armored trains

Download Armored Trains

Post on 13-Sep-2014

113 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

SOVIET ARMORED TRAINS: Type A: -Strike armoured train, heavily armoured for close combat, armed with light 3in artillery and 16-24 machineguns, consisting of one armoured locomotive and two strike armoured wagons. Two subcategories: -A1: Top-of-the-line assault armored train, 162 crew and 265 men landing party. -A2: 82 crew

a) Two 76.2mm M1902, 6 MG's. (from August 1918). Sormovo Works model.

b) 76.2mm M1902 field gun in AA mount. Six MG's. (from 1918). c) Two 76.2mm M1902, 4 MG's. (from Sept 1918). Tsaritsyn Works/Khlebnikov pattern. Type B: -Artillery armoured train, lightly armoured, armed with 107mm guns, intended for

fire support of type A armoured trains. -Consisted of one half-armoured locomotive and two armoured wagons with one 107mm gun and 2 machineguns each (57 men - 43 in combat and 14 in support subunits).

a) 107mm front / 76.2mm M1902 rear. MG Turret. (from 1918). Bryansk Works Model. Type V: -Special purpose armoured train, similar to type B, but armed with powerful artillery 6in and higher to suppress enemy's rear areas -Had common unamoured locomotive and one half-armoured wagon with one gun and two machineguns (37 men 21 in combat and 16 in support subunits). Such system was kept until the end of Civil War.

a) Two 152mm and Two 203mm in each wagon. Type M (Morskoye): Heavy caliner railway guns guarding the coastlines. RUSSIAN ARMORED TRAINS: Khunkhuz

-Using a smaller wagon armed with a less powerful 3" mtn gun. First going into combat in September 1915. Zaamurets

-Entered on construction in January 1916 automobile engines and a maximum speed of 28mph. The primary armament was 2 turrets armed with 57mm Nordenfeldt guns with a rate of fire of 60 round per minute (rpm). POLISH ARMORED TRAINS: Type I Artillery Wagon

built in Cegielski Works in Poznan in 1920, upon long four-axle bogey type wagons (probably of the Russian origin). Each was armed with two 75mm wz. 02/26 (modified "3in" Putilov M.02) field guns in high cylindrical turrets on wagon's ends, with about 270 horizontal angle of rotation. Turrets were the same, but one of them was mounted higher, on a barbette; the second one was on a level of wagon's floor. Initially, in the 1920s, they had original 76.2mm wz. 02 (M.02) guns. Further armament consisted of four 7.92mm wz. 08 Maxim (MG-08) machine guns in standard cyllindrical mountings in wagon's sides and an anti-aircraft MG of the same type in a central roof turret, added in the late 1920s (its maximum elevation was 90). Initially there was a higher observation turret. The ammunition was probably 120 artillery rounds per gun and 3,750 rounds per each MG (in 250-round belts). Type II Artillery Wagon

The armament of "Danuta" in August 1920 consisted of a 75mm gun, 37mm gun and 10 MG's, or of two "heavy" guns (most likely 75mm), two 37mm guns and 15 MG's. In both cases, 37mm guns might be revolver guns. Assault Wagon

An assault wagon (Polish nomenclature) was intended for the transportation of an assault platoon. Both trains had different assault wagons. AUSTRO HUNGARIAN ARMORED TRAINS: Infanteriewagen T.I:

was equipped with five M.07 Schwarzlose MGs (to use in four big slanted loopholes on the sides), holders for the cooling water plus rifle loopholes with armoured shutters. The Infanteriewagen had two floors: the ground floor with the MGs, plus a (very low) top floor, for the riflemen. In addition to this most of these waggons had a special armoured observation cupola on the roof. Kanonenwagen T.II:

Had a big turret with a 7cm gun, a smaller turret for one M.07 Schwarzlose MG (plus an armoured observation cupola), plus two big slanted loopholes on the rear sides for two more M.07 Schwarzloses. Kanonenwagen T.III: GERMAN ARMORED TRAINS: Almost all were improvised and captured trains.-

Omk(u)Wagen:

53mm Gruson gun in a cupola. -7.6cm Pz-Wagen:

Armed with captured russian 76.2mm Putilov M1902 russian gun in traversable armored "dog houses". REC CLASS: -Flat cars/Platforms: Were useful as the first car of the train. They would be the first to discover broken rail sections or detonate mines saving the rest of the train

from destruction. Various supplies needed to rebuild destroyed track and roadbed were often carried on flatcars. -Draisines: Recon rail vehicles, all post WW1 and in recon class. FLAK/MG CLASS: -Unarmoured MG wagons: Lower AD/HD. But +1 faster and can AA. Support Fire. Passive AA. Cars such as these prevented armored trains from being swarmed by enemy infantry. Mov 8. -Armoured MG wagons: Support Fire. No AA, because their MG's make fire from inside the car. Mov 7. -Staff Cars?: Same stats as MG wagons but can give combat support to close units. Mov 7. AT/SUPPORT CLASS - Armoured light gun turreted artillery cars, can give support fire, max. range 2. Can move and fire. Mov 7. ATY CLASS -Armoured cars with 75mm guns, (range 3). Can move and fire. Mov 7. -Rail Guns and heavy artillery armoured cars. 0 Close Defence. No AA. AD CLASS -Only trains armed with AA guns. Mov 7. ??? CLASS: -Special "airfiled" trains. They may act as small carriers, but still have to think more on this. TPT CLASS: -Freight cars. Mov 8. -Assault Wagons: Transport for RR troops. Mov 7.