boston studies in the philosophy of science ?· philosophy of science, van gogh's eyes, and god...
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BOSTON STUDIES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
ROBERT S. COHEN, Boston UniversitynJRGEN RENN, Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science
KOSTAS GAVROGLU, University ofAthens
Editorial Advisory Board
THOMAS F. GLICK, Boston UniversityADOLF GRUNBAUM, University of PittsburghSYLVAN S. SCHWEBER, Brandeis University
JOHN J. STACHEL, Boston UniversityMARX W WARTOFSKYt, (Editor 1960-1997)
HERMENEUTICPHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE,
VAN GOGH'S EYES,AND GOD
Essays in Honorof Patrick A. Heelan, S.J.
BABETTE E. BABICHFordham University, New York, N. Y, U.S.A.,
and Georgetown University, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERSDORDRECHTI BOSTON I LONDON
A C.I.P. Catalogue recoid for this book is available from the Library of Congress.
Published by Kluwer Academic Publishers,P.O. Bo}!; 17,3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands.
Sold and distributed in North, Central and South Americaby Kluwer Academic Publishers,
lOJ Philip Drive, Norweii, MA 02061, U.S.A.
In all other countries, sold and distributedby Kluwer Academic Publishers,
P.O. Bo}!; 322, 3300 AH Dordrechl, The Netherlands.
Printed on acid-free paper
All Rights Reserved02002 Kluwer Academic Publishers
No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced orutilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
inclUding photocopying, recording or by any infonnation storage andretrieval system, without written pennission from the copyright owner.
Primect in the Netherlands.Patrick A. Heelan, S.l., Universite Catholique de Louvain. 1964
Patrick A. Heelan, S.J.Photograph by Ursula Bemist
TABLE OF CONTENTS
PREFACE I "Patrick Heelan" by JEAN LADRIERE & MARC JAGER xi
BABETIE E. BABICH I The Fnrtunes nf Incnmmensurability: ThnughlStyles,Paradigms, and Patrick A."Heelan's Hermeneutic of Science
HERMENEUTICS AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE
SECTION SUMMARIES 19
STEPHEN TOULMIN I The Hermeneutics of the Natural Sciences 25ROBERT P. CREASE I Experimental Life: Heelan on Quantum Mechanics 31DIMITRI GINEV I The Henneneutic Context of Constitution 43RAGNAR FJELLAND I The "Copenhagen Interpretation" of Quantum
Mechanics and Phenomenology 53BABETIE E. BABICH I Sokal's Henneneutic Hoax: Physics and the New
ALLAN JANIK I Wittgenstein, Hertz, and Hermeneutics 79
JOSEPH J. KOCKELMANS I On the Interpretive Nature of Hertz's Mechanics 97ROBERT C. SCHARFF I Comtc and the Possibility of a Henneneutics of
Science 117THEODORE KISIEL I Was heiflt das - die Bewandtnis? Retranslating the
Categories of Heidegger's Hermeneutics of the Technical 127THOMAS M. SEEBOHM JThe Hermeneutics of TexIS 137RICHARD COBB-STEVENS I Husserlian Hermeneutics: Mathematics
and Theoria 153JOHN J. CLEARY I Abstracting Aristotle's Philosophy of MaLhematics 163
WOLFE MAYS I Piagel and Husserl: On Theory and Praxis in Science 177TONY O'CONNOR I Human Agency and Lhe Social Sciences:
From Contextual Phenomenology to Genealogy 187JOHN J. COMPTON I Toward a Phenomenological Philosophy of Nature 195
JOHN ZIMAN I No Man is an Island 203
ROM HARRE I Science as !he Work ofa Community 219
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TRUTIllN ART, VISUAL SPACE, AND TIlE PRAGMATIC
PHENOMENOLOGY OF PERCEPTIONSECTION SUMMARIES
IOSEPH MARGOLIS / Patrick Heelan's Interpretation of van Gogh's"Bedroom at Aries"
STEVEN CROWELL / Patrick Heelan's Innocent Eye
JACQUES TAMlNIAUX / Merleau-Ponty's Reading of HeideggerBABETTE E. BABICH / Heidegger's Truth of Art and the Question of
D. CYRIL BARRETT, S.I. / Phenomenology and 20th Century ArtisticRevolutions
IRMA B. JAFFE I Virtue and Virtual Reality in John Trumbull's Pantheon
LEO I. O'DONOVAN, SJ. / Getting at the Rapture of Seeing: EllsworthKelly and Visual Expe~jence
BARBARA SAUNDERS / Grammar(s) of Perception
JAY SCHULKfN I Cognitive Neuroscience of Social Sensibility
ROBERT CUMMINGS NEVILLE / Phenomenology and Pragmatism
GOD: RELIGION AND SCIENCE
WILLIAM J. RICHARDSON, SJ. / Psychoanalytic Praxis and the Truthof Pain
RICHARD KEARNEY / Poetics of a Possihle God - Faith or Philosophy? .
THOMAS NICKLES & GAYE MCCOLLUM-NICKLES / James onBootstraps, Evolution, and Life
DOMINIC BALESTRA / In-Between Science and Religion
GARRETT BARDEN / Thinking the Philosophy of Religion
THOMAS J. J. ALTlZER / Van Gogh's Eyes
STEVE FULLER I A Catholic Stance Toward Scientific Inquiry for the21st Century
HEIDI BYRNES I The Dialogism of Meaning, The Discursive Embeddednessof Knowledge, The Colloquy of Being
W. NORRIS CLARKE, SJ. / The Creative Imagination
ERNEST G. McCLAIN I A Priestly View of Bible Arithmetic: Deity'sRegulative Aesthetic Activity within Davidic Musicology
PATRICKA. HEELAN, SJ. / Afterword
BIBLIOGRAPHY: PATRICKA. HEELAN
Notes on Contributors.
This collection was made possible in part by the institutional support generously provided by theGraduate School of Georgetown University as part of the research project, Hermeneutic andPhenomenological Approaches /0 the Philosophy a/Science, directed by Patrick A. Heelan, SJ.,William A. Gaston Professor of Philosophy. I am grateful to Dominic Balestra, chair of thePhilosophy Department, together wit.h the Deans of Fordham University for a course reductionfrom three courses to two in the Spring of2oo1 to ease some of the time demands involved withcompiling, editing, and preparing the camera-ready copy for this volume. Joseph A. O'Hare, SJ.,President of Fordham University, has warmest thanks for feting the Jesuit scholar and priestcelebrated by this Festschrift in May of2001 - and hence in advance of the official publication.
Jean Ladriere's gracious consent to David B. Allison's translation of the encyclopredia entryon "Heelan, Patrick" - first published in the Encyclopedie Phi/osophique Universelle, Ill, LesOeuvres Philosophiques, Dictionnaire, Tome 2: Philosophie occidentale: 1889-1990, pp. 3322-3323 - as well as permision granted from the Presses Universitaires de France, is here gratefullyacknowledged. Likewise, permissions from the Niels Bohr Archiv to reproduce the drawings inRagnar Fjelland, "The Copenhagen Interpretation" ofQuantum Physics and Phenomenology(Fig. 1) and from CERN (Fig. 2) (CERNfPIOIRA 77-4) are acknowledged with gratitude.Permissions from the United States Capitol Historical Society, Yale University Art Gallery, andthe National Gallery of Canada to reproduce John Trumbull's paintings in Irma B. Jaffe, Virtueand Virtual Reality in John Trumbull's Pantheon (Figs. 1-8) are gratefully acknowledged as ispermission from the Art Resource and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. I alsoacknowledge with gratitude permission granted to reproduce Van Gogh's paintings in BabetteE. Babich, Heidegger's Truth and the Question ofAesthetics (Fig. I and Fig. 3) from the Vincentvan Gogh Museum in Amsterdam as well as the Baltimore Art Museum (Fig. 2). I honor withgratitude the contribution of the late Dr. Ursula Bemis, Buddhist nun, philosopher, and friendto Patrick A. Heelan and to the editor, who took the frontispiece photograph (p. v).
Book collections are not only comprised of the essays included but are also .conjoined withan invisible but important domain of omissions - declined invitations and parallel or alternatecollections that might have been but for incidental exclusions and the compiler's oversight. Iexpress my deep thanks to those who, for a variety of reasons, were unable to accept theinvitation to contribute to this collection. Their humane, kind, and creative responses to myqueries cheered me in the task and reminded me of the project's broader value as a researchresource, just as Ivan lIlich, who himself shares the same Jahrgang with Patrick, took care toemphasize the importance of Heelan's work for his own thought in recent years. I note too, andalways with special gratitude, Alasdair MacIntyre, and I note the kind words of others such asGerd Buchdahl, Peter Caws, Bas van Fraassen, Ronald Giere, Friedrich Rapp, and ElisabethStrClker. I owea special tribute to Robert S. Cohen for his important support of this project in itsearly stages. I acknowledge the contributions offered by Evandro Agazzi, Adolf Griinbaum,Jean Salanskis, and Carl Friedrich von Weizs!!.cker which, solely for technical reasons, could notbe included in the final volume. Many others expressed a kind of happy dismay d'escalier andI regret my fault if I failed to include those who might have been included if another editor, orbetter editorial perspective, had prevailed.
Heidi Byrnes deserves all praise for her extraordinary labors which yielded a second andvery valued copy-editing of the volume.
I express my own and deepest personal thanks to David B. Allison, Richard Cobb-Stevens,and William 1. Richardson, SJ.. And for being the kind of human being and scholar aroundwhom a book of essays can come to such a philosophically diverse and wonderful constellation,I am grateful to Patrick A. Heelan, S.J.
THE "COPENHAGEN INTERPRETATION"OF QUANTUM MECHANICS AND
INTRODUCTION: THE "SCIENCE WARS"
The conflict that has come to be known as the "Science Wars" started when thebiologist, Pa