corp of discovery i. thomas jefferson (tj) – 3rd us president
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DESCRIPTIONCorp of Discovery I. Thomas Jefferson (TJ) – 3rd US President A. 1803 – Wanted a reconnaissance of the West: 1-England held Canada, Vancouver Island, and occupied Oregon Country 2-France – Louisiana Territory and Mississippi River - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Corp of Discovery I. Thomas Jefferson (TJ) 3rd US President A. 1803 Wanted a reconnaissance of the West: 1-England held Canada, Vancouver Island, and occupied Oregon Country 2-France Louisiana Territory and Mississippi River 3-Spain Pinckneys Treaty held Florida and the Southwest 4-Russia Alaska and pushing down the western coast 5-Robert Gray sailed on the Columbia up the Columbia River- USA claim
B. Manifest Destiny God given right for the USAs expansion over the entire continentReconnaissance Military fact finding mission to locate the enemy and plan against them.
C. Napoleon was fighting in Europe and needed $ and sold the New World land holdings to the USA in April of 1803 1. Louisiana Purchase - $15 milliona. Doubled the size of USAb. Area was unknown and held many myths (18 devils, tribe of Amazon women, mtns. Salt, crystal, gold, 7 cities of gold,and thought CA an island)
2. Corp of Discovery 1804-1806 AKA as the Lewis and Clark Expeditiona. Meriwether Lewis friend and secretary of TJb. William Clark Lewiss army buddyc. 30 Members: 17 soldiers (John Colter); 11 enlistees; York (Clarks slave); Scannon (Lewiss Newfoundland dog) breed interpreter; later Sacajawea and Charbonneaud. Traveled 7,689 miles and only 1 man died (appendicitis) the map Clark made was only off by 40 milese. Supplied with Harpers Ferry Rifles, air rifle, swivel cannons, 60 ft keel boat, collapsible canoes, portable soup, $669.50 of gifts & medals of TJ to give to Nativesf. Congress gave $2500 to finance and they were the first to cross the North American continent by land 2 years, 4 months, 10 days when they returned:i. 4 journals kept and a dozen notebooks ii. reported 122 new species of the flora and fauna, dino. bonesiii. 50 separate Indian tribesiv. mapped the areav. MOST IMPORTANT: Beaver everywhere! $$$$
Lost Pathfinderpoor mans Lewis and Clark
Father was an officer under George WashingtonMoved to St. Louis to serve General James WilkinsonWilkinson was the scoundrel partner of Aaron Burr.Wilkinson accepted $12,000 from Spain for information about the Louisiana Territory purchase and explorationThis was treason
1806 Wilkinson ordered a secret expedition to the Spanish borderlands. He was to locate the Spanish forts and number of Spanish troops.
Wilkinson had sold Nemesio Salcedo the information about Lewis and Clark the Spaniards tried to intercept and capture them, but failed.
Wilkinson then sold Salcedo information of Pikes expedition. He hoped Pike would be captured by the Spanish.July 1806 Pike and 17 enlisted men with a Spanish interpreter set out dressed in summer uniforms and followed Spanish cavalry tracks along the future Santa Fe Trail.After reaching the headwaters of the Arkansas River, Pike tried to reach a large blue peak in the distance; it snowed to his waist. The map maker labeled the peak, Pikes Peak.
Spainish cavalry and militia captured Pike and his men as prisoners and saved their lives.Accused of being spies, they were taken to Santa Fe, later moved to Albuquerque, El Paso, and Chihuahua, Mexico.Pike mapped and noted all military activity, hid the notes in gun barrels. A strong note of protest was sent to Washington, Madison denied the US spied, but was exploring the source of the Arkansas.
Pike was suspected but later clearedNeither he nor his men were rewarded with large land grants as was Lewis and ClarkPikes expedition resulted in an embarrassing international incident.Pike was promoted to colonel in the War of 1812 ; he was killed on the assault on York, Canada (Toronto).His men were vindictive after losing the 34 year old general and set fire to public buildings
July 11, 1804; indicted for murder in New York and New Jersey but never tried in either jurisdiction; escaped to South Carolina, then returned to Washington and completed his term of service as Vice President; arrested and tried for treason in August 1807 for attempting to form a republic in the Southwest of which he was to be the head, but was acquitted; went abroad in 1808; returned to New York City in 1812 and resumed the practice of law; died in Port Richmond, Staten Island, N.Y., September 14, 1836;