Case Study - Kenya and University of Nairobi

Download Case Study - Kenya and University of Nairobi

Post on 28-Apr-2015

80 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

<p>UniversitiesandEconomicDevelopmentinAfrica </p> <p> CASESTUDY: KenyaandUniversityofNairobiTracyBailey,NicoCloeteandPundyPillay </p> <p>ContentsListoftablesandfigures......................................................................................................... v Acknowledgements..............................................................................................................vii Projectgroup.......................................................................................................................viii Acronymsandabbreviations.................................................................................................ix Glossaryofterms....................................................................................................................x HigherEducationandEconomicDevelopmentpublications..............................................xiii PART1:INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................. 1 1.1 IntroductiontotheHigherEducationandEconomicDevelopmentproject........... 1 1.1.1 1.1.2 1.1.3 1.1.4 1.2 1.3 OverviewofHERANA...................................................................................1 Projectfocusandprocess............................................................................2 Theanalyticalframeworkforthestudy......................................................3 Whattheprojectisnotdoing......................................................................5</p> <p>DatacollectionfortheKenyancasestudy............................................................ 6 Thefocusandstructureofthisreport................................................................... 6</p> <p>PART2:THEKENYACASESTUDY:BACKGROUNDANDCONTEXT..................................... 8 2.1 TheKenyaneconomyandapproachtoeconomicdevelopment........................... 8 2.1.1 2.1.2 2.2 Economicdevelopment,competitivenessandinnovation.........................8 Economicdevelopmentpolicyandplanning.............................................15</p> <p>TheKenyanhighereducationsystem.................................................................16 2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 Sizeandshapeofthesystem ....................................................................16 . Highereducationexpenditureandfinancing............................................19 Highereducationgovernanceandpolicy..................................................22</p> <p>UNIVERSITIESANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINAFRICA|KENYACASESTUDY</p> <p>2.3</p> <p>TheUniversityofNairobi....................................................................................26 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 Keymomentsinthedevelopmentoftheinstitution................................26 Governanceandstrategicobjectives........................................................29 Institutionalfinances.................................................................................30</p> <p>PART3:THEROLEOFHIGHEREDUCATIONINKENYA....................................................32 3.1 3.2 Introduction.......................................................................................................32 Thenationalperspective....................................................................................33 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.3 Keynationalstakeholdersinrelationtothepact.....................................33 Theroleofhighereducationinnationalpolicies......................................33 Governanceandpolicycoordination.........................................................35</p> <p>TheUniversityofNairobiperspective.................................................................35 3.3.1 3.3.2 3.3.3 Institutionalnarrative(s)ontheroleoftheuniversity..............................35 Initiativesaroundresearchandinnovation...............................................39 Initiativesaroundteachingandlearning...................................................42</p> <p>PART4:THEUNIVERSITYOFNAIROBIACADEMICCORE................................................43 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Introduction.......................................................................................................43 SETenrolmentsandgraduations........................................................................45 Postgraduateenrolmentsandgraduations.........................................................49 Studentstaffratios.............................................................................................52 Academicstaffqualifications..............................................................................55 Researchfunding................................................................................................56 Researchoutputs................................................................................................58</p> <p>PART5:THEENGAGEMENTANDDEVELOPMENTRELATEDACTIVITIESOFTHE UNIVERSITYOFNAIROBI......................................................................................60 5.1 Introduction.......................................................................................................60</p> <p>iii</p> <p>UNIVERSITIESANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINAFRICA|KENYACASESTUDY</p> <p>5.2</p> <p>Engagementandlinkageswithexternalstakeholders........................................60 5.2.1 5.2.2 5.2.3 5.2.4 Universitygovernmentindustrylinkages.................................................61 Foreigndonors...........................................................................................64 Incentives,rewardsandcoordination.......................................................64 Summary....................................................................................................66</p> <p>5.3</p> <p>Theconnectednessofdevelopmentactivitiestotheacademiccore...................66 5.3.1 5.3.2 5.3.3 5.3.4 Abriefoverviewoftheprojects................................................................68 Articulation................................................................................................79 Contributiontostrengtheningtheacademiccore....................................84 Analysisoftheconnectednessofdevelopmentprojects/centres............88</p> <p>PART6:KEYFINDINGS...................................................................................................91 6.1 6.2 6.3 Introduction.......................................................................................................91 Somemacroobservationsabouthighereducationandeconomicdevelopment inKenya.............................................................................................................92 EvidenceofapactaroundtheroleofhighereducationinKenya?......................93 6.3.1 6.4 6.5 Notionsoftheroleofknowledgeanduniversitiesindevelopment.........95</p> <p>TheacademiccoreoftheUniversityofNairobi..................................................98 Coordinationandconnectedness......................................................................102 6.5.1 6.5.2 Knowledgepolicycoordinationandimplementation.............................103 Connectednesstoexternalstakeholdersandtheacademiccore ..........105 .</p> <p>6.6</p> <p>Concludingcomments......................................................................................108</p> <p>Listofresources.................................................................................................................110 Appendix1:Listofinterviewees.......................................................................................113 Appendix2:Clusteranalysismethodologyanddata........................................................114 Appendix3:Academiccoreratingdescriptions................................................................118</p> <p>iv</p> <p>UNIVERSITIESANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINAFRICA|KENYACASESTUDY</p> <p>ListoftablesandfiguresTables Table2.1:GDPpercapitavs.HumanDevelopmentIndexinsubSaharanAfrica(2007)9 Table2.2:Selectedhighereducationandeconomicdevelopmentindicators..............11 Table2.3:Globalcompetitivenessandglobalinnovation.............................................13 Table2.4:Countrycomparisonofinnovationinputs(enablers)andoutputs...............14 Table2.5:PublicandprivateuniversitiesinKenya(2007)............................................17 Table2.6:Admissiontrendstopublicuniversities(2002/032005/06) ........................18 . Table2.7:UniversityofNairobigovernmentallocation(1999/002006/07)................31 Table4.1:Nairobi:Totalenrolmentsbyfieldofstudy(thousands)..............................46 Table4.2:Comparisonoftotalscienceandtechnologyenrolments(thousands)........47 Table4.3:TotalSETgraduates.......................................................................................48 Table4.4:Comparisonoftotalscienceandtechnologygraduates...............................49 Table4.5:Comparisonoftotalpostgraduateenrolmentsinallfieldsofstudy.............50 Table4.6:Nairobi:Masteranddoctoralenrolmentsandgraduates.............................50 Table4.7:Comparisonofmastersanddoctoralenrolments ........................................51 . Table4.8:Comparisonofdoctoralgraduates................................................................52 Table4.9:Nairobi:FTEstudentsandacademicstaff.....................................................53 Table4.10:Comparisonofpermanentacademicswithmastersanddoctoraldegrees (2007)...........................................................................................................56 Table4.11:Nairobi:Researchoutputs...........................................................................58 Table5.1:Overviewofthedevelopmentrelatedprojects............................................77 Table5.2:Articulationwithinstitutionalobjectivesandnationalpriorities.................80 Table5.3:Initiation/agendasetting,fundingsourcesandimplementationagencies..81 Table5.4:Financialsustainabilityoftheprojects/centres............................................82 Table5.5:Articulationrating(maximumscore=13).....................................................83 Table5.6:Contributiontostrengtheningtheacademiccore........................................85 Table5.7:Strengtheningacademiccorerating.............................................................87 Table5.8:Summaryofratings........................................................................................88 Table6.1:RoleforknowledgeanduniversitiesindevelopmentinKenya....................94</p> <p>v</p> <p>UNIVERSITIESANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINAFRICA|KENYACASESTUDY</p> <p>Table6.2:Comparingnationalandinstitutionalnotionsoftheroleofhighereducation inKenya........................................................................................................98 Table6.3:UniversityofNairobi:Ratingoftheacademiccore ....................................100 . Table6.4:Nationalcoordinationofknowledgepolicies..............................................103 Table6.5:Implementationofknowledgepoliciesandactivities.................................104 TableA2.1:Clusteranalysisdatatable.........................................................................115 Figures Figure2.1:Incomebysourceasapercentageoftotalincome,UniversityofNairobi (20002006)................................................................................................31 Figure4.1:Nairobi:Enrolmentsbyfieldofstudy ..........................................................46 . Figure4.2:Comparisonofscienceandtechnologymajorsas%oftotalenrolment....47 Figure4.3:Nairobi:Graduationratesbyfieldofstudy..................................................48 Figure4.4:Comparisonofscienceandtechnologygraduationrates............................48 Figure4.5:Comparisonof%postgraduatesinenrolmenttotal....................................49 Figure4.6:Comparisonofdoctoralenrolmentsas%ofmastersanddoctoral enrolments...................................................................................................51 Figure4.7:Comparisonoftotaldoctoralgraduates......................................................52 Figure4.8:Comparisonsof2007FTEstudentstaffratios.............................................54 Figure4.9:ComparisonoftotalsofpermanentandFTEacademicstaff(2007)...........54 Figure4.10:ComparisonofratiosofFTEtopermanentacademicstaff(2007)............55 Figure4.11:Comparisonofhighestformalqualificationsofpermanentacademics (2007)...........................................................................................................55 Figure4.12:ComparisonofresearchincomeinmarketrateUSDandPPP$(millions) 57 Figure4.13:Comparisonoftotalresearchincomeperpermanentacademicinmarket rateUSDandPPP$(thousands).................................................................57 Figure4.14:Comparisonofresearchpublicationunitsperpermanentacademic.......58 . Figure4.15:Comparisonofdoctoralgraduatesingivenyearas%ofpermanent academicsemployed..................................................................................59 Figure5.1:Plottingthedevelopmentrelatedprojects .................................................89 . Figure6.1:Thefournotionsoftheroleofknowledgeanduniversitiesin development ................................................................................................96 . Figure6.2:Plottingthedevelopmentrelatedprojects/centresattheUniversityof Nairobi........................................................................................................107 FigureA2.1:Plotofmeansforeachcluster.................................................................117</p> <p>vi</p> <p>UNIVERSITIESANDECONOMICDEVELOPMENTINAFRICA|KENYACASESTUDY</p> <p>AcknowledgementsThisstudywouldnothavebeenpossiblewithoutthesupportandparticipation ofthefollowingorganisationsandindividuals: Funding The Ford Foundation, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, the Rockefeller FoundationandtheKresgeFoundation. UniversityofNairobicontacts MrSamuelKiiruforhisassistanceinprovidingbackgroundinformationonthe universityandschedulinginterviews. MrBernardWaweruforprovidingtheacademiccoredatafortheuniversity. InterviewrespondentsattheUniversityofNairobi Mr Ben Waweru (Academic Registrar), Prof. IM Mbeche (Principal: College of HumanitiesandSocialSciences),Prof.EHNNjeru(Dean:FacultyofArts),Prof. Edward K Mburugu (Associate Dean: Faculty of Arts), Prof. Patts Odira (Dean: School of Engineering), Prof. Madara Ogot (Managing Director: University of NairobiEnterprisesandServices),Prof.EricOOdada(ProgrammeDirector:Pan AfricanSTARTSecretariat),Prof.DorothyMcCormick(InstituteforDevelopment Studies), Mr John Njoka (Institute for Development Studies), Prof. Winnie Mitullah(InstituteforDevelopmentStudies),Prof.NJMuthama(Departmentof Meteorology), Prof. Francis Mutua (Hydrometrology and Surface Water ResourcesUnit),Prof.NjugunaNgethe(ChronicPovertyResearchCentre),Prof. John H. Ndiritu (Dean: Faculty of Agriculture), Dr Wanjiru Gichuhi (Population StudiesandResearchInstitute),MrSamuelW.Kiiru(InstituteforDevelopment Studies). Nationalstakeholder:ElizabethWafula(SeniorAssistantCommissionSecretary (Planning),Commissio...</p>