aztec empire. civilization in mesoamerica maya aztec
Post on 14-Dec-2015
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Aztec Empire Slide 2 Slide 3 Slide 4 Slide 5 Civilization in Mesoamerica Maya Aztec Slide 6 Origins of the Aztec People During the 1100s, a group of people begin to migrate to the Valley of Mexico. Mexica = Aztecs According to legend Huitzilopochtli told the Mexica that when they saw an eagle clutching a serpent perched on a cactus growing from a rock, their journey for a homeland would end. See the sign in the middle of Lake Texcoco. In reality These new arrivals are outcast by other villages. Forced to live in the middle of a marshy-area. Slide 7 Not deterred by the small island and its poor land, they establish Tenochtitln, in 1325. Place of the prickly pear cactus Dried and expanded the land. Built roadways of stone to link the island with the mainland. Slide 8 Slide 9 Slide 10 Slide 11 Slide 12 Slide 13 Marketplace Slide 14 Slide 15 Slide 16 Slide 17 Slide 18 Farming Needed to create farmland to feed the growing population. Built chinampas floating garden Landfill Slide 19 The Growing Aztec Empire For several hundred years, the Aztecs gained control of surrounding territories. Conquered territories had to pay tribute Goods, money, or people Controlled vast amounts of territory by the 1500s. A different idea of war Goal is to capture warrior prisoners for sacrifice Not to take territory or kill the enemy. Flower Wars Prearranged wars with another state in order to satisfy religious needs and train warriors. Slide 20 Slide 21 Teotihuacn Place of the Gods During their expansion, the Aztecs discovered an empty city in ruins. Believed it was the birthplace of their gods. Gave it the name Teotihuacan. Place of the Gods. Becomes a sacred site. In reality, it was once the largest city in Mesoamerica. 250BC 800AD? Had 200,000 inhabitants at its height. Slide 22 Avenue of the Dead Slide 23 Slide 24 Slide 25 Slide 26 Pyramid of the Sun Slide 27 Slide 28 Slide 29 Aztec Religion Polytheistic Theocracy Many dietys required some form of blood sacrfice. Believe that from blood/death comes new/more life. Some examples Quetzalcoatl Feathered Serpent Tlaloc Rain god Huitzilopochtli Sun and war god Tezcatlipoca Night, sorcery, destiny Xipe Totec Agriculture god Slide 30 Tlal oc Huitzilopo chtli Slide 31 Slide 32 Slide 33 Slide 34 Slide 35 Slide 36 Slide 37 When the Spanish Arrive It is during the five bad days of the Aztec calendar. They believe the Spaniards could be Quetzalcoatl returning. Light skin, red hair, beard. All of the cities under Aztec control despise the Aztecs. The Aztec concept of war is different than the European concept of war.