AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School Unit 1 - Foundations of Government TARGET 1.5 TO WHAT ENDS? : GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC POLICY.

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  • AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High SchoolUnit 1 - Foundations of GovernmentTARGET 1.5 TO WHAT ENDS?: GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC POLICY

    AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  • What is the Ultimate goal of government?

    What purpose does government serve? LAW AND ORDER

    NATIONAL SECURITY

    ECONOMIC GROWTH AND STABILITY (Gallup poll - 2010)

    Government & Citizenship Timpanogos High School1.5 To What Ends?

    AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  • 1.5 To What EndsLAW AND ORDER AP Government & Politics Timpanogos High SchoolWhat happens when Law and Order break down? Mogadishu Somalia

    AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  • AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School1.5 To What Ends?NATIONAL SECURITY

    AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  • AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High SchoolEchelon... Sweeps up and analyzes communications around the world!!1.5 To What Ends?NATIONAL SECURITYNSA - Domestic EavesdroppingNY Times Report Bush AdminGuardian Obama Admin

    AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  • AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School1.5 To What Ends?

    ECONOMIC GROWTH AND STABILITY

    The Great Depression

    Expansion of Government

    Size and Scope of Government

    AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  • 1.5 To What Ends?The legitimate object of government is to do for a community of people whatever they need to have done but cannot do at all, or cannot do so well for themselves in their separate and individual capacities. But in all that people can individually do for themselves, government ought not to interfereAbraham Lincoln, 1854.

    THE SIZE AND SCOPE OF GOVERNMENT (CNN) 10 TRILLION & COUNTING

    Democrats v. Republicans Social Programs v. Defence Programs

    Not as clear cut as it seems!!AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

    AP Government & Politics: Timpanogos High School

  • FINI

    1.5 What is the Ultimate Goal of Government?

    All governments have some end in mind however nefarious or nearsighted it might be. The governments of most industrial nations have at least some long-term concern for the well being of their citizens. But at what point does government try to do too much? The debate over health care is a good example of this question. Those opposed to the new health care law (Obama Care) think so. They argue that the so called mandate (the requirement of all Americans to buy health insurance) crosses a dangerous threshold where government is telling us we have to buy something. Those who support it, argue that health care is really a basic human right.

    Debates aside, what do governments actually do? Government generally have three basic functions

    *What do governments actually do? To what ends are they working?

    Almost all government serve the basic purpose of providing law and order. Without some level of government, there would be a complete breakdown of law and order and society would slip into anarchy. In such a state, the economy of the society would quickly decline and people would left to their own devices to provide basic food and shelter. There are many examples across the world of governments that are non existent or very ineffective and how this affects the everyday lives of the people. **Governments also provide some form of security from foreign threats, i.e. national security.

    Examples from the United States:

    One of the most secret projects in our history was the building of the atomic bomb-the so called Manhattan Project and the subsequent program to build thermonuclear weapons (H-bombs) during the Cold War. The Bravo device of 1952 (photo) produced the largest thermonuclear explosion in our history at 15 megatons

    The U-2 incident in 1960 demonstrated how far the U.S was willing to go to spy on Russia. CIA piolet Gary Powers flew a U-2 spy plane right up the gut of the Soviet Union at a time when the U.S and Russia had tens of thousands of nukes pointed at each other.

    *A more modern example of U.S. national security comes from revelations of spying by the NSA. Once focused only on encryption and code breaking, the NSA has become the worlds premiere spy agency. NSA programs to sweep up electronic communications have been around for decades. The first real controversy came up during the Bush administration when the NSA was accused of sweeping up communications (phone calls, emails, etc.) of millions of Americans.

    The latest wave of controversy came as former NSA employee Edward Snowden revealed to the Guardian newspaper classified information on massive NSA programs now being conducted (Summer 2013). Programs with cryptic names like Prism and XKeyScore, it is claimed, collect virtually every internet activity of American citizens. *Most modern governments promote economic growth and stability. In the U.S. government largely stayed out the economy before the Great Depression. After the 1929 collapse, the U.S. government became much more involved in the economy with programs to provide work and to regulate the economy. Federal institutions such as the SEC, FDIC, and Social Security all came out of the governments attempt to deal with the economic situation.

    The role of the federal government in economic affairs has continued to expand in various ways ever since. Thus the Great Depression represents a major turning point in government involvement in the economy. The debate over the size and scope of government is, perhaps, the greatest political debate of our time.*Today, Democrats and Republicans differ in their views on the size and scope of government.

    Today the perception is that Democrats want bigger more expansive government and that the Republicans work for smaller less intrusive government. The truth is more complicated

    It is true that Democrats generally believe that government has a right and a responsibility to help the people, especially those who are poor. But Democrats have also argued that military spending should be greatly reigned in.

    It is also true that Republicans want to cut deeply into social programs, but they are also willing to spend enormous sums of money on defense.

    In the end, both Democrats and Republicans want smaller government but they also tolerate bigger government! Their priorities, though, could not be more different.

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