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    Thompson, Katrina Daly; Schleicher, Antonia FolarinSwahili Learners' Reference Grammar. African LanguageLearners' Reference Grammar Series.Wisconsin Univ., Madison. National African Language ResourceCenter.Department of Education, Washington, DC.ISBN-1-58684-115-72001-00-00391p.; Foreword by John Mugane.P229A990001National African Language Resource Center (NALRC),University of Wisconsin-Madison, 4231 Humanities Building,455 North Park Street, Madison, WI 53706. Tel: 608-265-7905;Web site: Materials General (130)MF01/PC16 Plus Postage.*African Languages; *Grammar; Second Language Instruction;*Second Language Learning; *Swahili; Syntax; UncommonlyTaught Languages; Vocabulary

    This reference grammar is written for speakers of Englishwho are learning Swahili. Because many language learners are not familiarwith the grammatical terminology, this book explains the basic terminologyand concepts of English grammar that are necessary for understanding thegrammar of Swahili. It assumes no formal knowledge of English grammar and iswritten in very simple language. This book is designed to be used as asupplement to other Swahili language textbooks, and provides more extensiveexplanations of the grammar lessons presented in textbooks. The manual isarranged by topic to help learners locate information easily. The book isorganized in 55 chapters with a section for each part of speech: nouns,pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, conjunctions, and prepositions. Thereare also sections for sentences and miscellaneous. References appear infootnotes throughout the text. Contains a glossary, an index, and an answerkey. (KFT)

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    Katrina Daly Thompson


    Antonia Folarin Schleicher

    African Language Learners'

    Reference Grammar Series

    National African Language Resource Center

    University of Wisconsin-Madison


  • Swahili Learners'Reference Grammar


  • Swahili Learners'Reference Grammar


    Katrina Daly Thompson

    Antonia Folrin Schleicher

    Foreword bji

    John Mugane






    NALRC Press

  • Air litan Language Learners' Refireme Grammar SethsAntonia Folirin Schleicher, Series General Editor

    2001, NALRC

    The development of the NALRC African Language Learners'Reference Grammar Series is made possible through a grantfrom the U.S. Department of Education.

    NALRC Publications OfficeKristi Hobson, Editor

    Karin Gleisner, Assistant EditorAmadou Fofana, Assistant Editor

    Mary Rohrdanz & Janet Trembley, Graphic DesignersAiming Wang, Financial Manager

    NALRC African Language Learners' Reference GrammarSeries

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data

    Thompson, Katrina Daly, 1975-Swahili learners' reference gramrnar/Katrina Daly Thompson, AntoniaFolirin Schleicher; forward by John Mugane.p. cm. (African language learners' reference grammar series; 1)Includes bibliographical references and indexISBN 1-58684-115-7 (alk. paper)1. Swahili language--Grammar. 2. Swahili language--Textbooks for

    foreign speakers--English. I. Schleicher, Antonia Yetande Folirin, 1953-II. Title. III. SeriesPL8702 .T48 2001496'.39282421dc21

  • African Language Learners'Reference Grammar Series

    The African Language Learners' Reference GrammarSeries is written for speakers of English who are learningAfrican languages. Since many language learners are notfamiliar with grammatical terminology used in theirtextbooks, the books in this series seek to explain the basicterminology and concepts of English grammar that arenecessary for understanding the grammar of an Africanlanguage. The primary objective of the African LanguageLearners' Reference Grammar Series is to provide languagelearners with grammar books that will supplement theirtextbooks. These books are not intended to replace atextbook. The books in the series assume no formalknowledge of English grammar and are written in easy tounderstand language.

    Interested parties may contact the National African LanguageResource Center (NALRC) about the possibility of workingwith the Center to publish a similar grammar book for theirrespective languages. Manuscripts are subject to externalreview and must follow the theoretical framework establishedfor the series.

    A series such as this depends on the vision, good will andlabor of many. Special appreciation is extended to the U.S.Department of Education's IEGPS (International andEducation and Graduate Programs Service), the NALRC staffmembers, the NALRC's Field Advisory, National Advisory,and Local Advisory Boards, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison College of Letters and Science, especially Jane Tylus(Associate Dean for the Arts and Humanities) and PhillipCertain (Dean of the College of Letters and Science), as wellas various individuals who support the efforts of the


  • NALRC. Without the support, advice and assistance of all,the African Language Learners' Reference Grammar Series wouldnot have become a reality.

    Antonia Folitin SchleicherSeries General Editor



    This monograph is a pedagogical grammar of Swahili that iswell illustrated and exhaustive both in the wide range ofphenomena considered and examples provided. The bookprovides the grammar of Swahili in such a way that thenovice and the advanced student will constantly find recourseto read and revisit the contents of the book at various pointsof their study.

    The oft remarked elegance of the Swahili language will beappreciated even by those whose need is not to speak Swahilibut merely to understand the workings of its grammarcomponents. Crucial notions concerning nouns, verbs andadjectives and the way these categories relate to one anotherare clearly laid out so that no knowledge of linguistics andteaching methodology is assumed or expected. The book isorganized in a way that makes it good for both quick anddetailed referencing. It follows the fundamentals of goodpedagogical grammars in that it is written with carefulattention to detail matched with simplicity of explanation.The end result is that the learner will now be equipped withthe fundamentals of how the Swahili language is constituted.Grammar remains an important component in secondlanguage learning in spite of much commentary to thecontrary. This grammar, being a work of considerable quality,supports a teaching philosophy that places a premium onlearner autonomy. Instead of students relying on teachers,teachers evolve to become facilitators and mentors of thelearning process. This book will particularly aid our diverseteaching personnel who may be presently apprehensive aboutteaching grammar or integrating it into their lesson plans.

    This grammar, being the inaugural volume in the AfiicanLanguage Learners' Refemnce Grammar Seties, is sure to serve as amodel for the upcoming ones. The first of its kind for

  • Swahili, this book should be a delight to those of us whochampion the nurturing of learner engagement and learnerinitiative as some of the necessary elements towards lifelonglearning. This book is a milestone for the field of Africanlanguage learning and teaching and will hopefully be met withthe applause it deserves. The book Swahili Learners' Re:ferenceGrammar is testament to the excellent work beingaccomplished by the National African Language ResourceCenter (NALRC) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.The field owes many thanks to the authors and to theNALRC.

    John MuganePresident-Elect, African Language Teachers Association(ALTA)Assistant Professor of LinguisticsOhio University, Athens, OhioJanuary 2001


    Antonia Ytund Folrin Schleicher is a Professor ofAfrican Languages and Linguistics at the University ofWisconsin-Madison. She is also the Director of NationalAfrican Language Resource Center (NALRC), funded by theDepartment of Education. She currently teaches coursessuch as Yoruba language and culture, African linguistics,second language acquisition, with specific reference toAfrican languages, and a culture course on Yoruba life andcivilization. She is experienced in developing both textualand technology materials for learning African languages. Sheis the author of three textbooks and two CD-ROMs forteaching and learning Yoruba. These textbooks and CD-ROMs are now used as models for developing other LessCommonly Taught Language (LCTL) materials. She has alsoco-authored a book with Professor Lioba Moshi, titled"African Language Pedagogy: An Emerging Field." She iscurrently co-authoring a book on "Guidelines for DevelopingAfrican Language Textbooks." Professor Schleicher hasorganized different national workshops on how to developmaterials for African languages and LCTLs in general. She isfamiliar with how different language acquisition theories canimpact the development of textbooks for learning andteaching languages.

    She is the Immediate Past-President of the African LanguageTeachers Association (ALTA), the President-Elect of


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