Companies act, 1956

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<ul><li>1.DIRECTORS, ACCOUNTS &amp; AUDITS COMPANIES ACT 1956 presented by:mba ist sem(2012-14)MUDASIRMUZAFAR69MUZAMILZARGAR70MONISA68 MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM</li></ul> <p>2. DIRECTORS...... INTRODUCTION TO THE TERM DIRECTORSAPPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORSREMOVAL/RETIREMENT OF DIRECTORSRIGHTS &amp; DUTIES OF DIRECTORSROLE OF DIRECTORSMANAGING AND ADDITIONAL DIRECTORSMUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 3. DIRECTORS WHO ARE THEY?The company carries on its business through individuals called directors. Collectively they are called Board of Directors. No body corporate, association or firm can be appointed as a director of a company and only an individual can be appointed.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 4. CONSTITUTION Every public company must have 3 directors.A Public Company having A paid up capital of Rs. 5 crore or more and One thousand or more shareholders Can elect a director by small shareholders.A private company must have at least 2 directorsSubscribers of the memorandum who are individuals,, are deemed to be the directors of the company, until the directors are duly appointed in accordance with the Act.Directors are appointed in general meeting, in board meeting, by central government, by proportional representation or a person can stand for directorship, if eligible.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 5. CONTD A company can have a maximum number of 12 directors and to increase this number, the approval of Central Government is reqd.The board of directors can appoint Additional Directors, by passing a resolution, if such a power exists in the articles. If any vacancy arises in office of any director then subject to the articles, the board of directors can fill the vacancy at a meeting of the board.One single resolution can appoint one director only and two or more. A company, at a general meeting may, by ordinary resolution,, increase or reduce the number of its directors within the limits fixed in that behalf by its articles.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 6. TYPES OF DIRECTORSMUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 7. APPOINTMENT OF DIRECTORAny Person Can Be Eligible For Appointment To The Office Of Director At Any Annual General Meeting, If He himself or some member intending to propose that person as a director.Gives a sign notice in writing to company.Signifying that persons for the office of director..Along with a deposit of Rs. 500/- which is refundable subject to appointment as a director .MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 8. RETIREMENT The directors to retire by rotation at every AGM are those who have been longest in office since their last appointment.Removal Of Directors Is Conferred Upon Shareholders,Central Government And Company Law board.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COMREMOVAL OF DIRECTORS 9. CONTD A company may, by ordinary resolution, remove a director (not being a director appointed by the Central Government in pursuance of section 408) before the expiry of his period of office. This provision shall not apply where the company has availed itself of the option given to it of proportional representation on the Board of Directors to appoint not less than two-thirds of the total number of directors according to the principle of proportional representationSpecial notice shall be required of any resolution to remove a director, or to appoint somebody instead of a director so removed at the meeting at which he is removed.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 10. VACATION OF OFFICE BY DIRECTORS The directorship of a director automatically ceases if,He fails to obtain qualification shares.He fails to pay any call in respect of sharesHe fails to pay any call in respect of shares. He absents himself from 3 consecutive meetings of the of directors, or from all meetings of the board for a continuous period of 3 months, whichever is longer, without obtaining leave of absence from the board. He is removed by the shareholders by resolution passed in a general meeting. A company can remove a director even before the expiry of his period of office.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 11. DISQUALIFICATION OF DIRECTORS A person shall not be capable of being appointed director of a company, if,He has been found to be of unsound mind by a Court of competent jurisdiction and the finding is in force.He is an undercharged insolvent.He has applied to be adjudicated as an insolvent and his application is pending.He has been convicted by a Court of any offence involving moral turpitude and sentenced in respect thereof to imprisonment for not less than six months, and a period of five years has not elapsed from the date of expiry of the sentence..MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 12. QUALIFICATION SHARES They are the minimum number of shares a person mustown, as provided in the articles of the company, in order to qualify to become a director of the company. Qualification shares must be acquired by a director within 2 months of his appointment. The articles cannot require a director to acquire qualification shares within a shorter period. The face value of the qualification shares cannot exceed five thousand rupees, or if the face value of one share is more than five thousand rupees, then the qualification share will be one qualification share.A director is required to hold certain shares as qualificationshares if such requirement is There in the Articles of association of the company.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 13. Every company, having a paid-up capital of Rs. 5crore or more must have a whole-time director.WHOLE TIME DIRECTORSA WHOLE TIME DIRECTOR is one who entirely looks into the affairs of a company.A person shall not act as director of a company unless he has, by himself or by his agent authorized in writing, signed and filed with the Registrar, consent in writing to act as such director within 30 days of his appointment.. This provision shall not apply to a private company unless it is a subsidiary to a public company .MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COMAt a time a single whole time director can act as a director for not more than 20 Companies. 14. ADDITIONAL DIRECTORS MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COMThe Board of directors may appoint additional directors if such power is conferred on it by the articles of the company. Such additional directors shall hold office only up to the date of the next annual general meeting of the company. The Board of directors of a company may, if so authorized by its articles or by a resolution passed by the company in general meeting, appoint an alternate director to act for a director during his absence for a period of not less than three months from the State in which meetings of the Board are ordinarily held. 15. REMUNERATION OF DIRECTORS Not more than 11% of the net profits of the company for that financial year If a company has only one directorNot more than 5% of the net profits If a company has more than one directorNot more than 10% of the net profits for all of them together The director is not a whole time directorNot more than 1% of the net profits.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COMThe overall maximum remuneration payable to directors and its managers in one financial year 16. DIRECTOR CANNOT TO HOLD OFFICE OR PLACE OF PROFIT: Except with the previous consent of the company accorded by a special resolution:-No director of a company can hold any office or place of profit in that companyNo partner or relative of such a director (i.e. a director holding an office or place of profit in the company), no firm in which such a director or relative is a partner, no private company of which such a director is a director or member, and no director, or manger of such a private company can hold any office or place of profit carrying monthly remuneration in excess of the prescribed amount (Rs. 10000/-).MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 17. LOANS TO DIRECTORSMUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COMA company provides loan to its director (for a guarantee or security)or the related parties, with proper approval from Central Government. This is to ensure that the Board Of Directors of a public company does not misuse the funds of the company for the benefit of its directors. 18. INTERESTS OF A DIRECTOR When any company enters into contracts relating to the business of the company with the directors, the consent of the board of is required by way of resolution.Every director of a company has to disclose the nature of his concernor interest at a meeting of the board of directors.Finally a decision will be taken by the BOARD OF DIRECTORS.Every Director shall disclose the nature of his concern or interest in a contract or arrangement at the meeting of the Board.. Disclosure is not required where any of the Directors of one company or two or more of them together hold 2% or less than 2% of paid up share capital of the company.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 19. SPECIAL AUTHORITIES Make Calls on shareholders in respect of money unpaid on their shares Issue debenturesBorrow moneys otherwise than on debenture.Invest the funds of the companyMake loansMUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COMDirectors can exercise certain powers only at the meetings of the board related to some significant matters which need deliberations and discussions. Theyare: 20. RESTRICTIONS &amp; LAIBILITIES ON BOARD OF DIRECTORS. Dispose of any Undertaking of the company.Remit or to give time for the repayment of, any debt due by a director.Invest, otherwise than in trust securities, the amount of compensation received by the company in respect of the compulsory acquisition.Borrow moneys in excess of aggregate of the paid-up capital of the company &amp; its free reserves.Contribute to charitable and other funds not directly relating to the business of the company or the welfare of its employees.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM 21. BIBLIOGRAPHY:Legal Aspects of Banking Operations By MacmillanBusiness Law for Management by K.R. Boolchandani Indian Companies Act, 1956Indian Companies Act, 1956 Company Law by Singh and AvatarCompany Law and Practice, Taxman, New Delhi Company A Guide to the Companies Act, Wadhwa and Company,nagpur for your everlasting patience.MUDASIRMUZAFAR@GMAIL.COM </p>