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  • An American art movement born in the early 1940s

    in New York - post World War II

    The group were dissatisfied with the American art

    which came out of the Great Depression 1930s

    1929 - Museum of Modern Art opened in New York.

    Suddenly artists could see the work of the European


    The first American art movement to achieve

    international influence

    Abstract Expressionism

  • 2

    The Style

    Automatic, spontaneous and subconscious creations

    taken from the principles of the Surrealists

    The artists had varying styles which fall into two

    main categories - Gestural painting and Colourfield


    Some works were full of dynamic energy, some were

    static yet humming with electricity and some were

    violent and grotesque

  • 3

    The two groups within Abstract Expressionism,

    influenced by Surrealism and Cubism:

    Colour Field Painters

    - worked with simple, unified blocks of colour.

    Mark Rothko

    Barnett Newman

    Clyfford Still

    Gestural Painters

    - used Surrealist techniques of automatic art.

    Jackson Pollock

    Willem de Kooning

    Hans Hofmann

    Franz Kline

  • Four Darks in Red, 1958

    Mark RothkoRussian/ American painter 1903-70

    Untitled, 1944

    Untitled, 1946/7

    No.8, 1952

  • Number 5,1948

    Jackson Pollock - 1912-1956

    The She-Wolf, 1943

    Any attempt on my part to say

    something about it, to attempt

    explanation of the inexplicable, could

    only destroy it"

  • Franz Kline(1910-1962)


    Franz Kline, 1950

    The title refers to a train which passed through his hometown.

    Many of his titles suggest bridges, railroad tracks, and the

    machinery of America, even though they are abstract in design.

    He used cheap household materials expressing Americas interest

    in industry and consumerism

    spontaneity is practiced!

  • Excavation, 1950

    Willem de Kooning 1904-1997 - Dutch American

    Known for his reworking, his pieces still feel unfinished and

    full of pent up energy and anger

    Seated Woman, 1940

    Woman V, 1952-53

  • Although predominantly painters, Abstract Expressionism also

    attracted sculptors

    Instead of casting metal David Smith would weld his

    sculptures together like a painter applying paint to a canvas

    David Smith - 1906-65

  • 9

    Hudson River Landscape,


    Head as still life


  • A movement closely associated with New York in the from the

    mid 1950s-70s

    An International art movement

    Pop art reintroduced identifiable imagery taken from popular


    Celebration of commonplace objects, people and everyday life

    Sought to elevate popular culture to the level of Fine Art

    Sought to rid art of its culture of hierarchy

    Pop Art

  • 11

    Pop Artists

    Andy Warhol - American - Painter, printmaker, photographer

    Roy Lichtenstein - American - Painter

    Claes Oldenburgh - Swedish /American - Sculptor

    Jasper Johns - American - Painter

    James Rosenquist - American - Painter

    Eduardo Paolozzi - Scottish - Sculptor, printmaker, multi-media

  • Eduardo Paolozzi -1924-05

    Bash, Screenprint, 1971

    I was a rich mans plaything

    Collage, 1947

    The MS of Montecarlo

    bronze, 2005

  • Andy Warhol - 1928-87

    Trained as a magazine illustrator

    Used techniques from magazine illustration to

    create screenprint collages

    Managed the 1960s rock band - The Velvet


    His studio was called - The Factory

    Warhol attracted a Bohemian following who

    among other things worked on his Factory films

  • 14

    Marilyn Diptych, Screenprint painting, 1962

  • 15

    What's great about this country is that America started the tradition where the

    richest consumers buy essentially the same things as the poorest. You can be

    watching TV and see Coca-Cola, and you know that the President drinks Coca-

    Cola, Liz Taylor drinks Coca-Cola, and just think, you can drink Coca-Cola, too. A

    Coke is a Coke and no amount of money can get you a better Coke than the one

    the bum on the corner is drinking. All the Cokes are the same and all the Cokes

    are good. Liz Taylor knows it, the President knows it, the bum knows it, and you

    know it - Andy Warhol




  • Roy Lichtenstein - 1927-93 Hard edged painting style made up of dots replicating the

    appearance of commercial printing

    Humorous and tongue in cheek

    Critics challenged the works originality

    He did alter his compositions from the original sources

    There is argument over whether he wanted to produce aesthetically

    please compositions or to shock with the garish impact of popular


    Whaam!, 1963

    Drowning Girl, 1963

  • French Fries and


    Vinyl and kapok fibres on

    wood base


    Oldenburg uses images and objects from the everyday world,

    especially small and usually unnoticeable ones. One of the goals

    of Pop Art was, to make the ordinary extraordinary.

    Claes Oldenburgh - 1929 -

    Spoonbridge and cherry


    Minneapolis Sculpture Garden

  • 18

    American Supermarket, 1964

    Food in art has been a long tradition in

    the western world. Pop Art put a

    modern twist on it