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  • BOSTON STUDIES IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

    Editors

    ROBERT S. COHEN, Boston UniversitynJRGEN RENN, Max-Planck-Institute for the History of Science

    KOSTAS GAVROGLU, University ofAthens

    Editorial Advisory Board

    THOMAS F. GLICK, Boston UniversityADOLF GRUNBAUM, University of PittsburghSYLVAN S. SCHWEBER, Brandeis University

    JOHN J. STACHEL, Boston UniversityMARX W WARTOFSKYt, (Editor 1960-1997)

    VOLUME 225

    ,;1

    "

    HERMENEUTICPHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE,

    VAN GOGH'S EYES,AND GOD

    Essays in Honorof Patrick A. Heelan, S.J.

    Ediied by

    BABETTE E. BABICHFordham University, New York, N. Y, U.S.A.,

    and Georgetown University, Washington D.C., U.S.A.

    ..... >

    KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERSDORDRECHTI BOSTON I LONDON

  • A C.I.P. Catalogue recoid for this book is available from the Library of Congress.

    ISBN 1-40200234.3

    Published by Kluwer Academic Publishers,P.O. Bo}!; 17,3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

    Sold and distributed in North, Central and South Americaby Kluwer Academic Publishers,

    lOJ Philip Drive, Norweii, MA 02061, U.S.A.

    In all other countries, sold and distributedby Kluwer Academic Publishers,

    P.O. Bo}!; 322, 3300 AH Dordrechl, The Netherlands.

    Printed on acid-free paper

    All Rights Reserved02002 Kluwer Academic Publishers

    No part of the material protected by this copyright notice may be reproduced orutilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,

    inclUding photocopying, recording or by any infonnation storage andretrieval system, without written pennission from the copyright owner.

    Primect in the Netherlands.Patrick A. Heelan, S.l., Universite Catholique de Louvain. 1964

  • Patrick A. Heelan, S.J.Photograph by Ursula Bemist

    , j

    !

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Acknowledgments IX

    PREFACE I "Patrick Heelan" by JEAN LADRIERE & MARC JAGER xi

    lNTRODUCfION

    BABETIE E. BABICH I The Fnrtunes nf Incnmmensurability: ThnughlStyles,Paradigms, and Patrick A."Heelan's Hermeneutic of Science

    HERMENEUTICS AND THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE

    SECTION SUMMARIES 19

    STEPHEN TOULMIN I The Hermeneutics of the Natural Sciences 25ROBERT P. CREASE I Experimental Life: Heelan on Quantum Mechanics 31DIMITRI GINEV I The Henneneutic Context of Constitution 43RAGNAR FJELLAND I The "Copenhagen Interpretation" of Quantum

    Mechanics and Phenomenology 53BABETIE E. BABICH I Sokal's Henneneutic Hoax: Physics and the New

    Inquisition 67

    ALLAN JANIK I Wittgenstein, Hertz, and Hermeneutics 79

    JOSEPH J. KOCKELMANS I On the Interpretive Nature of Hertz's Mechanics 97ROBERT C. SCHARFF I Comtc and the Possibility of a Henneneutics of

    Science 117THEODORE KISIEL I Was heiflt das - die Bewandtnis? Retranslating the

    Categories of Heidegger's Hermeneutics of the Technical 127THOMAS M. SEEBOHM JThe Hermeneutics of TexIS 137RICHARD COBB-STEVENS I Husserlian Hermeneutics: Mathematics

    and Theoria 153JOHN J. CLEARY I Abstracting Aristotle's Philosophy of MaLhematics 163

    WOLFE MAYS I Piagel and Husserl: On Theory and Praxis in Science 177TONY O'CONNOR I Human Agency and Lhe Social Sciences:

    From Contextual Phenomenology to Genealogy 187JOHN J. COMPTON I Toward a Phenomenological Philosophy of Nature 195

    JOHN ZIMAN I No Man is an Island 203

    ROM HARRE I Science as !he Work ofa Community 219

    vii

  • TABLE OF CONTENTS

    TRUTIllN ART, VISUAL SPACE, AND TIlE PRAGMATIC

    PHENOMENOLOGY OF PERCEPTIONSECTION SUMMARIES

    IOSEPH MARGOLIS / Patrick Heelan's Interpretation of van Gogh's"Bedroom at Aries"

    STEVEN CROWELL / Patrick Heelan's Innocent Eye

    JACQUES TAMlNIAUX / Merleau-Ponty's Reading of HeideggerBABETTE E. BABICH / Heidegger's Truth of Art and the Question of

    Aesthetics

    D. CYRIL BARRETT, S.I. / Phenomenology and 20th Century ArtisticRevolutions

    IRMA B. JAFFE I Virtue and Virtual Reality in John Trumbull's Pantheon

    LEO I. O'DONOVAN, SJ. / Getting at the Rapture of Seeing: EllsworthKelly and Visual Expe~jence

    BARBARA SAUNDERS / Grammar(s) of Perception

    JAY SCHULKfN I Cognitive Neuroscience of Social Sensibility

    ROBERT CUMMINGS NEVILLE / Phenomenology and Pragmatism

    GOD: RELIGION AND SCIENCE

    SECTION SUMMARIES

    WILLIAM J. RICHARDSON, SJ. / Psychoanalytic Praxis and the Truthof Pain

    RICHARD KEARNEY / Poetics of a Possihle God - Faith or Philosophy? .

    THOMAS NICKLES & GAYE MCCOLLUM-NICKLES / James onBootstraps, Evolution, and Life

    DOMINIC BALESTRA / In-Between Science and Religion

    GARRETT BARDEN / Thinking the Philosophy of Religion

    THOMAS J. J. ALTlZER / Van Gogh's Eyes

    STEVE FULLER I A Catholic Stance Toward Scientific Inquiry for the21st Century

    HEIDI BYRNES I The Dialogism of Meaning, The Discursive Embeddednessof Knowledge, The Colloquy of Being

    W. NORRIS CLARKE, SJ. / The Creative Imagination

    ERNEST G. McCLAIN I A Priestly View of Bible Arithmetic: Deity'sRegulative Aesthetic Activity within Davidic Musicology

    PATRICKA. HEELAN, SJ. / Afterword

    BIBLIOGRAPHY: PATRICKA. HEELAN

    Notes on Contributors.

    Index

    viii

    231

    233239251

    265

    279287

    299305315323

    337

    339351

    361377385393

    403

    411423

    429445

    461

    469477 ;

    "

    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

    This collection was made possible in part by the institutional support generously provided by theGraduate School of Georgetown University as part of the research project, Hermeneutic andPhenomenological Approaches /0 the Philosophy a/Science, directed by Patrick A. Heelan, SJ.,William A. Gaston Professor of Philosophy. I am grateful to Dominic Balestra, chair of thePhilosophy Department, together wit.h the Deans of Fordham University for a course reductionfrom three courses to two in the Spring of2oo1 to ease some of the time demands involved withcompiling, editing, and preparing the camera-ready copy for this volume. Joseph A. O'Hare, SJ.,President of Fordham University, has warmest thanks for feting the Jesuit scholar and priestcelebrated by this Festschrift in May of2001 - and hence in advance of the official publication.

    Jean Ladriere's gracious consent to David B. Allison's translation of the encyclopredia entryon "Heelan, Patrick" - first published in the Encyclopedie Phi/osophique Universelle, Ill, LesOeuvres Philosophiques, Dictionnaire, Tome 2: Philosophie occidentale: 1889-1990, pp. 3322-3323 - as well as permision granted from the Presses Universitaires de France, is here gratefullyacknowledged. Likewise, permissions from the Niels Bohr Archiv to reproduce the drawings inRagnar Fjelland, "The Copenhagen Interpretation" ofQuantum Physics and Phenomenology(Fig. 1) and from CERN (Fig. 2) (CERNfPIOIRA 77-4) are acknowledged with gratitude.Permissions from the United States Capitol Historical Society, Yale University Art Gallery, andthe National Gallery of Canada to reproduce John Trumbull's paintings in Irma B. Jaffe, Virtueand Virtual Reality in John Trumbull's Pantheon (Figs. 1-8) are gratefully acknowledged as ispermission from the Art Resource and the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. I alsoacknowledge with gratitude permission granted to reproduce Van Gogh's paintings in BabetteE. Babich, Heidegger's Truth and the Question ofAesthetics (Fig. I and Fig. 3) from the Vincentvan Gogh Museum in Amsterdam as well as the Baltimore Art Museum (Fig. 2). I honor withgratitude the contribution of the late Dr. Ursula Bemis, Buddhist nun, philosopher, and friendto Patrick A. Heelan and to the editor, who took the frontispiece photograph (p. v).

    Book collections are not only comprised of the essays included but are also .conjoined withan invisible but important domain of omissions - declined invitations and parallel or alternatecollections that might have been but for incidental exclusions and the compiler's oversight. Iexpress my deep thanks to those who, for a variety of reasons, were unable to accept theinvitation to contribute to this collection. Their humane, kind, and creative responses to myqueries cheered me in the task and reminded me of the project's broader value as a researchresource, just as Ivan lIlich, who himself shares the same Jahrgang with Patrick, took care toemphasize the importance of Heelan's work for his own thought in recent years. I note too, andalways with special gratitude, Alasdair MacIntyre, and I note the kind words of others such asGerd Buchdahl, Peter Caws, Bas van Fraassen, Ronald Giere, Friedrich Rapp, and ElisabethStrClker. I owea special tribute to Robert S. Cohen for his important support of this project in itsearly stages. I acknowledge the contributions offered by Evandro Agazzi, Adolf Griinbaum,Jean Salanskis, and Carl Friedrich von Weizs!!.cker which, solely for technical reasons, could notbe included in the final volume. Many others expressed a kind of happy dismay d'escalier andI regret my fault if I failed to include those who might have been included if another editor, orbetter editorial perspective, had prevailed.

    Heidi Byrnes deserves all praise for her extraordinary labors which yielded a second andvery valued copy-editing of the volume.

    I express my own and deepest personal thanks to David B. Allison, Richard Cobb-Stevens,and William 1. Richardson, SJ.. And for being the kind of human being and scholar aroundwhom a book of essays can come to such a philosophically diverse and wonderful constellation,I am grateful to Patrick A. Heelan, S.J.

    ix

  • RAGNAR FJELLAND

    THE "COPENHAGEN INTERPRETATION"OF QUANTUM MECHANICS AND

    PHENOMENOLOGY

    INTRODUCTION: THE "SCIENCE WARS"

    The conflict that has come to be known as the "Science Wars" started when thebiologist, Pa