cancer prevention & early detection
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DESCRIPTIONCancer Prevention & Early Detection. University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee November 15, 2011. American Cancer Society Mission Statement. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
Cancer Prevention & Early DetectionUniversity of Wisconsin-Milwaukee November 15, 2011
American Cancer Society Mission StatementThe American Cancer Society is the nationwide community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem by preventing cancer, saving lives and diminishing suffering from cancer, through research, education, advocacy, and service.
What We Do Save LivesHelping people stay wellBy educating them on steps they can take to prevent cancer and find it early
Helping people get wellBy providing accurate and timely informational, emotional, and practical support services
Funding cancer researchTo further understand its causes, determine how best to prevent it, and discover new ways to cure it.
Fighting back against cancerBy supporting the American Cancer Society and those in your life who are affected by cancer, you can join us in creating a world with more birthdays!
What is cancer?Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells.Cancer can be caused by both external factors and internal factors
Can you guess?355,000
Cancer StatisticsCancer is the #1 cause of death among working-age adults in the United States.One-third are caused by tobacco use.One-third are related to overweight/obesity, physical inactivity, and nutrition.Two-thirds of cancer deaths can be prevented--John Seffrin, CEO American Cancer Society
Prevention and Early DetectionIf people would just do four things -- engage in regular physical activity, eat a healthy diet, not smoke and avoid becoming obese they could slash their risk of diabetes, heart attack, stroke or cancer by 80%, a new report has found.But less than 10% of the 23,153 people in the multiyear study -- published in Mondays Archives of Internal Medicine -- actually lived their lives this way.
Los Angeles Times, August 11, 2009, Shara Yurkiewicz
Cancers that can be prevented or detected early by screening account for at least 50% of all new cancer cases.
Cancer Facts & Figures 2009Prevention & Early Detection
What is a risk factor?Anything that increases a persons risk for getting a disease
What is a modifiable risk factor?Anything that increases a persons risk for getting a disease that can be changedCancer Risk Factors
While you cant change your genetics, there are many things you can do to lower your risk for cancer.Cancer Risk Factors
Five lifesaving things you can do:Dont use tobaccoMaintain a healthy weight and adopt a physically active lifestyleConsume a healthy diet with an emphasis on fruits and vegetablesProtect yourself from the sunGet recommended screening testsReduce Your Risk
Tobacco UseTobacco use is responsible for an estimated 443,000 premature deaths in the US every year, including 49,400 deaths in nonsmokers as a result of secondhand smokeThe American Cancer Society can help you or loved ones quit. Call 1.800.ACS.2345 or visit www.cancer.org/greatamericans for more information.Become an advocate www.acscan.org
Balance caloric intake with physical activityAvoid excessive weight gain throughout lifeAchieve and maintain a healthy weight if currently overweight or obeseMaintain a Healthy Weight
Adults:Engage in at least 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity on five or more days a week (45-60 minutes is preferable)
Children:Engage in at least 60 minutes per day on five or more days a weekAdopt a Physically Active Lifestyle
Watch portion sizesEat 5 or more servings of fruit and vegetables each dayChose whole grainsLimit consumption of processed and red meatsLimit alcohol consumption no more than 1 drink per day for woman and 2 for menConsume a Healthy Diet
815 billion calories are consumed (200 billion more than needed)47 million hot dogs4 million pounds of bacon60 million pounds of red meat170 million eggs3 million gallons of ice cream10 million pounds of candy16 million gallons of beer and aleOn any given day in the US
Protect Yourself from the SunAvoid direct exposure between 10am and 4pm when UV rays are the most intenseWear hats that shade the face, ears and neck and clothing that covers arms, legs and torsoCover exposed skin with sunscreen of SPF15 or higherAvoid tanning beds and sun lamps
I can't get skin cancer because my routine (work, drive to work, indoor hobbies, and vacations) doesn't include any outdoor activities. If I'm wearing sunscreen, I can stay in the sun as long as I want. A sunscreen labeled SPF 30 blocks twice as much UV radiation as one labeled SPF 15. Getting a "base tan" at an indoor tanning salon is a good way to prevent sunburn when I go to the beach later this summer. What do you know about Skin Cancer?
Cancer Early DetectionDevelop a good relationship with your physician. Be open and honest in your discussions.He/she can educate you on early detection tests and screening tests. Bring a list of things you would like to discuss with your physician.Be empowered to ask for what screenings you need. Dont always wait for your provider to bring it up.Example: What early detection tests should I consider? How often should I have them done?
Women at average risk should begin annual mammograms at age 40.Clinical breast exams should be part of a periodic health exam every 3 years for women in their 20s and 30s and every year for women 40 and older.Women should know how their breasts normally feel so they can promptly report any changes to their physician.Women at increased risk (family history, genetic tendency or past breast cancer) should talk with their physician about their options.Breast Cancer
Screening should begin approximately 3 years after a woman begins to have vaginal intercourse, but no later than 21 years of age.Cervical screening should be done every year with regular Pap tests or every two years using liquid-based Pap tests. At or after age 30, women who have had three normal test results in a row may get screened every two to three years. But a physician may suggest getting the test more often if a woman has certain risk factors such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or a weakened immune system.Women 70 years of age and older who have had three or more normal Pap test results and no abnormal results in the last 10 years may choose to stop cervical cancer screening. Cervical Cancer
Beginning at age 50, men and women of average risk should follow one of these screening options:Tests that detect polyps and cancer:Flexible sigmoidoscopy every 5 yearsColonoscopy every 10 yearsDouble contrast barium enema every 5 yearsComputed Tomographic (CT) colonography every 5 yearsTests that primarily detect cancer:A guaiac-based fecal occult blood test (gFOBT) or fecal immunochemical test (FIT) every yearStool DNA test (interval uncertain)Colorectal Cancer
The American Cancer Society recommends that men discuss the potential benefits and limitations of prostate cancer early detection testing with their health care provider beginning at age 50Men at high risk should have this conversation at age 45. Men at high risk include African-Americans and men who have a close relative (father, brother, or son) who had prostate cancer before age 65.Prostate Cancer
Stay Healthy from Cancer.orghttp://www.cancer.org/Healthy/index
Do you have questions about preventing cancer or early detection tests?Have your or someone you love been diagnosed with cancer?The American Cancer Society can help.Call us at 1.800.ACS.2345 day or night or visit www.cancer.org We are here. We can help.
There are a variety of activities in this presentation designed to get audience participation. Be sure to read through the presentation to become familiar with these activities prior to your presentation!
Ice Breaker ActivityAsk everyone to stand up. Tell them to sit down if: They did not eat at least 5 servings of fruits or vegetables yesterday Dont usually choose whole grains over processed grains (whole wheat bread vs white bread) Dont usually choose low-fat dairy items over full-fat If you usually take the elevator over the stairs If you are female and have more than 1 drink per day or if you are male and have more than 2 drinks per day If they are a woman and over 40 and have not had a mammogram in the last 12months If you are over 50 and have not been screened for colon cancer If you did not exercise yesterday If you smoke if you dont use sunscreen on a regular basis
Give the last person standing a prize or round of applause, etc.
We have an opportunity everyday to make choices that can positively affect our health. With todays presentation, we are going to focus on the ways we can prevent cancer or detect it at its earliest, most treatable stage.*Read mission statement.
The American Cancer Society is dedicated to saving lives. As you saw in our mission statement, one way we are working to do that is through the prevention and early detection of cancer.*Cancer is not just one disease, it is more than 100 different diseases. But they are all characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells in the body.
Cancer can be caused by external factors such as tobacco, chemical exposure, or radiation) or internal factors such as hormones or genetics.*What does this number represent?