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  • BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK- A METHOD OR A MIRACLE?

    a report from the trenches by Georg Fons-Stankiewicz

    2nd Edition Safety Days Conference - Fribourg Switzerland 10&11- October 2017

  • THE SAFETY (RECALLED SAFETY DAY 2016)

    Safety is the ability of a system in combination with its definedapplication to attenuate the likelihood and/or consequences of ahazardous event to an acceptable level

    Conclusion:

    There is no universal safety. The safety strongly depends on thesystem and its application.

    The easiest way to ensure safety is to: operate standardised systems within unified application conditions and under unified rules and regulations.

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 2

  • YES, WE CAN BUILD SAFE TRAINS (RECALLED SAFETY DAY 2016)

    Standards and regulations sufficient to manage safety up to SIL4 Consistent processes to determine and manage risks Practical Toolbox of proven methods Safety evidence based on traceability and transparency Mature independent assessment and approval process Whole Life Cycle covered

    BUT CAN WE OPERATE THEM SAFELY EVERYWHERE?

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 3

  • THE EUROPEAN RAIL NETWORK

    P 4BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

    https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:High_Speed_Railroad_Map_of_Europe_2015.svg

  • ITS ELECTRIFICATION SYSTEMS

    P 5BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

    https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Europe_rail_electrification.pngrope_2015.svg

  • NATIONAL TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS

    P 6BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

    ATBTBL, Crocodile

    ATC

    EBICA

    B 900

    SHP

  • NATIONAL SAFETY AUTHORITIES (NSAS)

    P 7BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

  • ..OPERATORS AND INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT

    P 8BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016

    Country Infrastructure Manager National Operator

    Austria BB Infrastruktur BB Belgium Infrabel SNCB/NMBS Bulgaria NKI BD Croatia H Infrastruktura H PP Czech Republic SDC D Denmark Banedanmark DSB Estonia EVR Infra Elron Finland Ratahallintokeskus VR France RFF SNCF Germany DB Netze DB Bahn Great Britain Network Rail National Rail Northern Ireland NIR Greece OSE Hungary VPE MV Republic of Ireland I Italy RFI Trenitalia Latvia LDz PV Lithuania LG Luxembourg ACF CFL Macedonia MI M Transport Montenegro ICG CG Netherlands ProRail NS Norway Jernbaneverket NSB Poland PKP Polskie Linie Kolejowe PKP Portugal REFER CP Romania CFR Serbia S Slovakia SR SSK Slovenia S Spain ADIF RENFE Sweden Trafikverket SJ Switzerland SBB Infrastruktur SBB/CFF/FSS

  • ONCE UPON A TIME

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 9

    The Tower of Babel by Pieter Bruegel the Elder

  • THE EASY PAST OF THE EUROPEAN RAILWAY

    With only exceptional and precisely defined cross-border traffic Independent regulations each country Independently acting legal institutions and authorities

    had to react on the opening of the European railway market expecting

    Common understanding and Way of Working Unified legal, operational and technical regulations Cross Acceptance Unified homologation process

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 10

  • INTEROPERABILITY THE EARLY APPROACH

    Council Directive 96/48/EC on the interoperability of the trans-European high-speed rail system

    Directive 2001/16/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the interoperability of the trans-European conventional rail system

    First standardised legal approach Aim to achieve the interoperability of the European high-speed train network*) by

    standardizing design, construction, placing in service operation Maintenance

    yet very general/rudimentary

    *) Infrastructure, rolling stock, fixed installations and ILS

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 11

  • INTEROPERABILITY THE EARLY APPROACH

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 12

    general

    Energy

    Control, command and

    signaling

    Rolling stock

    Maintenance and

    OperationEnvironment

    Directive 96/48/EC

    Directive 2001/16/EC

    essential requirements: Safety Reliability and

    availability Technical compatibility Health Environmental

    protection

  • INTEROPERABILITY THE REFINEMENT

    .. furthermore

    For complex systems the directives 96/48/EC and 2001/16/EC mandated the elaboration of detailed

    technical specifications

    Technical Specifications for Interoperability (TSIs) were born

    Standards are recommendations, TSI are lawThe conformity to TSIs must be proven and permanently maintained

    during the whole life cycle

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 13

  • BUILDING THE TOWER

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 14

    Directive96/48/EC

    Interoperability

    Directive2001/16/ECInteroperability

    Directive2004/50/ECInteroperability

    Directive2007/32/ECInteroperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2008/57/ECInteroperability

    Directive2004/49/ECRailway Safety

    Directive

    Directive2008/110/ECRailway Safety (Ammendments)

    * only the most considerable presented for transparency

  • BUILDING THE TOWER

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 15

    Directive2009/131/ECInteroperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2014/88/EURailway Safety (Ammendments)

    Directive2011/18/EU

    Interoperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2013/9/EU

    Interoperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2014/38/EU

    Interoperability(Ammendments)

    Directive2014/106/EUInteroperability(Ammendments)

    Directive (EU) 2016/797

    on Interoperability

    * only the most considerable presented for transparency

    Regulation2015/1136Ammending

    CSM RA

    Regulation352/2009

    Common Safety Method

    Regulation402/2013

    Common Safety Method

    Directive (EU) 2016/798on Railway

    Safety

  • TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INTEROPERABILITY

    In general, TSIs are engineering specifications Applied parallel to the other specifications (incl. functional safety spec.) Implemented in cooperation with safety (wherever appropriate) Do not replace risk analysis as defined in the EN15126 and CSM RA Do not deliver a specific SIL (except CCS subsets)

    TSIs provide a recipe on: How to do it properly interoperable (non-safety related TSIs) How to do it properly and (functional) safely interoperable (safety

    related TSIs)

    TSIs are still in development Mistakes, inconsistencies and ambiguous content possible ERA issues a regular errata of the TSIs Close cooperation with the NoBo in course of the implementation necessary

    Compliance to TSIs is certified by Notified Bodies (NoBo)

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 16

  • TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR INTEROPERABILITY

    BORDERLESS SAFETY IN THE BORDERLESS RAILWAY NETWORK - A METHOD OR A MIRACLE? 1ST EDITION SAFETY DAY - ROSAS CENTER FRIBOURG 8. SEP. 2016P 17

    System group System TSI xxxRelation to (functional)

    safety?Area of safety relation

    VehiclesLocomotives and passenger rolling stock LOC & PAS YES passive-, derailment-, brake-, fire- safetyNoise NOI NOFreight Wagons WAG YES derailment-, brake-, fire- safety

    Installations

    Infrastructure INF NOinterface to TSI SRT, Safety Management System

    Energy ENE NO interface to TSI SRTCommon

    Control command and signalling CCS YES Detailed subsets on ETCS, DMI, GSM-R

    Persons with reduced mobility PRM in principal - NO *)*) focus on pass

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