Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades ... and oil and gas well ... Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades in the Upstream Oil

Download Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades   Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades ... and oil and gas well ... Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades in the Upstream Oil

Post on 25-Apr-2018

213 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Funded in part by the Government of Canada and the Government of Alberta

    Photo Courtesy Savanna Energy Services Corp.

    HR Trends and Insights:

    Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

  • May 2014 Page 2 of 25

    Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

    HR TRENDS AND INSIGHTS: EXPLORING APPRENTICESHIP COMPLETIONS OF SKILLED TRADES IN THE UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Executive Summary ...................................................................... 3

    Introduction: Growing Demand for Skilled Trades in the

    Oil and Gas Industry...................................................................... 4

    New Registrations in Apprenticeship Training Programs .......... 7

    Apprenticeship Completions in Alberta ....................................... 8 Spotlight: Measuring Apprenticeship Completion Rates .............. 8

    Factors Impacting Apprenticeship Completions ....................... 10 System-Based and Labour Market Factors ............................... 10 Employer-Specific Factors ........................................................ 10 Apprentice-Specific Factors....................................................... 10

    Benefits of Hiring Apprentices ................................................... 12 Spotlight: Financial Resources for Apprentices

    and Employers of Apprentices .................................................. 12

    Effective Strategies to Increase Completion Rates ................... 13

    Conclusion ................................................................................... 14

    Appendix A: Provincial Financial Resources for Apprentices

    and Their Employers ................................................................... 15

    Appendix B: Report Methodology .............................................. 19 Key Data Sources ..................................................................... 19 Useful Definitions ...................................................................... 19

    Endnotes ...................................................................................... 20

    Acknowledgements ..................................................................... 24

  • May 2014 Page 3 of 25

    Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

    The demand for skilled trades workers in the upstream oil and gas industry is expected to grow over

    the next decade, but a limited supply of certified journeyperson1 trades workers is projected to result

    in chronic and long-term labour shortages for skilled trades. This report examines apprentices as a

    possible pool of workers that could meet this demand.

    Much has been done to increase the number of

    workers registering as apprentices. The following

    factors, combined with positive economic conditions,

    have meant that new apprentice registrations have

    grown quickly in oil-producing provinces in the past

    few years.

    Governments and educational institutions

    have implemented strategies to improve

    apprenticeship education, increase the

    number of seats available in training

    programs, attract more workers to trades and

    provide financial incentives for employers and

    workers.

    Large oil and gas producers, such as Suncor,

    Shell and Imperial, are beginning to set

    performance standards that require contractors

    to employ a target number of apprentices as

    part of their contract agreement. Future contract

    agreements may also require that contractors

    demonstrate the progression of apprentices

    through technical training programs into higher

    apprenticeship levels.

    Despite these changes, however, apprenticeship

    completions and certifications have not grown

    proportionally. A low apprentice completion rate

    threatens to leave the oil and gas industry with a

    limited supply of experienced and qualified

    journeyperson trades workers in future years. A

    complex set of factors impact completion rates, and no

    single reason explains why apprentices may not

    complete their programs. If employers understand the

    scope of interrelated factors that lead to non-

    completions, they can implement policies and

    practices that support workers throughout the

    apprenticeship training period.

    Employers in the oil and gas industry can play an

    influential role in helping apprentices to progress

    through their training program and complete their

    apprenticeship. Successful completion of an

    apprenticeship is directly dependent on sustained

    employment over the course of the program; therefore,

    employing the apprentice over the entire apprenticeship

    period is critical. Employers can also encourage

    apprentices to take time off work to complete technical

    training.

    WHATS INCLUDED IN THIS REPORT

    This research highlights the critical importance of apprenticeship completion* in meeting the future supply

    of skilled trades workers in the oil and gas industry. The report analyzes and identifies trends in

    apprenticeship training for trades occupations that are core to the oil and gas industry. It then explores the

    effective strategies that companies have employed to retain apprentices, encourage their progression

    through technical training and improve completion rates.

    The report contains:

    information on recent trends in apprenticeship training and completions, in particular for trades that

    are core to the oil and gas industry

    explanation of factors contributing to non-completion of apprenticeships

    effective strategies that employers are using to improve apprenticeship completion rates

    * While apprenticeship completions are an important topic, this report does not attempt to calculate apprenticeship completion rates with precision.

  • May 2014 Page 4 of 25

    Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

    As large oil and gas producers begin implementing

    requirements for contractors to employ apprentices,

    forward-looking contractors are establishing formal

    apprenticeship programs. These programs ensure

    sustained employment of apprentices throughout

    apprenticeship terms and promote successful

    progression of apprentices through technical training.

    A review of data, literature and interviews with

    apprenticeship stakeholders identified several effective

    strategies that employers can implement to increase

    apprenticeship completion rates.

    Prepare prospective apprentices for the job

    by helping them understand the job duties,

    working conditions, employer expectations

    and requirements for success before

    beginning the program. The effort spent in

    preparation reduces the chance that workers will

    leave their job or the trade in the first few years.

    Foster a strong mentoring relationship

    between journeypersons and apprentices.

    Effective employers are able to build a high-

    quality relationship between the apprentice

    and mentor by employing the following tactics:

    o ensuring the right fit between

    apprentice and mentor

    o providing a formal training plan

    o promoting effective communication

    (including intergenerational and cross-

    cultural communication)

    These steps can greatly affect the level of

    satisfaction and engagement of the apprentice.

    Develop a company culture that encourages

    apprentices to complete their technical

    training. Apprentices require time off of work

    to complete technical training, and employers

    that encourage and plan for this are

    communicating to the apprentice the high

    value placed on completion. Additionally,

    employers with a positive training culture are

    cautious when offering higher wages as an

    incentive to delay the apprentices training.

    Provide apprentices the support needed to

    successfully complete their apprenticeship

    program. This support can include the

    following:

    o sustaining employment of the apprentice

    throughout the apprenticeship period

    o training the apprentice in all categories

    of technical skills required in the trade

    o helping the apprentice cover technical

    training and associated costs

    Establish transition plans to help

    apprentices complete training and

    certification after lay-offs or during

    economic downturns.

    By using these strategies to implement apprenticeship

    programs, oil and gas employers can increase

    apprenticeship completions and expand the labour

    supply of qualified tradespeople available to the oil and

    gas industry for future years.

  • May 2014 Page 5 of 25

    Exploring Apprenticeship Completions of Skilled Trades in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry

    INTRODUCTION: GROWING DEMAND FOR SKILLED TRADES IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY

    Canadas upstream oil and gas industry is estimated to employ more than 45,000 skilled tradespeople,

    and industry demand for these workers is projected to grow by approximately 7,100 jobs by 2022.2

    Demand for tradespeople is expected to grow in all skilled trades occupations, with particularly strong

    demand for power engine

Recommended

View more >