avoiding medicare fraud & abuse: a roadmap for ph ?· 2017-07-02 · avoiding medicare fraud &...

Download Avoiding Medicare Fraud & Abuse: A Roadmap for Ph ?· 2017-07-02 · Avoiding Medicare Fraud & Abuse:…

Post on 01-Jul-2018

212 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICESCenters for Medicare & Medicaid Services

    Avoiding Medicare Fraud & Abuse:A Roadmap for Physicians

    Fraud & Abuse Physician Compliance

    ICN 905645 August 2016

    Open a Text-Only Version

    https://www.cms.gov/Outreach-and-Education/Medicare-Learning-Network-MLN/MLNProducts/Downloads/Avoiding-Medicare-FandA-Physicians-FactSheet-905645TextOnly.pdf

  • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

    Table of ContentsIntroduction 1

    Fraud and Abuse Laws 2The Federal False Claims Act (FCA) 2The Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) 3The Physician Self-Referral Law (Stark Law) 3The Criminal Health Care Fraud Statute 3The Exclusion Statute 4The Civil Monetary Penalties Law 4

    Physician Relationships With Payers 5Accurate Coding and Billing 5Physician Documentation 6

    Physician Relationships With Other Providers 6Physician Investments in Health Care Business Ventures 6Physician Recruitment 7

    Physician Relationships With Vendors 8Free Samples 8Relationships With the Pharmaceutical and Medical Device Industries 8Transparency in Physician-Industry Relationships 9Conflict-of-Interest Disclosures 10Continuing Medical Education 10

    Compliance Programs for Physicians 11

    Resources 11Where to Go for Help 11What to Do if You Think You Have a Problem 12What to Do if You Have Information About Fraud and Abuse Against Federal Health Care Programs 13Resources on the Web 14

    CPT only copyright 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association. Applicable FARS\DFARS Restrictions Apply to Government Use. Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion factors and/or related components are not assigned by the AMA, are not part of CPT, and the AMA is not recommending their use. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The AMA assumes no liability for data contained or not contained herein.

  • 1

    Please Note The information in this publication applies to the Medicare Fee-For-Service Program (also known as Original Medicare). Many of the laws discussed apply to all Federal Health Care Programs (including Medicaid and Medicare Managed Care).

    Table 3. The Hyperlinks Table, at the end of this document, provides the complete URL for each hyperlink.

    Introduction Most physicians strive to work ethically, provide high-quality medical care to their patients, and submit proper claims for payment. Trust is at the core of the physician-patient relationship. The Federal Government also places enormous trust in physicians. Medicare and other Federal health care

    programs rely on physicians medical judgment to treat patients with appropriate services. The Federal Government relies on physicians to submit accurate claims when requesting payment for Medicare-covered health care items and services.

    The presence of some dishonest health care professionals who exploit Federal health care programs for illegal personal gain has created the need for laws that combat fraud and abuse and ensure appropriate quality medical care.

    This booklet helps physicians understand how to comply with these Federal laws by identifying red flags that could lead to potential liability in criminal, civil, and administrative enforcement actions.

    During their careers, physicians frequently encounter the following three types of business relationships that may raise fraud and abuse concerns:

    1. Relationships with payers2. Relationships with fellow physicians and other providers3. Relationships with vendors

    These key relationships and other issues addressed in this document are relevant to all physicians, regardless of specialty or practice setting.

  • 2

    Fraud and Abuse Laws

    Federal fraud and abuse laws that apply to physicians include all of the following:

    False Claims Act (FCA) Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) Physician Self-Referral Law (Stark Law) Social Security Act United States Criminal Code

    Violating these laws may result in nonpayment of claims, Civil Monetary Penalties (CMPs), exclusion from all Federal health care programs (including Medicare), and criminal and civil liability. We briefly summarize each law below, and you can find hyperlinks to the text of the laws in Table 2.

    Government agencies, including the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS), the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG), and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), enforce these laws.

    Fraud and Abuse in Medicare Part C and Part D and Medicaid

    The fraudulent conduct addressed by these laws is also prohibited in Medicare Part C and Part D and in Medicaid. For more information, look for the Web-Based Training (WBT) courses at the Medicare Learning Network (MLN) Learning Management and Product Ordering System (LM/POS).

    The Federal False Claims Act (FCA)The FCA protects the Federal Government from being overcharged or sold substandard goods or services. The FCA imposes civil liability on any person who knowingly submits, or causes the submission of, a false or fraudulent claim to the Federal Government. The terms knowing and knowingly mean a person has actual knowledge of the information or acts in deliberate ignorance or reckless disregard of the truth or falsity of the information related to the claim. No proof of specific intent to defraud is required to violate the civil FCA.

    An example may be a physician who knowingly submits claims to Medicare for medical services not provided. Civil penalties for violations of the FCA, occurring on or after November 2, 2015, may include fines of up to three times the amount of damages sustained by the Government as a result of the false claims plus up to $21,563 per false claim filed. Under the Federal criminal statutes, criminal penalties for submitting false claims may include fines, imprisonment, or both.

    https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2016-06-30/pdf/2016-15528.pdfhttps://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2016-06-30/pdf/2016-15528.pdfhttps://learner.mlnlms.comhttps://learner.mlnlms.com

  • 3

    The Anti-Kickback Statute (AKS) The AKS makes it a crime to knowingly and willfully offer, pay, solicit, or receive any remuneration directly or indirectly to induce or reward referrals of items or services reimbursable by a Federal health care program. Where a provider offers, pays, solicits, or receives unlawful remuneration, the provider violates the AKS.

    NOTE: Remuneration includes anything of value, such as cash, free rent, expensive hotel stays and meals, and excessive compensation for medical directorships or consultancies.

    If an arrangement, however, satisfies certain regulatory safe harbors, it may not violate the AKS. Civil penalties for violating the AKS may include penalties of up to $50,000 per kickback plus three times the amount of kickback. Criminal penalties for violating the AKS may include fines, imprisonment, or both.

    For more information, visit the OIGs Safe Harbor Regulations.

    Anti-Kickback Statute vs . Stark LawRefer to the Comparison of the Anti-Kickback Statute and Stark Law handout.

    The Physician Self-Referral Law (Stark Law) The Stark Law prohibits a physician from making a referral for certain designated health services payable by Medicare or Medicaid to an entity in which th

Recommended

View more >