared meaning. Slide 5 Herbert Blumer came up with three basic principles for his theory. Herbert Blumer came up with three basic principles for his theory. Meaning, Language, and Thought. Meaning, Language, and Thought. These three principles lead to conclusions about the creation of a persons self and socialization into a larger community. These three principles lead to conclusions about the creation of a persons self and socialization into a larger community. Slide 6 1 st Principle Meaning: Making is a community project Meaning: Making is a community project Meaning is something that has to be assigned and who assigns it? Meaning is something that has to be assigned and who assigns it? The definition of this word states that it is a intention for a particular purpose or destination. The definition of this word states that it is a intention for a particular purpose or destination. Blumer says that the principle of meaning is central in human behavior Blumer says that the principle of meaning is central in human behavior Slide 7 Meaning Contd Meaning is based on human interaction and how we act towards other people. Meaning is based on human interaction and how we act towards other people. We as humans, base things upon the meanings that they have been given. We as humans, base things upon the meanings that they have been given. An example would be me saying, Hey you look great, have you lost a lot of weight? This statement could be taken a lot of different ways. Perhaps the person that I said this to takes it in the way of a compliment, (Which is what I was giving them) or a negative remark. The meaning that we assign to the statement is how we react to people and what they say. An example would be me saying, Hey you look great, have you lost a lot of weight? This statement could be taken a lot of different ways. Perhaps the person that I said this to takes it in the way of a compliment, (Which is what I was giving them) or a negative remark. The meaning that we assign to the statement is how we react to people and what they say. Slide 8 Meaning Contd This theory tells us that its how people interpret messages and statements. This theory tells us that its how people interpret messages and statements. Each one of us has a different meaning assigned to different things. Each one of us has a different meaning assigned to different things. To us humans the word grass is something that can be defined as green, or something needed to be cut. To animals, the word grass could mean shelter or food. To us humans the word grass is something that can be defined as green, or something needed to be cut. To animals, the word grass could mean shelter or food. Now in the case of symbols, meanings also depend on the number of consensual responses of those who use it. If someone uses a particular word such as hey, to those that use it a lot, it means hello. Now for those people that are ambiguous to it, it could mean a totally different thing to them. Now in the case of symbols, meanings also depend on the number of consensual responses of those who use it. If someone uses a particular word such as hey, to those that use it a lot, it means hello. Now for those people that are ambiguous to it, it could mean a totally different thing to them. Slide 9 2 nd Principle Language: Symbolic naming for the human society Language: Symbolic naming for the human society Language gives humans a means by which to negotiate meaning through symbols. Language gives humans a means by which to negotiate meaning through symbols. Mead believed that when you named something, it is assigned a meaning. An example of this would be me naming my dog Lucifer. The meaning of this name would be the devil, because maybe the dog is extremely mean or bites people all of the time. Mead believed that when you named something, it is assigned a meaning. An example of this would be me naming my dog Lucifer. The meaning of this name would be the devil, because maybe the dog is extremely mean or bites people all of the time. Slide 10 Language In simple terms, this principle says that when we talk to each other, symbolic interaction means that humans identify meaning, or naming, and then they develop discourse, which is communication orally In simple terms, this principle says that when we talk to each other, symbolic interaction means that humans identify meaning, or naming, and then they develop discourse, which is communication orally Slide 11 3 rd Principle Thought: Interpretation of symbols Thought: Interpretation of symbols Thought is based on language. While in a conversation, your mind is imagining or thinking about the different points of view or meanings to what the other person is saying to you. Thought is based on language. While in a conversation, your mind is imagining or thinking about the different points of view or meanings to what the other person is saying to you. What this means is that once your hear someone say something, you automatically start thinking about what you are going to say next. What this means is that once your hear someone say something, you automatically start thinking about what you are going to say next. Slide 12 Language Mead believes that We naturally talk to ourselves in order to sort out the meaning of a difficult situation. Mead believes that We naturally talk to ourselves in order to sort out the meaning of a difficult situation. Whatever you think of before acting to an action or responding to a phrase is your thought. We do this all the time without knowing or realizing it. It is your own personal meaning that you put on words. Whatever you think of before acting to an action or responding to a phrase is your thought. We do this all the time without knowing or realizing it. It is your own personal meaning that you put on words. Slide 13 Conclusion George Herbert Mead was a professor whose teachings were transformed into a theory that is well known and taught throughout the world. George Herbert Mead was a professor whose teachings were transformed into a theory that is well known and taught throughout the world. Symbolic Interactionism has only one variable in it. The individual has its own set of meanings for things and people. Symbolic Interactionism has only one variable in it. The individual has its own set of meanings for things and people. A problem with this theory is that it does not state whether or not an individual wants to win and get their own way or not. Sometimes we think that people can also construct a sample and ask someone if they should have a certain meaning for this and a meaning for that. A problem with this theory is that it does not state whether or not an individual wants to win and get their own way or not. Sometimes we think that people can also construct a sample and ask someone if they should have a certain meaning for this and a meaning for that. Slide 14 This theory doesnt tell you if you think this way because a person told you to or if you think a certain way because you feel that you need to. This theory doesnt tell you if you think this way because a person told you to or if you think a certain way because you feel that you need to. George Herbert Mead died in 1931. Although he never got around to publishing his own teachings, he still is considered to be one of the top sociological theorists that have ever walked this earth. George Herbert Mead died in 1931. Although he never got around to publishing his own teachings, he still is considered to be one of the top sociological theorists that have ever walked this earth. Slide 15 Language and Thought Mark Krebs Slide 16 Symbolic Interactionism Language Language Dealing with Meaning Thought Thought Where interpretation is modified. Slide 17 Things to Keep in Mind Both Language and Thought arise out of people socializing with one another (Symbolic Interactionism). Both Language and Thought arise out of people socializing with one another (Symbolic Interactionism). Much of the time Language and Thought go hand in hand. Much of the time Language and Thought go hand in hand. I like to teach with examples. I like to teach with examples. Slide 18 Love Love Unlike boom, smack, and thump- words usually have no logical connection to the objects they describe. Slide 19 Language Language is the source of meaning. Language is the source of meaning. Everything in life has a different meaning. All objects, people, and abstract ideas have been assigned certain names. All objects, people, and abstract ideas have been assigned certain names. Meaning has never been inherent. Meaning has never been inherent. Slide 20 Sportslogos.net Sportslogos.net Slide 21 Spoken words, written words, and pictures are all apart of our language. Spoken words, written words, and pictures are all apart of our language. Each word or picture means different things to each individual. Each word or picture means different things to each individual. Each persons language is shaped by other people. Each persons language is shaped by other people. Slide 22 Thought Humans come equipped with a mind wired for thought. Humans come equipped with a mind wired for thought. That mind allows everyone to interpret the symbols of our language. That mind allows everyone to interpret the symbols of our language. Slide 23 Minding Minding is the two-second delay where individuals rehearse the next move and anticipate how others will react. Minding is the two-second delay where individuals rehearse the next move and anticipate how others will react. George Herbert Mead Slide 24 Thought According to Blumer: According to Blumer: We as humans have the ability to take the role of the other. This allows us chances to find new meaning and different perspectives in life. This allows us chances to find new meaning and different perspectives in life. Slide 25 Taking the Role of the Other This is seeing the world through anothers eyes. This is seeing the world through anothers eyes. Walking in someone elses shoes Walking in someone elses shoes Grown up version of having imaginary friends and talking to yourself. Grown up version of having imaginary friends and talking to yourself. Slide 26 To conclude Symbolic Interactionism and its premises are built upon communication between individuals. Symbolic Interactionism and its premises are built upon communication between individuals. Language and Thought are vital in the interpretation of symbols. Language and Thought are vital in the interpretation of symbols. We have and always will be affected by Language and Thought. We have and always will be affected by Language and Thought. Slide 27 The Looking-Glass Self and The Generalized Other Clara Hartlaub Slide 28 The self is a basic concept in symbolic interactionism, which requires the understanding of meaning, language and thought. The self is a basic concept in symbolic interactionism, which requires the understanding of meaning, language and thought. It allows humans to reflect on themselves and argue with themselves helping to develop an accurate self image. It allows humans to reflect on themselves and argue with themselves helping to develop an accurate self image. The looking-glass self and the generalized other are parts of a larger tool which helps individuals develop their self concepts. The looking-glass self and the generalized other are parts of a larger tool which helps individuals develop their self concepts. These concepts help form who we are as individuals and lead to conclusions about the creation of a persons self and socialization into a larger community. These concepts help form who we are as individuals and lead to conclusions about the creation of a persons self and socialization into a larger community. Slide 29 Reflections in a Looking Glass We develop who we are based on ideas that come from, taking the role of the other, imagining how we look to another person. We develop who we are based on ideas that come from, taking the role of the other, imagining how we look to another person. Interactionists call this mental image the looking-glass self. Interactionists call this mental image the looking-glass self. The self is a combination of I and me. The I refers to what is unpredictable and unorganized about the self while the me is the image of the self seen through the looking glass or other peoples perceptions. The self is a combination of I and me. The I refers to what is unpredictable and unorganized about the self while the me is the image of the self seen through the looking glass or other peoples perceptions. Slide 30 Real-Life Application of the Looking-Glass Self Looking-glass self is the process of developing a self- image on the basis of the messages we get from others, as we understand them. Looking-glass self is the process of developing a self- image on the basis of the messages we get from others, as we understand them. There are three components to the looking glass self: 1.Imagine how we appear to others; 2. Imagine what their judgment of that appearance must be; 3. Develop some self-feeling, such as pride or mortification, as a result of our imagining others' judgment. There are three components to the looking glass self: 1.Imagine how we appear to others; 2. Imagine what their judgment of that appearance must be; 3. Develop some self-feeling, such as pride or mortification, as a result of our imagining others' judgment. Slide 31 Generalized Other Ove...</p>