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- 1. Environmental Movement
By: Luke, Abdulla, Kanish
2. Motivations for Change
3. 4. Goals of Movements
Sustainability - In short, meeting present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Reusable - create products that can be fully reclaimed or re-used.
Source reduction - reducing waste and pollution by changing patterns of production and consumption.
5. Goals of Movements cont.
Innovation - developing alternatives to technologies - whether fossil fuel or chemical intensive agriculture - that have been demonstrated to damage health and the environment.
Viability - creating a center of economic activity around technologies and products that benefit the environment, speeding their implementation and creating new careers that truly protect the planet.
6. TimeLine Of Environmental Movement
18th Century- Industrial Revolution
The use of coal and other fossil fuels to drive steam engines and other devices
1892 May 28- Sierra Club
The oldest Environmentalist Organization in the United States, led by John muir until his death in 1914.
1920-1940- National Coast Anti Pollution League
NCAPL is formed by municipal officials from the United States, who are concerned about oil and sewage pollution's. Led by Guilford Pinhort
7. Teddy Roosevelt, in 1924 the league has a treaty passed by the congress for international dumping
1930-1940s- Conservation and recycling became important in American society and in many other parts of the world. Economic depressions made recycling a necessity for many people to survive, as they couldn't afford new goods.
1962- Rachel Carson's (Silent Spring)
Silent spring is a Environmental book about the growing concerns of the Environment such as, pesticides,DDT and how these pesticides are killing animals and humans
8. 1968-An Environmental group called (SPEC) scientific pollution and Environmental Control Society founded in Canada
1970- First Earth Day April 22, 1970
1970 December 3rd- EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
1972- Clean Air Act
1989- Global Warming scare
1993- Environmental Movement dies down
2005- Recorded warmest year
2006- inconvenient Truth
Rachel Carson (193719640)
Al Gore (1948 present)
Gifford Pinchot (1865-1946)
John Muir (1838-1914)
Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919)
10. Rachel Carson
She is noticed to be the start of Environmental
Movement with her well known book "Silent Spring
The book that brought concerns, by showing how harmful pesticides are to animals, humans and the Environment. Which led to ban of pesticides in America, and led to the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency
She accused the chemical industry for disinformation
"These sprays, dusts, and aerosols are now applied almost universally to farms, gardens, forests, and homes nonselective chemicals that have the power to kill every insect, the "good" and the "bad," to still the song of birds and the leaping of fish in the streams, to coat the leaves with a deadly film, and to linger on in soil all this though the intended target may be only a few weeds or insects. Can anyone believe it is possible to lay down such a barrage of poisons on the surface of the earth without making it unfit for all life? They should not be called "insecticides," but "biocides."
11. Al Gore
Famously known for his documentary film "Inconvenient Truth" about global warming (climate change) Al Gore showed us his estimates of where we will stand with global warming in the upcoming years if we don't change. Methods of conserving energy.
He also showed the negative effects global warming
has on the polar ice caps and wildlife in the north.
Served as the 45th Vice President Of The
United States from 1993 to 2001
Currently an environmental activist
Won the Nobel Peace prize for Inconvenient Truth
"The good news is we know what to do. The good news is, we have everything we need now to respond to the challenge of global warming. We have all the technologies we need, more are being developed, and as they become available and become more affordable when produced in scale, they will make it easier to respond. But we should not wait, we cannot wait, we must not wait"
12. Gifford Pinchot
He is known as the chief of the United States Forest Service.
He developed things like selective cutting and the planting of new trees to keep forests both healthy and productive.
Many of his techniques used today, He is widely accepted to be the Father of American Forestry.
13. John Muir
Muir was a Scottish-born writer , he was more of a philosophical environmentalist.
He believed that nature should be preserved in its natural form to protect the dignity of the land.
Muir was also well-known in his time for his wilderness adventures, often venturing into the wilderness for days or weeks at a time with little food or supplies.
14. Theodore Roosevelt
Most important president from the environmental stand point.
Roosevelt had created 5 new National Parks, 150 National Forests.
established the United States Forest Service to regulate logging on Federal Lands
Conserved about 230 million acres of land to protect the wilderness.
15. Methods & Solutions
Recycling One of the most effective ways to conserve and protect the earth, reducing the size of landfills means also more usable land.
Using less gas emitting things provides less acid rain that feeds our plants, more clean breathable air, and stops the depletion of the O-zone layer.
Less waste of non-reusable resources, less use of unnecessary plastic used in products.
16. 17. 18. Positive Consequences
-Better Environment- Clean air- Brings attention of environment issues- Educates people about the environment- Saves the world- Healthier- Longer lifestyles- Shows how forest are being chopped down- Produced ways to make energy, hydro, wind, sun etc.- Produced newer technologies
19. Negative Consequences
green technology, though better for the enviroment, costs more and could be unreliable and not economical (cloudy day, no wind)
Though Hybrid/ electric cars are more efficient, they still get the energy from dirty source
Companies taking advantage of people wanting green products
20. Overall Impact
Changed the way we buy products