basic photography composition techniques

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  • 1. Basic Photography Composition TechniquesSource:

2. Composition Techniques Composition is organizing the subjecttheperson or object of the photographthroughthe viewfinder. The quickest and surest way to get a sharp,clear picture is to hold the camera correctly. Blurred pictures are caused most frequentlyby moving the camera as you press theshutter button 3. Focus and Flash Most cameras automatic modes do anexcellent job of auto-focusing for you. Pressing the shutter button halfway allows thecamera to calculate the focus, white balance,and amount of light. The focus can also be manually set. Manualfocus is used on digital cameras to emphasizeone element in focus while de-emphasizinganother, which is out of focus. 4. Focus and Flash Digital cameras also have several flash modes. Most allow you to select a flash, a red-eyereduction flash, or no flash. The flash setting that the camera chooseswhen the automatic flash is selectedbypressing the shutter button halfwayis notalways correct. 5. Focus and Flash The automatic flash does not always select the bestlight for an image; rather, it selects light that is neithertoo dark nor too bright. If using the automatic flash doesnt producesatisfactory results, use one of the other flash settings. It is also recommended to stand no closer than 4 feetaway from the subject and no farther than 10 feetaway to get the best flash lighting. When taking pictures on sunny days, turn on the flashto help eliminate the harsh shadows produced bysunlight. 6. Angles One of the best ways to create interest inphotographs is to vary the angles whileframing the shot well. An unusual angle or viewpoint can add a greatdeal of interest to an ordinary object. While it is appropriate to shoot at eye levelwith the object or person, varying the cameraangle from time to time adds a little extraexcitement to the photograph. 7. Angles For example, photographed from below,someone looks strong and dominating. Fromabove, a person appears meek, even childlike. Camera angles refer to the different angles youcan hold a camera in reference to the object ofinterest. Use your imagination to find different angles orperspectives for your photographs. You might trylying down or crouching in front of an object,climbing above it, or putting the camera on theground. 8. Angles An eye-level shot looks the subject right in theeye. Some photographers call it the "bulls-eyeeffect" when the eye-level shot is coupled withplacing the person directly in the middle of thepicture, creating a "bulls-eye." A low-angle shot looks up at the object ofinterest. This angle creates a dramaticlook, where everything appears magnified. Holding the camera high and shooting down iscalled a high-angle shot, where everything in theshot appears minimized or diminished. 9. Rule of Thirds Perhaps the most well-known principle ofphotographic composition is the rule of thirds. The basic principle behind the rule of thirds is toimagine dividing an image into thirds horizontallyand vertically so that you have nine parts. Position the main subject elements where thedividing lines intersect. This means not placingyour subject right in the center of the frame. For example, frame the shot so that the subjectseyes are on the line dividing the upper third fromthe middle third. 10. Types of Photos News and Feature Photos: A featurephotograph is a photograph not tied to a newsstory. People Photos Animal Photos 11. People Photos Avoid posed shots. Do not force people to always pose staring atthe camera. Get them doing something. Take candid pictures. Show people working, playing, or relaxing. Keep people busy. An interesting prop can give the person beingphotographed something to work with and can help create anatural feeling. For example, a rodeo cowboy could hold a lasso ashis "prop." Move in close. Fill the cameras viewfinder with the subject tocreate pictures with greater impact. Standing too far away, evenwhen taking group shots, produces images that are harder to seeand less interesting. Look your subject in the eye. With children, for example, thatmeans getting on their height level. 12. Animal Photos Groom the animal. If it is a grand champion-type photograph, make surethe animal looks its best. An effective livestock photo should show a goodside view of the animal so its markings, profile, and general condition arevisible. Show the animal just as it is. Do not use photo editing software to"doctor" the picture. Choose an appropriate background that does not clutter the picture ordistract the viewers attention from the animal. For example, an openfield as a backdrop is probably better than a dark barn. Position and pose the animal properly. Generally, use a full side view or athree-fourths view, when the animals head faces more toward the camerathan the rest of the body. The animals head should be high. Use a flash, if possible. A flash will enhance the animals appearance byrevealing shadow detail. 13. Source: