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Environmental & Social Impact Assessment Project Report for the Construction of Kenol Hospital Road in Muranga County of the Nairobi Metropolitan Region

REPUBLIC OF KENYA

SFG1405 V10

ENVIROMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT PROJECT REPORT FOR THE REHABILITATION OF KENOL HOSPITAL ROAD IN MURANGA COUNTY IN THE NAIROBI MEROPOLITAN REGION

March 27, 2017

Certificate of Declaration and Document Authentication

This document has been prepared in accordance with the Environmental (Impact Assessment and Audit) Regulations, 2003 of the Kenya Gazette Supplement No.56 of 13th June 2003, Legal Notice No. 101.

This report is prepared for and on behalf of:

The Proponent

The Senior Principal Superintending Engineer (Transport), Ministry of Transport, Infrastructure, Housing and Urban Development, State Department of Housing and Urban Development,

P.O. Box 30130-00100,

Nairobi - Kenya.

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Lead Expert

Eng. Stephen Mwaura is a registered Lead Expert on Environmental Impact Assessment/Audit (EIA/A) by the National Environment Management Authority NEMA (Reg. No. 7284), confirms that the contents of this report are a true representation of the Environmental & Social Impact Assessment of the proposed Construction of Kenol Hospital Road in Muranga County. This report is issued without prejudice.

Signature: ___________________

Date _______________________

ACRONYMS

CPP

Consultations and Public Participation

DEC

District Environment Committee

EA

Environmental Assessment

EIA

Environmental Impact Assessment

EMCA

Environmental management and Coordination Act

ESIA

Environmental and Social Impact Assessment

ESMMP

Environmental & Social Management and Monitoring Plan

GDP

Gross Domestic Product

GIS

Geographic Information System

GoK

Government of Kenya

HIV/AIDS

Human Immuno-Virus/ Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome

MoTIH&UD

Ministry of Transport, Infrastructure, Housing & Urban Development

MoT

Ministry of Transport

NaMSIP

Nairobi Metropolitan Services Improvement Project

NEMA

National environment and Management Authority

NMT

Non-Motorized Transport

OSHA

RAP

SDGs

Occupational Safety & Health Act

Resettlement Action Plan

Sustainable development Goals

SME

Small and Medium Enterprise

SPC

Spatial Planning Concept Development Plan

TOR

Terms Of Reference

WB

World Bank

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Executive Summary

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION15

1.4Project Justification16

1.5Scope of Works17

1.6GPS Coordinates and Altitude17

1.7 Location Plan17

1.8Description of the Projects Construction Activities18

1.8.1 Pre-construction investigations18

1.8.2 Demolition works18

1.8.3 Sourcing and transportation of construction materials18

1.8.4 Storage of materials18

1.8.5 Excavation and foundation works18

1.8.6 Construction18

1.9 Description of the Projects Operational Activities19

1.9.1 General repairs and maintenance19

1.10 Description of the Projects decommissioning activities19

1.10.1 Demolition works19

1.10.2 Site restoration19

1.11 Presentation of the Report19

CHAPTER TWO: LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKS21

2.1 National, Legal and Institutional Framework21

2.2Environmental Management and Coordination Act of 2015 (Amended)21

2.3Occupational Health and Safety, 200722

2.4Public Health Act Cap 24222

2.5Physical Planning Act, 199922

2.6Land Planning Act Cap 30322

2.7Building Code 200023

2.8Other Relevant Laws23

2.8.1EMCA (Waste Management) Regulations, 200623

2.8.2EMCA (Noise and Vibrations Control) Regulations, 200923

2.8.3EMCA (Air Regulations), 201424

2.8.4Way Leave Act Cap 29224

2.8.5Public Roads and Roads of Access Act (Cap 399)25

2.8.6Traffic Act Chapter 40325

2.9 National Policy Framework25

2.9.1 The National Poverty Eradication Plan (NPEP)25

2.9.2 The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)26

2.9.3 National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP)26

2.9.4 Environmental and Development Policy (Session Paper No.6 1999)26

2.9.5 International Policy Framework26

2.9.6The National Environment Management Authority27

2.10World Bank Environmental and Social Safeguard Policies27

CHAPTER THREE: BASELINE LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORKS21

3.1Introduction29

3.2Project Location29

3.2Environmental Baseline Profile29

3.2.1Relief and physiography29

3.2.2Temperature30

3.2.3Rainfall30

3.2.4Topography30

3.2.5Hydrogeology30

3.3The Socio-Economic Profile31

3.3.1The County Perspective31

3.3.2Population31

3.3.3Education Status of the People31

3.3.4Housing31

3.3.5Energy access to Muranga County32

3.3.6Community Organizations/Non-State Actors32

3.3.7Gender32

3.3.8Poverty32

33.9HIV and Aids32

CHAPTER FOUR: PUBLIC PARTICIPATION AND CONSULTATION34

4.1Introduction34

4.2Approach to Public Participation and Consultations34

4.3Modalities for stakeholder consultation34

4.4CPP Methodology35

4.5Stakeholder Analysis36

CHAPTER FIVE: ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT38

5.1Introduction38

5.2Negative environmental and social impacts of construction activities38

5.2.1Extraction and use of construction materials38

5.2.2Dust emissions38

5.2.3Exhaust emissions38

5.2.4Noise and vibration39

5.2.5Risks of accidents and injuries to workers39

5.2.6Increased soil erosion39

5.2.7Solid waste generation39

5.2.8Energy consumption39

5.2.9Water use40

5.3Positive environmental impacts of construction activities41

5.3.1Creation of temporary employment opportunities41

5.3.2Provision of market for supply of construction materials41

5.3.3Increased business opportunities41

5.4Negative environmental impacts of operational activities41

5.4.1Increased traffic41

5.5Positive environmental impacts of operational activities41

5.5.1Revenue to national and local governments41

5.5.5Other positive impacts of operational activities42

5.6Negative environmental impacts of decommissioning activities42

5.6.1Solid waste42

5.6.2Dust Emissions43

5.6.3Noise and vibrations43

5.7Positive environmental impacts of decommissioning activities43

5.7.1Rehabilitation43

5.7.2Employment Opportunities43

CHAPTER SIX: ANALYSIS OF PROJECT ALTERNATIVES44

6.1Relocation Option44

6.2Zero or No Project Alternative44

6.3Analysis of Alternative Construction Materials and Technology44

6.4Solid waste management alternatives45

CHAPTER SEVEN: IMPACTS MITIGATION AND MONITORING46

7.1 Introduction46

7.2 Mitigation of construction phase impacts46

7.2.1 Efficient sourcing and use of raw materials46

7.2.2 Excavations46

7.2.3 Minimization of run-off and soil erosion46

7.2.4 Minimization of construction waste47

7.2.5 Reduction of dust generation and emission47

7.2.6 Minimization of exhaust emissions47

7.2.7 Minimization of noise and vibration48

7.2.8 Reduction of risks of accidents and injuries to workers48

7.2.9 Reduction of energy consumption48

7.2.10 Minimization of water use48

7.5 Mitigation of operation phase impacts49

7.5.1 Management of storm-water runoff49

7.6Mitigation of decommissioning phase impacts49

7.6.1Efficient solid waste management49

7.6.2Reduction of dust concentration49

7.6.3Minimization of noise and vibration49

CHAPTER EIGHT: ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING PLAN (ESMMP)50

8.1Significance of an ESMMP50

8.1.1Pre-Construction & Construction Phases ESMMP50

Table 3: The ESMMP for the Construction of Kenol Hospital Road in Muranga County51

8.1.2 Operational Phase ESMMP60

Table 4: ESMMP for the Operational Phase of the Project60

8.1.3 Decommissioning Phase61

8.2 Duties of the Proponent63

8.3Duties of the Contractor63

CHAPTER NINE: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS65

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.Introduction

This Environmental & Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) report was prepared as per the provisions of the Environmental Management and Coordination Act No. 8 of 2015, and the Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations 2003. It is also in line with the World Bank Safeguards Policies, OP4.01 (Environmental Assessment). These safeguard policies are a set of instruments to ensure that the Bank supported lending operations minimize any adverse impacts on local people, their livelihoods, culture and

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