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Microsoft PowerPoint - Maharshtra- ST

Hello

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Area:308,000sq.km(10%ofNational) Coastline : 720 km (10 % of National)Coastline:720km(10%ofNational)

Population:98.8Mn (9%OfIndia)

Density:320Persons/sq.kmy / q

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ThewordMaharashtraisderivedfromtheSanskritwordsMahameaning Great and Rashtrameaning Nation thusMahameaningGreat andRashtrameaningNation,thus

renderingthenameMaharashtra (GreatNation).

2ndmostpopulous afterUttarPradeshand3rdlargeststatebyareainIndiay

Itcovers10%ofthetotalgeographicalareaofIndia Mumbai,thecapitalcityofthestate,isIndia'slargestcity

andthefinancialcapitalofthenation.p

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HistoryThebraveHeroesofMaharashtra 17th Century theMarathasroseundertheleadershipof

Chhatrapati Shivaji againsttheMughals whowererulingalargepartofIndia.

1760Marathapowerhadreacheditszenithwithaterritoryofover250millionacres(1millionkm)oronethirdoftheIndian

sub continentsubcontinent.

AfterthethirdAngloMarathawar,theempireendedandmostof Maharashtra became part of Bombay state under British RajofMaharashtrabecamepartofBombaystateunderBritishRaj

AfterIndianindependence,SamyuktaMaharashtraSamiti demandedunificationofallMarathispeakingregionsunderonestate.p g g

BharatRatnaDr.BabasahebAmbedkarwasofopinionthatlinguisticreorganizationofstatesshouldbedonewith "Onestate One

language"principleandnotwith"Onelanguage Onestate"principle.

CreatedthecurrentMaharashtrastateon1May1960(knownasMaharashtra Day)

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MaharashtraDay).

MAHARASHTRAIAN

CULTUREMAHARASHTRAIAN

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Marathiistheofficialstatelanguage.68.89 %ofthepopulationspeakMarathi.

8.81

2.5 2.39

1.31 1.04

15.06

Marathi

Hindi

Marwadi

68.89

Marwadi

Kannada

Gujarati

TamilTamil

Telugu

%ofLanguages

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AttiresofMaharashtrians MenwearDhotioffinecottonclothofabouttwo

andhalftothreemetreslong,withorwithoutbordersonboththesides.Afreshlyfoldedturban

knownas'Rumal','Patka'or'Pheta

WomenweartheMaratha'Sadi'(saree)ofnined d h t l d 'Ch li' (bl ) iyardsandashortsleeved'Choli'(blouse)covering

onlyabouthalfthelengthoftheback

Foot WearFootWearKolhapuri Chappals manufacturedinKolhapurand

itssurroundingtownsandvillagesarefamousworldwideworldwide.

JewelleryMaharashtrianwomenweartraditionaljewellery

patternsoftheMarathasandPeshwas.TheKolhapuri 'Saaj',aspecialtypeofnecklaceisthe

mostfamousjewellery

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Maharashtrian folkdance

Povada isthedanceformthatshowcasesthelifetimeachievementsoftheMaratharulerShivaji Maharaj

Lavani andKoli danceformsentertaintheMaharashtrians with its mesmerizing music andMaharashtrians withitsmesmerizingmusicand

rhythmicmovements.

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Maharashtrian folkdance

Dhangri Gaja dancepaysrespecttotheirGodbyg j p y p ytheDhangars ofSholapur.

Dindi andKalaarethereligiousfolkdances,whichexpressesofreligiousecstasyofLordKrishna

Tamasha isthefolkdancethatissopopularp palloverthestate.

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Maharashtrian Festival

Shivaji Jayenti February19thThisdayiscelebratedinthehonourofShivaji

Maharaj,thegreatrulerofMaharashtra.Music,danceanddrsama takeplaceonthisday.

Ganga Dashahara (MayJune)RiverGanga isknownasTripathaga,orthe'ThreePath

River',Itisbelievedthattheriverflowsinthreeworlds inheavenitiscalledMandakini,onearththeGanga andin

thenetherregiontheBhagirathi.

VatPournima (MayJune).Thi f ti l i l b t d b M h ht i iThisfestivaliscelebratedbyMaharashtrianwomen,in

themonthofJesht.Womenobserveafastandtiethreadsaroundabanyantreeandprayforthesame

husband in every birth

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husbandineverybirth.

MaharashtraFestival

Palki festival Ashadh (JunJul)andKarthik (NovDec).Thisfestivalshowcasesthedistinctivefeatureofthe

Maharashtrian culture It is a 1000 year old tradition whichMaharashtrianculture.Itisa1000yearoldtradition,whichhasbeenfollowingbythewarkaris.Theyperformcollective

singing,dancing,chantingtotheholytownofPandharpur.

Jiviti Puja (JulyAugust).Married Maharashtrian women perform Jivti Puja on anyMarriedMaharashtrianwomenperformJivti Puja onany

oneoftheFridaysinthemonthofShravan .Jivti isanincarnationofParvati,agoddesswhoisbelievedto

protect children

N P h i (J l A )

protectchildren.

NagPanchami (JulAug)Itiscelebratedtoworshipsnakegod,Shesha Nag.Shiva

templesarealsocrowdedduringthisfestival,assnakesareconsidered dear to him

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considereddeartohim.

MaharashtraFestival

Ganesh Chaturthi (August September).LordGanesh isthemostrespectedGodinMaharashtra.

Ganesh idols are worshipped at nicely decorated pandalsGanesh idolsareworshippedatnicelydecoratedpandalsfor8to10daysandthenimmerseinwater.

Pola Festival(August Sept)ThisfestivalisaspecialfacetfortheHinduculturethatmarksrespecttocattle.Cattleprocessiontakenacrossthe

village,accompaniedbythemusicofdrumbeatsandlezhim.

K j i i P i A h i P i (S t O t)Kojagiri Poornima orAshwin Poornima (SeptOct)CelebratedonthefullmoondayofAshwin .Goddess

Laxmi isworshippedonthisday

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Maharashtrian Music

MusicinMaharashtralikeMarathiliteraturehasanancienttradition,the

popularityofclassicalmusicinMaharashtrabeganthroughGwalior.Miraj townof

Sangli districtisknownasthe'townofmusic'.

FolksongsareaninseparablepartofthedailylivesoftheruralMaharashtra.Folk

formslikelavani,nautanki andtamasha musicareveryfamous.

Jnandev,Namdev,Tukaram,Jani andSoyara areimportantpoets.Theybelievedin

thefusionofBhakti (devotion)withJnana (knowledge).

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MahrashtrianPoets

Jnandev,popularlyknownasJnaneshwara.Hisgreatwork,theJnaneshwari isamonumentalversecommentaryontheBhagavad Gita.Healsowrote

Anubhavamrita.

Eknaath (153399),taughtbhakti andjnana arelikeflowerandfruit,inconceivableinseparation.He

succeededtheworksofJnaneshwar andNamdev.HealsowrotereligioussongslikeAbhangas,Owees andBharuds.

Tukaram's,(1608'50)secretpeculiarityliesintherusticsimplicityandutterfranknessonselfrevelationinhissongsp y g

togetherwiththeirprofoundunderstandingandardentdevotion.Hewrotedevotionalsongslike'Abhangas'and

performed'Keertans'.

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MaharashtraCuisineMaharashtriancuisinehastwomajorstyles Konkan andVaradi

Konkan Thecusine withacombinationof

Malvani Gaud Saraswat Brahmin and

Varadi

ThecuisinefortheinteriorM h h h Vid bhMalvani,GaudSaraswat Brahminand

Goan cuisines TheKonkan foodhasalotofcoconut

in it and strong in masalas, red

MaharashtraortheVidarbha area ThespicyKolhapuri foodemphasizes

onmutton.ThefoodoftheVidarbhainitandstronginmasalas,redchilliesandcoriander regionispreparedstronginredchillie

powderandgarlic

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MAHARASHTRA

INFRASTRUCTUREMAHARASHTRA

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PhysicalInfrastructure

2InternationalSeaports&38StatePorts 3InternationalAirports.

14DomesticAirport. 11 % of National Road Network (Road Length 246 000 Kms)11%ofNationalRoadNetwork(RoadLength246,000Kms)

9%ofNationalRailwayNetwork(5,987kms) 58%ofContainertraffichandledbyJNPT

AbundantavailabilityofWater(10billioncumoflivestoragecapacity)

MaharashtraiswellconnectedInternationally&domestically

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y y

SocialInfrastructure

12%ofCountrysUniversities

17%ofMedicalEducationinstitutions

13%ofEngineeringEducationinstitutionsg g

19%ofManagementinstitutions

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MAHARASHTRA

IMPORTANTCITIESOFMAHARASHTRAMAHARASHTRA

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Mumbai IndiasFinancial&IndustrialCapitalMumbai IndiasFinancial&IndustrialCapitalA 157 S K P l i 33 26 837Area:157Sq.Km.,Population:33,26,837;

Suburbs:Area:446Sq.Km.,Population:85,87,561

SixthlargestmetropolitanareaintheworldandmostcosmopolitancityinIndia

C ib 10% f h f Contributes10%ofthefactoryemployment,35%ofIncometax,60%of

customsdutyand40%ofIndiasforeigntradetrade

Headquartersofmostcorporate,banks,financialinstitutions,as

ll h R B kwellastheReserveBank Largestandbusiestairporthandling

maximumpassengerandcargotraffic Centerofentertainment Bollywood

BestcityforBusiness Gallup/BTSurveyCitythatneversleepsCitythatneversleeps

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Aurangabad Engineering&TourismAurangabad Engineering&TourismArea:10,106Sq.Km.,Population:29,20,548

ProminentIndustrialCentrewithafocusonEngineeringandNew

Agricult

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