geography and history activity copy and exploration آ  geography and history activity lesson

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    NAME    DATE    CLASS 

    Age of Exploration and Trade

    Geography and History Activity

    Lesson 1 The Age of Exploration

    Understanding Location: Europeans and the Known World The Greek historian Herodotus began his book History with a  description of the world that was known to him in the fifth  century. This included the area around the Mediterranean Sea.  The Greeks also recorded tales of some of the first brave  sailors to sail out of the Mediterranean and venture down the  African coast. At the time, many more areas of the world had  humans living on them, but European explorers had not yet  reached them. 

    In the Middle Ages, explorers from Scandinavia sailed as far  west as what is now Newfoundland, Canada. Along the way,  they established colonies in Scotland, England, Ireland, and  Greenland. These Scandinavian explorers were unable to set  up colonies in North America. They do not seem to have  shared their knowledge of the Americas with the rest of  Europe.

    Centuries later, southern Europeans used the coast of Africa to  guide them on an eastern course towards Asia. They focused  on reaching India and its known riches. Lucky accidents  followed. Pedro Cabral steered to the southwest from Africa  and ended up finding Brazil across the Atlantic Ocean.  Columbus had similar good fortune in sailing south and not  directly west from Spain. This allowed him to use westward  blowing winds to reach America.

    John Cabot sailed west from England and used the northern  route to reach North America. Explorers continued to search  for an easy way through this new continent to Asia. Magellan  explored the coast of South America looking for a passage  through when he found a dangerous, narrow strait. Bravely, he  pushed through it and realized he had entered another ocean,  the Pacific. It was so vast that his men nearly starved to death  crossing it. However, when they finally reached East Asia, they  recognized a part of the world they knew from sailing in the  other direction. Sailors heading east and west had finally met  by sailing around the globe.

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    NAME    DATE    CLASS 

    Age of Exploration and Trade

    Geography and History Activity Cont.

    European Exploration of the World

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    M agellan 1521

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    Death of Magellan April 1521

    DOPW (Discovering Our Past - World)

    RESG Chapter 21 Map Title: European Exploration of the World File Name: C18-06A-NGS-824133_A-RESG Size: 39p6 x 20p0

    Date/Proof: March 6, 2011 - First Proof

    Europeans sailed in all directions to reach Asia and explore the world.

    Directions Answer the following questions. 

    Understanding the Concept 1. Labeling Label the following geographical features in the  outline map above: Mediterranean Sea, Africa, North  America, South America, Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean,  India, and China. 

    2. Explaining Why did explorers seeking a sea route to Asia  use the African coast? Why didn’t they sail west at first?

    3. Identifying How did Cabral come upon Brazil and South  America while sailing around Africa?

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    NAME    DATE    CLASS 

    Age of Exploration and Trade

    Geography and History Activity Cont.

    Applying the Concept 4. Analyzing Why did Europeans keep looking for a way  through the Americas, instead of exploring the new  continent?

    5. Making Connections How was the discovery of the  Americas just as important to Europeans as finding a sea  route to Asia?

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