credit scores & credit reports
Post on 30-Dec-2015
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DESCRIPTIONCredit Scores & Credit Reports. Kathleen Batchelor Block A Mrs. Antonucci. What is a Credit Score?. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Credit Scores&Credit Reports
Kathleen BatchelorBlock AMrs. Antonucci
What is a Credit Score? A credit score is a three digit number based on a statistics of a person's credit files, to represent the creditworthiness of that person. A credit score is primarily based on credit report information, typically sourced from credit bureaus. Used for lenders, credit card companies, landlords, and more.Anyone who has a legitimate or viable reason can access your credit report from the CRA.Credit score range:300-850A good Credit score725 to 759 A bad Credit scoreBelow 550
What is a Credit ReportA credit report is a record of your credit activities. It lists any credit-card accounts or loans you may have, the balances, and how regularly you make your payments. It also shows if any action has been taken against you because of unpaid bills. Two kinds of credit reports are Single Bureau Credit Report, and Three Bureau Credit Report.
Where do Credit Reports come from?There are credit reporting agencies, otherwise known as CRAs, who have the task of tracking, gathering, and presenting your credit history to someone who requests it
Info on Credit ReportsYou want a credit report to make sure the information is accurate, complete, and up-to-date before you apply for a loan or a job. Help guard against identity theft. Inaccurate information caused from that could affect your ability to get credit, insurance, or even a job. If you order online you should be able to access it immediatelyIf you order by phone your report will be processed and mailed to you within 15 daysIf you order by mail using the Annual Credit Report Request Form your request will be processed and mailed to you within 15 days of receipt.They do not keep credit reports on children
Federal Trade CommissionsIt is a protection agencyIt is the only federal agency with both consumer protection and competition jurisdiction in broad sectors of the economyContact InfoFederal Trade Commission Consumer Response Center Room 130 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. 20580 www.ftc.gov/credit
Credit ClinicsFTC cautions consumers to be wary of companies that make claims regarding credit repaircredit clinics, don't do anything you cannot do for yourself at little or no cost.Beware of any organization that offers to create a new identity and credit file for you. Look out for: An organization that charges a lot of money to repair credit A company that asks the consumer to write to the credit reporting company and repeatedly seek verification of the same credit account information in the file, month after month, even though the information has been determined to be correct An organization that is reluctant to give out their address or one that pushes you to make a decision immediatelyAn organization that guarantees to remove late payments, bankruptcies, or similar information from a credit report
Fraud AlertFraud Alert lets potential creditors and others know that you may be a victim of identity theftYou have the right to ask that nationwide consumer credit reporting companies place "fraud alerts" in your file
CRAsCredit Reporting Agencies, also referred to as credit bureausOnly 3 major agencies: Equifax, Experian and TransUnion.But there are other smaller agenciesThey get their information from banks, and employersCan report negative informationContact Info:Equifax Information Services LLCPO Box 740241Atlanta, GA 30374-02411-800-685-1111Experian701 Experian Parkway PO Box 2002Allen, TX 750131-888-397-3742TransUnion2 Baldwin Place PO Box 1000Chester, PA 190221-800-888-4213
Where do you get your Credit Report?annualcreditreport.comcall 1-877-322-8228or mail it to P.O. Box 105281, Atlanta, GA 30348-5281
Rights under the law in terms of access to your credit reportThe Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) requires each of the nationwide consumer reporting companies to provide you with a free copy of your credit report, at your request, once every 12 months.
How do iExlude my name from nationwide consumer credit reporting company lists?You may request that consumer credit reporting companies exclude your name from lists for pre-approved, unsolicited credit and insurance offers.
How long does information stayUnder the Fair Credit Reporting Act information can be included in your credit reports for seven years. But there are exceptions to this rule: Information about criminal convictions may be reported without any time limitationBankruptcy information may be reported for 10 yearsInformation reported in response to an application for a job with a salary of more than $75,000 has no time limitInformation reported because of an application for more than $150,000 worth of credit or life insurance has no time limitInformation about a lawsuit or an unpaid judgment against you can be reported for seven years or until the statute of limitations runs out, whichever is longerThe seven year statute of limitations on information listed on your credit report figures from the date of last activity.
What information does a credit report contain, what do you need to provide?credit report contains a history of how you've paid your bills, how much open credit you have, and anything else that would affect your creditworthiness provide your name, address, Social Security number, and date of nationwide consumer reporting company may ask you for some information that only you would know*Each company may ask you for different information because the information each has in your file may come from different sources.
Credit Report ErrorsCaused if there is a typo in your name, address, social security number, employer's name, address, employer's tax number, credit account number, date of birth, date of transaction.If you request to fix and error and the CRA stands by the report then you can contact one of the credit bureaus in the US.
How to fix errorsTell the credit reporting company, in writing, what information you think is inaccurate.Include copies of documents that support your position.Provide your complete name and addressclearly identify each item in your report you dispute. state the facts and explain why you dispute the information, and request that it be removed or corrected.Tell the creditor or other information provider, in writing, that you dispute an item.Send it to which ever credit agency used that formed the error
FICO scores FICO stands for Fair Isaac Corporation.FICO scores are the credit scores that most lenders use to determine your credit risk3 types of FICO scores are Experian, TransUnions, Equifax Your 3 FICO scores affect both how much and what loan terms lenders will offer you
Additional InfoA bank decides to grant you a loan by looking at your credit score provided by the CRASpouses info is not included on your credit reportShould be checked once a year atleastYou can space out all three credit scores
Freecreditreport.com versus annualcreditreport.comAnnualcreditreport.com is the only official website where you can get a free credit report with no string attached.Freecreditreport.com gives you a free credit report on the condition that you join Triple Advantage, a credit monitoring company that requires a month fee
The Best and WorstThe best number to have is 720 or above.http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/04/29/earlyshow/contributors/raymartin/main551521.shtmlThe beginning credit score is 250 or 300. There is some variation between credit reporting agencies.http://money.msn.com/credit-rating/the-road-to-the-worst-credit-score-ever-investopedia.aspx
HOW A FICO SCORE IS DETERMINEDhttp://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2003/04/29/earlyshow/contributors/raymartin/main551521.shtml35 percent Payment History: "Having a long history making of payments on time and no missed payments on all credit accounts is one of the most important items lenders look for."30 percent Amount Owed: "This measures the amount you owe relative to the total amount of credit available. Someone closer to maxing out all their credit limits is deemed to be a higher risk of late payments in the future and this can lower their credit score."15 percent Length of Credit History: "In general, a credit report containing a list of accounts opened for a long time will help your credit score. The score considers your oldest account and the average age of all accounts."10 percent New Credit: "Opening several new credit accounts in a short period of time can lower your credit score. Also multiple credit report inquiries can represent a greater risk, but this does NOT include any requests made by you, an employer or by a lender who does so when sending you an unsolicited, "pre-approved" credit offer. Also, to compensate for rate shopping, the score counts multiple inquiries in any 14-day period as just one inquiry."10 percent Types of Credit in Use: "Your mix of credit cards, retail accounts, finance company loans and mortgage loans is considered."
How to excluded your name from lists to get credit card offers?The credit bureaus offer a toll-free number that enables you to opt-out of having pre-approved credit offers sent to you for five years. Call 1-888-5-OPTOUT begin_of_the_skype_highlighting1-888-5-OPTOUTend_of_the_skype_highlighting (567-868