An open letter

Download An open letter

Post on 01-Jul-2015

351 views

Category:

Education

2 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

English reading exercise aimed at helping you acquire more English vocabulary.

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. An Open LetterKey T ermsThe article below is full of a lot of informal expressions which are typical of entertainment news in America and also discusses how even some native speakers dont use the Present Perfect Continuous correctly.Open Letter: Carta Aberta (publicada) Pissed: ChateadoT ry as she might: Por mais que ela tentefoam finger: dedo da espumaMiley Cyrus Hit With A NEW Open Letter From Rocker Sufjan Stevens! See What Hes Pissed AboutTry as she might, Miley Cyrus cant make anyone happy. Not Sinead OConnor , not the foam finger creator,

2. indie: (independent music label)and now not even indie rocker Sufjan Stevensbeing slammed: criticar severamenteBut this time she isnt being slammed for beingdissed: humilhadoprostituted out, shes being dissed over her poortook to: foi para; recorreu aserve it up hard: dar insultos severosSufjan took to his Tumblr page to serve it up hard toover: sobre, por causa de#GetItRight because she got the grammar wrong. Hechoice of words: escolha de palavraswrote:wrong: errado (see explanation)grammar!Mileybird over her choice of words in the songDear Miley. I cant stop listening to #GetItRight (great song, great message, great body), but maybe you need a quick grammar lesson. One particular line causes concern: I been laying in this bed all night long. Miley, technically speaking, youve been LYING, not LAYING, an irregular verb form that should only be used when theres an object, i.e. I been laying my tired booty on this bed all night long. Whatever. Im not the best lyricist, but you know what I mean. #Get It Right The Nextmake mistakes: cometer erros misdemeanor: delitoyour worst misdemeanor. But also, Miley, didbeauty sleep?]).: perodo de sono para se sentir melhor, um belo sono Time. But dont worry, even Faulkner messed ityou know the tense here is also totally wrong.purgatorial: purgatrio (?)up. We all make mistakes, and surely this isntSurely youve heard of Present Perfect Continuous Tense (I HAVE BEEN LYING in this bed all night long [hopefully getting somenot quite: no exatamentebeauty sleep?]). Its a weird, equivocal,It kind of sucks: um saco.almost purgatorial tense, not quite present, not quite past, not quite here, not quite there. 3. I have a feeling: tenho um sentimento/pressentimento de que excitement: excitao, emoo Somewhere in between. I feel that way all themore excitement than mine. Anyway, doesntsum up: resumir you work it: voc habilidosa em tirar proveito (see explanation)time. It kind of sucks. But I have a feeling your present perfect continuous involves a lot that also sum up your career right now? Present. Perfect. Continuous. And Tense. Intense? Girl, you work it like Mike Tyson . Miley, I love you because youre the Queen,speaking: em termos de (see explanation)grammatically and anatomically speaking.fades into total darkness: desaparece na escurido totalever grow old. Live brightly before your fireAnd youre the hottest cake in the pan. Dont fades into total darkness. XXOO SufjanXXOO: Hugs and Kisses (Beijos=X, Abraos=O)Wellll, at least he paid Mileybird a nice compliment at the end there! compliment: elogio the hottest cake in the pan?!: o panqueque mais quente (most popular, brightest star at the moment)give a rats a**: se importar getting it right: faz-lo direitotwerking: rebolandoWho wouldnt want to be the hottest cake in the pan?! And even though hes right about her grammar mistakes, were guessing the hottest cake in the pan doesnt give a rats a** about getting it right! Shes got twerking to focus on! Read More HereChateadoPissed pissed or pissed offLifes too short to be pissed off all the time. Im really pissed that you said that to me. 4. Hes pissed? I told you hed be pissed. Por mais que ela tenteTry as she mightTry as I might, I cant get Andrew to clean up after himself. Try as she might, she couldnt figure out how to turn the darned alarm off. Try as she might, she cannot get within question-shouting distance of the Prime Minister. As for Porter, try as she might, she could not hold back the tears. Try as she might, though, she cant ignore the inevitable. dedo da espumafoam finger foam finger being slammedcriticar severamenteSometimes, to slam someone means to one-up them in an arguement. (ofender o advesrio de forma mais severo ou engraado do que eles tiveram te ofendido)Other meanings of slam The film has been slammed by critics. The vote proved to be a slam dunk for our side with a 24 to 5 win. (something that is sure to happen or be successful ) 5. I think the case for Georges claim looks pretty good, but its not a slamdunk (no garantido). One inning later, he cranked his grand slam off minor-league pitcher Scott Dunn. Uma entrada depois, ele bateu um grande slam do lanador (do minor-league) Scott Dunn. grand slam: bater um home run quando j tem os bases loaded (ou seja, com os outros 3 bases ocupados com outros jogadores do seu time, resultando em 4 pontos no placar) He slammed the door right in my face. Ele bateu a porta bem na minha cara. fechar bruscamente slam shut slam dunk humilhadodisseddiss is short for disrespect and has a meaning similar to slam dissed Agora eu nunca zuaria minha prpria me s pra ganhar reconhecimento Now I would never diss my own mama just to get recognition. s vezes me sinto como um marginal, mas me sinto apenas como um idiota em um bar sendo desprezado por todas as garotas. I feel like a thug sometimes but I feel like just a dork at a bar getting 6. dissed by all them girls. foi para; recorreu atook toA highly disciplined athlete throughout his youth, he took to (se engajou em, se dedicou) his cage-fighting training with characteristic determination. Hence why he took to his blog (usou, ou recorreu ao blog dele) and decided to really let the public know the state of todays music industry. eventually he took to doing it nearly all the time com o passar do tempo, ele pegou o hbito de faz-lo o tempo todo dar insultos severosserve it up hard Pegue um guardanapo amigo, voc acabou de ser humiliado errado (see explanation)wrongto get something wrong is to do something incorrectly, get it right is the opposite of thispurgatorialpurgatrio (?)http://www.quickanddirtytips.com/education/grammar/lay-versus-lie If you see something lying on the ground, it is just resting there; if you see something laying on the ground, it must be doing something else, such as laying eggs. 7. You lie down on the sofa to watch TV and spend the entire evening lying there; you do not lay down on the sofa to watch TV and spend the entire evening laying there. When you go to Bermuda for your vacation, you spend your time lying (not laying) on the beach (unless, of course, you are engaged in sexual activity and are, in the vernacular, laying someone on the beach). Once you lay (put or place) a book on the desk, it is lying (reclining, resting) there, not laying there. no exatamentenot quite not quite resumirsum up Isso resume tudo. That about sums it up. Basicamente foi isso! That pretty much sums it up!speakingem termos de (see explanation)Generally speaking Em linhas gerais por assim dizer de certa maneira in a manner of speaking De um modo mais geral More generally speaking complimentelogioto pay a complement = dar um elgio give a rats a**se importar 8. to give a rats ass = se importar (usually used in the negative, I dont give a rats ass) rat (rato) + ass (burro ou bunda) (a funny way of saying you like somebody) twerkingrebolandoAudio Notes Pissed Chateado Being pissed off about something is to be in a bad mood because of something, to be upset by something, to be irritated because of or due to something. being slammed criticar severamente Normally, slam refers to a quick movement, usually resulting in a slam sound, a boom. For example, I can slam a piece of paper on the table with a lot of force, as though it were a basketball being slammed into the basket. Or, I can slam somebody on the ground by throwing their entire body with much force to the ground. However, in the article, slam is a slang term which means to insult. 9. serve it up hard dar insultos severos In the sport of tennis, to serve is to start playing by hitting the ball to the other player, who then hits the ball back. In recent years, this back-and-forth action is used to describe people insulting each other: one person serves a insult (diss, or slam), and the other person tries to insult them even more severely (to one-up them). When someone got served, it means that they were insulted severely, and perhaps didnt have anything to say in return. purgatorial purgatrio (?) To l-a-y something it to put or place something. I can also mean to lay (botar) an egg. But when something or someone is at rest, we say it is l-y-i-n-g. you work it voc habilidosa em tirar proveito (see explanation) To work it is to work really hard on something while making use of everything you have to accomplish your goal, to get everything you can out of it, to capitalize on and take advantage of something.