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  • ANDHRA PRADESH Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty

    Andhra Pradesh Rural Inclusive Growth Project

    Social Management Framework

    Draft for Comments

    9/12/2014

  • Table of Contents A. Background .................................................................................................................................................... 2

    Andhra Pradesh A Brief Profile ................................................................................................................................ 2

    Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty ............................................................................................................. 13

    Andhra Pradesh Rural Inclusive Growth Project ............................................................................................. 20

    B. SOCIAL ASSESSMENT ............................................................................................................................. 25

    Socioeconomic Baseline .............................................................................................................................................. 25

    Scheduled Tribes ........................................................................................................................................................... 40

    Women and Gender Issues ........................................................................................................................................ 45

    Relevant Policy and Legal frameworks ................................................................................................................ 53

    Stakeholder consultations ......................................................................................................................................... 59

    Key Social Impacts and Issues .................................................................................................................................. 63

    C. SOCIAL MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK ............................................................................................ 74

    Consultation and Participation ................................................................................................................................ 74

    Behaviour Change Communication ........................................................................................................................ 74

    Social Inclusion ............................................................................................................................................................... 75

    Training and Capacity Building ............................................................................................................................... 76

    Tribal Development framework .............................................................................................................................. 77

    Gender Interventions ................................................................................................................................................... 83

    implementation arrangements ................................................................................................................................ 85

    grievance redressal ....................................................................................................................................................... 89

    Monitoring, Evaluation And Reporting................................................................................................................. 91

    Budget 94

    Annexure 1: Details of Stakeholder Consultations, Village Meetings and Field Visits ...................... 95

    Annexure 2: Institutitutional Framework for Tribal Development........................................................ 104

    annexure 3: ................................................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

  • A. Background

    1. Andhra Pradesh A Brief Profilei The undivided Andhra Pradesh (A.P.), extending over an area of 2,75,045 sq. kms, is the fifth largest State in India both in terms of area as well as population. There are three main regions in A.P. - (1) Northern Circars or coastal Andhra comprising Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Ongole and Nellore districts; (2) Rayalaseema or Ceded districts comprising Kurnool, Cuddapah, Chittoor and Anantapur districts; and (3) Telangana comprising Khammam, Nalgonda, Warangal, Karimnagar, Medak, Nizamabad, Adilabad, Mahaboobnagar and Ranga Reddy districts. There are two main regions in residual / successor A.P. - (1) Northern Circars or coastal Andhra comprising Srikakulam, Visakhapatnam, Vizianagaram, East Godavari, West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Ongole and Nellore districts and (2) Rayalaseema or Ceded districts comprising Kurnool, Cuddapah, Chittoor and Anantapur districts.

    Picture 1 AP Map (Political)

    The total geographical area of the State is 160.204 lakh Square kilo meters. Out of this, 33390.6 Square kilo meters 20.55 % under Forest, the fallow lands(17739.1 SqKm) which is 10.92% of the total waste land of 15902.2 SqKm. The Agricultural uses 78383.6 Sq Km and 11880.02 SqKm Barren out of Waste land of 15902.2 SqKm. The rainfall received during the North East monsoon period for 2012-13 was 269 mm as against the normal rainfall of 224 mm recording an excess of 20.1%. Rainfall received during the South West Monsoon period for 2012-13 was 632 mm. as against the normal rainfall of 624 mm. recording an excess by 1.3 %.

  • Demographic Profile of Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh (A.P.) with a population of 49.386 million in 2011. Out of this, 24.73 (50.09%) millions are males and 24.64 (49.91%) are females. The density of the State is 308 persons per square kilometer as against 382 in the country. The sex ratio in the State has improved to 996 in 2011 as against 978 in 2001. The rural population of the State igrowth rate is 1.64%. The top three districts with highest rural population are Srikakulam (83.80%), Prakasam (80.40%) and West Godavari (79.50%). Aged population (population above the age of 60 years) in A.P. increased from 1

    Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes:

    Tribe population. There were 8,445,39817% and 5% percent of the total population of Andhra Pradesh. The state accounted for about 5.07% of SCs and 3.12% of STs of the total SC/ST population of India. There are about 59 Schedule castes in A.P1. of which the important ones are Mala, Madiga, Relli, Adi Andhra and others. Similarly there are 35 Scheduled Tribes and the important among them are Gonds, Koyas, KondaReddies, Savaras and others. The lambadis are the single largest tribal group and constitute about 40 percent of the ST population in the State. Within the state, there is a wide variation in the percentage of SC and ST in total population across districts. While the SCs are distributed throughout the state, the STs are concentrated in the hSrikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, and West Godavari. The SC and ST population in A.P. are spread across all the districts but there are some districts where these are concentrated. The SC population is highest ithis district alone. Vizianagaram district has the least concentration of SCs at 2%. The ST population is highest in Visakhapatnam with 23% of the STs in this district alone. YSR Kadapa district have the least concentration of STs at 2%. The details are given in the following Figure:

    1 Census 2011, SC ST population

    -

    2.00

    4.00

    6.00

    8.00

    10.00

    12.00

    Percentage of SC population

    Demographic Profile of Andhra Pradesh

    Andhra Pradesh (A.P.) with a population of 49.386 million in 2011. Out of this, 24.73 (50.09%) illions are males and 24.64 (49.91%) are females. The density of the State is 308 persons per

    square kilometer as against 382 in the country. The sex ratio in the State has improved to 996 in 2011 as against 978 in 2001. The rural population of the State in 2011 was 347.76 lakhs, the growth rate is 1.64%. The top three districts with highest rural population are Srikakulam (83.80%), Prakasam (80.40%) and West Godavari (79.50%). Aged population (population above the age of 60 years) in A.P. increased from 1.2 million in 2001 to 2.9 million in 2011.

    Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes: AP has a sizeable Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe population. There were 8,445,398 and 2,631,145 SCs and STs respectively comprising 17% and 5% percent of the total population of Andhra Pradesh. The state accounted for about 5.07% of SCs and 3.12% of STs of the total SC/ST population of India. There are about 59

    of which the important ones are Mala, Madiga, Relli, Adi Andhra and others. Similarly there are 35 Scheduled Tribes and the important among them are Gonds, Koyas, KondaReddies, Savaras and others. The lambadis are the single largest tribal group and

    itute about 40 percent of the ST population in the State. Within the state, there is a wide variation in the percentage of SC and ST in total population across districts. While the SCs are distributed throughout the state, the STs are concentrated in the hilly forest areas of Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, East Godavari, and West Godavari. The SC and ST population in A.P. are spread across all the districts but there are some districts where these are concentrated. The SC population is highest in East Godavari and Guntur with 11% of the SCs in this district alone. Vizianagaram district has the least concentration of S

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