Bark consults sustainable logistics

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<ul><li>1.Reverse Logistics: Designing Your Supply Chain for Product Recovery Theresa J. Barker Zelda B. Zabinsky University of Washington, Seattle, Washington IIE Applied Solutions Conference May 24, 2011</li></ul> <p>2. Overview </p> <ul><li>Product recovery characteristics </li></ul> <ul><li>Critical supply chain decisions </li></ul> <ul><li>Real world implementation </li></ul> <ul><li>Tradeoffs:making it work for you </li></ul> <p>3. Product recovery characteristics </p> <ul><li>global limitations on natural resources </li></ul> <ul><li>growing interest in cradle to cradle manufacturing philosophy </li></ul> <ul><li>existing supply chain challenges </li></ul> <ul><li>motivations and opportunities </li></ul> <p>4. Critical supply chain decisions </p> <ul><li>facility location </li></ul> <ul><li>supplier selection </li></ul> <ul><li>robustness and quality </li></ul> <ul><li>product recovery </li></ul> <p>5. Real-world implementation Producer Customer Stage 1: Collection Reuse Refurbish Recycle Disposal Stage 2: Sort/Test Stage 3: Processing 6. Reverse Logistics Decision Guide Stage 2:Sort/Test industry-wide proprietary centralized distributed Stage 1:Collection secondary facility Stage 3: Processing original facility Decisions Considerations more information: Barker and Zabinsky, Designing For Recovery,Industrial Engineer (April 2010) good for cost sharing, commodity-type product high proprietary control, strong customer relations high-cost testing, commodity-type product low-cost testing, avoid shipping scrap refurbishing, high producer control good for cost-sharing, commodity-type product 7. Implementation Paths Stage 2:Sort/Test industry-wide proprietary centralized distributed Stage 1:Collection secondary facility Stage 3: Processing original facility centralized distributed original facility original facility secondary facility original facility secondary facility secondary facility Decisions Stages Barker, Theresa J. and Zabinsky, Zelda B.(2008)Reverse Logistics:a conceptual framework fordecision making,International Journal of Sustainable Engineering,1(4):250-260. Medical devices Copiers e-Waste Sand Carpet Paper Computers Shoes Engines (13) (0) (0) (4) (12) (5) (4) (2) 8. Real-world implementations </p> <ul><li>Industry-wide Collection </li></ul> <ul><li>Centralized Test &amp; Secondary Processing </li></ul> <ul><li>construction sand recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>recycled plastic kayaks </li></ul> <ul><li>cellular phone remanufacturing </li></ul> <ul><li>power tool remanufacturing </li></ul> <ul><li>carpet recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>electronics recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>steel by-products </li></ul> <ul><li>carpet recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>Distributed Test &amp; Secondary Processing </li></ul> <ul><li>cardboard recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>e-scrap recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>paper recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>Proprietary Collection </li></ul> <ul><li>Centralized Test &amp; Original Processing </li></ul> <ul><li>lab equipment restocking </li></ul> <ul><li>refinery equipment restocking </li></ul> <ul><li>reusable glass soft drink bottles </li></ul> <ul><li>subway spare parts restocking </li></ul> <ul><li>military aircraft remanufacturing </li></ul> <ul><li>circuit board refurbishing </li></ul> <ul><li>printer toner cartridge recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>car engine remanufacturing </li></ul> <ul><li>single-use camera recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>Centralized Test &amp; Secondary Processing </li></ul> <ul><li>business computer refurbishing </li></ul> <ul><li>aircraft engine remanufacturing </li></ul> <p>9. Example 1:Major medical device manufacturer refurbishing </p> <ul><li>medical diagnostic product </li></ul> <ul><li>high-tech refurbishing operation </li></ul> <ul><li>manufacturing facility in the Pacific Northwest </li></ul> <ul><li>customers nation-wide </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>hospitals </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>medical clinics </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>small physician clinics </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>product life 7-10 years </li></ul> <ul><li>fully serviced under contract </li></ul> <p>10. Major medical device manufacturer refurbishing Sims/United Reclaim Inc. (Chicago) ProducerWarehouse (Pacific Northwest) reuse spare parts recovery recycle secondary market customer refurbish excessinventory disposal potential refurbishing outdatedproduct atcustomersite 11. Example 2: City of Bellevue e-Waste recycling </p> <ul><li>curbside e-waste recycling </li></ul> <ul><li>commodity recycling system </li></ul> <ul><li>government legislation </li></ul> <ul><li>Bellevue city contract with Allied Waste </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>one of the first municipal e-waste recyclers </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>implemented proactively, not due to legislation </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>contract bid out for curbside pickup </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>final processing by Total Reclaim (Seattle) </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>e-waste recycler </li></ul></li></ul> <p>12. City of Bellevue e-Waste curbside recycling Total Reclaim (Seattle) curbside e-waste recycling Allied Waste pickup recycled components and materials disposa l residential customer site 13. City of Bellevue e-Waste curbside recycling Photos courtesy Republic Services/Allied Waste 14. Example 3: Shaw Industries carpet recycling (residential) </p> <ul><li>carpet fiber depolymerizing (nylon 6) </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>collected from dozens of independent recycling centers nation-wide </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>processing facility located in Georgia </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>resulting fiber better than virgin </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>effective incentive program for ensuring purity in returned product </li></ul> <ul><li>notable customer preference for recycled carpet product </li></ul> <p>15. Shaw Industries carpet recycling (residential) depolymerizing facility tested &amp; baled carpet Shaw holding warehouse recycled nylon 6 carpet fiber inventory holding independent recycling location 16. Example 4: Shaw Industries carpet recycling (commercial) </p> <ul><li>completely recyclable commercial product </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>carpet square installable in commercial spaces </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>reduces waste by replacing worn carpet elements only </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>fiber-to-fiber, back-to-back recycling </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>lifetime recycling guarantee </li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>toll-free 800 number stamped on back </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li><ul><li>collected directly from customer sites </li></ul></li></ul> <ul><li>recycled in nylon 6 recycling facility </li></ul> <p>17. Shaw Industries carpet recycling (commercial) depolymerizing facility direct shipping Shaw holding warehouse recycled nylon 6 carpet fiber inventory holding commercial customer location 18. Tradeoffs:making it work for you Motivators Type of product Customer relationships Government mandate Testing costs Third-party providers Proprietary knowledge Reverse logisticssupply chain </p>