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AFSWC TR-61-96 9msl SWC TR
HEADQUARTERS A I R FORCE SPECIAL W E A P O N S CENTER
A I R FORCE SYSTEMS C O M M A N D K I R T L A N D A I R FORCE BASE,NEW M E X I C O
PRELIMINARY PLAN for
OPERATION F1S.H BOWL (u)
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DECLASSIFIED WITH DELETIONS BY DTRA DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A AUTHORITY: € 0. j ~ q g j r?rs nm-JOA .. ER NTPR REVIEW.
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SWRP-1-0115 /L/S -
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1. REPORT DATE NOV 1961
2. REPORT TYPE N/A
3. DATES COVERED 01 MAR 1962 - 01 JUN 1962
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Preliminary Plan for Operation Fish Bowl
5a. CONTRACT NUMBER
5b. GRANT NUMBER
5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER
6. AUTHOR(S) 5d. PROJECT NUMBER 7811
5e. TASK NUMBER 781106
5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER
7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Research Directorate Air Force Special Weapons Center Air Force Systems Command Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico
8. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER
9. SPONSORING/MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) 10. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S ACRONYM(S)
11. SPONSOR/MONITOR’S REPORT NUMBER(S)
12. DISTRIBUTION/AVAILABILITY STATEMENT Approved for public release, distribution unlimited
13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
14. ABSTRACT Operation FISHBOWL is a proposed series of high altitude nuclear effects tests to be performed during 1 March 1962 to 1 June 1962. It is concluded that the three intermediate altitude shots have higher priority. It is concluded that one and possibly two of these intermediate experiments can be accomplished during the present time schedule. If the maximum time allowable for the test series were extended two weeks, the third high priority experiment might also be performed. The THOR launched from Johnston Island is suitable as a warhead carrier. Burst phenomenology has been examined and the primary experimental objective determined. These objectives can be satisfied in the execution of the proposed plan.
15. SUBJECT TERMS High altitude nuclear test Radar and communications Burst phenomenology
16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT
18. NUMBER OF PAGES
19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON
a. REPORT unclassified
b. ABSTRACT unclassified
c. THIS PAGE unclassified
Standard Form 298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18
HEADQUARTERS AIR FORCE SPECIAL WEAPONS CENTER
A i r Force Systems Command Kirtland Air Force Base, New hkxico
Major General Charles M. McCorkle Comna nd e r
Colonel Carey L. O* Bryan, Jr. Deputy C m n d e r
Colonel Donald 1. Pr i cke t t Director , Research Direc tora te
This document is c l a s s i f i e d S DATA becaus e it
contains information on nuclear e f f ec t s .
SPECIAL HANDLING REQ ASABLE TO FOREIGN NATIONALS.
T h e information contained i n t h i s document w i l l not be disclosed t o foreign na t iona ls o r t h e i r representat ives .
Reproduction of t h i s docment i n whole o r i n pa r t i s prohibi ted except with t h e permission of t he o f f i c e of or igin.
OPBATION FISHBOWL (U)
( PwnfINmY FhlKY':!
AIR FORCE SPECIAL WEAPONS CENT'ZR
A D FORCE SYSTm CGMFWND
KIRTLAND AIR FORCLC BASE, NSW MEX:TCO
PROJECT 7811 TASK 78'1106
Colonel US AF Director Restarc h Df rectorate
THIS IS A BLANK PAGE
Operation FISHBOWL is a proposed series of high a l t i tude nuclear effects
t e s t s t o be performed d ~ r i n g 1 E?zrch 1962 t o 1 June 1962.
i s concluded tha t the three intermediate a l t i tude shots have higher
priori ty. -Thesotiu b, p a a e # b o r e
The Thor launched from Joks ton Island is suit- =-mi
able as a warhead carrier . Burst phenomenology Pis been examined and uC%r %&-
the primary experimental objective determined, These objectives can be
sa t i s f ied in the execution of the proposed plan,
This report has been reviewed and is approved,
J& 3 7 - 4 - 4 JOHN J, DISHUCK Colonel USAF Deputy Chief of Staff f o r Operations
sn plrae of the fowth 88ntmmB* pu% the follorlagt
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INDEX - ABSTRACT
I . Ekperiment a1 Objectives and Plans
III. Warhead Selection
IV. Vehicle Selection
A. Thor Vehicle
B. Telemetry ard Tracking
C , Description of Experiments
E . Chronology
F. Small Vehicles
I . INTRODUCTION In a previous report, AFSWC TR 61-95, a plan f o r executing a se r ies of
high a l t i t ude nuclear t e s t s beginning i n July 1962 has been considered. The present report has been prepared t o describe a plan f o r executing a meaningful ser ies of such t e s t s during the time period 1 March 1962 t o 1 June 1962. Because of the compressed time scale some q e r i m e n t s can- not be accomplis hod; however, t he burst phenomenology and experimental objectives have been euramFned more carefully and it is believed tha t t he primary objectives of the se r ies can be met, although there w i l l be same loss of redundancy, r e l i a b i l i t y and refinement, (S-)
The primary objective of the overall se r ies is t o obtain data regarding the interference t o radar and communication systems produced by a high a l t i t ude nuclear burst, The data available at present coupled with theory a r e suff ic ient t o show t h a t blackout has serious implications f o r c r i t i c a l defense systems such a s BMEWS, Nike-Zeus, ICBM penetration and many c o d c a t i o n systems, and con- versely tha t its emplogment may be an effective ICE@! offensive tac t ic . The mag- nitude of the effects is tremendously dependent upon the conditions of the burst. Present data and theories a r e inadequate for evaluation of systems effectiveness i n a mc lea r war. The present ser ies is intended t cover a range of bust con- di t ions where specific applications a re optimized. ; s h , T )
The burst phenomenology f o r various a l t i tudes and yields has been considered and is described in same d e t a i l for a specific s e t of conditions in Section X I . In this section also, the primary axperimental objectives a r e discussed along with a suggested sat of primary experiments which are considered possible in the time scale. The individual experiments a re described in more d e t a i l i n Appendix I). It is considered important tha t those t e s t s be conducted with provgl warheads and not in conjunction u i t h dwelopment t e s t s , However, it may be necessary t o conduct these t e s t s I n conjunction with the AEC weapon davdopnent program, and in part i - cular in conjunction with t h e i r proposed OAT program. Therefore, i n Section XI, there i a consideration of acceptable yield and a1 tude variat ions which w i l l p e d t
Since it may not be possible t o complete a f i v e shot program the following p r io r i t y a s s i p ~ s n t is suggested:
Pr ior i ty Altitude
The baais of this aasigqment is dlcusaed in Section 11.
Because af the short time available f o r developent, it is recommended t h a t the Thor vehicle be used as a warhead car r ie r with essent ia l ly no vehicle modifications.
r l.&-L&$ 2 h e -haad conaideratioas are described in Section 111 and the
vehicle considerations are describ Section lV, Launch s i t e possibi l i t ies are briefly discussed in Section 11.
11. !W%.RIMZNTAL OBJZCTTVES AND FMiS
Considerat ions of nuclear safety, eyeburn, and operat ion su i tabf l i ty d i c t a t e se l ec t ion of Johnstm Island 2s t h e most pronusing opera t ional base f o r a l l t e s t s of Operation Fishbord. a h o r operat ional p o s s i b i l i t i e s considered include Ihiwetok, Kwa.jalein, Christmas Is land a d t h e p