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  • Folk Literature in the Classroom

  • Folk Literature as Traditional Literatures: Comparing CulturesFolklore: a reflection of peopleSubgenres of Folk Literature

    Poetry FormsProse Narrative FormsAnimal TalesNursery rhymesMythsPourquoi TalesChildhood rhymesLegendsTrickster TalesBalladsTall TalesFablesFolk songsFolk TalesEpicsFairy Tales (marchen)

  • FablesFABLES

  • Benefits Gained from Experiences with Folk LiteratureExperiencing pleasure in the language of folk literatureIncreasing students literary optionsNegotiating fantasy and realityTransacting with literature on a personal basisWidening the view of the world

  • Pourquoi

  • Concerns over Folk Literatureunacceptable literature for childrenChildren are incapable of understanding the differences between real and fantasy worlds.Children should not escape the real world.Tales cause haunting, disabling, and pathological fears.C. S Lewis insists otherwise:Fantasy world is more orderly than the real world.

  • Transactional Model of Reading

  • Themes for Instructional UnitsOvercoming Odds UnitAstonishing Animals UnitThe protagonists, through their cleverness or gifts, overcome almost impossible situations.Objectives:Compare fantasy elements with realistic elements.Recognize themes.Observe justice systems that reward good over evil.Animal characters use trickery, allowing children to analyze and compare the tricksters motivations and cleverness.Objectives:Recognize story grammars.Note language differences as observed in literature.Analyze character motivations.

  • Stories: a universal traditionTales reflect a peoples concept of themselves: (Miller, 1995).

    Same stories: different audiences

  • Worthy Resources Related to Folk LiteratureBourke, R. T. (2008). First graders and fairy tales: One teachers action research on critical literacy. The Reading Teacher, 62(4), 304-312.EDSITEment Lesson Plans. National Endowment for the Humanities. http://edsitement.neh.gov/.Florentine, M., & Smith, R. (2006). Collaborating on a fairy tale newspaper. Book Links, 19-21.Goforth, F. S., & Spillman, C. V. (1994). Using folk literature in the classroom: Encouraging children to read and write. Phoenix: Oryx Press.Grebin, M. (2002). Fairy tales get real. November/December 2002. www.TeachingK-8.com/.Winner, M. C. (2008). The great fairy tale mix-up. School Library Media Activities Monthly, 24(8), 12-14.Young, T. A. (2004). Happily ever after. Newark, DE: IRA.

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