drug dependence

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Drug addiction, drug abuse, Malaysian statistic

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  • 1. Izatty Lim 0308188 Batch 4

2. 3. DRUG ABUSE when the use of the drug is outside of social norms. His or her motivation to experience reward may or may not be as strong as other psychosocial factors such as experimentation, belonging to a specific group culture or enjoying a risk-taking lifestyle. Introduction DRUG any substance, natural or artificial, other than food, that by its chemical nature alters structure or function in the living organism DRUG DEPENDENCE a state in which individual uses the drug so frequently & consistently that it appears difficult for the person to get along without using the drug occurs when a person relies on a drug for normal physiological functioning. If the person abstains from taking the drug, he or she will experience withdrawal symptoms such as sweating, vomiting or diarrhea. Abstaining from drug use can also trigger problems in mental functioning such as lack of focus, depression or anxiety DRUG ADDICTION controversial and complex term that has different meaning to different people addiction diagnosis indicates that an individual demonstrates a pattern of behavior where acquiring & using a drug dominates his or her motivation. The motivation to obtain and take the drug overwhelms the individuals normal protective constraints 4. TOLERANCE Repeated exposure to the same dose of drug results in a lesser effect Body develops ways to compensate for the chemical imbalance caused by introducing drug into the system Can be overcome by increasing the dose 3 BASIC PROCESSES PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE Behavioral dependence High rate of drug use, craving for the drug & tendency to relapse after stopping use Related to drug reinforcing properties PHYSICAL DEPENDENCE Depend on drug to function normally Occurrence of withdrawal syndrome when stop taking drug abruptly o Vary from one class of drug to another o Compensating mechanisms produce imbalance 5. STATISTIC IN MALAYSIA 6. TYPES OF DRUG STIMULANT Excite CNS elevate mood, feelings of well-being & energy and alertness heart rate & blood pressure and breathing Repeated use paranoia & hostility very high addictive potential cocaine, methamphetamine, amphetamine, MDMA (Ecstasy), nicotine, and caffeine DEPRESSANT Inhibit CNS treat anxiety & sleep disorders high addictive potential alcohol, Valium, Xanax, Librium, and barbiturates HALLUCINOGEN altered perception and feeling moderate potential of addiction with very high potential of tolerance, moderate level of psychological dependence & low potential for physical dependence LSD, PCP, MDMA (Ecstasy), marijuana, mescaline, and psilocybin OPIATE o powerful painkillers o quick, intense feeling of pleasure followed by a sense of well-being and calm o wide range of withdrawal symptoms that affect the mind and the body o very high addictive potential o heroin, morphine, codeine, and Oxycontin 7. RISK & PROTECTIVE FACTORS 8. Addiction, Abuse And Dependence: Know The Difference http://www.myaddiction.com/lifestyle/recovery/addiction- abuse-dependence-know-the-difference Drug classification https://www1.villanova.edu/villanova/studentlife/health/pr omotion/goto/resources/drugclassifications.html Drug-Free ASEAN 2015: Status and Recommendations https://www.unodc.org/documents/southeastasiaandpacific //Publications/ASEAN_2015.pdf National Anti Drug Agency(NADA) http://www.adk.gov.my/web/guest/dadah-2011 Drugs, Society & Human Behavior 13th Edition By Carl L. Hart, Charles Ksir and Oakley Ray REFERENCES 9. THE END

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