Drill 4/14 Why did the Munich Conference/ Appeasement policy fail? Why did the Munich Conference/ Appeasement policy fail?
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Drill 4/14Why did the Munich Conference/ Appeasement policy fail?
World War IIThe Blitz
ObjectiveStudents will be able to chronicle the events of Hitlers early actions in Europe at the onset of World War II
September 1, 1939German forces invade Poland
Hitler once again claims that the region of Poland, that contains the important port of Danzig, rightfully belongs to Germany
The Non-aggression PactPart of that non-aggression pact that was signed stated that the Germans and the Russians would divide up Poland
Also, other key areas in the Soviets zone of interest would be given up.
German forces swept in from the west and drove the Polish military back
The Germans and the Russians had a secret agreement at the time.
Major Reason for Polish DefeatThe Battle of Bzura
Poland FallsSeptember 3, Britain and France declare war on GermanyBut can do little to stop the attack on Poland
Poland falls in a matter of weeksSeptember 17, Germany and the Soviet Union divide up PolandThe USSR also receives the Baltic States
The Blitzkrieg Lightning warThis was the first actions of Hitlers war on EuropeBy 1941, Axis forces will have made their way throughout Europe
Complete Guided Reading 16.1
SummaryWhat were the characteristics of Hitlers Lightning war?How did he fight it?
Fast, violentOVERWHELMING FORCES!!
Drill 4/15Why did Poland fall so easily to German forces?
Germany had superior tactics and weaponsAided by the Soviets in the east
ObjectiveStudents will be able to identify the causes for the fall of France during Hitlers advance
World War IIThe Blitz: The Fall of France
The Phony WarA period of quiet in Europe after the fall of PolandPrior to Germanys invasions of Denmark and NorwayFrance and Germany fortified their borders in preparation for an attack
The Maginot LineHeavily fortified static defensive line
Reminiscent of World War I thinking
The Maginot LineFortified trench-like defensive line
Pictured here is a machine-gun nest known as a cloche
The Maginot line Avoid a surprise attack
Give time for the main army to be mobilized behind it
Dissuade a direct assaultForce the Germans to go up through Belgium
The Line failsMay 1940Germany set up a decoy army directly opposite the lineSent a second army to the north to battle the French forces along the border of BelgiumThe French forces were outmatched and the Germans took BelgiumMay 26, 1940
By going through Belgium the German forces simply went around the Maginot Line
Germany storms through FranceJune 10, 1940Mussolini (Italy) officially joins the German side of the warDeclares war on France and Britain and invades Southern FranceJune 14Paris Falls to German forcesJune 20France surrenders to Germany
BlameWhy does the Maginot Line get the blame for the fall of France?
It DID force Germany to go through Belgium, what it was designed to do.
On the back of your Blitzkrieg paper from yesterday answer the following question
Is the Maginot line itself the reason for Frances defeat? Does it deserve to be called one of historys greatest military mistakes?
France fights backHitler divided France in halfNorthern France was Occupied FranceThe Southern was Unoccupied France
The Southern half was controlled by a puppet government based in the French town of Vichy
SummaryWhy does Hitler create the puppet government?
Why not just take over France like any other country?
Drill 4/16What is a puppet government?A government that appears to be independent but is really being controlled by someone else or another government in another location
The Puppet Government in France was based in the city of Vichy (The Vichy Govt)
Why did Hitler set up the puppet government and divide France in half?
World War IIThe Blitz: The Battle of Britain
ObjectiveStudents will be able to compare and contrast Hitlers early victories with his defeats in Britain and the Soviet Union
Operation Sea-LionThe plan:Bomb key cities in EnglandCutting off supply routesCrushing overall moraleThen land roughly 250,000 soldiers on Englands southern coast
This holds true to Hitlers doctrine of overwhelming forces
September 1940German Luftwaffe (air force) begins bombing British citiesAt first the Germans focused on Royal Air Force (RAF) hangars and basesThey would soon move onto major citiesEspecially London
The Luftwaffe severely outnumbered the RAFRoughly 2,900 RAF planes vs 4,500 Luftwaffe
There were daily bombing raidsFires and explosions on the streets of London as the British try to go on with their daily lives
The British Stand Tall The British people adapt and refuse to give upThe RAF has two key inventions that help them surviveRADARDeveloped in the late 30sUsed as an advance warning system to track planes in the airEnigmaA codebreaking device. The British were now able to decipher secret German transmissions
The Battle of BritainIn October Hitler switches to night bombings of EnglandThe British refuse to give up
The bombings would not stop until MAY 10, 1941Hitler decides that Britain can waitIt is costing too much money and taking too much timeHe turns his attentions east
ResultsFor the better part of EIGHT MONTHS Britain endured nearly constant bombing27,450 civilian deathsOver 30 thousand wounded
Hitler would then fail in his attempt to invade the Soviet Union
Using your bookRead about Hitlers failure in the Soviet Union (pgs 445-446)
Answer the following question:What factors allowed Leningrad and Great Britain to fight off German attacks while earlier cities and countries fell?Consider these points in your answer:The countrys ability to fightThe costs of resistingThe costs of surrendering
I will collect this response and the Guided Reading for 16.1 at the end of class
SummaryWhat was the Atlantic Charter?
How did it get the USA involved in the war prior to Pearl Harbor?
Drill 4/17What is the Atlantic Charter?
A declaration of principles between the US and UK.
ObjectiveStudents will identify the reasons for US involvement in World War II
The United States and WWIIOfficially the US is neutralThe Neutrality Acts of 1938,39
Upper levels of government are growing more worried about the situation in Europe
The Atlantic CharterNo territorial gains were to be sought by the United States or the United Kingdom.
Territorial adjustments must be in accord with the wishes of the peoples concerned.
All peoples had a right to self-determination.
Trade barriers were to be lowered.
There was to be global economic cooperation and advancement of social welfare.
Freedom from want and fear;
Freedom of the seas;
Disarmament of aggressor nations, postwar common disarmament AUGUST 14, 1941
International ReactionUKLoved the plan, sorry that the US was not getting involved in the warUSLoved the planWorried that this would lead us INTO warGermany and JapanTook the agreement as basically a declaration of alliance against themIn Japan this would be used an excuse for increased hostilities for towards the United States
US + Japan RelationsJapan had increasingly become an imperial forceThe invasion of Manchuria in 1931
This made relations between the countries rather tense
Japan + US RelationsAs Japan allied itself with Germany that made things worse
Japans islands have few natural resourcesi.e. OilThey would need to expand to get these goods or receive them from another sourceFor a time that was the US
Japan + US RelationsAs the war went on Japan began to move into the European colonies of Southeast Asia
Japanese officials called this area the Southern Resource Zone
The US ReactsThe United states reacted by cutting off all oil imports to Japan
Japanese officials realized at the rate of consumption they would only have enough reserves for another two years
Japan ReactsDecember 7, 1941
The Attack on Pearl HarborWas not designed to begin a long, protracted conflictIt was intended to be one, swift, crushing blow to the US pacific fleetTake out the fleet then Japan can roll through Asia without too much resistance
Japan delivered an official declaration of war later that afternoonThe United States would declare war on Japan the next day
Classwork/ HomeworkComplete Guided Reading 16.2 Parts a+b It will be collected on Monday
Next week we will look at the war in the pacific and how the United States turns the tide of the conflict