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  • Local RSAT 2016

    Federal Aviation Administration

    Deer Valley Airport

    Runway Safety Action Team Meeting

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 2 Federal Aviation Administration

    Runway Safety Action Team (RSAT) • Welcome to the Team - Introduction of Team Members

     Geno Riley – Air Traffic Manager – Deer Valley ATCT  Ed Faron - Manager – Deer Valley Airport  Stakeholders - Self Introductions (please sign roster)

    • Air Traffic Operations Briefing

     Runway Safety Briefing, Review of Recent Surface Incidents  Status of existing Runway Safety Acton Plan (RSAP)

    • Open Discussion

     Share Stakeholder / User Perspective  Identify Risk Factors or Current Initiatives

    • Develop Runway Safety Action Plan • Adjournment

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 3 Federal Aviation Administration

    Runway Safety Action Team Process

    • RSAT process • National runway incursions, severity & statistics • Review recent local incident history • Discussion of best practices • Review action items from last RSAT and determine

    effectiveness • Formulate new action items for the Runway Safety

    Action Plan

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 4 Federal Aviation Administration

    Surface Safety is our priority!

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 5 Federal Aviation Administration

    • Annual Runway Safety Action Team Meeting & Plan (RSAP)

    • Team chaired by Air Traffic and Airport Management

    • Active participation by all users/stakeholders

    • Goal is to identify & reduce the risk of runway incursions

    • Opportunity to take an objective look at our airport

    • Acknowledge that there is room for improvement

    • Commitment, dedication and ACTION for change

    • Follow-up on topics that require further discussion

    Local Runway Safety Action Team (RSAT) Contribution

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 6 Federal Aviation Administration

    We all know the potential damage that can be caused by a surface collision…

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 7 Federal Aviation Administration

    Changes can be made with teamwork…

    • Rely on each other to break the chain of events that might lead to a runway incursion

    • Each of us can contribute to find solutions

    • Reducing human errors is a LARGE part of the solution

    • Create mistake tolerant environment on the airfield – Redundancies to promote situational awareness

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 8 Federal Aviation Administration

    Runway Safety Action Team (RSAT)

    • RSAT process • Runway incursions/excursions, distribution,

    severity, statistics • Review recent incident history • Discussion of best practices • Review action items from last RSAT and

    determine effectiveness • Formulate new action items for the Runway Safety

    Action Plan

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 9 Federal Aviation Administration

    Definition of a Surface Incident

    Unauthorized or unapproved movement within the designated

    movement area (excluding runway incursions) or an occurrence in that

    same area associated with the operation of an aircraft that affects or

    could affect the safety of flight.

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 10 Federal Aviation Administration

    Example Vehicle crosses this marking:

    Entering a Taxiway without communicating with (or receiving permission from) the Tower. “SOLID LINE = STOP” Ramp

    Taxiway

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 11 Federal Aviation Administration

    Definition of Runway Incursion

    An occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence

    of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and

    take-off of aircraft.

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 12 Federal Aviation Administration

    Taxiway

    Runway Example Pilot acknowledges that they are to “hold short” of the Runway, but crosses this marking anyway, entering the Runway Safety Area. “SOLID LINE = STOP”

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 13 Federal Aviation Administration

    • Breakdown in communications • Unfamiliar with airport • Loss of situational awareness • Complacency • Normalization of deviance from

    process, procedures, regulations

    Primary Causes of Runway Incursions

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 14 Federal Aviation Administration

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 15 Federal Aviation Administration

    OI: Operational Incident – a surface event attributed to ATCT action or inaction. PD: Pilot Deviation - A Pilot Deviation (PD) is an action by a pilot that violates any Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR). For example, a pilot fails to comply with air traffic instructions to hold short of an active runway. V/PD: Vehicle or Pedestrian Deviation - Involves pedestrians or vehicles interfering with aircraft operations by entering or moving in the runway safety area without authorization from air traffic control.

    0% 100% 0%

    FY 2016 RI Statistics by Incursion Type

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 16 Federal Aviation Administration

    A large percentage of pilot deviation runway incursions involve a pilot crossing a hold line without a clearance.

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 17 Federal Aviation Administration

    Runway Incursion Severity Categories

    Incident that meets the definition of runway incursion such as incorrect presence of a single vehicle, person and/or aircraft on the protected area but with no immediate safety consequences.

    Category D

    An incident characterized by ample time and/or distance to avoid a collision.

    Category C

    An incident in which separation decreases and there is a significant potential for a collision, which may result in a time critical corrective evasive response to avoid a collision.

    Category B

    A serious incident in which a

    collision occurred or was narrowly avoided.

    Category A

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 18 Federal Aviation Administration

    Runway Excursion (RE) A veer off or overrun of the runway surface.

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 19 Federal Aviation Administration

    • The majority of runway safety accidents and fatalities are runway excursions.

    • Costly - Aircraft and airport property damage, airport delays - Estimated at $900 million annually

    • On average, there are about 50 REs reported each month in the US.

    • Excursions at airports in densely populated areas brings huge risks to airport neighbors

    • By discussing and understanding RE characteristics, the hazards can be mitigated

    Runway Excursions

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 20 Federal Aviation Administration

    Definition of Vehicle/Pedestrian Deviation (V/PD)

    V/PD involves pedestrians or vehicles interfering with aircraft

    operations by entering or moving in the runway safety area without

    authorization from air traffic control.

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 21 Federal Aviation Administration

    What’s the big deal?

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 22 Federal Aviation Administration

    Because this wing…

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 23 Federal Aviation Administration

    Was once attached to this landing Citation…

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 24 Federal Aviation Administration Before it hit this tractor!!

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 25 Federal Aviation Administration

    Air Traffic Control Tower was operating. Citation was cleared to land 10 minutes out!

    John Deere tractor was cleared to cross runway & had decks “up & locked” obstructing view of runway. In terms of reducing risk, a perimeter road was available.

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 26 Federal Aviation Administration

    Use great caution for areas of non- visibility ahead of & behind you!

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 27 Federal Aviation Administration

    Chicago O’Hare… dark, foggy, early morning maintenance taxi… Vehicles are instructed to give way to aircraft…

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 28 Federal Aviation Administration

    The mechanics taxiing the jet weren’t buckled in. When they hit the truck, they fell forward into the throttles – and dragged the truck a significant distance, including across an inactive runway.

    ALWAYS SECURE YOUR SEATBELT BEFORE TAXI!

  • Runway Safety Action Team Meeting 2016 29 Federal Aviation Admin