AAR 91st Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, July-August 1943, October 1943-February 1944, And May 1944 Thru May 1945

Download AAR 91st Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, July-August 1943, October 1943-February 1944, And May 1944 Thru May 1945

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.) ~~J J ~~... -",........ 'lIEt\InUARTERS 91st RECDm'AISSANCE SQUADRON--' APO N0. 7,8, U. S. fJU;:Y 6 October, 1943. SUBJECT: Operations of 91at Rcn Sq, U.S. Ar'tn'Y, in Sicily, 10 July 16 AuglWt, 1943. THH.OUGH; Comdg Gene~al II Corps; APO 302, U.S. Army. TO The Adjutant General U.S. J\.rmy, . 'ash. D.C. I1. The. report of Operations rom 10 Ju1f to 16 (,ugust, 1943 ./ Sicili6.I': CaIIQs.ign for this Squadrons submitt.ed in ccmpiiance with AR 345-105. 2. This report is a compilat~on of troop operations in sequence of >3aph troo, 's entrance into ccnbat. The Squadron having arrivqd in Sicily in tl';ree (3) grcups, ln~luding a special liaison dete.chmenton D-eay, was not complet.ely asoembled ,vhsn hast~.ly cal:'cC: . ir.to acti:m. ::::ts c~rnhat T,licsi011S are bplieved t() "'ue better cle1'inod by describing separa.ta troop action because the Sqdn:was attach"'!-l tv more than one Division in this campaign. The report is ',repared in . 'i.ne (9) sections, under following captio~.B; Section 1 - Battlp. C'p"'!rations Sec+.icn 2 - EYtracts fr~ Squadron History and u ,.Q\U"nal.. Section 3 _. l"':'p.ld Orde~'s "-' St:c:,j on i.~ - G~~ra.l Orders ~orranendati"ns) S*':'lC~:~_on 5 .~ f!.c:bn::..l"istrative Crders . ClJlSSJ:nCATJQ~ ,-.u...,. ... + - Casualtics and Jiteplacements .i ~T "~G:Ia)~t~on 1 - r~ ~s ~f Var _1 . . CANCELL~&~ ~ ~ ~~~ 1AI~ IV.J1JJ.O~j.ADJ1 Hajor, Cavalry,E~=:~J Commanding.1 Incl. ! Report of Operations. ~TRIBU'l'ION I . Oopies tTo 1 te 2 to~ The Adjutant General, I as w . CHA~ A. ELLIS, U.S. A'I.'ffq Copy 3 - C.G. ~TATomA Copy 8 - CaY. School. (rt. Way) \I 4 - c.G. SeTA!1.th ArMY' II. 9":. File (9l8tRcn Bq) '. II 10 _ If' II rll, IIII , - C.G. II C::'rps I! 6 - C. G. ls'c U.s. Ir.' Div II 11 - ""I (less' oterlays) ..... \I 7 - C. G. 9th 'J,)3 I~.f. n~.ii \I 12 -. II .,.1' I~._?',r, 5~!*J2!;gA ' . .'~ . .. ' ..,' ~' ~,. ,~ ~~i ~~j~~~:: i.~ . I .}:."\,;,/ ',~ ,~~"'l} >".' . . \ . " *' ~ .....___.....________.............'...,..........__....._-'.......!"...~.""......~........._ ......r..________________..,.~-"'''"i...!....' ...._ .....~....__~~..:.;;~"~~-",__~LI r ~_~" '. i, -D o -noon ----~.------------- -~~-------------------------- -......... ---~~-------------~------ .----_.- .. ---.-.-----.-.----.-----------.~ ,.. t~t~,~', I j 11 ~- fit ~I~ tJlthe .,let neeonnaisso.nee, 8qUD.~':~1, frlZ .":~,'. ~f)).,..l94l1o ........t16, 1943, 1I1clus1ve. ..,,-;.,:)~::~ia8 lOO13().S cl't.ly 194~, a dett\chment of th1;s SqUlldronconl;;:i.stine :.,~-.Mt~,*. _ fourteen enlisted men, one, SCOUT, car anCi. -!ow;:) on~-qual'teJ. ~\~r.l . '"trueD, . n&MI b.r .sault bar. att:l.ohecl to CT 16 p6r F. o. 26, Uq. ls~~ ~.s. :LnfE-.1"..tr~" "':"'--h' - D-d ~ n'll'TJ t"l'CT-V ",,-' t'- 'I -""'.... f t' nl:v ...~.l..ont on~ %Nllb.JQ.r;- nII:l' HIO, r.oar w:.u~, 0, ...L.L~ all'-4 ":':l'~1'" .I.e... ' . ,;.ant----------~.,.... ~- '. .~ Arranacments ware.. . .lc1o or a British wr boat to \ ..e al..::-.c;sid.: t!:1;. ;'.' Lewis Uorris, ond tnke nboord for transport to the vicinity 6f GEIJL, SICILY, i~ ..':'::tnecossordirulte cxpec tGI..' :.T;'I_"!lcdi,. L cporo.tions ashore involvine other troops of t.he SqtL:1.drcn alre~dy hnv:..,."'-:: :::..~ri1i~c. . near GEL.:'a.. ..\..t 2000-B July, this comond eroup w!th three vehielo8 X'.d era.7:::, dcpo.rte~ EOi:' .GELA1 o.bout one Hundred milE's dist..-mt, unoscorted, i.." l;llc..t. n":/{ i..~ believed to be the lOJlB'Ost trip on record" involvine a Unit uoking n oon::-:r. :;;7 lnnctLne recoiving ~ 1mmedinto cam~1.t mission on hoatile ~hc~p,s. . I '. I.The ~quadrori, le... '!'roop "C", nnd Headquarters Troop, \" r.lov~ tcnv:"'.l-d N:CO..{'".,. 10">.:1 :'~'2 rco.d n.~ c~t tba eIlCIm.Y. ',l'tI.oSecO!'ld Plc."\toon under COIm!llJlc.~ of it. Sog:'.::, mo;"",:~ out nt t\P1'~t.l1' 2S09OO-B. Lt. Hogon with Q. section of or."} 4x:~ v~:,L':'''';s 1IIDged i.IlW tM 'Valle7 to the BW'th Q.nd ill tho v!.cir..1ty of Hill %.;~. :~e :".E'r1V7r ~.,.. ..,u. NmaiDed 111 ~QI't to cover by firE'! vr!th S~ff Scrge~:t:-: r;ir1~::':::" in oiw;aancl ... ~ by' 'bO\11'1CIiIJ, the lie,ht ,,"eo.;on sec"i:.::"or.. ~rrj.-J'ed t.'!'Cc".S-S :>:..' ':.:..~_=. , BiJ5 aDd. -.- ...."riddeG a.ncl devnstiDs UG M.d Mort!'.r riTe !"!-QIn hi.dden :ne::~~\ pce1t1caw,~ Hlll.8L$ GDd ?SS. h. five ".n patral uc.s 8udlenl;", trc.'?~Focl. ~::1. ?~s:.t.~':'~~.i. 0Il8 ".8 kUltd end tmo~. J..88.18t8(1 by tho firet p;u..tocn \:\"~c.er "t.hs cu.."l'\,-:l..~).d. of L~" _~. -V T:eo.pCIU aectian la1.d ciOlma coveri~l& !i~ to P....::::!.t -:n "lr'() 1fbo 1fO:reto oacnpe. T"Z1e enemy posi-cions ';Tore so situ,:r';:eti. :J.~ "7,.:, ,[S.:l':~')':" .' ,~ of ODd actim of t~.e o.'t.t.ached ~Jc platoon ,j,".S r.OCG~SI.lr:r to,- iii- . . J.ftar Ylitbdrnw.1ne. aU orsnniza~ions u.~der !U"..tt-t.c.!~ , :u. .. d:l.lcovered, tbBt Sere~t Lelkulich hc.d beon left :~"IN_ a.rawmt RUIIItUU'1 at the wheel" Lt. Hogan returnsc: ~~ t'l'~E; . .the body. Lt. Bogan l'.r.d SerBell.tlt R'llllL\r.l1 1v'1rf3 rv"t~: ......".. .~ua._d aate17. ~t. Coi'foo in COlllllltLr..o. of ~.he ~-:;~ ~~ .SUD. pOe1tiona aft Hill 810 shar-tly- th8!'ent'ter.I i "'1 1 t 'j , .~,' "'-:';'~';-'''",~WJll . " __.0'lr'"'!l);~io~ ':0:rJ.t' r1,) (. - '\. ';j" At 2,::rOO-f) tlLtly. l"9l"3, 'i.h.r fire on the e.~~my .A.Tgun position::> and ::-cndcred them inactive. J~t 26J~00-:a" L't,. -1rl.tecotton'e' plat.oon made an or.d run ~.n too v2.11sy scu:'h of .Hi:i.l 81.;$ a."ld neut:-:-a1ized ~everal er..emy I!lD.chinc gun pO,sltions and retired after this action under h~vy ~:1Ur.;:{ artillel~:r fire . At 262000-B" t!1ell_~tI3t r'!~+o~n rrroop \lA" l"elleved the se~or..d pla~oon~ The t.hird platoon, Troop irA;' un..ier c~.n1 of Lt, Simpson ("ontinue1its rec;TlZU\isso-nee J41.1.saion to the north of .the VILLAROSA-NICOSD\ ..oad, rcporti.lg con~1nued inc:'casina1y fficult terrain. il.t &!,::.ight this :lif.1'3 l!l.O!'Tling thd i'ust ~la.toa,'l brL'ught mortar fire to bear on mo t.nerJY trucks c.t the foo~ ot l!::ll 77~ s~t'";.i:-lg fi~(:. to one :md. fOI'e~ tho other to tu,,:,n'lx\ck. Same enemy eo.S"~l:'ieo 1'TE;I~~ inflict.ed. E'oUot'dng "th:;s nction Lt. Oolfee committed his tonk plat ,OO"1 int,:> ~he sftthern valley destroying one maehin~ gun nelit and an 1.nt1-~.M g.m pooit'i_C'~1.... I.t. Ccffee wen stlddenly Qbservec1 o.n ~ h.;.lf.-treck, p8l'.omcl cJ~i~;~i~~"4) . . -. ~ _ \ . ~. . At 2400-:-B Troop 'lA" we.s ~ to' . . aU. ..~ .....ua\1e.., .. ai4 of Itt. Franklin in c. ' \. :? ". ( ___t1on cant' d) ... , . " .. ~~~-be On high gr~:1d to th", frol:t oi the t:Nw'll Ti~IJ:NlI." GOnEtant C'""Sl1rYn.'t"on.. ~lrDpt.. en tI!d.e'OP through August 2nd. Lt. H3rmC'n .' .:1t ;::ltruls tc ?ill 910 : ~ . .. fa""l"Cl ;ta...~t1Qn 01 tile tam ot GAGLWTO to cut tt..t; .~_G!..j:!JUTOTRC~lA ro,~d. . Stronaa~"V:Lt1e6 in.tho ~tT ot ~GIIAI!O pr(!vunt.ed thi~. Th~ :Y:I SC/c.r O-'~ "! ;;)1 ~be,DG pa~o18 tar~d the enolf' to. prepare tor it 's '\Vithdrn.I'i~:: ~~; the ,~cc~;.! ~(.T['~dmomA.. fer SOftt'oaldql, in. that ~.p, eneJq forces were obseI'y~d !'!lin:':!':g and ::-rcp~. ~.daW!t101)8 along this 'ilountainous ro..,t~. A:'ti!l,",~'Y cuser-vers r,:;-:-~ br~.W' ",bp Of on HUl 910 and tldjustne"!:l'l' w~;; dirc~t..i.J seen trca ~ (It t.o be str~ en.trenchp.d on t.ne higil ero'::1!lQ. in !':'O!'At 0:: :'RJ~.~ Prequent ~ lll"t1ll8ry til-a 1'm8 re~e!veJ upon this o~f'er'7'::.t1.;n post.. en the latter chte remo.ir.i.ng c.:ler..en:'s of ~:'o~p ";;' ~"::"n~1 .!.-:. ';:: "trcc~ in S~"".'ldron nosurvo fer r~ha.b:i.11~1.tion [.nd :r"'ocee~d -:'0 ~~'3en'~l:r ~r~~ ~~~ v~ '.~:::."ty of Gt\lr.U~~NJ. 'l':-OOP. liB" T iI;311 mth o::.s -:'~1~C r-:.:t 'i"o~': .;:rt.=..-.:11v.i c..:or!~ .'!.~I.i:::::y :'20 a.r.d to reconn~iter Sr.;lJJ, tt"dlst(.o l.h.3 '~orth ~~ tc.u: lO~+'~. ~ T'" tl.., o......lymr r- .. "1O' o.f' ~u.....,~t "!j,.J.'U. .....1" ~"'cp i'-'i. I""'~ 1"1"""'':''r'I'.('.~' rl"""''' . .. .1.;' 'I-=- "'loA W' ..a....LJ,~ .. n orwlu .-.....","1 .j, ....\,; ..... .., _ .- ....~,,-; _~-.Il1_"''''' .., .; .L.. JIA..-4'",-.J !1X."W~d o~r..ts of ':roo, .1;\11 U\3:,'e b~ld qr L7 i:t. ~noorr.7 L'_~'.":1 ~~~~e ".":' :.:-"..1"-03 -:: ii the v1ci:.i~y of 5'15-195 n6c."\T outskirts 0: IUu:;)JI.:ZO. L'!.5:nCiu:~r::d. :::,~'.r,!'v~:; rJ:~~ JO 'j::! '!lent 0...t lromthis pos1t-ion with oojl;tc"ti".c::!'J \1XU;s.i.J. r: !: ,5. ~i l:"\-:. (1!.,. . 3"....:. ,n t.:'c~o torr.l.B were reo.cli-;:d .:>:.:1 repo~..ej clear C'!" c.:,ne or.em~r. ~~":'~t.e~n malt:;:!:' "'~le ~.'::,;:. plntoon ......or; injm',Jd thia 8.;.:00 d~.y ty 0.::1 I.,.: I:,jne in t.~ vi.:::':ll-=..t:" of -~1~ 'p:':'-;n';. b:ridgu . . !j,'he Squ.1.d!'on 1mS :roliev~ fl"OIr. t~1C ~es!ol:'S ,.,ssig!'!l~::!. ~- '~r..\:l J""'..Ys~ u.,sc IntantryI'1vis~.c,n a.: tr..c eysJ;J.ng ef ~h. :~th ar.d t:n..~ :'.'ro~p ~i'~[.lT1cvr~d i .. :' _ '-)i.~.:.uc w!.tl: tt-9 rest ot tne (,rgnr.;i,.zC;fjicn.. . Treop liB-' vms tpe se:ond Troc;~ vi' "tno 5c;,11aQrl.'"rL t.;) :.. O:';'C~l t.r.J .'l.~2@;/~:'Y a.ro~ roar Ll(;.l~T11, nnd o~ the 23" d of July t!'j.~ tt CO? 'l"TC.S o""bflr':'n:i r:':lct t:Ol.:.t:-:.oer;. f ~'{' COlU'Jf1.:~. Mcvir..g ~crtb Cnp-t~ir. Riggs reportc:l. :'n tu .::;~":lt1'vn ..: ,",~I'&"l.:.l:-': '. os ~:. t r.;::...:, ;."' P.'.; . . " ~l'!:~.i~lE..".~'!1:_~ '. ~", ~__~~;~:i~-.;:~L:. Dl.:.l"ing e18 28-1:h of July nover.:'3!lts of the fOrlfC-1"d ele"J~~:-:c:; of 'l'rco,;> 1'1.'; 'F,;r. held up c.., r.sial:::':tb:J..y cll.;.(; to ~1Ue\e crn:t~ ...~ i:'l the ::- :);):1.. G~ty n.:;re ItLl.:i.,:m.:: i'T;re; trtl~o~. prisonc:~3. The Pioneer tioct~on Vlith the ac'istancc of 1st. U.S .. ::U'~t!'Y' Engineers vrorkcd all. through t.he night embling the recoIlI1..:'..i~sance pL":\tOOfl~ to move North 0Tl the !U2:1-n"T[':.Y. l .. t 0800-B on the morning of the 29th they reaci',ed tl'9 t~~. of rr:;:Co.:'li~ which was under enemy c..rtillery fir~ b:1t CY~.clU\ted by tr.e enemy. T:.? C0Ii1lLlO!ld Post of th~ TrOC? moved I:orth to ~ I='')sition nbout sl?nm miles :tk;rth 0:LEONFJRTE nr.d ,....:lS .joinod th:lt e"rcnin~ by Sq'J...t:-'ro~ He....c.c:.t:..:l.I't-:~~. Fat'\"T:l.Tcl'r':craE;;nts of the Treop ccntinu2d -I:.hroueh ~nCOS.IA lTith thr. ;.lissicr. c~ reconnoi~er::'rJ.g E..1.st tC'~rnra '!'ROINA and f'.lI'r..i.s!U.n~ security f:)]" the right :-:;"'1.1".k of tho uq'Xlcll':)n. Ener.v HG firo wns rElcpiYed two miles TI;:1.st 0; 1\,:GG0.JJ~ ";:;y the .~nc,:):ld pL-l.toon. Tr.8 l(th ":;ctlb.".~ T .. ZlI4 ""'c.~ th,) rf;i;'e--:-:'..ng uni~ of ttl' loSt u.S. :';:n:oln7::" Diyis1.c~ i!: +,~is secto:, D..o.,d the F1.i.'s t pk.toon T-.S :'.:,cier-:;J -:'11.: ~'3sio!\ of movi:-.g SC"J.T.r. Ec..st to'.'I"a:'d i~Gl~. follClW"od 'cy tho Socond. c.nd 'I'..1i::-J. p:!,..,toons, ':'h:;? rJu.:~ ~1Q.s repurt.sJ. to '.J; vc::y b::'.1 "lT3 -:h rJ...... r.y ~nc.n.J' i'.h.JlitiOAls. i~:;) o:.(;;~,,- ,~~"t.:~C't Yo.s ::1:.1..:: by r y 0'" thn pl-t6"'r:" cn Tu...-v 20 th 'In ~,,~v "'''tn- +1.(. "". 'f''"' ( ...... -,...,"r.' ."r-.-J. ....... - ... ~..C1. '. _ v 0-3 ar..9-. Cig:1t?,O:l Ge:?r.Q.!". p:ri E' :'~:.!3:!,~~ ....[)-:':'2 .:.,"'.~:,"~ inc:'uding a i\a.r~a.nt ~:f.':tj.:::.e::.~ and. C:le sergoan1i. lm.o:"lCl!.t:.cn from t.:.f.:I l.)ri::'c:.rs di..sC~;.'J3ed t~1o:l."'. t.hey had >een lef'7, ".0 dela.:r tC8 o.c:.L'.:lce at .all oost. They .i~.a.! beo::: v::'Lthou'~ 1"oocl ~t}r two dnysl l\L:1lri.'t,;.;~t~.o:t ViaC. reFortr:.c. vc"!'~~ :"x o.nd that their foccf.'S war' vn. u:ldrc:..v;.ing to !,cs~_:c:'_(j!".,c; !on r5.c~.r.i-Ijy :xf TROi~!'... /' .(stu~r:k".'ti.~jn I.~cnt. 'Ii; Not one clasualty was ~,:tferE'd by Troop liD" in this aet( ':. One tank Ift!Q d:l''''~6 ablad by & mine to the North of GAGLIANO. Save,re demolitions ..,..re e1'fect.,a, by"'..~.he , en~!~~r to stop traffic by' blQ\'dne up buUdings but frientUy natives asBist8d"flnfi . these obstruct1.ons ,.,.,l'e soon cleared, f'lMbl1nt; the i'l'oop "bo move tl'l..roUCh the i:~wn, :L~.,teY'"'\.i.~ten't 1\Te'be~vm,..f.er er.:.n'talt.ies amorl{t a few of i,hl'; ci"111~l13 00'''>n: aft~r enemy ,-rithdrE'.wal from the to\'m. 1.. small li111nber of Ge::-man \.-1"e,1,d W~l'e loca:t.ecl in tne streets of tlle tc",vr... '1'roop UBit mOunted patrols continued to move North t"OVra.rd TROINA and encountered many land mines ane. crat~:c's :i.n the .l'oad. .An excellent O? VTaS 6st,c."".I.blished by Lt, LaPlante IS platoon('I'hird),approxirllat.ely four miles East of G./I.GL.2UTC. ':'h.P. P & L ~latoon ur..der cClI!'Il1and of 2nd Lt. Sl'dth lms brought up and -rorl':ed on the road, during vlhich tj.me the l.:lttAr platoon capt.ured ,three C-el"Illan !>risol1e::"9. On the mcrnir.e ot .1\ligust 3::-d, a compc8it.e platoon Yras organ:l.7ed and sp.nt, dismounted ~voward t:1e on':!my positior...~ S('uth of TRO:NA. 'l'M.s platoo~ encounter.,d hp.av;i mine fJ.elds, an~ ~r~ U";}.de; enemy s~l arms and macp.ine gU1:~ firr) fi~r~ miles N:,:-theE:'.st ~:" GAGL'~ANn. '11\"0 Troop 1:.)311 r.J..~n 'l"rP.!'e killed anc sevo;."~l '"il)u:~.dr;d. co.~ Cl "''. "'-. ..1 ~ ..~o~. J l- ",=-''''\,' =.... ~:.,....,' ...........;;; . , .. _ _ ':1"'1 ..... . ,.~..l.r_..~c?, ..cJ. .. " . ,v. __.. recA~.vod heJ.v:r e:l"!T!j a:-.i::-":.p.r.;r fil'") ~~Jj{ ::n:J..:~-:: E:,'5-.i ~l' :"~.J.::) "':"t:-~:::' "Y :' .... I:.:,. '~;')L.~i'>';. Obse:vov:l.t,icH :?cste; W'E.rn ,,~,tc:.1:.~ ~fl:.eci. anc'''l. Pf'.-I:..co::' G2:~:i.".4+,~d the }"~..-~' (.'c":'.:'... ::.':"[~.s J 'cti~~::..it:r ~~ B.b~(~!,7:1:~~ !Jr.'r~.: m~::: Y.~::;rr.~ 'v,'OJrdf)C1. ~~~r ~~"!r:'S~ ;~,~., r.~~.~~e3 -~~'1 t:~8 5.:.:-~'" c.'~~i~'~~ .. Pa~:;::;lE f:r ',!.1 ti".e 2:,:). @.~d ::cd :~lp:~()N;.E; dso E'~r;~>u:.tt:lrcc he~,vy c.i'l!'lZl" ('.rt~.:':"l.">r:'r f~~_T'p S~"I''''8r~. rJj.:~~.~ ::3.:~t '": ~3S,,;\~~.G \71.L~!.():". yrr.~ "":.:':1j;.t:"l(..':'. +.C" -"13 (,O~':'~"'I"'1' frrlY: '.rl;;:r.:~( ",j...~'t_,'-'r.~~ t ,.., J'\T'T')~,"'J-:':l ;"+ T"'l '.~ fI"''t''\'' -T-i~ ",",', ~-"i J.-(.':'Ic.- '0 ....... r ...... 0 .,...... ,i"" ..:,::-.., "\7 ;:,i ';"'~n'I""'"J._ ........ "\Jl. ..... J.'I. ..-1/.' ......."! ...-Ia_ .. .:::tTJtJ' ..,.~.La. J. ....!L... \/) \.~. '___ Sv.o;, .1"'_-'- ... r .: ..... J# ... C. J. \..# I.J..L..~ .. ':;he ::: ~''''t.~ j.:1 t:,.o area i;-~:':" rl"pori:.ed t,: bP. ',-ei,,;;'!" ;lP 2../.L;.y l::~::!ed &:one. J::-op;ress T:-r.:J alm(\s~ crt) 2~ ::~..;.Ic~rl(~~sll: .. Tl~;C? ~Ugi::/;j :2.\~.~.es ;J;("\r.~~~'-::'t,GC' v.;>~.~\.u~.:- t:.....~"'.:."'.'- :)~ ~.~.': ~:.~';~'1 L'V"l.~.t.(~ .. The r" ~.: :;; l:;:'d.t~:m of ::q :i.'r "{fae c;:,:'... tc.,,:.eJ t.' -I~.:C.i.. l~':c.l.::'.~:!b '~'~ CJ(,P -;::"e".IG:1ts r:,!' ~ht: rt1.:,?'se c!: rouc"Ti:-J~ mil1Ps.. ~'P''''' '.iB"-fl ,~,.~tC'bli~hn(:. i:.1 "'-'he -.r:.i ~in~:r.~ "f ~(J 73'}-1~5 ~'~'~.f' ...:;"-:". :-', :~'.1:.(~ ,:.... z#~'. j':,:~.("~.iC'':l ."i'"1;' r:.~.(~?Y ~.:r"'::'!"..U~i..'ts ~r:~r.~ :l~-'+i~_:"_,,:~'T f:':"'~-'?) ,":':}~"'. ':""'0 l:1..:'!l_-.."~t~: : ... ].n.'i,-~ ,'--:-:::-.':r ,,""1".'."-. r~:-'~.~~ __ :'(-')j.~ a~ "'h.. _~ })':':'.:-t., ''"':'''' ..... ugu:t :_;t.'1. d~..Sd:(""':':~~-: '-~ ~);.. :~Y' :_". ~:,~.r':d J.,.'," JC1:~ 1 ,_.~ : !.il='c)!U~~, (:' Tl:Lt> ;:)r :':d f.t!. C::"'::';l~:" ~lr.tp -:) P,l"':. t 0_,,8:'.11d. c~ll co:-.J "Ferg..i.nG .:il:[~j .S :'lt~1 )f" ~;:A::':Df,':ZO i:o:..~e r.r~:.~v:l.ly Dir.."".:l r qytiri"1g rl"J.;~: ":m:'~ OJ ;1!gl:Ql t.he fa1.l of 'TROINA, Tr. aC;i :i.mmGdiat.!,- wa..::; g-1Yen tho !l04.~f3~..':! t.~ !"GC,::-::.:t:'~ .~..:>:,:" tm road :nCIN.t~'-ADltNa. 'Tne :1..""t!It pI.:.:tc~ U!ld~r G Jr:'::l":;.lJ of 17, .;. P:. :3'\.":':'~~ ',iCY .ard,,;:-ed ~(\ moV3 h::.s p~t)?!l th:.~C';Ag..i. th.;:. ~~~ 'J;: ::..o::~:. '., I :1' -.,... I ' ..... :"',~/'.i"" .....,..t ..~ Upon iving in the vicinity cf l~OHrl': e;.}iOU~TTO .Troop "e ll \'T['.S QssiGUC(1 t.o tre 60th X~an ,Llnd given the JII1ssion of l~c"'ting .:1. possible supply route to the Fortheast t towmr the term of FLatESTA. Hoving out on a sma.ll rough tr(summation cant'd) ~ own aid men as a . result of '~1.se.~ .t:ra1.~ i~.the1r ~rk :ttaTe DI&D1' taes V~~_~~~.'"i1QJ("iretl."'t~Jadh4h.' '1.0 ~he basic creed or the _diaal p:>.:"ofc~sio/r, thnt .of. saving liv(Js..r~r.1ptov.::tCu':~:lon Levu +'lic ~ 'or ;pl.atooa ccr.1:'.nd posts to the Sq)l.".dron i\id Station W.:lS insured oocausc en.ch troop hart ,".'.~ 82it.::" ..:l.:lccor 3/4 Ton truck, C'..I'" ll1provi.::ed litter bctlXer, ltsOO for trnnui'crtation. . On lcugust 11th, the Squ.:J.rlron Aid Stn.tion 'W'n.s locn.ted abr.ut ton niloa ~'t of CE..SARQ Lt~ LU!l1pkin received n cnll froD 'I':roop "BI! s.1.ying that h~_s services "r&1"o. ' needed at once. 'AITiving at the destination it 'Wns found tr.e wotmded had r ceived -oropA:>.:" aid anti 'flere taken C~l.'e of. Enroute brick to t,M S""mdT'cn C'? PO, :.-~ t~- J,,-~' lGql,; ~0J. to r(.;n~t;;r aid to wounded of the 9th U.S. Jni. Division ir. a ncc1.l'-{;y mine .1'i8:d. :r~.thout hesitc1.tion Lt. Lunpldn went through an enemy mine field. to ::'6ach the wounde.d. 17hile rendering n.id to Qne of the cn.su..1.1ties nn enemy land l!Iine waa e);~pl.)- .. -. --_._-----~----~-- .(, ,,-i !, ...1It .' I '... I :, ' ...... , ... 1 .::....P.r:JI!J :fd"t:1 n1 ty- of .VII,IJutOBJ~ 'to lITeOSIA, Artillery support wna of7A1n i.a.eeded to'destroy . flt.rong eMt1Y doJ.,a.ying 'fol'ces of brin.'7 YG" UOfi.TAR an.1i AT-GUN p(l~itio;::s. The terra1n . did: r.ot p,,:'rt-c.t our ,a"l:tf14rY' to (j~>ntir.uouflly "'~.'Ar.coml? th~Ae obstc;,clos. J~ t one time o.;,"+.ilJ-cry 3upporthad. to' be. obto.ined from flar.k CaIlc'ld:i.an rorer.s 'by une:x.pE;cted and non.:tnticipa.ted. . der.lLUlds. upon them: b.e.ea.use our ovrnartillf>4"Y vms outranged. Sim1lar terrciin c~nclitions will undoubtedly- be tronfr.ontad agtrln 1.'1.' fu~.ure cp"'ratior..s. Therefar-::". i;,he il3e of the 75 ll!! Gi,i;;.,. ~?" 'V'Tc'. ~C1'JI:J\;r . '!:I~t upon sacrifice by tn.k5_ng the::1 ":"ny:.: rI3CC.. I~..:..~'i3:>." ':,:o.':"t:':J:. :':3 _ .":':.7dCl. i~:. :).l.~.'... 'J;);'l3 of esser.t5.cl cO:-J!'.:ul.icat4...ons .. t') Si IF' t" "To: ht .,J. ,"~ "'" .. ".".- . '.,;: "1~"''' "l,06.:,,,,,,"''''''''-i'n"e''c'''\4 _ ...illl-..... 91.tP:~.!1-. ~.,..g p,.u.rw:",-.:>,' -G,4.._......, L ....... ~ .... ~....c... "'u', - ..... -"~w~"C .... n othe' 0_ !. _,,1\. '''-L .,..-. '" ~Cl"lC'~3t..,..;."cd. J. ~'le ----,.s. _ .1" l~ '~. f ., .. "'....... ole b ...... ""'I"V li'I""'p;i ""tc..,r..,,,. t'l-' ., ..... ,!>':t:" .........,. ,s.-r' J"~r c-..:IP.."" o. Co ~~.:..J. p..;.... v.:-.__ ,~j,I .... ~" _,~"'" _u '.,..IisiGI'.u.J.l1.t'.g .. . ';.5; Field Glasses: ':1le prosont '3t~d..1.rd binncu:''''"l'' :11: ' --'.:"(30, '\.q 1.1P.:::::''1.:_te''!..y inlldcqlU>.te !'o~-:fo(,~~~i[.tion postil pur-..)~8S. :i.'h~_'" ::~:-.-:.~ "'.':.0.tr .)::'-3 ~ "...( . . ~~t I If ....... - -- - -~-.----------{sU!lDlllltion cont'c\) f. SCR 51]: BAD: '-.turrcnt mlA does not pro,ride t._::~'3 tyy:r.; rv1io 11 ,,-,,.1ki"!,talkie ll ) for thj s TInj. r.. Tho r.CR 510 type is too }-l1.tlkd ':rithstD.I1d extrao:-c1.in ory abuse over rocky terrain and rouBh rottds. IIov-rever the ;'I:1ount' fer this rad:.:;, is not subst:lntial end required consic1.ernblf;: rointenance durS:-:-.G; cO!',]b'Lt op~r~,.tions beoause oL weakness of the "shock-mountll (7T-172). h. llEDICflL AID~ 'l'reD.tr.J.ent r.nd ev.":,cu......tion of COl1b....t. cD.'3u.:-.ltief' Tro.s sU.CCE'Sf'fully accomplished but Unc!er dificl'..ltl.es" due to l~.ck 0:( .:-.n:Jul.:lnce eq'l'.ipr. e~~.;,. ;~:J.7 one (1) Ol'lbul.:m::: r; 1:3 authorized this Unit by T'i:JL. It \7~S nece:::sn-ry tc oott~in another ar.tbulnnce tCLlporarily o.nd ioprovlse :l .3/L-T-L!Xu tl-uck ';Tbon OUI' :-lei! 'troops were e.'l';.tended ov.;:..r a wide frontru. ~ca. i. SUPPLY: - ..- The supply problen becrne conplicQ.ted ~o d.~l:':lcr r~ticn5J ,C::_~l.tj.C". tl:~rrl.3to!, stren~th for botl! f1c.nk 3(~.::ur:i.ty nr..ci c:,,:t'.:':'1C:;r,.l ';'1"-" ",,.L1.',,t, ,-,,- ~~'-'7 ........- '-- ...... 1 .... 1_. . .10..... _'.VJ.t .a..... :J .. ,_"",!.4I.. .......u v __ ~ .... _, -1I-- .. oJ .... ,'.--\IIL ... - "'w \...\... v ~.1, ',,J. -S-J by ~.J!' '!''J"..,...~.'' "'" ........ - I .~ _~ .. .J_ .. .... 1"., I..K... __ ",.;.J., .... ~\., ... ,) ... _'1.. ..... ____ c:.', J ...... "" ...... _ v. '.l.l....c..__ ~~. r..J ...~~ ..~ ::"' ~.~~-: I'-""'~ -,.) .,-.~~ !Je:~::)::.!1.~;(L.. .l-t., ~~l\:.. ('CeC~0d 1:UV::f'....r:.,. vr:th..Ju"C ~::,:ee~s~vt.. C:lS-...t~.:.. +,ip~~., ~::S' '"~.!.~.s~~or: ~,~.~'-. rOo:;+-' :'1._"~)_"'.~"'..ctiC':'~~I"--: :-10r :~ _..,,..:'r- ... ~:'~~:!"i '::,~,J: T,':'-:, ~;:la["-'-:)~ 3t-:,..fi (",-- c.:'.~-,~ ,.'..'; ,.... .; - ._'"'T "\-";1,';"(:'1- ll't f- . ('c".. ..... ~ ' ....... ..,,(1 yr ~"'" .~~.''""lo :,r' ....' .. ' ,..,.-: ...... ~ .. ,,,,,,, ... ,..: - J . _. 1)4.'...I~ .. t.. ( .1. ... L.', __ .., IJ_.L. J-"'o.J. '.. :J .. .., .... ..,.J-'_..r::- ... ' .... .1. ) J!", ~ ~v'.! ... , .. ~_~ __ ,j,I J . . '" ' ~ ~ I .,.r.'__taWa. 'l'lul.t, future op6rd los.::. th.3n 1S llPH due to. average cCQbat %'eq'U1rements and terrain or rQD.d ~~~~l"di'tions. Rapid appearinBvul,narabla to.nk and other vehicular enoLlY "'=-tt:..-~sJ,: could hnVQ been pranptly disposed oi, if the 75 n1 Gun, sP, md ~t::le~l n"V'l\1la.b1e on numerous occasions. ArUllery-could not ba adjusted :'AO:" f'urnished Ul time, to destroY' these S'lldrlen oppenring enet".y w.re;o':'s, cue:r .as one or wo-Uiika, vrenpons carriers, personnel CClI'riors (v;;:~1icles),'I AT tllms, henT.Y' concrete pill box.e9, etc. :.dvttncing RCll elA'.lents ':)lc.tClc:\ equ1ppGd with Q. 7$ HH Gun,. SP, c~'\Ild facilitate :i.ts pcv!7t::'c,.:, ctI3C-'::~o~ ~ f1l:e upon forrmrd lDfa.ntry .Un1ts, and destroy ser:i.ou~ impeQ;.:..ng "x~ci 'blocks ar ~t the..-ene;&'t.raa. ~ such.e~cnpini ,\,!eaports. SUch e~".-:::-' tarpta were often sited nt' 4000 to SOOO YtU'cis wh1ch was beyohd rtJ,r.3-' 1.a 37 n.! Gun. . t.. It.:i.8 r_enable to tUtnt1e tvtb.er el18Jll;1 J'etoet'nde action Trill OCClll' - whether UPCllll s'1dJar terrain conditions (o.s til this O~w.iBll) or i.:.~():'. 001"8 tavarable terrain. The 8~, obViousq, must 'be destroyed ~:.' "dr'iYell back1i lor overwbelm:LnC defeat. Oont1*ua heaVY' dem;li~1::>r.:;:, (111 1Ib1ob be 1. aD apart) can be o.ntici1:m~cl. Tbe nee~ for ~ E:l[:,i!it;(:1,' Unit (pla..toon) W1th a BeN Unit j.s obvious by ccperience in c-,t~c ":.:~.: !\al.a~ aDd S1cU1tul ~8DB. T~s Squadron S!lO\.l::';L be eq~"?p~ri. "l:i ~:f1 mare m1De d8teotorsJ a. lai"e- p10aec I8Ctian to prepare its vr.. ~mpor~y IIcbarmelii 011 .......~ thru mnefieJ4$ with Q, light or tl8di-.Jm j3":.71.'doIer li .. l&tte.~t "Q1W.Q. f'~111tet.e l'O1d1.t;r of IaO,,-e1:10nt an:' ~CI"8:17 roc4l repairs, ena~~ ....ms to pro~ed ll::'~~ ~'J!i \IIlt1l..~or r~8 were nc~81le1nY'Ir~.ee. 'C'm~ .~ t~trOGP". .. I~ . , . it:' ,~~... '.~);\~~.~: ~ :~.-.i 1~' .:~ . '1. 'l'-'(~C 'I~~" r- lJ '1 .. -. ',-" 1'ivrc'-';11 tlf n.'(' '1' '..L'j' .. , 'll'"':"~~'._" '_'.~':.::_'~' _....":::...:~::..' ,'. :..... l-\.:. . . ,! ,-. ~ ~ ., .:. oJ /' .J 1, \.~"'" '.'" __ : .' _:1L? ~,T, ~'.t'':(~~ t:i.r.~-,:.~::. :.c'.io ~C nf. L;21'S' :lU:it h'. r~;:'0~-': r~e('. f oJ:' ~ ;:..;.~ ~~~. , .... l";",Hfnn C(J:'J'l1.m~c::-.!'':'()L:::i .rLth o.dj['.L''''r.~ f'l,'.rJc Ul::t.i,El. '1';:i3 ui~2._!(.', .. ' .O'CJ....:.4.~ on::tl ~cnLi~i:;icr.()d c..r.d enlis::pc'. p;:;rrOr.I".o::" (inc:~.udi!!F .'r.'':"''''.['' : .. .) ~ .'.,,',' " ~~: -~ i.:,~ ~ -::_:.-;., ~-" .:-:- :J ~,.:::,,:i\ ,~ .:..t:- ~-..:0"> (I.. ~.t:. ~ ~ ~ ,-: - '.~.I: .'"....: \...{J.~ ...: ....~, .....~1..:;.\....:.. .. :"~.1':"", ,-". ~,: -:.:: t,' _ ... - .. : ,i'--::::2~:~:;- 'c:.~~-::-': ~c _;.l:"['.~. c~"7[fJr...lg!':~. ':.':10':"'" L:3 i~_2u1'':'':'' :., ..(,l....10.1 vir!J.~ C.11~~ I10 I-tu;.:i_~-1t-';e~ t.e t,i:-i!l :r~p].:~e~cY!"'::-- f~ :."\:1.:"';.:1 ~t;~:::=-:.-~n: :.. ,. '~;';, :-,~~;.:)~~. :-.''', ; ~ .....,........ :{l/ ~ '- .... :-:- ':".J.: 'J.~.~.:... :--:t ~.,.:.'''1.~:,: ~'..i/ _. . Jr:.. '~:l,_ ...'f - ', .~ "..:.. ..; :..tl:\ v :_~,:v':' bee:.l l~-~:,:v-~.-:'J ..".l~]_e;. :I-t 1;] Z:~ ;~:.."'!,.,::: :.~~~:::-_" .... ' ~ '.-: r: t,;'~"." (_ ....~: ., r!..:~pJ.'[~.:;wr:~C!::'3 0; r:lcL-:o I)(r3or...:~EJ: bE.;' 2.v:"'i~nllt: i.n c..~}.. G~"l 1.lr~. .f ~...:~~ (; v~ '. ",:,:_~ .'....1...: ..... r!:CC'11hD.i~s~;'1.:e t:r:::.in~d 'iJf!i~~~:; rep~ ,:.CP:.iE''i",:i ";~.C'_ll.~ (::~l_ l -~;c J.-t-~ ..i...:"",.:"'_, j,i.1e i.Lve:':'.:i.g~ ju.lU.C= o:~fj ~~r is :1:>1. CG:ge ~~l'.. ';".J.y +.:,.~~j t'12.l ;.'j ~f..C::':':;' ,:-~:::. " dut:!8 f,. If; ::-equire:: sp~cjf'.,b 7.od t::'t.:.r.i:;,:!,. ~. -'j ;'t:'..:; n:,r,: ,'" '7' ~.:.:.' ...-t: ;"', ., ... ,' P..r.n Ccr.'vnt liNCO's;: he'~CI:l C:~pO,'b.2.0 .:Lac, P.:i1.e'.E;;:~(:, of7:' )(,:. ::"f::'~_:.,,,~~:'.' ..,' ~/~~~':,~~.~~~~~(~.~;p~~~~::~l+'~'~.~~i-'~ i~~'l~:,~:~..,C~~,~'~"'i;;"::~'~~~' ~~~c~/'\:2~~I);/;.\",;:~ :~:,.~~:~"7. r~" "-'''f''r';''' d..,+'" '1~ ~ ""r.:"" '-i :" ,',,, ~r'" '"': I ",v ,,'.' v"'+ -~ ,"r>v' 0 '-, ,1 . " ; - .: '" C. -,'. '_. ~;~;~/, i~i I::;~~;;~ h~;"d:;~~;te;:~ ~.~.'.; 1;:: .. ' ~')' ;.::.:.:. :-*ll:),.;~~-;n~'; ~.Ci.-'L"' ...:J'., ~:~:.lb"~~ ~~~_ :.v'}r dut}-.. i~ ;'~(l--4irGd" I...':~(~ ~c..'~.('~."~'~: ~.? .: . ..1,:,~, :~'."'/I:. CI .. :; ":'_J. ':.,,(-? for ~j.2 ~,ncl one rue s-3 duty, eCi.ch r:H,llcJrr. officG~ n8~i-;"o.'1t :'J~ :.-",'';': ... :"'' duty &,'1 ist';"l ,'el"so' u"H'!l ~Hsi!'lT,""""~' . ,- ~ """k" " ,... , ....... ~.... .;:;,::=,:",;:.':- :_~:/' :::,.;~.~'~:=~i~e 'pro\~.ded.'- 7Ih~ r; ;;',1 ~;. p:.'; t:;-~::;" ~1\~-~~';; ;,t:;.j'; t-..-,~ : ~) ,:,;t r:'Ge::'~~ ,'.. ,: th:i.rty-aix (j6) cr.1is~o(1. r.:o:'1, i~l o/':':l;:~',~ or. ~~) "'"~~F:' :1' 07.:':..:1 :.~ ,!,' (~'~iwj:.:.~.':: ...::- Pt-;!' h~r. tro,,-"p, ~vitn ess(;l'ti.::.l ~C:'1.iP:-_1C:'I').!j t,-, ~:l(~ ::dl:ol. P :ll.:, ~.,' c:~f:' 'Y.::':'; ~ld ar..J.istedper~l c:mc.l r.lt..R-1; :"0 s.t :.1", e.:-.:~.~ ... p~"I/. ~f) o1J!~'rf.i,t,ivn :.~c..~ ~..~lj~:c.i::.2.!i ..:: repL.~eetlE'l:.t of s'.!ch pe't'30r;!.~,e1 is c:i.ff::'c-u:!.:t to ~':..-tr,il:.. w'ltn t:-ie~.r ;;l;.t:.' ~:!.:,:'.i;.w. ef.f:icie1'lcy. 1'1-us is '2spoc:l!J.l :,~r, t;~"'lJ :i,~1 :.rU.(> c.,:,'''',p,c''C,orp-:-.r:;o yo.1.. I IJiDj_;~o.:: :'tu.:!:'::' Offi.ce~.'s; ,:;~,=,~f cf1'::'cel's of, ;,Ii'r1610H D,1':d (:01".,8 HF,ao.cu:rt'?"r,-?:.. ".i~-..~Ji".,~.1"'~' .,:-;'.-;"~,.. 'f!n) C1:l's ......l"r.. 7".. .,.,r~...r.~1v '!'c" ''''rl!l!l'+ "J-.. 'T.. ,.:'l.:... ("4'h,J _ _,":' . vlr.t....... "J.... \JU. .~.' ... .....\01...... ... _'iiJ...,_? ... , ... .., ... ". ........" ..... ~ ..-.--.~Q~-......4 ." .,....,,, r ... 1 ' .. ~.~ ..l.", (,"J' J..\,..;....: o.... r.! . ., .... 1.........,~ ,-..'''' ""' l'''""u U.,.,~t .(.'lr~~ e;~~ "L~ .... - .... ~.,..~ ,""".Io'J/.~ "'. ::\.,. .'.,). to/Iloow.. l)(.. U",~f~ .;: .. WL ... ",V'" .~~. J, ... v!...... " .. :,......._ ........ .I ... j 4... ,;,.!..... :...ll ..'~.:J c.. ... ..L.~_ ....,' ........ \.. .. _.~_\;... t; th~~ bit9-1H:1 unit CP, ti.'li:: ":alllS of sUc:1. (~t.::Lff ol.ricer) ":is::i.ts is lr_'!~::;, . .gr.o,':'..t.;:r~ This .3q,U3C:on mc.into.ined D. complete' "sit'W\\iion r.lC.pll 'Thi~h '"~:''' ,c.or:1I'.16r_d,,~d by ene ;)iv?-s;on sta!'f 'WEJ TTe:"/3 then ,.:Ltt.;1.chad 1;0" c.s D~e 1c;'.~~,':"e":.'Z\ tt-..."Ul cmy othor i."'l' tl".c Division. TlB In.tt~r Di".rision (.tI.d .~r~1.!f u:!:':;eri:;: ,.t'reClu~ntlY' V::.s1t tho DiY'. Hq tor vo.r:ious conte:'Qnces .iit:1 ll-2 or 3-3 ::;~c-:,i-:'~-J ci'ten t:Jck the Sq CorurlLUlder ~ !"rCl!l mal'g ir.lport..-mt dut,iee ,vit~ h:i.3 ~;:l:"~ th..'U'~ ~le confe:;onces o.ppoal'Eld necessory. Uuc.nn1. vie1ts f~r I~ot.f'e:'~:;!,,/~~G IT;;)u:A.cl oe ::1.c,:,e pro.ctico.::.. . ". ) I , m. }.~p Eq'lipment: Ench Ucn ~md. Li~i50nofi'icE.r should 'he provided yrith n. i3'r;:;:-c'tICiblnSO.) size ll..'l ~1.rd ~o h:)ld n,t ] 8u.St '\.,-:ro (2) q'l.U'..clr.:.nf"~(J J::""'P rhf.0t8 fvt' n 1/50,000 r.U'r_--n~spo.t.ch ':!_1.:'1e~ nre =,n~d3q'.lnte nne.. J,r::;on:.:tieal. l!.""Gl~Y' officer of this)~ ~'" OOf:'!l com:,.J(;lled to r.L".kc. Jl1d ir,!I-:!"ovi::. n \J.1"' Bou....d. Suitable 1:11.teric.ls nre UI'l:. 'n ......"... ~ ... u"'o"'" .... ."."l ..,,, .. t. '~Q'" ..,,...:,,1. .... . ~ ~ ,.. Jl '"'.' .J. \No _f... \..r .J \.: .. 0 .......... ...... 'fWL .. ,J .":1 ..... .......... l..~_. - .A. ... l.. - .' ......: 'ob~:lo;rve.:':' ~o~p..sif1ll:1~!'::,.b~,d ef~eruy "tf...r,;. ::ir.c:1 is ';)rsc~:~:"n.~ UpOl', (.n~rJY' :-;U:r"t::'l D1:.d h"'f or.~ ~::.) ;;C-u.b ~:..:,.:,e;i -:..;: :':li-I ) , ._..1 .1., ~ ...' :.. '\. ....... ' c_# ~""5t ~.. s ... ~ vf,l\l . ..i -~~.~.~ ..# ..J t"I.";._'~\.~:'J . i'\.. ; i.. 464, t; h. .-...v..' ... lr tr.e .'i e.1.d :.:\) ~'Elo"*r.v l'l"~ .I.. ".;>art 01' vperationa 01 this ;-ilAAliron l'roi'l II ...ct 1;t4.:.. t.o j1 ';,.,n 1V44. i.r:cluaivti, i3 f';l.lo ... it.ttH'\ ir. coa,plial.c8 ~Hth.,'. j4~lu::> b,l1c1 ':"et'Ler, ii,,, ,ifth ,'..rtl11, "'J :"14-.il Jti.teoJ f.:l J~n l-;'-14. 81.lt>ject "lUtltori'ea.l .ecllrda Idl.:.o.idtori 1,)1' :.'rg-al. i Zll tiotiU'. 2. 'r'ol.loillir.j) close of the Jicllit.n (b.mpt..i~n the "1WLuron took ci n;\oAc:h r:lSeJeQ re6t for reba.b1l1tation during the period 17 - 31 AUg 1 ~4J. ~hl.e w~e follv,uu by trainuig ar.o :spl9citt.l recormd,a.sMT.ce ~f,i.aiorl. bl order ot i..1i, it.h ~.,~ 1n1" ,:.iv, ir. I.ne divA-si~nal. ueCerlct.or, horth ahore 1)[ ;jic:l1,)'. lida rup~rt-covers ~etalleQ ~ctlv iel and operation. for the PtiriOQ 11 vet. 1v4l t.o 'n ~~rl 1'44. , :;. fhe in 10 .ectiona, ~. tollow., iIiJIW!i'DiP ItY' Killed iD AC~1on uiec1 at ''0unci. (t.o elat.l) 'o\lDCl.cl 1n AO~1011 Cap~ur.c1 b1 ill., Miaa1ft, 11'1 Ao'10n '!'OTAL C.t.SUALTIES. (Hoal) (NOM) a ~o) 'MM')I -----------., .. ---------------_. ,~...... 5. Th. Sq-.............. 111 ..'1.,. o...t .,...t1_ at tM .1_ot the perl... . ~~ CHARL&S A. ~1&.L'. ~.lC.walrJ. ~, -dia,_ 1 ll'lCl. H.pon of ap.rat.1oaa (_d.) (,'ile 2 cop1). yrH'HIBU]'tONa 3 cop1 CG, Fihh AnlJ (Cop, 1 t.. 3 1 ...1.) 1 e.GPY (At.t.) H1.tor1aa. II Corp_ (coPJ t).> ---.----------~.. '~ . It It It '&.,_/ " \ Jrli!CpJ 91n ~ONtt.",I~,;;i,At.Ch. .i ..LlAIJ;IA.IJII APO co. 4'4, u.s. A~ y In t.he /1e14 16 february l~. U ~1Ul1W\ 1M3 1'0 1 FASRUARY lM4 At tIae e18.. , 'be .....atu1 S1.U1a.D "..palp, ~he;q..dron ..... nll....a ,.... au... -' rita. ~. lot U.S. Iar..."ry Jlria1_ aDCl re.,..ned t tnl ., II C.,.,.. :s~ ..... tna jSl\ONTj;, Slcl1,. &lui .....leu Y1e1a1", .f 'l"ataJ.:IJII-D+L1':P.SI tor 1'0__111.'\1011 &lui ~ft1a1n& tor _ ..new ot tkroo ..... _"tu..... M Mh U.5. I.tan~.., ulnaloa. 8, VOCG Seyea1.h .4-nl. 'be SQ ......U .... &lUI _"ta.be' 'k tao au. A.l"ao.... ~1.1a101l &!lei orol!red too ' ....004 to 1'R.APANlto roUe ,,_ 3n U.S. lataa"rr Dlria1.. tben volicnro.s. .aM ._~n11'...J'III.A1." .oUooUq .f __ .,Id.....t, I.r eal.... ptU"po 18 tat ...... .". ..u.1 ., tile IN U.S. lalla".., 1llY1.1_. be llot ReI. 3", .uumocl ..., ... .utar, .... , 1'IW'~I ~.wYUlCj; .tt..Uft 14 .." ....r 1joU aM ....1aecl 111 ....nl .t tllo ..n oed 01 ,at. loluul _"U n1.l.yed by '\ue.'tII An..... ,KeP... nae s~ ...41'11e.... 1)lY. at 1tllOO OoMlt... 1",. ....,1It1.o lor ...Mr-s.a.a1_ tMU.l ......,.. ~...w&bO." Uao .n'1",I'ft'laeo, MHI'lt, 01 0 1.."1..... '__ 1aaWla'U... 011 tIM IIUIdIti .1 11 OoHator lloU a ..."......tl" of 0-3. '''h Are, , ..... IQ ..... u.v.tH t_ ia 0 t.......me. t-...aMl.7 ". report te tile rlftIa,.., '4.t otn..... IIQ JlI. 'D.DI. He otaW tala" ratiopaa ....... _ ... Hq ....., ..w ..,1.'. 111 .nau. A' lUll. be .... .., _ ~. uri... ..u..da& De. MIl IQ Ina ..at. L., a..-\ta AraJ ..n.u... Ie on_. 1.. _ .....-to Ilftll Ma,. SQ to .--111 .,,____ \0 .......... DiY , .... .....~. pe1at - tAe ~ .. "17ea1l J'lftIa...,..., ......... , .. ".1 .at. ....... ..a 11111...._81"1_ lor "."a o.u,,...,, ... ,....HI M -rlill -. ....... t.u ......ta ....... ,.~lo. vu.ulo ... ....'1........ .............. r ...................U. _, tho IIUl A... ... M...... till. edu.l ,..uII ., r"'$ -,_,,_ aM ,......,.u.. ! M. W.1l ....... &. DUI. IQ CeIr........... a1J'p1aao to TiNa AIIIW ,.. 11...1, n.ar. "r .....11.........U_. _ tile ......... 01 11! : .. ! ; _.~ .......,..,......... _ ~t .............. "'.0, Slellr, ...... .... ,.-......... ., Beaa-apDt Ill ...... to ... till ~ wl~t,..,............, ..t.. C.al aUI ..............,.'1101 Iv ...... ... ., __,...,.... 1.1.... ,. Hdr. 4ft ., ........... fI'Mt. ~......ra.1....... "_ ..... uu. ... left ..'" _ 1.1 0IteIMI' 11611 .... ,..~~ .. It .. a. Sa naJr 01.... 1.... . '. A.;, '1 r'lH; r~,.o.~'l..:er ,),L' ti1~ .J, cOI,-.,::lf)tlllu n.r.c;,8 f.i.ri;.e;, &p.suit>nu.ent. of .~u.1pr.eftt. and. Fepraor.,..l rei ...ifi,Hions by 20 .:..otober 1~3. w.11 a.od o.~rla.lla tor ~t&ll, t'irst. stop _TId uiy !...;.;l::f.,.icill. fhe ent.ir. trip watJ mad. in Lood oNer ltJid COI:.pl&hj iF: 1'1 Ye' dale. un t.he. tilth 0&1 tne J, arrlyed at. t.h. dt.d.~i"b ar. vlc of ; .. ,,,;,..;.l.A.:l. 1\all. rh.:i. l'ODidr aLlH.1 .t.e..1't reported 1.0 :.,,-~ lin.h ~rml 'ind l .... rned 1.;1(1 t \.1~6 w~i1. .k8 att.a.chea 1.0 11 l,;orp., fifth.' nLl r en for fuLure operktlons. ':'l~ :>1' cvenLbar l~'~J 21, _ oT.ent. ",;..oer ft. recely.d at. ,", ill.....cn .;" ,J.Jao..) ",r;Thi. 1:1110n ....cccapUaIaH 111 to ..,. aM MlpM _to.nau, 1& "Y1a& larg. il"Ollp' ot pe..8OftMl. aM "biol.. ia ~ ........ ..tla.. .f toM 1il.10llAlO hl........ pr.......to017 t ... ,_ .It.al.. laM ~ 1.lJU V'&Uel. ?W. 'h. ,.n.n1 ..y__, u4 oeuoU_'l t ,roope .... plu. 1a tohe twcl ...... "b. S~ _d. iWa aM tUUa.... 01". OIl );. UlIiIOO tor ,_ t.n_.......,.....'1_ 18 "be VaU.,. 1.. L". t.aaue. c.... P. D pia....... (Ii~ tnop) ._atnaetocl "u 'WO OP'.. .iMrlac 'hl. ,.l"1od. tile ;:isr 111 combat. on :. ....,u',"~~O anel baN , ....... tor .,pU. b'.....1.'1M1.... "...t.hol' ucl ....... ooLUlt..1ao1Ao ,.i-ftJ.A ..de i' ....._.., '0. "1'1'1.lAppll.. tol'ftl'Cl bl hanel, and .. U A)eo_Mr 1MI \h .)~ 1"I'Il1l1aect a cl.taU .t ... hundrM eal.i.t... ~.ft '0 paok .",pU.. ~ '\be '--U" ot k. ~J.lJ.iU~iW. 'ftl1. iJ..t.aU .... at.t.acfl8d ~o t.h. aa'\ft u .;. llll ;)1. aDel n.aiucl 011 -to, tor .ta" day.. . Up t.o t.hi. U.m. toh." bact b bll' l.ia1'oci u 01 ..ftl .-.a WlU. 111 , .. cQlabat aOft. Hoy.r... 'b .lIOIUHO Pa.. .... c1_nel 'or toh' .lllCll ,be li,. ord.r.el to ...t.kCh one .\AlB t .. oop '0 Taalt 'on. "A- __nct.d -., Brl,. aoaenl l.11.11 (ca CC"S", J.Bt. Aracl lliy) tor opontoloa. 011 or abou' a JUMU'J 1.... Pur.ueult. t.o ~'. u. ,18 U corp" dat..d Ie Je .-,.I' 1M3. t.h. i1d Mil ;)". 1 froop "c", .t.1U 1a ~01'P' .......... ,...par04 "0 O"uto. "h. RAPloiO rd".r - 34It ..W. '1...Uo, al.,1.oa OIl corp. 01"4.,.. Plan. ..re Cliscuecl ...to H~ CC'''B'' aDel Troo, "I,;" ... ord....el too \&bUaIl ~ OF prior to tile ope.....1.1on. t.o g1" 'Jut. e_elr'. aD opponuai', ~o 1t."cl1 the t..rrain ILlIG ..pp~ch.. to tbe ;.,r,u VaU.,. l..e fiQRCiUA. ,be ... t....., of ,_ Vall.y, ry .t.rongly .i.tenet.a aDd all ..,. '''1'0. polIR at ...., "1M. ;,;ne plat.oon, loADd..r OOCIlQUlQ ot .....~ .itoU, l&o.o'YlCi tro. DiY a....... OGCIAp1ocl I4n uP on k\4JOlui'\.ij; t.he at1..raoOll JQ ~oe.b.r 1M3. COD...to aleo .~N lleheG wit.h t.il' ,"t.h -liY "Brit} echoclulocl '0 operat.. OIl t.be l.n tlaak or 1'I'oop "c". Th. t it .I platOOD ot J;" 1I" CODl'ruCt.od. anotll.r 0' ill ton. rte ot .. :L.Tr\\J ,Oft ~i dcliUl.Der 1~"3 tor .paeial u.. ot II (,0..,. statr 11& t.he l.IiU 1&118Y operat.ion.. ~'&J.r Gon.n.l.. K.ye ..nel ojoo11t.,1. Yio1.Htl '\A. vI .. 3J }ecember 1i43. lp:)1l order ut' tohe (Ci, 'f)'''".', Troop "c" lIloftcl 0"" ot DiY '0 &IS a eDlbl, _rea ric of ;,.hir.hl'.1.. ato ~l'aoA Jun.-r, lri4. U.a1t.abliohocl ', "be '. ''Ii1.h 1::;"'':,'' on t.h. MJ!:e day. b.c.." or t.ne 'YIr1 ey1eSoa\ proe'''re 1I&1a\e.1Jlo4 by the ene:;,.1 on :. t;..l-dI.\ and toho.acCW"a\e and il_"1 anI oODCenira.Uona, "t:" 1:rc.op WB oNered pot. '0 \l "eniol irl p.rion:.il\& 1to. IlIilon. The mi.d.a r~G8i&n.d ';0. to "protect. t.1Ut leJ't tl.ank ot n...~ .. , pnpa,.. t.o rocoanolt.r ~o the oat, yie I.. j-'0' ...... ;t~Af ri.~ht. fb.r,1t.. 'Lna railroad and lott. tlanll. 4O~b ~r1t. _1 v.;' Troop 'Ie" Illovae Wlder cover of darln in '~roop t.ran,poM.a\ion 1.0 Jet.ruekin~ point. TiC of .xpre__, ~ ....UrollC) &nQ :... i..U}IG", at 02183u. Janua.., 1';'44. t"1'0IIi t.hiIJ pOint. t.tl8 Troop (;',o.IG i,.to po_U,loa OIl let" tlM.l4k of j.,"A" ... ~unic~tior.s b.caro~. a .ari"",. pro1i1_ Qu. t.o the terrain ..nel weat.n.r &Ad for' :;.eTent.l houra "!,." Iroop '4. out. of COla&w"oic&t.lol'1 ..It.ba''A". 1.to j,.". ~"""'.t .l.iai:.!on officer, ,.",iarec1 YIll~blrne. a. rn....r. r knd Ifill.lnt.Lt.ineu eon'iac't ~.t..e.1'l ~ .. ~~roy'p Q.'Li :'t''' ...:.r.emy real.knee &t "hi. tu-. ft. vert'ltron& tt.nd t.tle Qfit.ire Ilrea ,.,(;.\.8 But>Ject. t.O 4CCUnt.t.. on_1 &"y t1.... .....".ra.l 0\&&1\1 were 1r.1'11-: toed. on froop .. ~ .. by 'me': I tlrll alneS llIl'i-per......l min OIl Uae nigh' .t I .ruauaJ"'1 1"" Troop "'A" hil lA.len.d tor ;:.0._81110 11; two bourG ......., u aciftAoe ,.nl ot ODO o{tlcer ...ad 81& me. t.o r-l. 1',."..... !A. T....' ..... ..n 1130A uul .......lod 1. y-18 ot L.. mj'l".JN.N. (OUo-lei by to". "'''' CP. !be ...b -.cAe 111 1004 Order cle.pi'o & blll1dlng .1u(1 ~Q ano...t.on... Co~l Ull. ud Katt .'\h ,he C,;G.clr ot Troop ..A ... reported to '.. \1 .rask ~'orce 1t.1t .t OIOOA_ 6 Jaa......,. 8.ca".. ot t.h. poor conto.at. dth ..'roo~ ". ". Wlll "be 1IIpeMia, a,...t on J,.:. PO:'.L,:tll.\. i' _...drell.ll a.por1.11nt to i"l1II..on pro,el' pro,.."loa of ~e 1,on flank. Troop ~;.'" w Liven t.ne IN&.Ultil Li~"l.on ud N1atorc.eI ..t" 'iroo,. with '"A" Troop on the r1&h\.'oJy da.,n t.iu,iNOjJ ..tl:i wol1 ......, Ulcl ,roce"_ on toot. iato po.Ulon. ";..rly t.hll.t r.lorr.ir'i! \:I.I:d uaclor ....' .......t.10l\. bo't.h Troop. Bo.ed fwd ~der heti.vl ahell Cu'''' ~.r~u M.1I__ H11l 65 bMw..a .... POriCHlA &Del fto.O ~ivd-flQG'l)e.1 _'" .ol''''r Troop .uttered alll bCllftbin, callua.Uics. .8veru.l Ch8Wl,l.Le-;; .. tore lnnl.t.ed bJ __, ah.ll tire. howe.-.r. .;)u~:P.1.1 for t'letie t..o ~rouvu 4'46 Il rlo". problee anu IUl ad_nce .uppl1 b.... wal ".tablilifle(j at ".itl '/'v()l Ol. Ii. Jt;AOOIOiti. Yr_ ttli. poiat, Wlder cover ot aarltneaG. tll~ ~1et. curriu>l ,lJ.Pplio. bJ band '0 t.ho twd poaLtlO1l Troop "8" r".airled in '" bi VO\.l&C ..rea. at. y:~;"". ...~:....l\..; hl,.Q 'NIIL:: C' ... ~l8G tri at. l80QA Oft t.hO 6t.h. It. .,..a1ifled t.ile reiuior. 01' pzotect .. ,.i.:., L .~ ",le;ht tlaU ot Taak forc. "A". t.&kiq up cI.teaal.e podt1onl ~t. 2200.... 11ot. ~ ~,.;.)., o"r l1a1.on ottic.r phoned .i, H., and reponed ... cOWlterd,ie.ck cOtld,n~ ~ run t.!,. PIr &IMI o..t.81 ..,l.ted it wol.&14 be 11'. t.n. "yt i'roop ione. "~,,, '~roop ...... :..l.~(... liJr....ar(.l aad JolMCl tbe InC el.errte ot t.he let ~a btn i.J"IIiO :r,(. i.t. 01. _~~i ...H'U, 1JDID4tcU.atel, tor " !,.,...... ii ... to cOl~ter witn ' :.; .r.d tl.er. ~ Vt "''",'''era Lv ()rt.:""i,J" U ... l:1ob11e reserv. at once from reL.....lD4.r ot ." to .h.na /;)1 or. ct..!l. ,,:rOlL i..t.c. . '.. TT-A". The countoftt.tack ft_ re~g.cl anG at Oovo.. t.he next .~"rnln6 t.: ~ ,.cuil. re.ern .a dl-.1ed. 'froop "3" .uttereel twenty CtI.&,"""..lti. ir:c.t.u.;!1r.t or~e otticer, "'P to lvOUA. 7 Jknuary 1944..('wo caauul t i.ee~.n irit'l ich'" il. I.rl& "A" tr..p rear .oileloll bl .hell (ire. ....n tne nit;,llL 0,' I.:;l: 7\h :...,. vtt8.C;( arli'';' wac ..,10 out to l'roop........ and "l" that t1.e ~J;th ,r'~ t .lri;.: .0.-1.1 ...",; ... n; .. .; i.. LUNC,W. then .... t.hrolllb1l ",," .:I.nu "\.M rroop outpost lim' ::Jll ~t.:'~\c: ' oJ ...... troa t.ho .:;a.t. ..~ .. anel "(" 'Iroop lAre order.Hi i.e Htbinthirl r't'ilDic 1... '-V.~~\,,~ wlt.b 'he tirit. OIl ;,..J:.v eel t.he 6t.h .\rmd .lIAr on . i",. _., er.n.J ~ ..... '.- .. ~ ;... outpoat. 1lIlc:i d.ter. .. line l:Ieh'een the l';'~t.t. 011 tile lett. and tne ... ,d .r;.. ..:I.. ,.. ' Tnt, 08 t.h. r1rht. rhe :j'oC contin".d on .... ~1 .,ion 0 JanuaJ")' lW.. J.lroti;(; . itl~ .Jolt. .i. ... ~ '.0 f,"A" t .hich "fl. ~hGn conaol1dat,lng 1t. hard 'lion po.iti.r,~ Ol~ . . . _. 'I'roop ordered twa end arrived ,,\ tr.1I ~, .... 1 ",to J;;;30.. "rov~' .. ""d ....tlt.~~.ttH1'.J" tr_ 6';' ,uwd :Dt 1.0~t tUl~ re.erted to control 01 tot,e ,~ .. lul of l6v';;' , y~! O..~.;l" lG. TF.. " ... Troop "~." .10111 on 11l 'i!) w\.. & ~t.\&c;''i:d 1'rol the 'Jlli. '.i: ,,,I1L.~r. pat.rol ..bo",' 2U~.....\rensth Wlknown. ,~ft,er u. vriel fi,' .~ ii.!lt ~.LC: ,,:.t. J ~i :..!~ eire.. Ccmket. lo.t tor & C Hoard QU.t rC~L.ir:~'j e..,.r~i in teot' :.. 01':.1.. .... i)"rlr. t.he n1@'ht "i~M iroop .1'oYeQ up to ' III ~ i" clo,l8 aU;-l10rt I):' t.~.. bad .e oa_1'1 ",,~ the da:t whell 14 The t" .0. arcS Ba, 6th iU'"llld Int, o~encloa t.ile ..," -Troop ..... !i.ra1. ...ld 1ZIIiU ill1. by eMU t ... p __.. ;; '. on Ua , ......ft. free,. "A" ucl "e" r 1neG 1n podt.loa. on Hlll. 6) a..ncl ~, with p",uol. r.......Ia. Mlata"'t.tact w1'lh tho Jrit.1.ah WoAG 6t.11 ,.nod lAt. {'eLirol -on .. "17 UalMd 1a "be da~1me 4. to oa., ob..nll:UQD ud Ii req""l.:t 01" l.ile Irl'lob t, de litt.le patroll!", a. poible 1n oraer t.o not oloclo.e ~~r.n.o pelll"'... u,.. voco 10 .rail '\he ;i, clr noUtleci t.htt& t.he liJlu1. .'en ... ~ WMl4 ~, nli......f 1'. pre..llt. a.e1&_&1. wit.h IF".." &JAG the rollef to b p&eWrd .., ltoQ.\ 10 19M. Troop "0" t1L\M4 011 1L1,dOll .-it.h 'J}' at. nnlUV. C....n.4e I.., 6. OIl 10 .. 1.... (.orpwal J,. ~.=_" -rr.op "C" ... a_raed t.llfiI .1.lver ...t.r M.dal. fer pll._"'" 111 ao'loa OIl H1U 6S nar~. Pl.,"'hL" pr...t.e.i Ilt. a .pecl.1"tau'. " ..,or a....ra1 IC.,... C1ri.l.1.a.D. "pori". th. vOI'bt.U I1iUl~ 1D at S. AJIGI,'LO. PIGllift.TARO aDd CASJDiO. Fi,ld On.. ~'lt, II ~orp. n.a ree.i"" aM tao SQ, le.. tHop MC" w b, pn,..... _ co,.,. order, to ..It. ILt:lre"l.e .......18.... u pnnCNal, cU....".. bl tbe s~ Ce.lr .i'ner ..... into t.h .. ";')~li-;O S. ILIA ..u", or ISW lA" \lie LliU Valle,. nat s~ (1.., Troop "V') .... ott10.1aU,. nu.nM f .... Tau Ton, "A- a" 1~ 11 .raa 11M, and lIOy.o, bali. '0 1'10 of YILJ..l YOL'lVRNO a' 1~ Troop "'.. _ a~\ao"e4 t. 1be 1111 l'f&,nk, arol&p ...a r I I t nD. ill te. d. of ~lGaWIO. C. toM "1'Il1q II 11 Jan r'J 11M. ea.-,ua DMtll1tt ...poriN ~o 'be (,1', lat __ 0.... &lid .....lftcl tile all_ w .......t.".r and ci.tU'ldu ftiWobl ...... ,. ___at ., ...u._ tut. lD ~ .......t ..n ...." oC rt\~n~,l..W:; aDd II. 'DOCOJao. fttoep "C. __pll..... ~.lI1ool_ b, .... of ..u nc....u........ ..Vela. 'ftaa oit_"1. la 1.M 6. u.u - C.uSDO 11111., .......p1cllJ ".,..lopUaa late .. Iat .,....UOll aad litUe &I'IIeI'.' ..... 18 '\Ia. uploikt101\ .f ~he ...u.,. ...... 11 .... "',., 1,.. tM M IaI 1>1 pu.hin, C.raN iIl'o the 'ftlll.r aM IISp ~ ......... IAWlUCkO. CHUU, S. P1J;1'IW. -i. VITrORi. uel C~VAaQ. 1M hI CII \Mil' rip" .... IIft'i.a& '- _ ,;. ~ t ... AC,l;,...i\",~"'.\MAe!'Net tIC-.I In 1a tM ,.. JINlu. ..ul loa ._.., 1,,". I' ... tA_ nil.... 'r II C..,. ........ I'ftVh4 W a~ ....-.1 u4 ,..Jet.eeI ~'" ill 'rio.,nu.& ........ ....... tM U. tllat !INQ "C. _ a'tullH w \M 1n "fuk a..... u4 .,.,.u.. te tile Ie..ua eI .., I, tM II u.s. Dat DI.. _ lAtll'aUaa ia', ,..u....w 'r'" ftIa AM 'lat. !lie..., feU,.. buk with a .i-i_ -el .......... II. tMCClIlO ........... ~, tM " Iat Diy. 'mallk '.n. -,.... __ nI.leIM ... __ la bl............ '''0I0000. 1.0. ;ao HQ II C.,. _ ,.i _tile U Jars ,.,. 'DIe....., 11M d\b4ran ,_ blilk of aat ..,... _Id.... UPDO Ii... &1... a ....ral u.. s. '\_'-0, C.~INO \~ ........).... CAllOt Wi_ ...9I1A__nan. 'IM"_ 1alMv, Dlrioi_ _ U. ..... MIl tile AI .. 1Il'fidla _ tM -.... De UI ... 1M lilt 1Wpa ., ....... latll.9 W ........ -q ._Jlua.... U. ,....u... ....... -1~) .. \,il.;':> .1t1.:5 (~l' ;i:Ct t) (;,)1 t. ....J\.ie t .. 6 \it.'tl~('.; "r..1 c:,'')fS. tne', .;.L.~ l.ver . : .) of;.I't:. ......i.:Ji: .. " ;:,r~. '"VII'!"_", '/ie: of '''V i...i ~f'Oy;.d"" to tJ)lt'~,)i to '''~'''''J.j ,urttl"" .l$tJt to: ro ... ;.. ~. tll~ orijit'itlu~... \,;, ..ii't ...KXiLIUlIl lAa:~"Gr. ..I~.:;6 In! .ilv .-o~.L ;~ttb.cl .-nol.ll' ,';-;Li.i. Gbl.tL~~luh ..:.J.t.eJ"H.,te c:rOti..ii,.l!6 vic . .: ... ~ ... '::.li'" tud.dl..i l r'idc;:ehead .:li1t 1.(.. q,)"rux;..:'atttlt 81 t,riJ lit,i~' 1"rOft. 1.,\6 lb 1.>1"11 lin&, or. the; orth, t" ... ;.>.~ cf l.j l.il'iQ or: t.ne ,,~n.n. ~l;"le !.:.i.lir: -,. g~).un ~h. lburni11i or 24 J.n\Aarl l1+l, one ~roop ,/itt.a ;.lb'-"th fIo'r tJ0.-a1.J.j"d a19*.n\ \0 t.h. 34 ti.. lilt &Jiv. ~:t.. LrJ.L .lll& Ci.!';li.I"~"t..~ . ..,or .I,:"/,t:nd. '.1;,...Klei.r, DiY .... omdr. and l .... n d tohe ."('-'::'1 ... "1"\./lIJra,,ll"1i', V,'.t it :.i,ut v. n.crl \0 tat th. J. u1., wit.h ra,onnaialNt.ne.....-3 .H ",fl1" . i.v .iu'oCLIIJd t.hi. Ih t.o prepare a plan t.o 1rlCl\Ade OJ.e 'In or .:..nl, OM ... 0 :.l"IL r .. , or.t..Cl'. . roo).,. uul "he t~ f'rch ~'.~. on ,lo"e 011. utrll. rru~ ( ..... dz1. '(.!f, .I ... " ....... w" ... 1. CClllmanci ot t.h \roop J-dil)' ud. 'i-hour wo~u oe cQr.Lnf.~~'llt upor: :'14~. flu...... _el. wi'll t.h. CO lno, ..~.. t.o prood 1.0 the &saerubly ar.. nc ot II. PORCKU. IUId _d.r co.er or clark Oil t.b. 2t/2~ Jail ir.U.b.1.e erou:..ir~o ot 1.h. RI~IDO Ai.er. 81 .orntna .t t.he 2~t.h, t.he troop ... in p08ition and ,.t.n1a ......d. TIaI Troo, rei.nci 1IOt. t.o ero t.he r1yer Iotnle contact. w1th ... _.., lon. rr. 25 t. 11. Ju. '1'rM, -A" r FriBed. 1ft po.it.l. aloq :...l.?lL1J ,d.,..r wit.h ..tl.. ","roU1B& _.an. tb. alpt.. 'I'M --, nW ottend .Lronc, r iet.ulc .. "lie RAPIDO R1wr 11M ........d.,,_ ow pat.rol....T.r, ait._pt.ed rlver ........ Ceu14....1...nar '*bel..rt.r) t1" II&d boen ~e.el alont; t.h. ror.rcl ....... fNo, "." 1" pnl.t ....bUnI ailoa.. l'h. remaind.r 01' iAe .,I"C 1. 1a .....ne ft. ttl C~.MA. I~. u .t Ila~ .........., lM4. I~ \~ j Hr..AUQUi.RTEas ,I,.glst h~O:~NAIS~i.. ;I ..UAURON APO NO. 464, u.s. ARa..f III the FieU ~ ~roh-1M4. ~WJJ..t. Report ot ('perationa - 1 to at Feb"..,. lM4. 'I'hroqh& Com",. General, ji'i~ Am" itPO 4&t, U.S. AI:tq. To a The .o\.4.ju1.I4nt General._.. Uept., :"ehlr.ltoa U.c. 1. :\ePOrt. ot Operatlou 'bl thl. 5q\laClroB t ... 1 to at ,ebl'Ual"J, lno1uGye, 1...omittecl in CCIa,u-. with AJr34!'-lO~ aDd Let"er. Hq, ,.ift.. A.t:m1, AG 314-A.H "I~+:r-o-. 01 4 \000" R!l;POKT OJ' ~~RATIONS .___0________\. ... -===:Q*ir~AN .....~ ,"', . " ... ~ '~f ~. .............. '. 'f ... '.........i UPaBIII ... _CIIIiIAII'la _SlAP 1 .......UM . , .1M 1............ 0.-_11...) .............. . II DiY _.Ii .. ..u1 o.J.IDOeA ,.. 11M. ,a. __.... car ............. Ia ..u ........... _Spell .. tale .... I I "'.... ,....,. ~...' ",._ . .. 1& ... "u." al..... upuo..... eel ,sua. ...., ..... ...... et u. AN.r" car wldA'. wltal .. etn.. Sa ...... 11M ."............_s........... ...s..a '''' ., t., ,I 1at IaeWt ... ten lta ,." elft.tt..., wi... ~1e nnlte. aa,. lat....... ftc........ W __ G...... ..u.. tM s....... c................. "''" .,...u .....utaI MIl" ....--.1..... '1'ne,. M ... ati.'1111 ........ an.,. It ........ aftar ti.....t., 'Uae _"un .t tM .,...Uta tala. t'a', .." tW ... attM"" &ad "he otnn of "Id.. 1'r'M, ..., ........ Lt. Cd1 ..... C.o. 1A ... arw" _ "_ "1"A1III .f r..... II c.,.,. ...)'.. Ce11M1 11" ........ 11... "be 01"4...."ta.hl8I ~, .." ert..uft 1 ,......., 1.... u,.. fOCO, II c ..,. OIOtoQA r. 11M U. m .. Ii-- a .at_... '~ ,.."ro1 IUId ...... RAnDO Rl.... tna Y1a CIt.l8IIO. W left , .., .t 11 C..,. ... 'l'nop "B" ". reNIt ........ '" In TUk 0,..., fer ~lal Idulla. Th. Scpa4roa cU....... ,. ta...... 16 Dldu..'........... ,.Vel ......... ucl .. e pnpan4 .. aa ,,_ MPIDO al.... _ C........... _til tile ........ of -'I1D& 'l'nop "A" alnad, la'tM "11M" UI4 flaUl&r wltal t.U MnUa ' coat.naw..... oaUed bl "be S....... C......... " ... lIl..lea at .n1i__ ',"Troop' C I I n4.n of ".- ... "e". IMIa Tne, ............. tt.d t. IU." rMollMi....a tor .......J, ........ of ft. 'I'IOCCKIo. me, "i" ('DuIka) renal... 1a nHrft w1~ the VaW. Y1e cgpjGlIAe '1M iUeuUft alii ~ 3-3 weD" tol'WU'd ~o ~"e a ,..lU. t.,. tM 6Q CP 1'1 ., s. nnor 6A11 PIETRO. l6aJor fl.t1_. S-I. 0....." .. II Di. tor ad....... ri~ 8-1 ... ~be Open"i Otf1o... of ,,_ l4l1at..,., ..... la pealu. al-. ,,_ RAPIDO Riftr. Troop "i" ba4 a _ ill.,........... YUlAIRO ~, a laII6-sS. at 0I1UIA feb 1~. '11l11. thi. plu .. be1D& .'feoM4i, Troop "1." r rifted 1a "be 11ae ... helpacl ..".r1all, 111 loaaUDa ,..1t1_ tv tbe Tno, "C" ad..... perU... . 'I'be fron" Un.... , ...raU, qaUe" with patrol .."1Y1", a" alP". Me ,,"nla( .. .1" .. AM ...., '0 .......1. b.ton d&_ 3 feb anQ coorc1Ulate Mi th the :nt tile Nll.t .t ~ tonan wt.po.t.. The s~ C;P cl.....d t.lle bivouac a.re& u4l ..... to n.alt, ot s.ur fI.lliTHO (t6Wa) at 0I24OOA reb li44. DOt.h Trott,. ..... 18 po.ltl_ ateto......... 1'be tl'Ql"lt. liftU\oIt.\t.ion was t~irll fPdn nth ..all .... tiro lrl no1n1t., .t ~ A:.'C~LO, aloo t.he i\O\ bridge.""dq _til et CASSX)jO. II Corpo aotlt1ed ,he .J :tuac1roD LOID~ there wae ,..e1bWt, that "SPADG~R" 'HZ C ..,.) _Yl4 roll... 0\&1" t.wo Troop. but. t._ tiae ... dal...u BOt. 1ft b. , At 0I1OIQi , ... tM S..........tullalaecl Ual.. wl'\h '\be 34 lilt tn.T ~f. tNo, e .. al.rMcI &D4 otn.er e.'\ac'\ parU. Y1.lio.d iobe ~p or io~ W lat. Captala ~io'. c.o. Troop "c" -.ell penoaal nconnalac. ot tile "'-11 ...... It .. clH~'" Troop ..c.. would .0," ln ",ruck. Wla.r ooyer .t 4arbeH _ tbe ailbt of , '-aw.rr 1944. Compl..,\. reli.t .....rc.et_ _,0112.11. .... Ual_ ....-bU... wlta. the at u.s. lilt' &Jly on the riprt.. rer th. neat .twe1.. dar' Troop "e" re.a1De4 in po.ltlon. prot.~t1ng the left tlaat .r the It U.s. Int Dly aD4 ...lnt&1I1.cl ph7.1cal conte.ct with t.h. N.. z_ta.. '\roope 011 It.len. Direet tel.phone cOIIDUIllca\1on vat.abll.w.d wl'\h Troop "C" and p.riodic report. _re macle daily ",0 \..Ql"p8 Hlt4dqUart.er'h 011 ~ aft.na.OIl ot ao F.b, 0ltl0.n of th8 2'1 ~~G lin oon'taot.cl ...u.ptuJ.n Dcnnhl'" aDd plaa, re _el. tor thl rell,t or 'i'roop "C". (..ompl,t.. r.lief ...tloc'\" 2lCMlOA r. ud Troop "C" ret\ll"llod to Jquadron bivouac areo. vic C&PPI\.GNA. . Dui.II& .....SnA.r of t.he aoat.h t.h. ::;q~ron r-.1nod 1Jl t...orpa H.rY. an' t,ll8we4 & prolram ot In'\on.lye t.ra1n1D& and rehabll1tat.lon. Th. Squaclroft alllE'reel oal, t1ft (5) battle c&.8lM<l.1 dur~ tAd. v,rioa (r.b 1,,"). .. It ..... .. , III"' I .ii.iwW,,~{TlWU . ~!~ rl.jjCQWuW' ... i i ..W~aow, .U-O Hv. ""'. u.~. AHIoi. r III ~be r1.el4 10 :.prU 11M. j\&bJect. I aepon qf 0pent.1on. - 1 t.o a1 !.janh AMt 1. j;.epon .or Jpe.....U '01 t.al. ':>~ .... ..,. ' u.s. SI-can :':1 I ..uels British ftC"' HlADQVa1'Jt:U 81.." UCOlINADIAHCI 6QUADJWI . ItI'O 10. .... '1.1. AII "99r i cr... nm . CJL ~Rh.l.t. __ SQ ,- l'I'Mp.") ... sa Co..,. .....rft Y1e .r "'PAlM,Ita1. uul 0,..... .,.. 1 .- ,. fno, eM ...... te b.... ,.,.,....,. I. CO.pll~' ......prd.u.tioa litJ erter of co- ,tftb AnIJ'. ....iaJ. .1IaI'k .... ,... duo.4 bj &-3 "'(1~1'1I ....Qw..... "0 dCl T{r. cl".art.. &1_ ...... ,..a_n'.OUDi'. tJl i ....Sq.vc. ca n"I..... .tNr1na ..Al. u.. ...., .............. la1..,.alft ."1.11111&, wniAll W&_ ....... br la_v, ras... . aB MuU an, Li. eel. AU. ~.. a .... ..u ,... (1-1 Xl ~ . . Nqu'-1D& a _stu.... 01 ei& (6) .tn. ..... aacl 11;0'. wia da ,a) RIa ,,~a.. ~o au. 'a ....-s..... f U c...p. lIl......... ,(.....) ,1.111 ....... .". ., , rn1a ... a.' labl' ..... 10.. U C...,. v.,.. . , On J.il.nh 5'U1U1JW aan.., ~. 0 ......... ,... a~ t ......... ....u te 1IC~ a ... 01..... d_ (- 'troop ....) nc '.t 3AM JDA'ft.t IW,. Capta1D "s II Co.... (GeMnl x.,..' Ald.) ""abed tor ,.po...., .., wi.... IQ. MeaYJ ra1a 111 huperiq V.l....witbla t.beS~ ....,... ,..,.,..el_ a pbODI ...U from 1.1-,) II C.rp. to.... o"tun w at.... _ ",Air c ..,. a ..... Lia1_.. Sob..l 1a P&TA. TIQUl, pAL&snl& ,.,. a peri14 .t tUM (I) .... ~... n1:1& 15 ~'&fth Uld I'aiMUII& 5 ApI"l1. .. M tIt.e t". ., .1IMl.. ~~ . i'1okln. ,..3. &aU l..t.'. ZMIU. Ual otn.. .... w ... HleeW ........ MSII ...n nbm1tt.ed. .e ottloen ...""_,, r.... tid. _it. IA.... Sa tM -." Caf'. 8&rret 'G-3 II Corp. aaUacl t. aoUIJ J.laJor flaklea ud L~. ___ tala, \Mlr Dam were Ilpp~Oyed bl hlp... Hea_."".... . ~ ;.~1.\rch 6~ .. :.;, .60 pl&.008 _WM M ....,.,... ana de iU AM_ 1.0 .GAnNet. l"Oa4aJ. aaQ t ........ priM' .. _VUe. _, a. SQ. 0-. 11 C.,. c:alltc1 reprdlag _ 1.e ..... a ....a.ap .....1. .. , '~ ....m..... 60 te .,0 MIl 1.0 .....1Ul 1..1..... $lUi '-ftU_ tor -.... (I) ....... ,... .., _11 OCIII:pl.t.10:i bad. boen ~ by ....... ot ~ S,. s~ s-a .. MtUW _, t...,.1'nlttlc "_. ~, . ,~, Oa .....aa U~ ~o.. noklea ... Lt.. Z1Ift. clepanecl tor actlool. ..en pta.rt.1o., an pln1ac 111..1_ .. 'lhe 10'lh, depaneel a" 081~.. foo cCIII'lpl.t. aDdgm.ent.. ~ IQ " ... t1nt ..rial aperl.s _t OM5-A tor b!yo.aac ur... yic .;~: :J....r. (H-4a07IO). 87 ~l aU Troop. (- Troop "8") haAl clo::Jed 111 .ft oiyowac aa.r.a. Tno, ,- r t .... Y1a C.Pf'j,GHl (010184) at.~hec:l t.o (.("~ .. tor tLli.u.re optlnat.iona ...... Mania 1a~ to Ma....h 15t.h 't.M S.... buy .et-foul up a.. c~p. OIl ~Ia 16th Troop "a" .s _1--,_ tor rut"'" ope~t101lith ~"""j" aDO ....ta.U. b, .. We (2) hCHIr ale"'. Qa a.N1a *b aiaJor CArda.r, , G-3 II ~orpa callao for 01.. otficer ~ 1._0 NCO'. t.o at.t._d .&.11.. ~rt.... aDd .ftJ" lnt.eWi;;ence .cbool COrl:1u.ct,aCi '01 rilt.h ~ lad..... at. CAfUA, It.a17. Lt.. fT1ce, (;p1. I1Dr.ona unu t pl. lander vela.. ..,.. _ ee1M'Mcl t.o att.eD4. ca .....b llait. 'lwo Inci L'l' . 'al.M uefts. ;,ere at.tac.oJ to thc~, t,.. NplM... 'l .ent..r. 011 a.roh :l&t.h 1'I'o0r "8" lia. dttt.&chec1 aM relioyc;d {ra.; i.. "11 '. tlL" ,',--Yerted to .i.,. .oat.ro1 liLt. lS03UU-A. 'l"roop"8" olo.od ~ F .,1.J HlADQu,.... iln CAlAlA! RiCOlOlAISIANCa lQ'IADIDII APO "" - U.I. ARlIt I.Jed. ,.ri.t 0pe..."1_ - 1_ 11 ..11.....!tan.. C....~ GeMftl. J'lfth ArIq. AN .... V.I. AftIJ. '1'0 a ~ A4JlItaat a.Mnl. ... Ie".. .. ..-. .D.o. 1. .Mpert.t Ojen."leu _, 'Ual. S...... Ina 1 t. 11 .., lIM, laolulft, 1. ___"ted ill C_,UI wi.. Aa HNOI ... letter, ... nn. &raJ, ,. 114-AII .ted II lu 1.... -.lena .........,. ......... ... Uri ' ., OI'palI&U_. I. Dui.IIc the .oath., ipIU .... elf ,u.. ., ..,..... tld ca-"7 .....s.__.......... at.... te It .....................tpt'l, .... bUUl'U.tl.., .......rp.... 1M ....U_ Ala 'fiddt,., Amd3N. ltalr. .... .... puUal,a"ed la til. Wu. ., ca.i. ........... Nlleftll Ina .....t 1......._u.u. 10 -. s. !!d.a...,.rt 1. pre...... ill I ...u._ .. leu a-u._ 1 - ..... ., ....u.. I latnn. Ina ......... lV8fl I' I - n.eU .......... 0twJap ....... ".... . I'........ i' OunlUM aM ...,,_,...... ..,.It ... .' : L." 1\"".. ..... .= ,~tf'!E'!'t. IUUI .... 3. ... hrJ., .,' .' ~.+dibr., /::1 ~ ." - 01 10'1_,......., ......11 ,.. ,.'... 91......... ..,. " .. ~ .. ~ ..'."":~~1=. ').. . I,. . :,., : J, ,............. ,..., ,'. 'irue .'......). .' ,.,' ',\... '. . _~, ."',.,...,,......., ., ro f,..........,,--r;-,----ro-.-.-~~--...,-~---.... ........ .... ..-;.'.. ,. ..... I ............. _.,-- ."",,I . -.-RSPOa! OJ' OPERAtIONS . t..I0 ...~' ,.;.-;: '~f4JJI ~, .. 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( ,' , . , \, o".r arM patroUe4 by '!'roo, '''A-, aa4 the la"'Mr tno, ...... to .....rt tn.,"e Oft the al.dOll to QA1:;lA Puluula . ~tiBl .1__,. m.". ou" a" 110119-. &lid tMlr ''''&n'' .. "I"J' al_ b........... ~ .....1abllaAOIl ~ ,.... _tul... wld.ela .. t. -. la1_ to ol..r ~ ro..... !1M _"i,.. GAIU area h_'t'1l, mi....... It..., t .., .... 0.. pla__ ot 'hoo, -C W ......h.. 'til. "'*11"'1 .t GAlB .kU. otb.. el.__b .0000nocl tor t.raU. t.o t.h. north to f'1a4 a ro,,". t. tJ.. -U .-tal ton et 3PiI:ALONCA. 1Da::J, re.i.tano.... IU&bt at th... polat. &a4 tho nlJ ...., .... tao, by Troop "til. with ... ..., It.U loarla.. ill QAiTA .... 01__"- at 15t.h a.tan.Didl!o.. ra..... .." aloq tM ri throup GaU ... tapo.a1ble du. to Ma'f7' ori'$ioal 4aDoll~.... Upoa nqllen .t the CO. II.. Jafaatl"J', Troop "Alt partone. rod He_l..... &1 Hi.&Da, So... t ...... lSI .itla bettor prop' t.baa troop "e" 'oa "lao 1.ft. ...., re.l.taD.......tro...r ... oYer &Del aaDJ' oa., roacl .. l ..t ...... u."",,,,, A __t. 01 frNp -e" 'lu.n" lett at. tho "owa ot 1M aa4 ",.h.. 'tip...... r 7 i ...... to taw .Nt u4 to SPiiliLONGA. Troop "Aw .0Dtt.Iu.IM tra ftRI aftel' ......u. tile ...., tort,. tiYe II1lldO. ln a .oyoro t1n ft.&ht N8ul.t.iD& ill 4..troJU& a ..... rod ..1.. 11'M11ud1n& an Oil., Ja-4 !uk, uu-tut .. with well plao....1dae ... *SA bad cl.1..,_ oW" Int""17 a4..0. til. __, 1a -.1.,.. uti___ ... ... Sf auu &I 4elaJiDl tOft to roi&ri ........... _rill 0' ItAJ, lMlutina .... ~~ road cra"o.. d_o11U... !be ......_ CP ftII 'to a ,..itlea J..t ..MIa .1 roRMtA, tM roRMU aa4 1TfU RoU. At IOlsoo.. MLr, aiM effie... u4 thS.n,.._ .a.... .. eI' 11' Cay RIa SquadroD " t~ u4 Itat.tulled to ... 1roIl lor t..,......, .. .apon................el.... to tile Ir........ a..................... natl tIId art.no...t 1Ol.~1. iIIe ......." I ....... el ."... ,.,...., "C.....Mtl SPIRLOJfOA ... repori" the ..... fIwI DIU t. 8JI'IRLOJICIA ,....1. lor ....'If .,.. 010.. 'Dlen wen .0Yell lup ..... onte.. Juat ...,," .t .,."., _ ... .. o.e, ....11t1... a.pa1r.t til Inten ...~.......,.,.,. ....... t ... ...r .n .."t .......,.....JA r.1' all .....i.1e8. au ..... , ..... tM..sa."ppl, J"O'M tor tho S........ !no, ................,...111-. tile 11'11.-. rOJlDI ...........MIl .........- .r ...._a..... ar. ... _ ., _ ...... at...... ~ i.' .... --.... Jla........,.... ".~ ...... ....,"~ ,.1' ...........d, ..............., .......,."......' .an , .... tM .... ~tuUe.wltla .... _., .. _ ........ , ' .. Onen1 (UDAL .t ... 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S~. 11...... ot tile n'th aoyed t-odie"el.t " v1011d:ty Scpaac:lnn C.P. ...... H pll "0 " Oft. Tnop, 11' Oay, a... SiC on ,he "Itat f'laak t .....ODI1tv k1Ch ,"und, .lao .....d..... Vall. to , .. l'Ionh ot lI1&--y s.y... S~"vld.1*8I '\b........Troo,. -... aII4 "B" t1 Ca.. Rea. "troop ..c .. il Cay. RcD. ~Q ,..1tl.. '" ..n.ts.rta W t ~DII... pula "i~..... ,..u l'8Oonaa1...o 1a~ til. 'ONTDI .......... to d.n1.p ...., .tnactIa. po.l"lOllI, aacl ld.n"1011. uul lOll....' the AN.ZIO a .... hb...d tono 'rho _""-all ~1 tlao ."th rnt. "'. ft"....MAC INA ftC tlal an4 at Itl.1OO-l ~...,. 'l'I'oop "C.. e1". "line a laUo, '1"1'-= OftI' ~. .anal s. .t UlUliCI~ y.... ~h. tim 81__". to Iloar thl"O~ ~. to_ ud toot lip 11ft t'.Lank proiOC:iina ,0.1"\1011. tor th, rataatl7. or Ufth Ren, ... A." ....'!'roo,. "AM ot th. il.i Rca thu pr'p&I'Id t. ...... ihroup aDd pRlh NOO-s........ ill .. Ion. '1e" of TZRRAClNA. ' ." I4UlW ....,. '.rroop. "A'" "8" 91 CaY. ftIIn S~ and "A" .r U'1V1 CaY. Rolla j, 1I0YO\ \, ....... -. Ie ................ tM HUtal ........ I ........ M~ .... eI-. ., ..... ;. IIIIIlt..... ill tile air w.. .....w. .. "b. dUOl'I.'b," _ tIIe.-l I_ aU ....... A..... ,... CIaf'ala IiAI'SWI GO troop -A_ .............. .., .. I.u... ~ ....., ...... wltal tri_a, ....... at ............. UGlII". 11...,. .. ..wW c'."el, tbat ... .... ........ "'.AmI ,'ar I..... tile JIa-- ._acl.. _, 10" L".,.y.......... _.., A Ill""""" ..-.n Wltll a M ..w klUab ....-.1.. __ JdNl ........ &1_ .. .-tal ....... ., 10110 GJWlPA. , ......u ..... Ira '.,fIll DIU II .... ... .......CF Ie LlId. Gel. &LII, IQ C .... ....... at ...........u ..., ..." tno, .....u.u.4I M act..... WI' Ii ....... t .... .....rUpa .,......... t ....u"loa Inn an U_ ... tIIdr ............... ..,u. ......,. .... ~t t .,...., .........neo ..a..... at "'.. .til......._ ...... , .....t allOOO-l, ..... "11.1 , 1..............., tile ,. .. MIlO ......... CAllIJIO ..." ... -pp-. mop 11......................... .a.. .......... baYJ 11 IIOftar t1,.. yl.lai", ., a ...-In. . tile .... ., ....u.a .... AIUO , .........,.n.a .... aioa1oa ...Aide............ Ga ........ .., tile lltua ............... "."-h~ t,.. tile ca...... I ..........t ..... te taa. 11th u.a. Iatuv, 1.iY18loa, 111 tile ftdaltr., ...ao. Itilr. At ...,.... _11M tM ........ ,'la"'.. ~ ........ ,... II 0.,. .. ft , .. rlftll .., Vel .. .., _ witW...... late til. W.l.a te rill...4 .on.'iu" .... eoOIl~ ....,.1..... .,..., tIC- laM1............... IIUI: .t iM __, at".". t1re lIP' ..... t til.........,. uwn1 ftIdel.... ..u-tut ...... ad tIaln .........n ., .... ............. ,"-.... IIaW .. It, ~ Itri4po,,~ me, ........... t ....... ......... tIIrwp IAlaUllO ....... 'Us. ~... t JiORMA. .000wt ...... wi...... IrMt -. At atmw ." .....t ............. "h. Wo 1I'..,..t s.A. o.~......t 'lrM, -... alae ....h.. U.OIii.U ......... .., ... rl,I"''' It .lAar. tIIU ...1Ilpl...... _ 1Ila_......1pe4 the I n. AI.._ d.__ .........U .. 'M .. ...n... riP" tlaak ~ laOft Ute .... Idlle te .. aut aa4 Mftlet ..., ut__ ... ~ towanl SlZZ&, ..... II 0.,. left 1laU ..utaia .....t with ~ lit lr1t1U ilia. aD l.tt .t tbo __am .,1. ad ...... tIIU oaal. to 'UIe ,_ .... c...,..I'Il ... 0Al.,. ,...,. -A ... -.- 8IftII on ~ _ .s.._. a" _ ............ ~......"'U.......... tM It CI ........ftt JMe fHlti...Db lr&at. .t.raLlftCaI&t iw,. . . .. If F'r. OF .......................... to Geaenl .IWIM. G-I, MIt ,..., t..... D ~ AIIIlO, ...........t ..,10-1 liar. He .....1... ord.... w nli..... _10 ._...........w .......1...... tnOf, ... riMer ot tlW2.'.& ........ _1d.8I.. !reo, -A" eo.... .outaJ. ..... azul .._t~ ta ...... wital tM ........ or. .. .. "M "'" .t tel"l'da ..rUa .t "be " .... , 1081&, ....,...-u, ua:Ju. ... SU%8. wlaU1&lar ......at .. pl'UU..u., ..,....~. 11'......- .. "C. --' .. tar .......1. u4 " ... ,....e4 i.a .u.......................... tile ..... t llCCCMOlGAt eARn.TO. UMl ~ONftl.ANlCo. At 1I11l0-l ..." tJao ........ __ i "tu'" ". II C..,.. 'fr.., reA- ... ...u..... et b.... ,.Vel ......." .tt."ly. 10 ..., ... reJo1aatl "be a,..u. ill YidII1t, ., COlI. 0. "lao IOtII _" _ ~teoa .t bro., -4- Nllnecl ......, 7 ., ..,..., Sa .... __ ., .accA MUUM ... ,.u.......... t.,. all......... _-' ___ , ........ taa. iat....u. ...ri.... II ..... tIIIa .... nIt. ia .... Y.Ia1a1t, ., 'OIl, .. pnparlIac ter t.be -all. ..". *Aft , ........... ., _ ....... ..ut .t ..,. 1~ ..... 1 i \ . i.', ~~------" .... " .. _; ~_, 1 , .... \ : . HlW)QUARTERS\ .... 91.t CAVALRY ruJCONNAISSAtlJOE SQUADltON APO 464 - U. s. Am.:y In the Field, Ital, 17 Jul,18-M SUBJECT. Report ot Operations - JUDe 1~ ." ... ~ ~ ,-.".. . THROUGH, Commanding General. Fifth Army, .APO 464, U.S. AI'Lly. TO I The Adjutant General, War Dept., WaShington, D. CO' 1. Report ot Operations by this Squadron trom 1 to 30 June li44, inclusive, is suboitted in compliance with AR 345-105 and letter, liQ Fifth Army, AG 314-AH, dated 22 Jan. 1944, subject I "Historical Recorda ar..o. Histories of Organizations". 2. On 1 June 1944 this Squadron was attached to II Corps and continued in combat operations. On 10 June 1944 the Squadron was attached tl.) IV Corps, continuing in operations tor 52 consecutive day.. Serious deficie.tlcie. in person.'1el and equipment under ourrent Tlo and lil 2-25 have been experienced in these operations and essential ohanges will be recormnended in a. separ4t.e report. 3. This report is prepared in seven sections, a8 tollows. Section 1 - Report of Squadron Operation " 2 - Report ot Operations - "Special ~ak Force". " 3 - ReCOfJJllendationl and Com.r.,')enta. .. 4 - J'j.eld Orders, Overlays, Maps. tt 5 - COE1lllendations. II 6 - llessages... 7 - Casualties and Hospitalisation Report 4. combat. ~;;t-~;"r..,,",~- (' !L~ CHAlUdiS Ii.. Ei..Lnr-; . Lt. Col.) Cavalry, Comma.rliiing. l-Incl. Report of Operati~7~Quad.) 1)I S TRIB !,J'l'ION I - 3 Copies - CG, Fifth Army (copies 1 to 3 incl.) 1 Copy - Commandant, Cavalry School, Ft. Riley, Kansas, U.S. Army (Copy No.5). File - (Copy No's 4 and 6). , . \ 1.,~ ........ CLE S-~-C-T-I-O-N 1 ru;PORT 01i' SQUaJRON OP;.;.1Al'IONS. .--", "..,J ._ .."'.. ,.... ( - '-': tU..J,~ 0.'; ~ Ullilt c..V... ,,:,"J. .\.kO'~~", !. : .....;, ." .: lA. J'~~,;~LI ,i.i..,.. :. I n ~i.l1.I;' 1o.J.d. i 1,. ~~J.y .. lri ...ull" "'~i':.".!. "i'he)~lU~'h'on F.):r,te.e~J.'d to U ,:Vl1Jf;. cQr,t.i~!.n~~ in \ 01 ;}I.,.(. "".,11 .. ',-,;.;i;j .'>..:.rce ~: H~r i.:; ...1. penor. ~,:t 7:~-ivf..lrlJO recoP!"..: ... ~,,:.t,,;,re t" i.GI'.Iiol':!J:'. ..'.:\ .....,.; \.; ~l; .)',1"';"00 \,.. v.ne} ot- o~}.~'r.t.t(,!:~f; :\1.. '1&'-'3 r9.~: forc(J\~. . .:v, ir.1'.r.'tt'Y. ae\iiv. .. d;( .l.;" i:t. t;',\J1'ks, tl~.r!:: rie'" '.ltroyel''S ;.:'~' I::'::, :>:e.r~'e :'h(~ ~:-lu9.,n"'.) ,',1 .'~ :,t,,~! l'elni'('w'" ,: "t~; .. 1... c~';::',d,ll)~1 j.Jlto I:.~;:,1 ':', ".'.i,:, ,;'" ,:1"011 COI' ud(;{". :r; t.il(,! l(tttar OGt;ttl:l!.l)n} h';,. ":'!;"l~J . .;:.; .fJ;{ (;,,);,.:~ . ,.:i.'\ ";" . j t:, 'I"",.ki" ?OI'f:E! ...n o:r~ ord:':r of the CO.!7IX; (.;,."'1) i, Ol.lr;>',i...!'ii.l~ 1~. 01, .4 ,j'lAne J.,;.; d,,:'. '('0 1()l"\lI~'.1"U elo",(:~rt~ ,_".: r.:'~;\.,:, ott t.lle:.!" n,l"'dt ub,joctiv~~ .),( .::,:'; .;WtC J.';.....~'!, .. the :(lH~dr(1r: WCl.J. dnt,;ccw:.\. i,;,oJ)i .. f :,,' ;,' l":~ "J!~J,;",;(." r.v 1st .' ;' j ,~, 0:',. wh.o 1A,1;,-"hC't.Ud it. t.o ,., "'. ..IT.;lO~Jl ita '~" ('.!~.,J. ,::.a:"ion 'N'~ua ("~ ,.',,;;r;""i!j~l ~J:~j, pruti;JCt t.w.i.,;.alOl~16 )',;1'1, f ... ,:.:., ;~ ",,(;~ ,;;".L~: .,\.;,""' ceu ;-; t\lUil ,,,., 'sO ... ) .. ;;.r"r.J.i."(",~ l(;J'ce. '1,,~ie lot't of t;hr~a .,J) .\.W 'v,..e~ cu.lW:;lt:i LU''Jio.' \). ',',". ':"'t.;~ '1:. l-' Ll,j.'\J(c', 'TY.:,1 rox' j.1",.~'I\l.I .r.e SU~'i,'\>r~~ i.i.. :~,"4 ,".' J~. ;,.;~if-;N3j..;' .;~. i}, r L2"1) 1'0'j :'C l.:/,".,J, nnf'.1.. ,',U 1.r& .ntK\ued. f XC J..'i(-nt('l ,dtL "t" .' ".~:/. " . .i1 or :,rtnl'OBt. 1.1:: nut\'\ tt:'.t.d,:';li~~;iu;:~~:r~ w:..~ ~ , '.,J';.;" '.it.~ '0 t.Oi'!.ch ,i'l,. ~o~n.lilctc.U6 ..... '. .)dIlC!~LI);~d i'on:oe in vicih,l. i.; ,.i" ,~v:';! , ~t:.ll. l"';'!(! .,qU."j.:rou \reini'ol'(;()-I'.1) ()1'J,i]:.ia~!~ 'C.The 36th U.S. Int DiY was me.ting Ititt re.inance in attack1ng ULLETRI. The enemy tought well and determinedly along this lin. of deten.e, but our luperior force. relultecl in the tall and capture ot ViLLETBI, oaultng the enemy in the VAUi.ONTONE area to giye sround at once, iA graTe danger of beiDg cut oft with the lett tlank opelh This ft. the lan barrier betore the gates ot ROali and II Corps continued itl relentless attack to the Northweri. Pursuant to VOCG, II COrpl, a special Reconnaissance Task Force was ordered organized and a'lambled vic ot ARfENA. Lt. Col. Ellis of the 91st CaT Ren SQ was designated Task Foroe Commander. Group coomanders were immediately assemb19d the morning ot June 1_ and plans were made to effect aggressive reconnaisnnce generally li\7'ttol:!l line of departure, viCinity of V~ONTON:i:, following "tile current attalk and cutting Route ~'f6 (vioinity of VAUSON'rO;IiE) to hOi~S, upon Corps order. to establish official II corps signl (Spledy Blue) on oain arteries 1IPOl& rtachL"lg f"Cl\1E, and to report tv tne Commanding General, II Corps progrels ot adYanCe bl phase lines and time of reaching h01lE. 'lask ii'orce uilli," consisted of two tl.cn platoons, two platoons of medium tanks, one company of Inf, wo platoons of 105-mm Sf gunl, one compa.ny of Engrs and a medical detachment of a ambulances, two ~edical Officers a.~d eight aid men. An uperations staff was orgardzed from nst Cay Hen iJ~ officer. for the Task Force. On the morning of June 2nd all units concerned were alerted and. moved up to vicinity of AR'rJj;NA.. Laanvilhile the remainder of the SQ continued with present mission, prepu.red for future opel'ations ~jorth of Hwy #6 on Corps order. Task Forco ll,Ellis" closed in a.sembly area by 021400-:& June 1944 and wait commanders reportea their organizations ready to move out. Road reconnaissance was necessary for an axis of ad'flUlce to approach Route /16 through VAl.l:ONTONL The Task lforce was divided into two sub-forces with 1st Lt. Oallahan, 91st CaT Ben S~ in command of Ren Sub Force Ho. 1 and oapt. Hu.dson Sub ,'orce No.2. At Oal.~2S-B June 1944, Task Force "JUli." was alerted to move close to forward positions of the bath U.S. Int Viv, establish liaison and be prepared to move through the Div on order from CG, II Corpl. The Task Force mOTed to its ne. anembly area and closed in at 0322SD-B. CF of 'l'ask Foree "Ellis" closed 8&II1e Tic at 040350-:8. At 040045-B Col. Ellis received all order that changed routes of advance and unit commanders .ere again assembled and. adYised to remain off Hwy ;}6 approaching objective. 'l'11e two Sub Forces were to proceed via the FMSCATTI-R.Oi.iE and GiWT"tit. J'iRRATA-BOd heads. Final briefing was accOlil}Jlishad and the 1st &ub Force ruoved out on miesioD at 04062o-n, tollond bytbe 2nd Sub Force at 04064Q-B. Talk Force i'~lis" was given first priori1;y on roads after passing thru fwd elms of the 88th Div Tic of i.lONnI COi.iP.i..TlU. Ef bombing and strafing ot road.s leadiilg into ~W~.lJiI and frequent inhrdicting fire, d.elayed initial mOTement from the assembly area. Sub Force no. 2 encountered blown bridget l1W of FMiiCAI'l'I wIlich were quickly repaired by attaclled J;ngrs. Sub Force Mo. 1 encountered anti-tank guns and machine gUD tire supported by enemy Int at the road junction NW ot GRO'l"l'A FE~{RA'l'A. The Task Force COBIal'lder, Lt. Col. Ellis was wounded slightly by 2. shsll fragment tr_ UllUllitioll dump ignited by enemy while directing artillery tire 0J1 an enemy anti-tank gun Rd Blk. posn, but continued in cammand of the Task Force accompanying Sub force No.1. Constant pressure on the enemy by both columns deprinO. him oi' the opportunity to lay mines and construct serious road demolitions. Eney:tnt was routed and 1t moved due l'torth in direction of Sub Ii'orca No.2. capt. Hudson ~:/&.8 notified and the Inf attached to his column quickly took adftntage of the situation and engaged thE,; enem, in a swift tire tight resulting in many enemy killed, no prisoners Nere taken in this encounter. At 04l057-B Jub l"orce Uo. 1 reported moving p"" ..rt rOD.ci junction at 'rOLl di liE;:)SJI.NIA and was procllediut, on to objective. ~ub Ferce ~Jo. 2 reached. this road junction at 041140-5 w:.o. C~I:10 under direct enew anti-t&.nk tire. Two medium tanka were ch:dtroyed \."i"th i,.oth craws casualties. ''::unk ;)estroyers wers ordered into action and this l'6sistance was overcome. ','1th the exception 01' a few e1 scraggler. and s~dpere inclut.'Ung a stc.ff' car ";'lith oceup&.nts destroyed by Sub Force No.1, resistance ~s slight into the CUi limits of ;.0Wi:. and with the Task Force Commazader, Lt. col. SlUe at their head, tl".e two colwJ.lls Boved into ROLE proper, accomplished their missio.(.l and reported tc the CG II Corps that they had reached their objective at 041312-3 June 1';i44. Task Force "Ellis" remained in Ram for a short period. ariel (,It t!'le close of lia/ rea.ssewbler1 in vic of rond junction at 'rOll di 1,J;S3.~NIA for tL.0 night. '1';":;:;;11 was dissolved at 04170o-B .:.~er Operatio~ns Order ,:'6, HQ II Oorps. All attac:led UDits returned to their parent orgaDizations the next day. An honor guard COlisisting of six Armd Cari were led by the Squadron .Jommander on a r)urch into m,~,~, escorting General Keyes, on the rJorninr, of 5 .June 1944. Juring tria Operations of TF"E" the remainder 01' the Squadron was assigned a new mllsion, to cross ~f;Jy (/6, screen Int line PAL:J;STRINA, MARIN0 7 h. 00LPJ~'1'RI, and screen Corps right on line ANIENE PJ.ver, TIVOLI to the bridE;e vic (8370) m~ of ;I.Ol.:.r;; on j.1wy .,5. 'l'r(.lOp "C" was a.lerted arld r:oved into new zone via VAJ.r l:.Ol/CCIJL on tX-... e mornir>& of June 3, 1944. PiJ:..ESTRA was still in "ti.e hands of the enemy and thG French were attacking. A briet tire tight took place in ZARGLO by advance aka of Troop "CIt. The enemyilas in utrece dlsor1tn' ani moving eo;;) rF.'fhe ;;', COlIi:i.IUllder GI.Ild 5-2 preceded the ~qL&!C.dron an4 reported to CO 88th viv on the r.~~''llll.tr',: of 6 .luna 194,*_ }.:;aJor Dan., ~;~ &x.. 0, with OI1~ o1'fic~r f!:o~ $l\Chi.'r'~iilP 'L:.tf; reCQnnaiEh,~G8 for ~qwtldrol1 assembly .rc. ' ~~;",t:r;'!'i~\Jt (;1' t!i!J llB~ ,.'.:~vt:Jr, at'lli the ;;qW4drOR ae~amlJ.iad pnp&.red M.I "'~Jr"'.,.(,~ j'ie(i :n, ordt)f' .;., CC~ i~;jtb lnf. iJiv. n~e 8eth U.~. Iul' .l)iv. was meetint:-. only sliJ~t r('fj;.;.~r.anc ... \ort.~.l oi' th ~ .~:..;,a River. the sneer:ll l a r~uJtywithd.ra_l w1.th spo}";;;Ldie del..lt) :)i' i "'k.,_i..;". and the ros i.stu.uca,.~ . Lv. ;',{)ci1,,I pr0c.rr;;SD ,1'... 0') r(,;~vo..,eu ,,; fJoth eoJ..w;;,tl1;; :lurJ.lJ.i::; th~ db.y '81th olll1 81~i:.r~t r~ei~~ tanc:e frOt;; ~~vlJri:t.l ElWjI y ,}l' &.'Unll. FOMla.ri rUW e1o.:8 of BLUJiI columi:: .0,((j'\.1 _;or'iih t.!lTollf)i .... 3, .. ,,: ;!.l'!l. ropcr1.e" ;, . ,',,;JC, t;A.LC.~frA Md .{!'A.l..,d;RI,;. clear8 l,!.I:.."m(,g or thti; 'Iouth JritP"'.r.,o ..)U J1T. "iil'i contacted ai. (;I\lIT"'CASrBJ.. .. Later that d!~y it 'w~~a neces8Ury to ploill ~ach colWlll off the road to facilitate the movemet.t of the ..:iritiall l...rwoled U;.it ... unrout. to VI'1:4HBO. 'l"roop"A!' of the 'lou C01Ul'Jll hr.d t)~en pa$sed t:,rll ty l'l'oop Itatl to exped.ite l'&pid~ irJitit~l l',oveol&nt '~hat uorning. '.the "Lll1.'1 culumn had. reached a. point ~'vutli 0:':' the ;'.J ~ vicinity o.t;ALL.,;;....i,:~ arId was orciered to halt per instruetion~ cli:' 1;(,6 (: .If., ' GUtt} J..ivicsiun 'tIJ ~ve l'OU clearanceho all elements of the ""'itit:lia ,,':;1'G6r,!. V~,'.Al';1J 'flab OC(,;Ufli..Gd by 1Jle en.,.y t:u:d u n.n fi~,;ht developed. 'b~r i.ll8-',llu!' colwnr. fr'Clm If\te ai't,tlrlloon to laot light. Two 8'taf'i' offi(:er-i:l oftt."" ~outh Ai'ric&.n .\rmo.red lJiviaion Tillited t~v; .;.~. C.l". vic. of /iL;;l~.H.; !::.IlJ "::')Y'~():~nizad. a.l1d.a,::t(n~.ted ",.:, t'lr.d "v: eollLtnJ, 'N.i:lih :)oth troops heading ros;:octL't.;; c3lur..ns. :wd. r,;)C';::o.lW,'l3::3t.')'l\;" "l~':';:1,i Ii;; .j:." 'j,'roop '\, " .,oved (jut ut l2lo-U .L:. a'5~'.h:J(;ci. zone, f'olloilieil 'r.J! t;:. ~ H",," C ()lu.~.t:n, \'nd"C;l repolted IXi-J.A di ;.,A) T.iiO Cl.Sal' of enet::y and progreu good. Liaison 'Ni:18 established with the 11'1th Cay. ~~n. ~". operat.ing -on the ~ef'~ and the 1 rene11 i\il'COJ r;ri~lK !'.gh"l;.. ; 'j,.C t olU:":4:L:l uno. ~~3 ir4'OrM8o. ilri&. Gen. ;i,.CJ.ei 'Would assume e OI::r.:at.'ci.oi: t} ,~~(:ii.C~~ li'orre It:.ter t:J.ll'li day. lbe remainder of the 59th Anutj. lI'.t !lL.,in.;:i ;\t~r.:,~:,e~ tc .;.it.. :inUa U.Iquad.on f,.OU~\al:;.(et", the SqWldror~ ..;!;'6 tlaltj 8.litt..C.;t;u to t.Lf) ..ls.1. ii.rr-;vred ..;iviai..on. ...11 'i'rvop6 and i)etaclu(!E;u..; ',:Ul~e alerteJ. t'l .;"i'J0 1.lUiPORT os OPER.T:t:ONS - "SP3CIhL 'l'ASlC fORCi". ,... i,l"d ll.(,\ (l('ip.l:i~;.fjd t.i'f!! n'..r::ht bGi':;)."":.i'l"')O!, ., ., ..:,~ t:~en co: JtdttGd ~...N\;;,.;."\fbd 'c, :".I.-0u~~. ,;'" :1:; t,>;Ii,r' of ;\; ,j.~"".\ ;i . ,~ 1.'l.:K'. ';:'flI.iiJ3ed. t: 'rou~t': 1\.11'"_ 'i'l~;,'.t l'i .. ~t \I;.1t':, ,,\le ",'r " C_~.~.J.~.j .: ... ~Li..r3; l.t. C '::::,., (;;;., 'r...1 r';l , '!'.Jr.,,. , "",t'!tt" .' Io-'t\"" , !II" rei." .1"1-,' ~.', '", '" \ ' /;.~ .,~.: ~ ~~~1:.. '; "4, ;f'~~ f..; 1,\ lad acccapllehecl u.. a1ght beton_ 'fr"oop -Alit ... 'UteIl commU.ted a.nd mOM ~\afbb the ton or ~,A3att.-&iAItTllaiA and. puaed. thl'CN&b toa"W&N poo ttions of 'l'Nop ~" ato'firat light" (daft). 1'he a.na. ",0 the ,lIOrth W!IJI rUJ&vUy I~l.ned uui t:lany I"04I.d dOlJ',oli tiOM made progrOGe YGrj aloIr.tbe {.X'tt"'" rough terrain and. lack of' roads pro,," YfII7 d.\tflault tor ftldcular movo;..ant but pro.re88 .. ,,;acie oYer traile. ~.,. ....le'iaace .. a1~t. 1ft tile &1'.... C.IUL'l'C wae reporl\ld oler. It toll_ b..... llGCeliMri to p'1nr: the aquad,ron to "he right. because 01 the laok 01' ."'P.P11 route (MSR) UKl the .:iiquadra.u moved 'thl0u.e;h f'vl.:A;UU.(;r~ Q(i (t,ae.iblM Y1.. of ~H1Vl.J oon,\ir:ud.nr; J"eConnalsuane,g to t..hll !iort.h. .D 30 June, close of the perl. ;1tb e.eption .,;,f abou:t. H l\n, 21 .rune tbe 1if&u&4ron he.4 DO rut. 'ax14 eliu1p:uent and lqeapons 'IIere in 8erl.o1l8 need ot ~--.nG.. ~.nQm.l 1'or!'Oni.e4 ... -.1nteance asdsted by an OI'dIIance team but tlllli nw.d not. partr.,it. thDJ'OV6hD and lack or aJaN pan. DeCdtated fthiel(te, rt;.d.io;;o arld l'jOS.$ .-.pontI to be put. back in .-noe rlthollt complete np&1re or ro;,p.l.aeer:H:Il.t..1'anJ ltewo of .~i)illent were ,hort. Ilf1H'l'iencl "!ML1n had 1:.0 be oo:nt.!.nwJCl :l1lJ' and night "by tJ~ -.iqwulraa D:. troop'. aiQteDU':lC,\10118. ~'ersQMel wen slu.1", .traill and replactllC:ont. "'1"0 ,..1 awt noeived tor r:iffJ.vl/ casualUu. auit.recl t. dat.. 'lb. uaual domirant Sq~4ron _p1.-it pre'fll11ed by ;~ll l>GrIOJ1uel t.c uc.....,u.8h tn.elr Rdas:1011 in spite of tMl1on. pre.sur. vi' t.".fJ l"a.i:id advano1n& It.O~t, and iho handica.p of w-.kened and oiesing equill':;i.mt. ~,ont!~t with the fIA8m,lnW)t he main1iaJ.ned. .,. ......... 'l C:L~PJ..::.;S .t~. ELLIS; Lt. Col., Cavalry, CommandinG. .. us J'c:JRCE iLL1$ APe) 1 o. $. AJU4Y Ia the no14. MtCSl9fi WJOB). elM,'" apu t "DI1,.., PtAn.-.at to vooa II c.., 11l.4OO-!s ..., 11M. ...... C.Ll.... &11'8n en.... to organise at ... !ukr.... tor a .eat._ " iJ)M- .... Group_!hie .e plied wi~ as. !rILL.tS .. tonaecl at ~ June 1944. (Je, -. HQ Talk r,re, WdS, &PO 11, U.s. u.'1, da.......,.. Jun, lKt, tor campeaiu'oll 01 both Sub ten_ of !J' ..... ) Ceateroace .... oallM .i_aU a'la11ablool'plli ..u. ~_.ui.ra .....1"11.. at 010910-1 Juno 11M aa4 plana .f .,ention 'U..._.... ,:a.aa aM. ol'l&1 f .... ... ti....... ill oonter.ne. with eJ-a at :n Col'ps with all .,...... oOM.m" D' O...ur &lain eliHue.eel aupplr .....1&&t1011 and , ...181 plut. AU UD1t ...,.. al..-t.M tor ord.... t .....~, 'fio ., .A.R.TiM at 010lI04. JWUt 1144.... _,0214OO-B aUwdt oOllKlr' ..,.,.... te TV c....~r. tala.....ir ol'plli...tlone 11'.... r-.dJ ...... _ 1I1101l. . ..... tr. .."'1, ....... t ...,.... II .............l~ u4 rout. tnro..p VAWON'l'ONE 1IU the .on I __.le. II, 00..,. .. int........' 17 "t,;" ._ pre-panel to 4epari Grl lId.l1oft at Oll.fG04 aDd awai'kcl........ ." 012100-8, II C ..,. orel.nd TI "stt to .taIl. tut all. ceat1au. Reae ter...,uk nan. !a.'0.... b1YOUaoked in AItTINA...... oftl'ld...., al,nd t. Ill" .......... At 0111214 'a ....... ol'Clen4 to .... up cl... 1I0b11u188th Int .Div. twt. ,la t ,. At OJ161" Jun" lAaJor FI'aMl. Ii. VI...,. 11.P8OI, ...pened ",0 rr ... to uccmpan.y 1, OIl ala.loll to ReJa. (At 011000-8 J.... 1.... Lt. Wr1gl81, U hat reponed with two pho .......ph.n '- &10II1I*I11 D' ..... ) ~ D' Comdr.ca1let SUIt FaI'OO Coaclr'. IUlCi ON.red in. t ..,. to Yio. 8ItIa taI. DiY. tw. ela t an4 utab11.h UailOll tb.,...1tb. SF , ..,. tlwlaiy~ OIleoo-B. s151 toU....t 30 aimat. 1n'.nal. Sf , ...,.rt04 arI'1ft1 . 88b Diy. twd.. ana at Of.C)350-B. '" C.u qaS.a 'ri.'.. 0.41" ...ner noolYia, ........ tor a ohanp 111 al10ll Whil. pr...... at Sfth Diy. HQ., II COrpl a1aelcla U ...e'~ ttF "i,;" to r ...1n ott *,- #6 u.d. 1'1'00004 d& J'RA8CA'tl'I-RQla ... IItOftA J'URA'l"A-RO~ a.4e 11'1til xt.au. ,pe.. to ROlli. .li.!'i ~ . to... I ~ ., 1/1 .end out _ ...... at CMOUO-I Wi_ g,,~ r.u01d.lt& .t 4 .' II f.jt' el &AlJQUAR'l'l:.hS C.~/aed ~lst CAVAlJty 8iC~I8;ia\NOJ: ~tWlRON .~PO 4M - U. S. AiWY In the field, Italy. 21 Sept. 1944. ;;Ui3J;...~.l': H.eport ot Jperatione - J~l, ?-t44. nlliCUGH~ COIDIIanding Oeneral, J'ltth Arm,. APO 6&4, U.S. 1.";zaJ. 'fJ a 'lbe l..djutant General, War Dept., iJaahiaa'., n.c. 1. fl.eport of Operatl.e by thle Squadron trom 1 ... 31 J\ll, 1944, inclusivt', ie aubmi'tted in cOCiplia.nce with AllMI-101 and let"er. HQ I1fth AmyQ ;U4-i,H, dated 22 Jan. 1944, sUbJect. "Hi.tonoal ReCQrd. aad ."'1'11. ot Organi&at1or. 2. un 1 July 1944 t thi. Squaclrcm .... opel'll:Ung unde.. If Corps and rell'lC.:l.ined attached to 8S U.J. Int. D1y. It remained attached to 88 U.S. Inf. Div. until 12 July 1944 when it reveMed to IV Corpa control and ..erd,i.lRo Gorp. re.erve tor emergency maintenance. The Sq~ron bad completed 64 eon...,t1Ye ~ys ot active combat operatioflS on 12 J\lly l1M4. The cOllci1t1cm ot ita .,.. equip:a811t was in s8rious na_d of hearl maintelltU1C8 4ue to nlorous, &{i.ire..i reconnaissance and perfonnMoe ot an armored toree miedoll Wld.er CO"a". Beto.....untlal maintenance was cOI:upleteci, Troop "8", plJae 1 latoon of Light 'ftalle(co. "11'") and 1 pl/:ltoon of .~s8ault GWlS (,~'roop "g") ._ oriend to proceed t.... 'rio of ;"UmLL..'l'lhl, Italy on a special ,';cn mi.slon \U1cier operation control ot 1aK }I'orce 1'.:rl8y uri 21 July li44, the :iquadron (-Troop tt)3n) Ifae attached to M U.S. Ir.i' ,.;iv. and moved to Tic or fAUOUA, Italy (ARNO Ri"er ctor, rlear tIM). 'l'roop" ;~n was then attactled to 'fask 10roe::il11ameon on & special ReD .&PiNion on souta bunk: ot ;.[~.o tu,ver ....10 of iOIS~ unt~l 25 clU1 t44. Remainder ot S~o. remained irl re~6rve. On 26 July 1944 it w&. attaohed to 45 AAA Brigad.. 1a delensive sector along ~RNO rli .....r, under operation o08trol ot 10'1 ,4,\A Grog, u4 perfon;led ~'.cn arid patrol 1-"lt.sionl tor and in support of the latter group (2 ane) then 1n static: derensive mi.sion alo'-,g S. blUllt ot the JilioNC i\1'Yer. 3. 'l'his report i. prep&.recl 1n ti"8 (5) ..etion ae toll... , Sec,tioD 1 - ltepori of OperatiOl1sJ including "C_en"e" 1 2 - l''1eld ul"ders. overlaye, rraps,etc. H 3 - COIllt:lendatlou. 4 - Messages. 5 - Casualti.. and Ho.pita1.iaatiofl lteport. 4. ~t cloae or this p~rlod, 31 July 1944, tho ~quadroa 'wa. continuing irl combat oper~tt:lOl'1B. ' ~/l-Irlcl. Report 01' Operationa (.,uad.) UIsl'aWUnO!h . 3 Coples - ca. :fifth Army (copie. 1 to 3 incl .. ) (,;Ol'llIIIaJ1di~i. 1 Uopy - Commandant, Cn"Al.lry Sehool, Ft. Rile" lanea., ! ./ /1,h:l,iJ.~."rmy (copy ;.0.5). File - (copy No'a 4 and 6). '~!r ;~kU~"::. , .. RiPORT or OP&RA'1'IONS, 1nolwU.DI "CQ.UUll;NTS" , .. !NJI!'. OliiM;&'IM . . , At the 01_01 ~ periM(" .,.. '1"', .........' had 'OIIlpllte4 S2 .......U....'a., ....... wlt..n"...nU.t ..~. ..uDMini ..... IV corpa,.tnl. ai....... to 1... Anad. (CC"8")' _ l.:~_ . -1,' OIl 1 .J'ul1 the Sq........ ~i.a con,_ l."''',......t oo"B" aon., tlatlecl it. "'fan'. apJ.JlIR ........... ., NU' ~."".~" al'tho'Ih PI'OI"" ... bIpecle4 1t1 _.r_ Mur ...., ....u._.....~~t 01'&,"" ucl a1at-t1eu.. It t. ot iil................t aU ...._....- ...4 'to bl pe.... t...... by th. '~'.... ,...li1_ t. lMt ,......... with the 1.t ..... 01.. Thia "tari............... &l1li .................. 1... 11...'a .. ....--.r.llJ. .. ..... . Tr ".", Ita .1 .hal,. ................ rna .laa8 ........... .uo-. .x-te.Ii.. ",.. "'168 ......16.. tM '" 'fta__ 1'........ iirat 1661'11 _ .. tna ........ HI to Ell IiI1IO ............ _ .......th tM JftPla'" ot 'ft"Mp .... at OUllo-a. ~'N PlaMea. """' -.-, .....".... I t .... lLJ 34Q.f1 ........terM an .,. n ..... ,.1Iai at ~ntOR1 ( .-,). "!be, 41........ .....111.". tire on thi., lMta11iL"lea Wi_ C- ..,1.... ........ ., iii.... fi.l, ill 'ric 351104 ap1D ".,.... tM ...... aad. ,...,.... 'UMm t ... _k"'-I ......" w1'0 ,1--'a of 'l'rMp "C ... 'f1e .t 16'... ... ......s..., ot ...., . aM abe... 'ra111 talft1a ...ldtated flul-, -..,..ia aca............. at tbla ,.lnt tor eml"",', ftld..1eu4 rMP ~. . TrOop -aM, _ 1 JIll" ........ W lfWIUl rn. .1IlAI ...... RJ lilW. i, ". Dd. l"Oute ha4 b ~ho..oup1' ct..u.... ws,'Ul all bJ"UP' .,..nr0p4 a.ad 1ibe roM dned by ~h. ri~hdl'Ui.......,. lit tJaeY10 01 RJ IMIU ...., ....un....... .utt ...., nolda.. ani. ....G ...., _, alone wi.... ~w ... vt1 fi... "... )I aad NW. OnhOlli.a& thla ........... fro..... ~.. JIOrth aJMl . .....h.d 29821S at 012100-8 wh.... thel ....uda~.. lat.' tlIat ad,". . TroOp "0" .na Od ,.... 1... .....17 ...... m ."....... ~ .O~J Weri u R.J tul9.. _nh ... BJ M6184 ... -en ..... AlUlA ol_riaC ...roue IIlne:tl.ld.. aloaa ..1la ....... t ......" .,... ...,t oa Br1 68,t-, ....ut...... lt1ewa br14p. .t ,.'.UI .... at a.........._ rea4 ... &1ao ItlMlte. '-1 aJ1 '1 fthlale ~...., .........s.w -..aew. 1JiI4.r k_'f'J ...., arUUery t1,.. thl, tMl1ohM a M aU: at .,an8 ... lat. a cliaao\IItW patnl North w IURUIIO (368141) ,n,.,..u..c 'Ute ..... ~ ..~ .0111.0-1. 'lila . ..... to ItlRIANO lI&d al....... ed..l1~ ...........Nltatl.. ftld.oular .... -.1.....,,0. in daJU.p, the t.ll...... ..,. 1'M _.,. ...Utl_ 1apaUaa '"'"~.......j,'ktacl NP'W-. .. tn... we" 4MO__ tor _th... .",.... la tile ..... tor IMIfPl.J ..... l'uUlU... . .. .. ,~rt'~ '~', :.~ r; .. 8..' .... 't ....... wtd.1e 1...1111 I'....... OJ' .~ ... Troop". , ' . ..bel.. tbna SlRRAZIdO .s,.:. (.q.ooU)Mn*l ................,1010........ ., lnta11"l")'MIl ..... Ola4.", 1...."11lt1....'.,,~PaI'Uaaa. 'l'h. Squadr.e...u4,,. torceel t.b1. " to 1eacl h1a to ..,.......... Sa ___ 1. to.....ere , son ., iT;;', "I"'f tapt.VtIClb, A&"pJ'S..... ~ ..'lv$_ eoaia1... appro x OM (1) ....f '.,loal... &ad .teda1 __ ,...... 1tn.4p ._u.t.s.._. alao 'J telapholl' equi..-_ ..... tor OPt..... AU ...,.........lIeG. Troop "AI'I, ft." tty, .. ol'd....el W .... ,..t.1"01 hi. the ka ~ ....,.. 4e1Da .. lWlo"ecl a4 cle'''1'0704 the oxplollTea. ."t,. . ' , At. O!OftOO-B ."..., .... ft. eri,,... 18 .... ;; .1004 Q 1.0 ocmtact. 'rroop "0" at. M Itlk '11228 ucl at MOJrrBeI.TIlU (3681'.). ....1&....., Troop "B", ..... uaabl. to -.IE. oemkct .1t.h Troop ~" at peiat. 1'212.... _ 11.., 4_011t.1011...4 m1aet1eUa. 3rt flAt..on Troop ~ .. ..u.a tltn.taeqt. OOft-'* 1'rMi lie" Tio of UO!nUC!'i.TDIl (M8IfI) Oaa400-B. .'7 ""CU_ .r .-.l1~ _re anooun'ered. eu.vt. ... p111.ioal nan ooaekllU,aai.aWn8cl wi.... .t....-t. of '1'16 ;l'D aa (Ran Co) . .. lett tl.aAlr.. . Ai 010100-8, 'l'I"o0, "e" .ft' OHorNt. .d ... Pla......rth to MON'l1iCAlltfI (16...1) ..,1t.h Gill Platooa ot 11SM ..... ,u4 ....."1:' ........h.d trClll Troop "A" , uul .,tao}_ 'k TrOop "0". u4 PlatoOIl. Co ''I'' "~I .",111 aupport. the au . '. Platooa, Troop "e", ..... North 011 It,m.d.at oan..... Prog,.. til.. ... to Deer". aiHa whioll lad. "" lJ. linecS to ,.J"Il1tftldtu..r .oy_ent. Th. ......... C.....ruler J0J.M4 "'btl 2acl Pl....... 'l"nop -0., W'~' operatl0., at OI1I00-a. At. O2l54O-a that platoon ",0UIliu'e4 _oat ..." ., lilt, 4.1.&71. pap, ... atMr a brief til" tipt. kUl4Ml_....... ....-.1 .... _)'tunG tift. 0.. ,. .taW ....at.1atH 0. 0' ., XIII (10 .. 100) .........t MON'.fti.'OATlMI (I..... '1'11) aa4. had ua Of .t tM .."til .....t .........r ontn. r an4 ....n1 ... 1Jd,a OP f ...Ulk'" I"ftU.. , i_ ..11nft.U., alii MIl' aNt... el.eMat. lIP" ""cblna tram the South ~".._ Y~fIaM ... ~liDC.'lDIli.' .-.. ot ..hi.....n 111'1;.."_ OIl high ~ftt.e4 ,............ 1II......t llotr.l'l:CATDI W a .".DlUnc not 18 W 20 a1l of t.rrain.' . A ril"OD& _.-at patnal ft. orpal." b, ~. s..... 01 iULur of t.b8 W Platoon, 'l"roop "C", .. ,....... a'i ..out leoo..s ~~A'1'l)Jl. 'l'hi..,.1n1 tUl_ MftI'&l .n_, _per. ael t... t. Pia whi_ ..... tl.&&abH .... 01 ta. ..... poewt,b of tha toothUle a.clJacent .... ;Jeat. of b...... Th. p."'rol ea-ientd.JjOllS-CATINI at 0220Q0-B aIlCl io"_ ......., .... w1tb4r&W. '. s..nh tor the "pone4 ..., GP ~...",ht __ ..... t1J'e 1.1. wblol& tile --, otfic.r._Pd.ther ._haag. of ..u OP b.l1....ed. woundecl and. .the.. per....el "'''''-1''tI4. M Of n4io, eighta ant 1'00Dt laWlOhe .. (buoota) aun ..... ...,...... !M ,..tnl wrke4 thnl J.i;Q.N'1'i:CATl1C% capturiaa t._ (l.O) PI'. _, OUM.... ~otl_ brovpt. torUa a hYJ' 0, an, Dal'l"ap 01 Dearly 200 .nella ... pS.-.4 the pat.rol .... tor 2 hr 41 lWw.a. At. 02MOO-B. Troop "8" iaY1& .... pcMl. '"IN" .,... tbe Sf, OOl'ltao'te4 rn.,"c" 18 i'OJI'1'Jil(;Il.TINl. Troop ...lItdd C" .,. o"'e,. of' aqua4,.. C ___r 0....11. ttateci puttiOD at the south Mg. of kON'tiCA.'lDII tor 'UIa JId.&h". Order. tr_ C9. CC"S" .e" reo.lved. at o.034o-B t.hat aU -.1,. 1fO\Il4bel.4 and tortit, Sa fa&.l" ,oAtl or prea.t loaat101l1 o.au.. ani.,. pat.l"IlUD, ael maintain' phjtd.ea1 _.tact with the'en.,_ )1;Otr!lCATnlI _4 aotual.17 No_ the "k.,..uat- .f .... CC"H" seetor, r.s YOLfi;RRA (alit) 01) right flank h1Kb 1I'0...,.d DO' yet been captured. The,.Y had e.'\abUIlhM '.'"111 point. ia ft , IIO}rI'lGA'.ara to ... l&.J O\lr pursuit a. 1011& ... poas1ble to efteot. tu)lb8.. withdrawal out (' ' tL!':v~u.by. ,1. , Ui.i\,~, ,t,IlU the SQUtlf1I'OrI'beir,g well out .in i'ront 01' t'I'i~r,ulJ IiIlet:,}I.Cd 011 rlhni !,nu loft. flarJta, took up CltrOn(;; d,efensiva poaHiol'lo ur;,d.l,sli i,J~r~::jl.H;)"~ ::'Itl'OI'g By cO'rluat pfAtro.ll anc.l lir.ttempteJ cowatentt.aeks. 1't.!C .;+ t.. l"Jr h':;.J.d. 1.r,,:.}..1_ :"I.i.rln[, this pariod, 'l'r .'opu ..:~" and "en were StAbJ.H:.ti:"d t;':l Y'L:',' ''l,"he ~:nd Pl~",toon of '!Toop MAw prooeed.ea. to anci ...,.ra'tted ii.tt~\,;;.eU tv ~Ql. J..ir.vi.lle .... COliAli.i.n Or! o\.tr right flank (CC-tP') on patr.1'aiaatcm tOW:,:;.l at 0;)0940-;J W'\d 20 P;'. wors captured. 1st "'"" 2nd fhLoo:-;:;-. ',T"O!, .',3" t ,yere relieve.l bi 3rd pht.oon 'L'roop "tl.1t (outpost.1ng kON~A.T. ,\.i) td.d lilOV(Hi (Jut to t!ll1; Ijor'!.i. arjc:oul"(t~rh,g l:l blown 'bridge 100Q yd. N.nb of 'tchin, CCYUl'tJld 01 ti.'UJeIl'l~r s:':.'J.ll oy 01" Vla.. ."entually dest.royed by our .cmoent.rnted morkr "'ld b.8saW.t gUll tire ana wounded P,'8 stated .Y Glortar poaition. had been T1rtw.ll, wiped oad. nt 052245-13. infant.ry, meo-B, 3rd plat.ooa,Troop If A- , ree..clled point 32&303. Dismounted patrols were ~dia.t.l1 .ent 0\1.1., ehcckiOl po...1ble rO\ltea tOWt.l.rd OlJr Tr'.}op tIC" POBi,tionB . \ troop "Cit patrol reached ()u;L.~'l'lCO (348328) at Ot163H._llltaining physical contact wi 1.11 2nd 3attallon, 351 IIlt negt 011 Ollr right,_ 'lb.. rlllU.inuer ,~ , or 1st and 2nd plb.toon Troop "C", clOBed in tht\.t ,,1c at 092l.3H. Th. rout.e ot advance was without a road net and proar8 .a. ~itr1cYl....r _,vere rocks and gulleY'S to the hill top .Ihere OkCIA'l!CC wall situatecl. Troop "',I, let plut.oo:r., contll.oteci Troop ItC\', 100aao-(3 at 348:$22. It.I'1'd platoon maintained all ex.ellent. Of a~ a3131., ahd the let platoon establi.ned an O? at 34Sl27. ... ".t1 . .. , i" . froopa "AIR. "I" aM "C....UDlUHl -=.r jatroW,q. prot.Una ~ left f'l&ak ot 88 Ill! Dly ... ~ .." ..tact wi.'th .1__". of 351 W I Oft our right dd 1M If. lilt Diy our left. 'troop -a" thea reUe...M TroOp "0- .1__". 1n poa1Uoa _ alpt .t 10/11 Jul.,lIM. At 120100-8 July 196&. a ...... t ... co, IV Corpa, ordered. the 3q&Wiron reU8YMtroa at1iaobuJatto lat Diy to "_" ". IV Corpa control UpOIl bela, ,...... thn by th. 91at II1f DiY.ti8 ... uc..,uahe4 url the Squadl'Ol'I. clod 1I1800-B, 'rio aallao, Jut ioUtllot li>l!IIIc.\ftl1. " rr_ 13 to 20 J\Il7. 1M Scl...... wu "'~ritb Tehicular lind radio _lD".JJaDoe. 'lhe .q~,...' .. i.a ..ri....1II4i..l ....... by rapici, proloDIH ....t At. 170Q0t-D, ................11'" tl"Oll 1.V Corp.oyer " .... ,.ft"&1a.01"4__ on. Troop, ,1.. oae ,lat....ault .......... platoon light tuka, t.o T1a 534349 to .0 at.... ". '!Uk. hn, "ilia.,.., trMp,"a" ... al.n_ lUll 'l'oeeM_ at onoe tr. SquaclrOll ......:, 1'0300-1. 'DIe ... platOOft, Troop "Jj;. (AMault Troop) 1lOft4 .ut at lIOAo-..... ~o1. troop ...It...... 488418. 'lb. lael platoon CMpaD)' -,.. (Upt takl) ...... eutat 181030-.... Jeia troop "8" no tU418. 'lb. latt... two platoou ... MAbl. , ............. fI'Np "n" b.O&UN ot1Jloomple" I1a1nt..... aJUl ,.......... in tla7l:1.ahi. . At 211Z00-B, per voca, IV Corpa, iM Sq........ t.'-taoJa., to 34 Ini' DiY. 1be SquaelrOlt COl...UlA....om "_1".1" .t the a,... ,10 17549'1 at 2l.15ao-B, ud oloIM ill nft ......1' ar_ at 1111..... .A.i al2:G3o-a, Troop ft.", plus OM p1a't...-. Troop -..... OM platoon C.,.., -,. (11ght tank.) Y1:'h one uunaluo.....a"....... '\0 .... roree ""41Uiaa8_" u4 aluted t.o move &i 220700-1 ud latel" prM..... eh a ',ea1&lIl1ioa. Troop "e" .... al.rt_ aDd d.-r. the .a.l_ to ,..eten the. 34 IJlf Di1' ri....' tluk, aaintaiD tact. w1:t.1I .61 IIlt a.at ric" aM .. 161 Iat Rep OIl l.tt~. Troop "e", 1-' platou, MftCl .ui! .t. UlaoG->B aU ....., point. 212573.Ii.... ftal"th... Teh10w.a.. 1110......- .a~ 1Ilped.H.4lol1 10 _~ 'b1"1.... 01" a ....1 . their "4181110untecl .l__t.re MIlt t ....,.. to ..tall* aa4 aint.ain oz_.", ritll 168 1111 Regt, vic 192603, aM the 361 tar ae"" r.L. 110600. At 2~06~'1"B, CIt 34 W Oiv order.. the SquaclrOD (- Troop "B") ........1. 1ft rio SquaclroJa or at J'AUGLU.. 'l1l. squaeo. (- Troo, "8") .10.... ill "bat &,"11 area at 251900-8. At 261100-a t.he Squ&ciron (- Troep ....) ... at.tu.. t. 4. Au. Bripde wi.tll a ai"ioa ot ......Dil1&, patr.l.Uq &ad protH't1a& tlaIlk. .,. tIM lOT AAA Group ill .J- -.' .....'" -:. :. ...na'UOIl from bleh ........ NOna buk or tJt.a ..... Rift!", prob1b1tet dar 11pt acUft patroll1D&. 1'Jioop I1C .. eont.......... II .w~ BaUalion ./:-;' tlt 2'2330-8 ..4 aaoaoo-u a. onle....~ :rbe .I~ "l.t.~.Il. Troop "~nt alao contacted e1_etlt. of, 861. nst }tel't I1.&ht fl&nlI: VIU CA:f$CmA (220600) at 1'I14GO-il. i-r..d .lementa ot ats ~~t.A nattalicm. Tic 111608 u4 theft tablishea u Of in a houae at 201&10. l'l"oop .tA' proce4l4ed to it,area a:t 180700-1 aDd cl08ed yie1nity lOl.~" at atU45-8 1 prepare .. toG QT.....1milar Iilie.i ot ~trtJllin~ IU'ld ..recning the lett fiank ot 10'1 ;,\;"A, Grotap. ' At ~8U20-8 ,,_ ~q....u. (-rr.op ".a~) ... 'tttaoUd temporar11, troru 4b ,'\.;\,,\ Brisa4a, (with .xception 01 ODO Pla\GOn 1~op MC....h r~in.4 on Ti~lt flank .01 'IT tl) &114 .. pl.f..c8d. Under .rattonal cODt"l 0(" Ct. 34 :tnt' 'J1v, POI" iv\~u at tal ~y for aft ......8Ilcy miesl.. of doreu, ap.1:a. thret',ienGd cy innaiol. troa fthe ............. of .".r~l un1dentlti4ld hlps ....-.41. Jouth tOiMe.rds f:;;.... Oae Troop ....e~. io proceed. aAI1 patnl ooa.n ~otltll tna ArltJ;.J (,&l...t.a.l t.o ,(j~l'i'" Z:Ii..ilO uad..r .....d. of UWl::~:.JtiJ. ;.' H.L, !i.~SOll. Tnope ...d" ud"C" ...r. i':;~30di,", t.ulJ al.erietl tor thb '~"t."l. eaeesy attack troiZl the ... by .. ~t.,. - 1I110D of reoOllllolt'''lIaa HIrJ 11 to PlSA. coonl1Jla'1IIc .......... with w .1.. Mat. e.d'ftlloing Nonh .. -.oh .U. ot road. ........, an, ti" at RJ 060560 t .....el thl. Troop ott HIrJ 11 aIl4 UOI.&1-"_ tMu- tu1D& .. aliel"Data ron 'l1li ~n platOOll thea _"' .... "aabe4 OHm at 111'00-1. 'th. _ride' OIl lIw1:jl at 065573 waa oh..ked _, 'oUlld to b. 1Jltari, aDd th.e plat.ooa lIlOY.cl oa to OR 07~5'13 aIld tum.d Nonh. NUhiIlg 0731" at 1l1000-1, .h.... h-T1 an, tl... toro.d them aaain ott the road aDd the platooa ..- lato taotioa1 blvouaa wb.... tbe platooa lM.der .U ord........, 2Iul Bn 363 lat Iq1I to bold ".el1t po.ltloa _tl1 turlhl.. ord.r.. 'DlI 1114 plato.. tMIl -yeel up t. apport th, 3n plato_ at I2203o-B a. the p1a.toou wen tuB 1a ",10 pndlllt, ot actlv., 4.1&,1111 elemant. &I'ul combat. ,..'rol....r out._in. ot PlIA. c.m. th. 23rd ot J\al.,J a' lUG-I, Troop "A- ............ to ,and a patrol aoro 'MO l\iY8r at. .. po1at at It nil. (0886.5). Patnl,,..he4 o .... t.e .. in no of 08M.I .here tbe, ....o...-.nd ....YJ amall ama ... ...tar tire toning tb to wi'Ua4raw. 'lb. pat.rol ntlll"l1e4 '0 it, a.a.l, ar_ .... MOSOG-B at'~r d.t..nd.D1q 'hi 11'1.., diapoeitloal. Troop ",.. MCU aafther att..,.. at anuinaot .AIIfO at.... oa lIlaht ot 14Jul,. no 034608 when It. ,..Vo1 ba4 be. 1a poait.l.. rna 161945-8 t.o 142245-B. At t.his polnt I1W1leI"O"" IJ "1'8_11 u4 glUl poaitiolll ............a oa Xorill baak and fv.rthar attlllPt at Crold.a& ft. ponpoae4. !b. I*trol retum.4 at a.a40o-B. ' 011 251130-0 Troop wA- nU.... ot attaobMDt to W "YIl11lamaou" UMI ..Inn.d to squadroll oontrol, 010..... ill SCl.elrol1 ana, llMl'1, a~ 251SOo-B. Troop !itA" ft. highl1 o~lMled b1 lett.er trom CO. Talk 'oroe '~'il11"IOIl" tor It. aacn i..,8 pat..oll1q ucl -ta1Jd.aa ia'taluab1e 1atormatioa ot 8D., 41Ipo.ltioal. tacl1lt.atlll1 a4JUlt.eat. ot d.teaain poaltl.... Troop "8" report. of op.rationl wit.h '17"a". Troop "8" att.aohtKl to '1'1".-, acrtH Nt ot Sq_4roa 1ly... ar... at 170100-e IUIIl olo.eel 1'10 CAMPORBIANA (.\0-5301') at.,1'053O-1. It attached to 81.t ReD ID for open:t1olll aacl aipe4 1d.,1. of protUDi tile 1.ft fiank ot TrR" and reo080it8..il1& a&grelliTIl, to the North. t'hI lIt u4 1114 platoou aclftMe. North 011 ita m1.8101l wit.b the 3n platooa la 'rroo, .....n b lit an4 lAd platooal -.4. pod pr....... _ 1.ft nw ot 'IT"R'', altboup tH, WIn beU up to.. tly. 0.. ai& bour. OIl 18 Jul." m Q-"''''I. due to ..., miD Md d...oUtleu. SO'ODd plat.oon. of Troop "Sit .... COIrpaIlJ !lt1" reape.tiT.l,re attach.d and JolDecl troop ~. Oft 18 Jul, 1"'. 011 19 July, 'lb. 2nd pel 3n plato.l,ool1t1mllcl tMl.. u ...e l~"h. ,ea~ alOIlg 48 a,tina. u4 oau ulul.r tinot. .y ob.......tl. at. 5 North1. WM" , U, al.ent. were pinned down bY' i.t.... hea., ...., arim .., tire tor .....d..... of the day. troop "8" ... reli.ftIl of w. miion at aoot300-1 ......~ to 81 __ Ba re.ene. Th. re. t .,. 01 10 July UMl U. ~, 'troop -a" re,umed 1t. lI1IOaa lIeecied vehicular main"..... ad cl._t .. ot UIIII anti .,1IipHllt. At 221~Jv-B July t.he 2ac1 &ad. ari platoOA' mcrncland occupied pOliUQu. held br Troop MA" i:ll Mn lJn. Or.e platoon ot the "", T.D III and one ."uad ot thG 19th ~ne.r. were then &ttaohecl t'n)op "B". Roll patrol. .ere .ent out with attll.ohed .Dgi....Gra to r.o.OImoit.r tor a roacl block 1a Y1. ~il250i. JiUlOWlted. patrol. tra the 2Dd platoa reubH poiDt. ~52fUOud ;~51O:i1', 1'epOft1ng DO eMaY OOIlw.ct. DismOWltecl paVola tnm 3n pla..... nuhed ~1Dt ~..524S37 81M report1, no 81 oontact. RAa4 bloat. aIUl detelld.....orc polata ..... _nabl1ahed 'dc,,!""51950Y aDd ~ ...51.15a8 at 22l800-B. eo..... with Frenoh tor, on ript tl.W W&s aci. at a21fOO-B aIl4l 2WOO-I, Y1e HlAt OIl the 23 July, CO, at Trft ordencl .....\&1... ,__ It TroOp ft"r:Y, ':IJ'" and one .quad ot ~).neer. attaohed. w1~ a ..u .... . tke Delty tor ai.,uat.-bat easine.ra \0 b. tlapla." 11 tor.ar4 ... &pill eonti.l"Il84. 'ftle .....u..uW"r of sutt18t.t ..p..... ~.tt\4Nft... c01IY1aeln&1y .Y14.1l~. Utut.r tAo ,....,s.u TlUA ..u --.... aacl , ..litions S,u&48 .ere proyided each Rln troep. The curr.... ~O aDd i remtT84 tha.e person-Del. .,.4 equpmt aa4 thoir __ ... NeD t'orc.tull.J ....opileel. Althouch 1t -.y. be antiaipat.ed that ~\e Iaf,iM.r lJa1to ....... 'be _TaUable, mtUly .,xl'" ,eu1 haTe ari... :i.a the Iiill t Clulpdp, ut1a1t.ly ind1.atin~ thoiriruuliti.ienoy in l1 utrength" to meet all ...:u. 1a mo...wao..... t.rrain. Whu available, 11 1 platOOll of eoaa" ,niu.or.....' ....htMt i.e each non troop, that would faoUl....,. prOl"881ve aclft.JlC. bl ILOOClllp11ahb& 11&h' "'''-1*88 aOlletruotiGn and prompt _e.,1I'g of road _eel4 lIlA.neU.. 'rovicU.rC el IUCh engi..er el.illentz tor a RIll aleant must be a cS.tWte part. of e,.ra'U,oul pI.aa8. '.i'he alternative, tro.an mllot be to eqMip 1IBIal1. 11..... ~t. a. a peI'M___ ,orpnic pan ot thei.en tJa1t. l. It .et be turt.her r piel llJ hlper c_at.. '''.1'8, 1.e. MeT &nc1/or D.lTiIliOl1, that n Ca'l"alJ7 !:1.aa SquaA.......... Ulli:\ .t ....Wi.ts with epecia.lbed training ill reconnai8f:11U\ce ("oDina, patrol111ll, .k) 1...t adaptable for -"rong tiMcnUl"" lIli.sioIlS. The Roa. pl..:,.o, 1a uti_...t maintun ~ a1Dt.IIIU'lGO of its DWIlerOU8 radio.. 'ftle latter Gannot -. M&leeted 801" lei', without s8rTi b.yo. 24 hount. The fl.xibility of th1,P' UBi' ...t be practloablt ter varied and quick cballgo of 1I.10siouI for reconnaian.. In... aot cU.",ened t..-ortb04ox h.on Ilis.lons to aft intaDtl"1 rolo, exoep\ 1ft din e..rpJIloio.. 'l'he .tt",i fire ptT1I61" of a Roa Squa4rOD 10 .011 distribute. with its yeh1cular ..,.... (1)1.f.fl8ll dJ.aaounte4. much ot 1tftective tire,..... 1. unavailable, ex'" copt for .lto l1ght tiO and iruU,Y14uel ...,.no. Ttlio cU.tt....... ie O!'tCfl QVIUlook.d _, the plana1ag or operatiMul S..tiOA ot the h.i.Por lJa1t, \lnder- l,hLch the Squa'ron 1s Operating. (2) The peroouol. ~h 1. Ukewi.e altee"". Ia. aonnal plutoon dre.n~rth ot 18 !!:J6 1& Ukni materlally mUG'" tor .. diamoua..... ~ :'!J. ... -/ j .. ~. ~:'{~. ~:.~ {~;\\"fi" .; ""'~ ..0 ~. ':.~. !.. I~., be re...oable to ....11... -U-t the torm .c....nJ.ag" ...... i. taott.e.l o&"due tor mi101la a.d..... '" 'hi. tJPtiiYlt1t i.cld.aul'terpnU4 in pt.trpo... 11"4i5 SqlA&droa ......e. tl"eq_Uy orO..... te ........ and protect tne ;)lYi6ion (or Corpjj) n..... No....u,lt wou141te loU..... by e6"~"ln maihiH)'iy .letttor,rt. aDd .......tt it.. tr.i ud tluk. Yo'. en .o.eral. oecaai01'Ss it bad u ."Pl)()rt.1.D& el__ta....." lieU arlWe,.,. eup~ort Ii.Iid in 1'.01., its mi8sloll, .. ~p.roPGrl, UUe-tl. " ....... of .. Mlt-.ndning toree. ta tact the aeet or aaa1gned .tt... ........ ......yeN tiloWlUd ranle front J the ten"a1n .tten compelled d.1......'k4 MYU, ... reattlW 1D ext.,u.i ctepl.,.ent ... :1 th..t. 010.8 IUpport. Thi. cc.ar.;o.nt.al'1 ia ."..... fer tha pu.,... t Va:wing ~l"ttentiol1 for the n....dty or Bore caroM pl.-III" u.. at ..... ualt for its nOI."Ii:1!il sJ?ecitJ.1el puopose. a 1. bel1.ftd, taeNlO", ti< Jil\on e~..bo t.rQ.itlir:.~~ i8 l'leedt'd iIs t.he veral. ;;'em 8aboola ......., ....0IU'&a1.... b eOflllbalo. bl .tatl otl1oera itl higher u.n1t operation.' 4u'..... It U ~... "ecCII'';;:;'ended. th&t "bt. eub Joet be ti.~t..... "1 the Caftlrr &choll 1n a ..pa.ra~ II.llQ especially prepano tra.iniDg k8lDaJ'&lUi_ WltU .\Afton' tield 1IIIduaJ.. are' Up1.icit11 rend. , ". " I' - 10 .. :;'" ',..:". ' t ,,"ft /'0'" " " c .;.:."C, \:'!.*,:' HLWt M CHARLi:S .... ;,~~~ Lt. Col., Cavalry, . COIIID8.Ilding. l-Inc1. ~.~_~_~.f _____t5P..____ Report of Operations (Queiw. lDitiala DISTRIBUTION, 3 Copie. ca. Filth Army (copi 1 to 3 incl.) 1 Copy - COl'IIDI8.Jldant, CaTalry School, ft. Riley, Kan, U.S. Ara1 (Copy No.5). rile (Copy No'a 4: and i). ,/I') lov -. RJ:POO'1' or SQtJADaQN OPIi:RATIONS ~UARTER8 ~Ust CAVALRY RBCONNAISSUCii SQUADRON APO NO. 464, U.S. ABMl In the Field, Italy. 10 October 1944. SPORT OF OPJ!;RATIOHS At the beginning of the operational perio' 1 August 1944 to 31 August 1944, tho 9lst Cavalry Reconnais8&Jloe Squadron (- Troop ") .... enga,sed in .waint.ainina active patrols and counter reconnaissance eoroon1ac en the lett &id right tlank of the 10'1 AAA Group 'efensive sector along the SOuth bank of the ARNO River, kst of PIS&, Italy. TrOop "C mainta1ned oontact by frequent patrols with the 8t8 AAA Bn on the lett and with elms of 361st lilt Rest on the right. Troop "AW operating on the lett of the 10'1th sector maintaine4 patrol contact with 434th AAA Bn and 536 AAA Bn. Troop "B" was .till detached tron; the Squadron and attached to Task Force ~ey. The night. of July 31st AUgust 1st, Troop "C" maintained an ambush patrol at 209601 to intercept an anticipated enemy patrol. 'fbis patrol reported no contact. other patrols uade triendly contact at 210602, 203603 and 218602. 'l'rOOp"A" patrols contacted the 536 AAA at 134624 and the 434 AAA at 12962'1. 'rroop "e" reported that the eletl1ents ot the 361at Int Regt OIl their right had been relieved by two platoons of Co "c" 14th Armel lilt. Troop liE" with its assault guns in suppori tired concentratiea and harassing tire 011 call by Troops " al1d "en and by 898 .A.AA BIl. For the period of 1 August, Troop "S" firecl '440 rounds on observed targets and harassing tire misaiOIl8. At 022230-B August a patrol tram 3rcl platoon Troop "C" contacted 14th Armd Int at 218602. At this point they encountered enany patrol activity and engage' in a SA tire tight for 3 hours. Results .ere undetormined but the patrol reported enemy actively patrolling town ot CASClNA 1n 14th Armel Int .ector. At 022115-B a Troop "C" patrol moving to 212603 to ostablish an ambu.h was engaged by an estimated 15 enemy firing tl.G 8 and ritles trora buildings at 212401. A strong combat patrol was organized to elemtnate thi8 enemy and physical contact in the sector waa maintained with both the 14th Armel Int ad the 898 AAA Bn. Troop "All reporte' routine patrolling in its sector and Troop "E" tired 720 reunds durinS the period. At 040035-8 August the 536 AAlBn reported an onemy tank operating in the 1363 grid square and heavy 1;~G tire being received Tic road JUIlotion 130626. Troop "A" was notified and sellt a patrol to investigate and reduce this enemy actlYity. They obaerved no activity and made contact with the 536 AAA 18 that vicinity. On 6 August the Squadron commander and the 8-3 attended a ..eting at 4~th Brigade Headquarters at 18SH. Plana for tentative future crosairlS of the A.RNO River were diacuaa.d. .. . . 'III the early mor1l1a& of 9 apat a oall .all'tlaeiy" tr_ the 536 AAA BIl that the enemy had find. _Mar preparation aa4 .ent a patrol. aeroaa the riTer ill the Yicinity ot 130&2', '!'roep "A" reported that it waa aware of thi. actiTity anei their lat platoon ba4 upaed the patrol tilling two (2) and .er.loully wOUll4iDg one (1) .ho wal taken priaoner. fbi' Fa .tated that hie patrol con8iated ot lS mem and bad croleed the riTer at 034o-B at 128627. At lalo-B on 9 August the Squadnn Commander ftl notified by II Corpa that the Squadron was alerted ter a new Ilildoll and would be attaahed te II Corps. On 10 August all Troop. and the l'iedical Detacbment of the Squadroll were alerted to _e prepared to move oa eit"r OIl the night of 11/12 August or 12/13 August to a 11ft al.embly area. T.I.IIe.t departure depend.ecl _ the tentative rel.a. date trem the present mildon which was .et at 112400-8 A.ugtari. However, at 1500-B, OIl 11 AIIa-t the Squadron was notit1ed tbat the plans ha4 been changeC1 and at l722-3 the Squadron Commander was c&lled tv a conterence at 45th AA Brigade Headquarters where he .1 met at l80o-iJ bl the Squadron 5-a and a new m1.aion was discussed. During tMa period- the SquadrGl'l had continl.led. it. &OUv. pb.trollins &ad oeunter patrol act:h"1:t;y in its a8sipeci aonea. t~o., in a4dition to con-Unuing thi_ ailsion, the Squadron received the aaUi~J8nt of iakina OYer the ass AAA BIl hea'Y ....pon. positions. The relief ._ soheduled. t. be accomplished at 112400-8. Troop "B" .a relieyed from 'XI "R" and would revert to Squa.dron control the night ot 12/13 August. . oa tl18 night of 12 AUii:,'11st the '!'roop "A" OP wae engaged by eDeUy mortar and Sf tire in what appeared to be preparation tor .endinga atrong putco1 ~oross the river. 1'1"oop "Ji.'" engaged the fire with itl own mortars and 'i'rOop fit;" fired a strong conoentration while the third platoon was moved 1lp to ange.~e any enemy patrol attcpt. OUr tire proved e1'ecti" and the enem1 threat waa reduced. At l30028-B. A\l&Ult 'l'roop C" reported that i", had tak.li >OV6r the SiS A.AA h-T1 weapons poaitions a8 soheduled. At 1900-13 the Squadron Commander was anitied he would take o....II:l&I1d ot 434 AU. Hotor effect iva 122400-B \!,ith Troop "C" reverting to squadron control and Batterie. "A and lie" ot the 434th attach". The Squadron COIDr:w.llder, iXecutiTe otficer and 5-3 made fU'ran~ements with the CO .f the 434th AAA in preparation tor taking over the sector. At 132315-B Troop "8" relieved 'rroop "A". Plana were mad. on 14 Auguat to divide the squadron 01' into a amall rOl....m CeJ11aB4 fo at detachment to move to the toraer poei1010n of ttle 434 .a.AA BIl CP, aear the iBNO RiTet' poli'iien8 and alUg0r~CGlllll&l.ld-P.8't t .. I'emaib Just SOlljIa .t the oanal at 1825". The exposed location of the FWd CP made movement during daylight halard.us and a larae CP impractioable. At dark tne Squadron Command Post moved in this ma.nner and the Squadron OClllllr.l&nder a88W1l.' OQDllaJ1d of the aeotor aa planned. Fr thie tim. 1IIltil relie...ed ot the mission on the night 22/23 Allguat, the Squadron with twa Batterie. ot the 434 AAA Sa attached maintained this ator .t the datenaln line aloJ1g the .Al\NO RiTer (kat ot flSA) with the 14th Armel Int it. right and the looth lilt ID .. ita l.tt. three 4.2 mortars wera added 1;0 it, Oft 81-_ mortars and the tire ot thia batter,. direoted by our Of'. .... li8teJ ~!Z:~ "--.:".';.'".~;~""" . -.'JIIt:::?!t~ a;..-~ ..-.,' ..... ........ .,. iag posta along the ri..,.r...aa .ploye4 in fIlaDJ' auccessful lliaalonl againat en_, personnel, vehiolea, s",pp11e. and OP's, al.. apinri enemy patrols attempting to cross the river. DUrina this period ths assault guns of Troop "E" supported the Squadron and engaged Observed targets with good ertect. OIl the 18th ot .Jlugust at 1030-B the Squadron Cammander was sUlllIIloned to a conference at II Corps Heaclquart.era by the Chief ot Staff. At this conference the plan tor the new lI1.aio. with II Corps was discussed in &nater detail and, at. 210925-6 August, the Squadrell ftS notified that it was detached from IV Corps and attached to II Corps effective 230001-B. The Squadron was alerted to moye without delay atter 230001-8 to aft area to be select.ed by II Corps. All necessary arrangements.torr.lief of the Squadron sector were fio.rrunged with the 107 ~\AA Group and the Squadron moved out at dart on 22 hUgust to a desipated assembly area at OAS'l'ELJ'IOru:NTINO, It.aly Tic1n1tJ 548510. uinae this me... was part of the regrouping of TrOops South ot rLORENCK in preparation for the arift to BOLOGNA, utmost HCunty was req\dred and. although a good position of the route ofma.rch lay behind the light line, the ent1r8 march was accolilplished in blaokout. 'l'he aquadron closed in it. n.. area. at 23063o-B, oahiout..t.aged it. installations, but rewa.ined alerted to move to anoth.~ assembly area. The Squadron Commander and S-3 ~.1ted the 0-3, 3~th Division to discu our attaunwent to them tor the new aisdion and to arrange for officer reoonnaissance bi !roop CoUlDallders ot the squadron ill the FLOltE1'Clii area. .i~t'ter the conference, the Squacir.. Commander and &-3 made a personal reconnnillS8llCe or the l1'1..0~-(li;NCE and .i\P.NO R1,Yer terrai. by .AOP. The uorninb of the 24th officers from the 776 TD Bn, 109 Engineers, ~nd the 757th Tank an attached upon II Corps oreler visited the Squadron to 1!.Ic.l.ke arl'llUlgementa to join the aquadron at the next a.ssembly area; for future opura't,ions. A" 1545-)3 the sq:.&auron received oreiora to mOYa at 250'l15-B AUgUst. The Sque.dron Of closed in the vicinity or 69057' at 250840-B and the rama~.r ot the Squadron closed in tho vicinity 700560 at 1125-6. The tir:ie in this area, to the close of the pcr1Qd, was u~ililed in planrd1'1& the s '. .". "" .... .. Oct., t44 l .......... ~ .................. . ......................... ,.' , HEADQUARTERS 91st CAVALRY .RECO~ttJi.ISSA:;GE S'loU.\.lJIi.ON ~ NO. 464, U.S. ~1.PJ.:Y In the Field, Italy. ,30 October, 1944. Subject. Report of Operations, 1 to 30 September, 1944 ...f Tbru I CG, Fifth Army, APO No. 464, U. 3 .".l,.y. To I Adjutant General, i,V'ar Dept., \fashington, D.C. ~;j.: 1. aeport of Operations by this Squadron from 1 to aOSeptember, l'il44 , i8 submitted in compliance with AR 345-105, and letter HQ, 5th Army, AG 314All, dated 22 Jan., 1944, subject, Historical Records and Histories of Or&aniaatio.. 2. On laept, 1944, the Squadron was attached to II Oorps and under operational control ',of 34 US Inf Div. On 2 Sept, 1944 it was attached for operational control, to the 88 US Inf Div. On 6 Sept, 1944 the Squad,I ron was reattached to 34 US Inf Div. On 12 ~ept, 1944 it was detached from 34 US Int Div and reverted to II Corps control. On 19 5ept, 1944 the Squadron _8 again attached to 34 US Tnt Div. During these several changes in status, the Squadron's mission was unchanged and it continued screening and protecti~ the II Corps le~~t flelk. 3. This report i~ p~'ep~~~d i~ fiv'e':' (5) s'ec~i~hs','as' follows . 1. Report of Operations.I2. Comments. 3. Field Orders, Overlays, ~~ps, etc. 4. Messages. 5. Hospitalization and Casualty report. t. 4. .At close of period the Squa.dron moved eastward, to vicinity of FUTA. P.i~SS, upon change in Corps boundary and prepared for pew mission, under 34 US Int ~iv 0 erational cont Ci-i..liLJi,;;,) .1.. ];L1I5, ,l..t. Col., CIavalry , Commanding. - CG, lifti.1 .:;'rr:.,y. - COLUllanuant, Cavalry ';chool, :F'ort .Liiley, Kansas. - 4,6 - File. S-E-C-'.l..... I-o-l~ ' .. REPOii.T OF OPZRATIONS 1 .' HEADQU~~RS /aed 91st CAVALRY RECON1AI:5$AhC:':; ~",Li.tW.Wl\ . U'O NO. 464, U. J. .u~li In the Fiela, Italy. 30 October 1944. REPO..i.'I' OF vPJ.:.l;~""I.TIONS At the opening, of the period 01 September to 30 ~eptember 1944, the 91st Cay Rcn SQ remained in assembly area in the vic of c.;"';.ill4J.i~, preparing to move on its pending mission to screen the left flank of the thru.st from rtORL},Cii; toward BOLOObA, Italy. 01 September was spent in a continued training schedule for the troops while further officer briefing on the mission was accomplished in meeting at the 3quadron CP. Care Was taken to coordinate all details of the mission wit~ the officers of the'804th ~ Bn, the 75'1 Tk En attached, Co. \t.E" 39 SnE'.ineers, 85th Div Arty, and 10 AGRA (British) kedium u-ty in support of the Squadron. At 021130- the Squadron was relieved from its attachlJ:ent to the 34th US Inf Division and placed under the operational control of the 88th US Inf Division. '!he mission however, remained unchanged. At 021400-B the Squadron ...s alerted to move a:t last-light with Troops itA" and ttBtI leading amd moving directly into assembly positions prepared to move out at first light. At 022100-B, Tr~op itA" led off followed by Troop "Btl and the Squadron Cf at interva+ of fifteen minutes. The Squadron CorrJlIander was with the leading elements. Troop "All closed in its assembly area in the vic of 721739 at OaOOO1-B and moved its 1st and 3rd platoons ul~ediately to the outsId'rta of CAMPI BI3ii;\\~ZIO in the vic '105739. Troop ltd" closed in the Tic of SiSTO (745'155) at 030230-B. The Squadron CF closed in its area ric 715710, near BiW:"'ZI, outskirts of FLOrCl'.Cb: at 030045-B while err "C" in Squadron Reserve and the Squadron Trains reliiained near South bank of the ARNO River in the vic of S.ll; i3J~'\T()LO {740696}. Attached to Troop ItAIt were 1 platoon of h,edium '.l'anks, 1 platoon of TO's 1 platoon of Co "F" (light tanks), and 1 plat.oon of Engineers. l'r ItB" was similarly reinforced but in addition, had wi.th it the 3 platoons of ASsault guns, Troop 1t~1t. T.. ,e Squadron Sector extended fro!!) the In&.1i:Zlu diver on the ,,'est to the 75 Easting on the ;;Cast. ,;ithin t;!is sector Troop ItA" on tr.e left ca.nd Troop ItB" on the ri::ht with the J.:.Sl'Q - Plb'l'U railroad their mutual boundary each troop had the mission of pressing vigorous reconnaissance to the ~:orth and ~,:orthwest, screenillg the left flank or the main thrust to the North from FLl../"..dAt first-light on 03 .leptember, Troop "Alt moved its 1st platoon North out of CA!'I.PI BTSELZIO with the 3rd platoor. in support. Demolitions were found so e-xtensive that mounted (I.:ecz) progress "'o.s greatly hindered. The engineers worked to repair these obstructions, while a diamount.~ patrol continued, reaching 693783 at 031630-B. From this point they observed ey around a factory at 697793 vic LA ~C!Nii. and brought fire on it. At 031755-B ey activity was observed at points 694794, 685802 and 679798 which the FO directed b.rtillery fire upon. By 2235-8 the entire 1st platoon with its attached elements had reac.ied 695764 (C. PALk.) and secured at this point for tiw nicht. 'froop "B" at first light on 03 September moved out its 1st and 2nd platoons N~{ 011 the .ii!:;i'.i.'U - Pila'I'O road with the 3rd. pltl.toon following. At 0845-3 the 2nd platoon had reached the crossroads at 121713 and elements of the 1st platoon were at 73677Q (~T'L'I1;.;..LLO) moving to join the 2nd platoon. At 0930-B Troop "S" reported an estimated platoon of ey with heavy ; lachine guns at 732778 and enemy of unkno'.'.'n strength at 743772. By 1030-B the 1st pL.:.toon htl.d reached the .t1,J at 735774 11.1.11 the 3rd platoon had joined the ~nQ at 728773. From this position the 1st platoon observed an ey strong point in the viCinity 739799 and requested arty fire on this area. Tne terrain over which Troop "B" operated Wb.S open !U'ld flat with little or no cover and lay at the foot of a high, abrupt hill mass "Lonti della Cri.LV~A" which gave the enan:y 1-erfect observation as well as commanding positions. By 1155-B all of the r.i'roop "B" elements were receiving hvy enemy arty fire frol,\ the 1:crth and all movement aither mounted or dia:;!ounted dre'lfti fire. The Sql.adron Comnlf:tnder went to the Troop "B" positions to control the situation and directed our arty fire against enemy OF ar,o gun positions. By 2330-;3 the 3rd pl::: t.oon huci reached 725772, the 2nd platoon remained at 728773 and. the bt had moved to 749757 for the night .:1.lthouih in squadron reserve, Troop nett at 03l315-a was ordered to establish a str.ongpoL t at 750720 (North bank of AHNO Hiver) for protactio}. of the 337 Fi&. Bn. At 1720-B, Troop "C"' reported that its 3rd platoon was in position as ordered. At first-liL-ht 04 jeI,te!!loer, '~'roop It."\" l.;oved its 1st platoon toward 699778 and the third to 705751 ""here the e.ne::ine6rs still had work "C;.) do on enemy demolitions. At 0935-3 the 1st platoon had established an OF at 693784. At 1025-3 th~ Squadl'on COLlliliander ordered Troop ttA" to esta'ulish W"l OP at 699808 (Eill 426) by 1115-B. A patrol had reached 694799 vic U ~u.,_t(.~ !And reported observint; tlll enemy gun position and bar~ed wire defe, ses at 677812 (LA PL ;.',.) While Italian Partisans reported tht~t ap:proxiR,ately 50 er.eny wel'e dug-in in vic of LA LACnll:: at 697797. ~eanwhi1e pC:1trols of the 3rd platoon had covered t}:e right of the Troop sector rec..ching 731737 and 719770. The 2nd pldoon moved to vic of C,~)LLLI (685785) where it encountered the enemy, killing two and woundinf, two others at l625-B. at 2130-3 a detachr:1ent of .the 349th US Inf R.eg~ moved out from t,le 1st ph.toon positions to 700'792 vic 1..:.. ...~CI:," where tLey encounter6d stiff resistL'.llce with 3/.., lJl01'tar ~,r.d uirect 3/1' fire ~)l1d were lle'J to. pull Dack fer cover to the let platoon.. positions. At 2310-B the 2nd plat~n of Troop liB" llIade contact with the Troop "A" 1st platoon, The enemy LLR appel::4red to be from 699- 788 (LA. ~Uli:RCK) to 719778 (CALE1-.ZANO) and arty was placed on this area. The Infantry detachment returned to their OP and Troop IIA" consolidated it~ positions with ..ecurity patrols active through the night. At first-light on ,04 Sepiem'ber, Troop "B" ..ent patrols to 750773, C. PiRGOLO 728779 and 723781 vic LA FOGLIAIA and by 090o-B the 1st platoon reached 749758 , the 2nd platoon at 724775 and the 3rd platoon at SK'rl'ILELO 727772 with fonrard pe:trols out. ~nemy 11G positions were encountered at 727776 and 728776 and engaged in a firefie,ht. By 1100-B, the 1st platoon had further developed the enemy positions finding an OP at 743773 and hlG poeition at 742775 while the 3rd platoon had encountered enemy at '722777 and a mortar firing from 728785. At 1230-B an enemy strongpo1nt was observed at 724780 ~d arty fire was directed on this position. For the remainder of the afternoon, these enemy positions were engaged and arty directed on ey gun positions as t!ley were identified. At 21lo-B a patrol of the 1st platoon reported enemy on a hill at 743774 with 3 MGs around a house, 5 or 6 men with machine pistols in 'buildings and a MG at'744774 protected by rifle fire and the Troop moved against these positions. At 2310-U the 2nd platoon made physical contact with the 1st platoon of Troop "A" Icaintaining contact by l1le=..ns of fA. patrol on the right flank of 'l'roop ",a". Active patrollir..g was carried out during the night. At 050110-B, Troop "A" received orders from the Squadrom Commander to attack the enemy; .LR from 699777 to, 719788 at first-light to reach the road Nonn of 1;he, i\R. u,sing the attached L1:ediuul tanks. ,Prior to first-light a patrol of the3rd platoon recontloitereti 'forward alid upon return at 0655-B reported that it had encountered eneElY resistance at 691788 throwing ~renades and that our 1st and 3rd platoons ~~th the tanka, were moving' forward. At 0845-B another p~,trol had crossed the RR and there was no enemy contact. 'l'he enemy was found in the vic of 713789 at 1130-B and 4 PMs taken. Troop "A" continued its advance and by l6SQ-!'3 a patrol had reacheci 696803 ana engae;;ed in a lit',ht exchange of small arms fire. By 1930-B the 2nd platoon was established at 693784 in support. . Troop "B" received orders frOlil the Squadron Commander at 050220-B to proceed with their attached tanks from 743760 to 734780 alone; road axis and reduce an enemy roadblock in tnat vicinity. The r~ove would be preceded by a 30 minute preparation by the 'rroop "E" ."ssault gUllS starting at 0545-3. At 0640-3 the 3rd platoon and the tanks had reached 735775 without contact. By 0825-3, however, an ene;,;y stronspoint had been found and engaged at 734780. ,:'~t 09.;0-:3 an uP was established at 724774. A pocket of enemy infantry was found at 729778 and fired upon "ith our wortars. At 1715-3 tne 2nd platoons patrol at 731781 received :.lortar and artillery fire and at last-li~ht the 1st platoon reached 744759. '.rhe 2nd platoon lliita t;le f.!ediu.m tl:l.nks was p"trolling vic 734775~ w~ile the 3ra platoon with a platoon of '';0 "F" (liLht tar.ks) patrolled v~c (SKI',,'T. .!.:..LLO) 728772. '.i:he three pl::...toon3 01 ~'roop "C" in s~p?ort ~f l'roop "B" a.,d J?rotectint:, its riLilt flar,k were at 7';77 :i8 (.dU"LrU )"~-r.h patrols to 743774 and 750769 at 2325-0. , . Orders were received from CG, II Corps at 060030-B for the Squadron in conjlintion with the 349th Inf ,:.\,egt to determine the strength and dispositions of the enemy in the vic of i,:Ol:l'i.;.OTI (7684) and CAlU'ili:'l'O at 692842 and maintain contact .Iith the enemy. .\s a result of discussion with 349th Inf it was decided tl18.t tne 3quadron would work on (,;A.~l\il:TO (6~2842) while the Infantry sends patrols toward ~:.OHT.H.OTI (7684) by way of LA QU':":Ji.C~ (700789) and 'rl{AVilLLE (717810). Troop "A" would probe E and NE from PR.i.TO (6781). At 060030-3, 'l'roop "Alt already had ey contact by its 3rd platoon and i ts patrol engaged in a firefight in Pr;'~'ro (6781) with a strong enemy combat patrol in which 4 enemy were killed. ....t the sw,~e time patrols to 693785 and 711782 POlh'E .LLA ~ ~~.(.INri. reported no contact. 'l'he 3rd platoon reached 663802 at 0101-8 and by 0330-B a patrol from this platoon had covered fro~ 670814 to 666819. At the same time a 2nd platoon patrol had e~countered an enemy patrol at 709766 but no firefight resulted as the enemy rapidlY'l'lithdrew. At 0905-B the Infantry repol'ted that 700788 ...ras clear of enemy and the pce trol of Troop"A" 's 3rd platoon had reached 680810 (Via 5&la). ;:~t 1000-B a message from the S~uadron Commander informed tflat the Infantry patrols had reached 7178io (Tl'.Ji.V..;w~) and he ordered 'l'roop itA" to move its 1st and 2nd. platoons to 678841 vic S. LUCIA By l450-B the 1st and 2nd platoons had. reached 677815 (L.~ PL.'.:'.:!.) and a patrol had established contact with the 3rd platoon at Plt..i.TO (665~2). Active patrolling by Kll platoons continued but movewent was hindered oy demolitions. By the nature of the terrain the route, which lay.in a \/i1~dir.b gorge between hith hills, made ambush a highly possible danger. At l,c)Q~-i3 the 2nd platoon reported a crater in the road at 683829 vic COIiLlO and eneJilY in houses at 687834, obviously an outpost to CANNE1'0, as civilians and Parti sans reported greater enelity positions behind this location. Atr.his point Troo:, "~1.11 consolidated for tile niEht. Troop "B", at 06095j-B was ordered oJ the :jquadron GOIUlliunder to proceed toward ~ C..r:USA 737810. The Infantry were to send a detachment to 733780 to move with 'l'roop "B". 'lhe eneoy on the heights to the l~orth Here still re~cting to move':ent by 'l'rcop "B" elements in this exposed sector with artillery and mortar fire, and moveJI;ent was necessarily and principally by patrol. By l43Q-d the 2nd platoon had managed to reach 727791 vic S. DONATO with its patrol out to 734780 at l445-B. The 3rd platoon oatrol encountering enemy l"~G position at 734794 moved around it to proceed to CdLENZANO (720789). At 175.?-B w.. FOGLIAIA (719'179) was reported clear and at 1935-3 the patrol reached 7237\)4 which Vias also cle,~r. However at 1945-B, tho enemy was observed in strength at nO795 with 50 6nell1Y estimated in the foreground and an undetermined number behind. The exposed poaition of the .i.'rooy "B" elelaents and the continued artillery and mort _r fire necessitated withdrawiJ,t to consolidhte for th& l'it,ht, with the 1st ana 2nd platoons !::.t S-,3J.'O (745751) and the 3rd platoon at 715755. Troop "c" cor.1f,~itted to action. Troop "c" at 060150-,3 was at 750780 with all three platoons under severe enemy 1,~G and sfA fire. Patrols were sent out to the flanks to att'~1:pt to elimine.te these ~,G positions which were loc:;a.ted in houses with 3/A protection. At 0400-13 the ptl.trols returned ht;;,vil'",(., fout-d positions were et 747781 and. from 750780 to 753780 and too strong to eliminate. Further active patrollir16 to withdraw and the 2nd and 3rd platoons moved to 751789 where they were pinned down by heavy artillery fire at l200-B. Working dismounted they reached 765789 at l230-tl where the 3rd platoon moved toward 750790 and the 2nd pl~toon toward PGIO BUCHINE (748800). At 1715-B the 2nd platoon repol~ed an enemy dug-in po.ition of unknown strength at IL COLLE (751795). A'detachment of Infantry,was sent to support the Troop and arrived at 2300-B. '!be morning, of 07, September found Troop "do" held up by demolitions in the vic of Hill 478 (669814) which the engineers were working on. A patrol moved out to establish an OP at 685820 vic FI~1YiULE. At 1030-B the Srd platoon had contacted an enemy strongpoint at 672823 vic :l. l.....~'lTINO. Continued patrolling and civilian information indicated enemy well established North of this point. At 1735-B at 678826 patrol drew sniper fire. At 1755-B another patrol reached C. NISTRI (668820) and at 181C>-B the 3rd platoon patrol was under small arms fire in the vicinity of 6758M, at the town of COIANO. This patrol after ,drawing enemy A/T and MG fire and some artillery was compelled to withdraw but directed our artillery with good effect on these positions. rrhe engineers continued to work throughout the day on extensive demolitions, which were hindering vehicle movement. Prior to first-light 07 September Troop "B" established roadblocks at LA FOGLIAIA (718779) and LA QUERCE (700788). The first platoon was in position at 0150-3 but the second, due to bad road conditions causing several vehicles to become oured down was not in position until 0620-B. At 0900-S patrols were Bent to 742788 and, to establish an OP at CAU;NZANO at (720789). At,lOOo-B.the2~., 747800 and found it clear of enemy. The morning of 08 .3eptember, 'i'roop "" cent out patrols while the eneineers worked tirelessly to complete 'llork on road demolitions. At 0930-H the enemy was contacted and engaged at PHATO (668816). At 1120-3 the engineers completed their work and the 3rd platoon moved up. Receivinc enemy mortar fire at PRaTO (668816) they established a roadblock at 669815 at 1625-3. At 1835-3, the 2nd platoon had reached 690827 while the 3rd platoon patrolled the area to the left of their roadblock. At 2150-3 the Troop consolidated with 1st platoon at 676813, 2nd platoon at 680827 and the 3rd at 669815. At first-light 08 septsL,ber,l'roop "B" moved its first platoon to continue 1) with vehicles, the 2nd platoon to establish an OP at 738802 while the 3rd platoon rnaintained the OP at 731794 and a patrol of the 3rd platoon was at 720807. The l'st platoon reported 'FrlAVI\LL8 (716809) clear of ey at 1118-13, but ey on hill at 710813. By 1600-3 the 1st platbOn Was at 739803 Vii th a patrol to 747800; the 2nd platoon at 7237n with a patrol to 763825 and the 3rd platoon at 724795 with a patrol to 725827. The 2nd platoon reached 7::37810 at 1725-3. The patrol of the 3rd platoon moved to Hill 305 (729811) anJ tl en to 725824 ,'Iithout contact but reported enemy activity at Ol,,'1l1.liLJ:.u,;U (7J5830) at 1945-B. Tr "B" requested harassing fi~e, on this position and it was fired by the 10 AGHA (3ritish). 'l"11e 1st platoon contacted the SritifiJh on the right at 758797. At 21::lS-B, Troop "i3" consolidated with 1st platoon at 73880f" 2nd ph,toon at L.i. Ci-IITJ3:i. (735810) with engineers at work on a road de::101ition ami tile 3rd pla.toon u.t T.\'I.VAc i,,l:; \716810). Troop "c" durirlg the morning of' 08 Jepteuiber maintained an OF at 768760 while ent,ineers worked on the Liemoliti..on t!:e, t had hindered the !!lOyei"e:ot of vehicles to the 1st :wd 2nd plutoons positior;s. .:..t 1225-8 instructions from '::'-3, 34 Di v indicated our rit.,ht axis of advance would be t~le road :'JE out of (,; .L::.:L2.,iJW (735310) (:,na that we would be relieved of resi'ow:>ihili ty for area to ti"e ri()'lt of tLat. Troop "c" was given dc:"im: of "lOVill~ to.'!est 8.X:o reCOlll oiter ti18 hill mass of PGlO GAS,'-' " '~" d Fl'GU:- '~ 'orr LI' tw ,-.. OOD "," r,,1 II:J" '''''6 1st a"'d 2"'d~.!.G,!";,,V.;, .... an ' D,.J.1. I,., De een cr ~ .~ t!. _'" oJ. lL u .. platoons reacLec: 697805 and t:-.e 3r(i l)ldoon ':"jLV~ l~ (717810) without or-emv c.:mtact t..t 1910-i. '{!lei were irs":,ructei to cOf.!:iolidate at these "oint;.:; for the nitht. ',;,'he te~rai.n contin',led to offer ::lany m~turu Ob:taclts for ;,i,~c:1W1ized ~j'~lVOr vehiculu.r reconnaissw.ce. 'l'ra.ils ';vere vcr" li;lLtcoc:. C.l,: seldom ,;ere t;,e/ ns~otiablc fcc &ny Qut 1/4 Tun 4x4 "cn v"':1~,cle,. 'vcr: tlllm such t:;:t,ils "erc; usually (}x-c2.rt ty.::::,e "r,d followea. '-{'i-Y' ~ 1', ) '"'1',,1 'ire'i tl'lY6 i'l'om a'''jl::l.c.21:S .:;lo'.:es ant:. c:.mtainod quani:~';::-'~-l' ~or~,~"~'4"" : :~,,~~'" "1':':: silt fro),] tou" 50::'1 \iLlsllecl dov.n UJ Severe oJ .... ,-,::;: v .:.. """ __ (.~ '* ,,',J ... 1,1 v ..... """ tJ ....... 01;..... .J r "i'-i"" "L '. ". ,,,,,;, ",.", ,.;,', ijV>t';'(:.'''; \1'i e:;:,:;ver l\Os,'~i)le w.c its v.",pth (;e~usEli succeeded in maintainin>l excellent observation and. brin, in f(:rt:, con... '- -.> centrations of mortar and artl :'ire with S!.:~ll arh l.d.nil~w; c:.el8.jiJ'L groups. '.l'llie necsssi tated conaicteratl1c : ,uLuvel'il'O) liWi~iel'L-.~ ir,i'.iltre.tion and made flankiHb .envel.0v",tlr.:;; ...ctiox: -.ferI 010;1. ~",le enth.)' :; tuok ever-j available advan'ta.ge of t:1f3Se te.n"f..in pos",,:,uilitle:.; and used ; his demolitions to exceller.t advantav:: b.-~ crJ.tjc~....l roa(1 locations. In accordanc& with instructions from 34th [3 1nf .._:iv to clear area to South for ruovel;lent of thE Division, ~l Jquatiron inutf..lla.t;:.ons '~i(.re moved North of the 76 ~:orthil1t. The 135th- Tnf :,est aS50;;lol;;:.,. in (;,~u~,- -ZaNQ durin the ni0ht of 08/0'-' ;;ieptember. '~~,e jy'ua"ron C,. closed at 676800 vic Fl~TO and the ~quaU.roll Trains at 6~5774 at 08E~0-:-!. On the mornin~ of 09 september Troop "A'tls 1eadir,~ element wa.s at _680827 continuin~ the advance alonE the axis of the road N from F~~'L'O. On its right, troop "G" with the 1st and 2nd platoou dislllounted on the hill mass at 697805 and the 3rd platoon at .'l'''W...t..I...... (715810) continuin[ to move to the ~:ortl! over the hill trails between 'J:'roop "~~" uxJ.d. Troor "'>" on its right which was workillb I! :.U.O,ll,;; tho road axis hE out of (;.. J.l!a~~ANO. By' 091500:'B the 1st and 2nd rL:toons of' 'i'rooj,l "G" Jisrnountt.:'u !lao passed TOrl.R. (721831) W1d were proceedL c.:; tOVlax'd t;. (;." .'J.'t~J.!{.IL:",r l72i~644) while the 3rd platoon was at 736844. -::"roop "3 tl had contactao. (Jritisi1 elements on the right at 7'73844 and established an 01' at 761844. At t1:is time the squadron Coruruander oZ'dere,l the 3rd platoon of Troop "3" and 1st and 2nd pla.toons of Troop "(;" to ~ove to allCl secure :!ill 852 (733877) arid. establish an OP at th:i.s point. By lSl~-B this mission had been accomplished and the l;st platoon of Troop "Btl had re'. to Mt. i . .ACGIOrJ:;, Hill 916 (732881). They remained in these posi"tions screo;;ninL the advance of the 133rd Inf until it had passed through them. In the meantime the Troop "C" platoons in this vicinity had withdrawn into 3quudron ~;~eserve to allow them to pnpare for the II l;orp8 "Duchess Plan", namely, one (1) platoon to be attac!led to each US Inf Div. Each Hcr. platoon with its organic radio net woulo. be divided into two (G) tel1.l1lS, one per Inf ;" ,e2-t alld ,. i th one team to accompany the "leading" Infantry battalion. .~ubmer:.ted;;1th 3C~\ 300 radios, all tactical ir!forr:lation was to be instantly relayed to the II Corps Headquarters. This special radio-liCcison-net was to be in addition to all other normal battOl.lion, regir::ent and division cOl)~r"uni'c~ tion channels. 'i'he ItDuchess PIWl" was to be effective upon Corps order, ::h. L our Corps b.d '!er~ce had rectched specific objectives and to con"Lir..ue until we nc.ci reOtcLeu the DLUj:, (later designated Gl~~':) phase line l',ear 30LOU;.... iJ.thoubh intcncieJ. to require only three (3) platoo,is ('.i.'lOOP "C") a fourth (4) Inf Div was committed and one pL.toon of Troop ltD" was later attached to Troop "C" to fulfill tl1is special ruis.;ion. Instructions from [j-3, 34 Di v received at 101000-3 relieved the Squadron of furtner reconnaissance on the axis; ortb from CJ.:....L It.~() and ordered that. all endeClvor be concentru.ted on openint; th~ FH..'..TO-EliLOC::,,;' road axis ;.i th all possible speed. ':'roop "B" was ordered to 'n thdraw from its present sector and asse;DlJle North of Ph...fa in the vicinity of the 82 Forthinc, c..nc. continue il.e advance alondug-in positions along a ridge on left and ribht of' the rou.d. In the ensuing engagel.ent Lt. Garcia ar.d :~/Sgt Church were seriously wounded .\t the request cf 'froop "A" a strong concentration or' artillery WI3I8 placed on this position and harassing fire lCl.:'" eu or. tne rOCld North of the position. 'he 1st and 3rd pla~oons conaoliuated a position at 706955 for the nie.,ht '\{hile 2nd plalicon patrols probeu for ei:elaY activity. Troop ~.. (Assault guns) moved into ~~portinb hattery position N of rABBRO at 695922 at 223Q-B and fired harassine missions on the enemy inatallations. 'ilie morning of 12 3epteruber foutio., the Squadron in a difii.cult tact ical position confronted to its front by strong eneLIY positions on points of advantage Oll both sides of tnt:.o road and with its left flank seri.ously exposed for several thousand yards as trie 6th ~ hau not advru.ced its elements, beyond the ~26 Uortiri.ug. 'I"ne Squadron' s right flank was likewise vulnerable since the narrow ZOne of advance of the 133rd Inf (bast) left a gap there of approximately 2000 yards. At 0855-13 a s/;.. erigage- . Illent could be heard in the vicinity of :,.IG.LIANA (675~ 26) \~ here the fwd elms of the 6th SAAD were engaged. It was necessary to send dismounted patrols to our flanks as well as to er.e,;age and ll.:aintain contact with the enemy, hence to our front moverilent North to much extelit was inlpractical. Although our missions prir,:arily to screen and defend "[,he 34 uS Inf uiv (II Corps) left flank atter reac,;ll.ut h~.''(O aiid proceedine.: ::orthward, the Squauron was without Infantry support. ':'nis situation was reported to the 34 Div am several appeals were lliEi.de to w..ve the 6th S,UW adn..nce and relieve the enemy pressure upon our exposed left flank. '.l.'hi s serious factor existed for SOLie time and in fact was not relieveq by any commensurate help from British forces until the Squadron had reached ~ESi:il1:'l'4t. (72001;). Unavailable 'Infantry iUP150rt'~ 'to'~etll~r ., itil '.o.'roC:~), "iIG!I~ '. plus one \1) platoon of 'l'roop "a" attacLed, llavine bE:en dispatc~'leci. ou the It.i)uchess Plan" special mission, necessitated aisulountinL tv.o (2) pl~ WIlere it encour~tered an Undetermined nUlllber but estil.lated at 10\} plus dismounted enemy. ~~y and mortar fire was brought upon and diverted their r.:!ovell:errt back i:orthward without f:l.ccostint.; our patrol or affecting our poai'tiol!::'. 'i'l'OOlJ lIb" established a security detac::-mwnt and uP on Lt. C4",.j.i.:::G-J...lv~;:,;, ~68j946) and at 210o-B Troop "A" consolidated for the nibht at 711959. .l.'roop lIu" ( ... sse.u1t guns) fired several indirect fire .missions during the day, ht 1~5-0 ttle 211U i:..i.l.d 3ni i.i..t:.ts or '';''r IIt~" rE;~:clied 715-~74 vic l"\;j1'_.UiL;.I.':~ ant~ e [.I" l~;)o- t.. civilic~n re:)orted II to the 3rd platoon that the enemy had positions in houses at 718975. The 2nd and 3rd pla.toons attempted to encircle this location but intense MG and S/A fire forced them to withdraw and direct our assault guns on the houses. Enemy artillery pinned them down in this position but the platoon leaders went on patrol and discovered the en., had a menacing OP at 706979 and directed our artillery on it. Troop "A"'s 2nd and 3rd platoons continued to engage the enemy from this position to last-light when they consolidated and secured their positions at 2115-B with 2nd and 3rd platoons at 714972, an OP at 715975 and the 1st platoon to the rear at 708964 to prevent the forward elements from being cut off. Troop "B" maintained flank security. The enemy was known to have superior strength of nearly four to one at this location. On 14 September, the Squadron continued to press the enemy defensive positio1'ls and at 1100-B the ~~nd and 3rd platoons of Troop "AIt, having reached 724975 directed fire on an enemy position at 714985 which was believed the source of severe mortar and artillery fire directed on the road and our elements. At 1330-B they also observed prepared ene~ positions on the high ground at 727978 and directed the guns of Troop "Elt an that area. At 1630-B further enemy personnel and a tank were observed at 727977 and the artillery of the 10 AGRA (Br) fired this mission. At 2100-:8 Troop "A" had secured for the night at 714972 vic CASTAGNETA with vehicles at GRICIGLIANl (712954) the road having been cleared to that point. Troop "B" continued active security patrols. ~ At first-light Troop "B" moved forward and passed through Troop "Aand took over the offense while Troop itA" assumed flank security patrol. and OPs. Almost imrilediately the movement of Troop "B" drew S/A, mortar and artillery fire on its elements in the vicinity of 709969. Moving to high ground to the Eas"t of the road, Troop "B" established an OP in the vicinity of 718969 to direct counterbattery fire and cover its advance. It was soon found that to move ~ore than 150 yards North of the OP drew intense enemy fire. A strong enemy frontal position with heavy barbed wire extended from 723980 to 735974. Tbe intense and continuous enemy fire co:n~inJ"ad th.roughout the day precluding all movement although all observed enemy targets were engaged by our mortars, assault guns,and supporting artillery, the enemy held tenaciously with cover of well dug-in positions and commanding I:G strongpoints. Prior to first-light. on 16 September the Tl700p "A" mortars were massed with those of Troop "B" for increasea. fire. power under control of Troop "Bn OF's. At 0700-9 the fire of these combined mortars was directed on the "draw" at 720975 and no activity was observed after initial f ~.ring. A Troop "B" patrol moved to 725971 and established another OP while the 2nd platoon reached 699970 and entered ener.lY dug-out positions at 1127-9 reportlnt; them freshly abandoned. It was determined that enemy in ~trength of one (1) company still occupied the vic of hill at 702970 when they counterattacked an~ some of the enemy jumped into the dug-outs with our men. .~\ fierce hand to hand fight insued with our advanced ele!:.ents, enemy fire cau.e froLI the !:orth, 'Uest and rear of our positions. --....-Ii .-.. The 2nd platoon was forced to withdraw to 703966 under covering fire of 4 volunteers who remah.ed in vulnerable positions. .~t leEcst 8 to 10 enemy were killea vihile two of our men rem1;l.ix:eu on clle hill but latej.' rejoined the platoon, one of the men beill(, wounded. Troop "illl continued to engage the enemy with mortar and artillery fire securinL at last-li~ht at '08968. Troop "A" maintained contact witn the 6 3AAD elements on our left and secured our left flank. The enemy continued stubborn resistance from timely prepared dug-in positions. Our penetrating ~trols, plus OP's and ini'onnation from PO.1's determined tn'at the Squadron was in 'contact with one En (1st) averaging 80/100 men per company, includinf; a &7 Co, of the 754 Regt, on their right and the 2nd 3n of similar strenbth on our left. 'lhese two battalions ;lad taken up fortt,ned po:;itions to -Cde East and 'Nest, respectively of the Pit.~'ro-,ON'l\';PI.l.hu-BOLOGNA noc:;.d. ~b.ch Bn had displaced one (1) company as outguard in strOI161y dug-in positions. The terrain features offered them advantageous Cpls and 1=G positions, and approacning ;.,Ji:!~.II.TALE two hills fonned a formidable "pass" directly toward Hill 403. To augllient our lesser small arms fire and 81-1,1111 mortar~, three 4.2 ClfL mortars were obtained and placed with our 81-nan mortar oattery. '111i s , facilitated effective heavy, also phosphorous mortar fire to excellent advantage and materially effected breakin2, the resistance c.:.nd drivinL the enemy from his dug-in positions. On 17 September both Troops tt.oi." and "B" resumed patrollinli:, alid L1anned OP's at first-light. The 3rd platoon of Troop "A" maintainint ': w! OP at 705954 sent out a patrol which encountered an enemy outpost at 697955 at 0845-10.. In the ensuing fir-e-fibht 2 enemy were eitiler killed or wounded etnd 1 of our patr.ol was,wQI,UJ,d;ed. 'l'i1e putrol returr,ed.to tl:o UP and lhOrtar fire was placed' on tile enemy position.' At 0830-A 'the" 2nd platoon of Troop "B" had re~scovered new activity in the positions it had er-gaged the day before and was workinf; over- tiJ.e !irea \. ith !;.lort~rs prior to sending a patroL At 1215-~~ Troop liB'" s 1st plCl. toon was shelled of.::' of its OP While a patrol from the 2nd pIG.toon re:..checi C.i.,;-.P.:..~ ...;:; (705964) and observed enemy at 699~69 whictl it engated with :~!ortara. '.i'hroubhout t~le day our elements continued to raceiva light and medium cal arty fire arld in spite of continued fire broubht upon the enemy positions the dquadron renained hemmed in on two sides by stro!t; enemy positions establisiled on dominating ~errain features. The road ..ortnwarci '!las in a fact a "gorge" adjacent to the stream and the ridge line was several hundred meters high. At last-light harassing I"ire mis;;ions ,~ere laid down to screen our ele'nents and '.i.'I'OOP liB" secured at 7l2~69 ..;hile Troop "A" continue,! to hold its OP and maintain the necessary security patrols. At 180700-.... Troop ItB" in vic of 713g69 sent patrols of 1st anel 2nd platoons North toward 728975 and 717974 while a patrol of tIle 3rd platoon worked.lest. 'roop itA" still maintained its OP at 705953 vic CERBAIA, with the 2nd and 3rd platoons 712953 maintaininl;., patrol conta.ct wi tJ.l the 6 d.UW. At 0830-A the 3rd platoon of l'1'oop ".0" engaged in an intet:se fire-fig,ht at 701969 abainst l:G's, ix's, rii'les and rif'le grenades and were forced 1:.0 .,,; ilihuraw to ~ecure aefensive positions by thre!.1tened counterattack.;'he 1st arlCl 2nu p1,.toorls were at 718974 and 716973. 'Oy 133O-A. /.]'J the 1st platoon had reached 726979 with a patrol moving to 729984. In this vicinity it took 8 P7is at 1415-A. Troop "B" intended to move the 1st and 2nd platoons to this point to .ecure for the night but the 1st platoon reported strong enemy fortifications at 727985 vic ~~RCATALE and the two platoons consolidated at 723978 at last-light while the artillery was directed to tire on the enemy fortifications. rl'roop "A" secured at 708956 .Troop "B" resumed aggressive operati.ons at first-li~ht on 19 September and a 3rd pl-o-.toon patrol moved out at 053O-A and a.t 0705-A wae engaged in a fire fight at 717977. At 082o-A the 3rd platoon was still engaged with the enemy and the 1st and 2nd platoons r~d moved to 725980. At 0805-A, 'lbrougholorl nit:,ht 20/21 :3eptemoer, '.l.'roops "A" anc.i. "B" were suojected to ileavy enemy harassint:, fire. Both Troops continued to innltrate patrols into the enemy position", the morninf, of 21 September. ':;l:emy.:i... A fire covered the road from 709961 l;orth to 7U\L9 while enemy arty fire interdicted the approaches North. ..:.t 1230-i. the Infantry notified tilat its p.trol was nearing hill 530 (729~79) and at that tj:...e our patrols had reached 724978. By 144().o.i, Troop "B" 1st all(.. 2nd platoons .had reached the latter patrol position and encounte~d ~A fire from 726978. At 1450-A a S/A fire fight "'as heard in vic 72%89 Where our infantry had also encountered the enemy. At 1500-A. TNop "A" had also ent,aged enemy in vic 719979 with mortar aJtd small arms. At l737-A rrroop "B" patrols ht:.c:. oecon;e engaged in fire-fight at 724986. Troop "A" at 16oo-J~ hb.d encountered stronf, enemy positions on Hill 321 and were forced to withdraW to 716974 Where they continued 'to engage the enemy with mortars. Troop "B" also forced to withdraw, secured at 724978 and both Troops continued to lay observed mortar and arty fire on the enemy until dark. harassing arty was firea on enemy positions through the night. On 22 September Troop "A" and "B,I again moved out against eneI!lY while Infantry patrols worked in from the East. i3y 1225-.:" a patrol of Troop "B" at 738985 sighted a friendly patrol at 736991 and worked towarJ. tnem to make contact. At 125S-A Troop "i~t' had luassed its 3 platoons to f~asault Hi11'321 (719978). At 1430-A they drove enemy delayinb groups off t;.nd reported Hill 321 clear .of enemy and the 2nd and 3rd platoons advanced to 719984. Troop "B" had made contact with the Inflil.lltry on Hill 64:2 finding the enemy dugouts hurriedly abandoned. A patrol reported no sign of enemy activity in V.li:R.NIO. Troop "B" cons()lidated in vic of V.ttaU~IO (723995 ) and Troop "A" ~t 720.';184 vic ~.:C;",(.,.~.l.I.~. All of our positiona as well as engineers working on . road demoli tiona: were Bubj.ected"to.. intenae artillery and mortar fire from North and Northwest and. enbinecrs were forced to discontinue their work du.ring remainder of the etay. 'lbe 23rd of Septe!!lber saw the breaking up of the strong; enemy defenses which had faced the Squadron for nearly a week. ~'he Infamry r!ovint;; Jest from their positions cut the road near, :ON'.,L'.\i:PI.u:U und our patrols f"oving Korth contacted the Infantry between 'f~~J:IO and S. ",UI.UC(). Some enemy demolitions were observe~ to the :or1ih and an enemy pack train escaped over the hills to the North before artillery could be registered on it. lbe road from 1..E.L1C.-I.'J..'~ to V.::.;..sHO. was o!:l.Cl.ly ueuoH.hed in many pleces with bridges blown and houses demo1islled over t~:e ro~d. Ihis necessitated supplyir:.(; our elements oy pack~board, as mules were not available. Instructions were receiveel frOl0 34tIl 1:5 Inf Jiv not to over-exter:d und th:.:.t our sole mission now Was to afford cover for t!le engineers in clearing ti.le road. 'l'he 24th of 3epten.ber was spent by the :;j(lu:.:.dron afiordin~ security to the engineers as they worked on the difficult task of openin". ttlC r(l:"'~ ti-:,rough the extensive ene:;;} demolitions. 1"':Yle b3rd Itd lle..vin;;, secureo. i .0FT~PI.;.bO went in"to reserve and engineers wo rkerl ':')outh fro!!! :._UiiJ:.... i. :;:~wi~ to ceet oura workint; :~orth aJove 3. ~UI.d(';0. i'he Squaol'on t;om.n:ander requested t.lb.t t~1e 3,; adron be allowed to r:love out of ti16 n~rro.'l ",or, CHr vehicle;:; .)l'are sce.ttered over 14 r},j ~l"d badl; in na',o of :.I ....irltcnfUce. The request \1/~S not e:r!:-.nted. On 25 Septe!.,ber' the Jqul;...droiJ r(;)ceiveu C;. !,!C)". li,is-:ior: and 'i'rool' tI~" :Joved to t'te vicini 1;j of . o:rr.::..l'~.d;O (7300'l t.. ) at 143o-.~, to relieve outpost 1)08itiOl'S of 1st Bn, l6Bth Inf a.egt. The Sql.W..droli was alerted to E!ove tf; this 10catioYl tt0 next d;::y to (;ontirJU" ; , Septelf.ber 28th continued with r':lin and very low visibility. ';'roops"A" and ItB" moved forward with pfl.tro1s probi~IL before t;lelr' eleu:.nts. J.t 0945-A Troop ItAltl 6 1st and ard platoons had reached 745112 with l.~ patrol at 756116. At 745111 '!'No craters blown 100 feet across were found with fresh tracks arid footprints indicatin they had been tione the night before. Troop "B" was at ~ADIA NUOVA (757ll0) where it made contact with elements of the 168th Infantry on the right. At 1120-A the Squadron CP closed at 732095 vic CASTIGLIOi~. Troop "Btl was infonued by civil;ians that so~e 200 enemy were at prt...:l.)~l\A (7Sa130) and sent a patrol to investigate. By l440-A Troop "Btl was at PHE.i.J]:~.iA (753130) the enel.:y apparently h .. vi:ng pulled out. At this time, elements of Troop itA" were at 758145 vic SLI.RVO. Here the advance was discontinueti by 34 Division order and the Squadron was instructed to leave one Troop in position for tte 6 SAAD to pass thru and move the Squadron (- one Troop) to the vicinity of RONCOBILIAC~,IO prepared to advance on a new mission alOllg the axis BRUilCOLI - i.iON'i';~1!'HEl)J:.:a'l'E. The division boundary had been Changed. Troop "C" and one platoon Troop tlB" having completed their mission on the "Duchess Plantt were released by II Corps and arrangemerlts were made for them to rejoin the Squadron in assembly;. Route of lI:arch and asser.:bly area were reconnoitered and the Squadron prepared. to move at 290900-A. Troop "illt remained in position pending relief by the 6 SAAD. 'n'le Squadron moved the morning of 29 September over roe.ds in such bad condition trom the continued rains and for lack of passable lateral ro~d, having to travel 45 rom of road distance to effect move of only 7 KID eastward. Th~ Squadron made temporary bivouac along tt~ axis road in the FUTA PASS vicinity of 811057, with CP closing at l33Q-A arlq. all troops in bivouac by l83S-'A.' '." , ' .".. , ' ... The day of 30 Septelliber ,Was spent in rehabilitation of men, drying out clothing and 1st echelon maintenance of vehicles. Continuous heavy rainfall, severe fogs and mud neeessitated every availe.ble hour of ti. ,e to prepare for the ensuing mission. CHii.hLE:3 A. ':":LLIS, Lt. Col., C/.',valry, COIIlIIlb.r.ding I? r .UII .... --~ ,t .~ DlUAL~_~~~_ AS 20 It,.. 11M, .........,.. ,.".,.",.~ /.... 11ft CAY&aY UC(JOI&DUI&t". &:MIJA)RCII AfO m. 410&, U.d. 4IUtt ]a 'lU ftel., DalJ. 10 ..ftIIItar. 11M ...~...... ..,.... ot OJenU-, 1 W 11 lot..,.. 110M. < !Ian ca. J'lftla",.,. &PO ""' U.8. ArsJ. ~ .......... GeMa1. ~ Dept" a8ll1Jl&tea, D.C, 1.....".f OpvaU laJ till. ICla4ra t .... 1 t. 11 OIt.... 11M ia ...-s..... la. ISlt wJ.tII A1l M5-105, uul letter Sq. $til AI:'IIJ, AI Ilt-AB, ....... JaIl;. 1"', ..J...........deal bool'd. aM Ilnol'1e. ot 0rpa1u.ti... .. 011 1 0......., 11M tb. Iqudro......ttubn to M U.S. lat. DiY., U ae.... , .... t,W la ruu ra...... Mft4 tonarcl __alp_ 11110. _ 3 eote .. OI'. 011 11 ,~.., tho lquatna .....t .....4 to 1 ~n' DiTt.1..... nU.0ftcl la .f1ft ,..iU. Jd.gJlt ot lV15 Oot 11M aac1 rIP t , ill ......... ..u1 " ....... 110M, OIl ldtor dat. t_ .p.4na (41IU_t04) ...... .... ... t ....... 91..... t ..nor ill Dind.. ro..ne. 011 &I Ooto.r, , \tla. I..-"a at_oW to CC/... ad nU..T.cl tb AI'aon4 !at. Ba. 11& c1.taa1ft pea1tt.... apt ot _ OItob.~. 1"", -I,' "Dd,.'npon ~ ,~""iat1.o (5.) ...~i..., .. ,oU.... 1....." ot Oporatla.,I. n..u ~., OftrlaJ., ...,., oto" 3. _nil 01"40..., 0&, ........, 5. Bo.,tWil&tloD ua4 CUualtJ Repon. 4. Ai 01... ot pol"le4l tho ICUlacInD outiD,,'" til. lat.try 1d1_ ill,.t.at" podti... ot til. 1.t .&morM Din.t_ .octor "or op....tlOllal. COll."ro1 .f CO/.. it I S-E-O-T-I-O-N 1 * * * , ., . REPORT OF SQUADRON OPERATIONS i ~, jiEAJ.) '1oU.1ilT~l' cl 91st C....VALRY RECOK1,,~I33"~L(;;]; .j,:L .ul.h; &>0 NO. 464, U .;). ,,~\i,.Y In the Field, Italy. 20 November, 1944. On 1 October, the Squadron was assembled in the F['l' rasa, vic of L-811057, in preparation for the imminent mission of contilmir.::., rE;conr.u.iss,;;:.nce to the I~ and NW, and screening the 34th Division 16ft flank.. Under advers'e terrain and weather conditions eveI'y effort was beil'lg made to repbir veilicl;6 and equipment, after the continuous drive through September, from tue :~."J,iJ River (L-741707) to Sh..WC (L-755145) over J:),ountain trails, extensive demolitions and rugged cross countrj. On 01 October, Laj. Gen .i3l.iL'....... , comc!andinb tl,e :::4tl! iJiv., persoilnall;:; presented awards to 50 officers and 111en of tl"E: JqW:.t.dl'on, for gallantry in action, in the accoQplis~~er.t of re~ent fuissions. On 031025-0'. Octob e:r, .}-3, 34th J.;ivision notifie d tIle :3 y'u~\uron to displace forward to an a.rea to oe selected :,orth of 3~~:' 3C0LI (L-7930SJ8). .1.11 Troops were iIwueciiately t.lerted b.nd ordereel to report into tti6 CQr];land net at once. The Squadron Coar,1and_r !:U',Q ad.vance pccrty wont forward to select E"n ass_bly area, and at 1325-~~, the '':''roop GO's and advance parties ~:ere ordered to report at once to t::e Squ;;;.c..ror. COnllJ':'.ncicr at ._Oi '_'.i:i;Fl";;.c~/'.L~ (L-777150), wi.ere an area had been seiecte3rc; I',l:..toon relJOrted receivinb ey arty fire at L-7831';l9 :.:.nd., ti:c..t ciisr'lounted enClY \ier6 in pOSl tion at L-782205 and L-786206 and ei~;it eJ"er~ observed ut L-7~5211. JOt:l of these fh.toons receivael i!lcreash(ly ir,-cense ey artillery fire but continued to probe for\{r.:..rC wi t~l disLounted },atroIs. One patrol drew :..G fire at ['-779202, also heaV'J ~rti fire at L-'/'f5205 and. L-7J5195. The enemy 118.([ thE) advantaLe of ridges on hiGh [round ~d observation. The bridge at I,-783205 vias oJ.o-.m 2..ml coul.ti not be .by-passed without eneineers and use or bull..,dozers, but rl1).e to encl~y observation it ',kS iIllJOssible for thE:;. to work until after dark. The rusced terrain, ens:!!! demolitions -'.1~ci heavy foCos facilitated encr.lY resistCi.:_ce 8lLCi rete.rded lJrogress of ;'i.cn eler.lents seriously delayi:a~ vehicuLl.r, movement. '..'he rugf:;ed and r:lw..(f.iy tc::rrC1.ih ~nti foggy atn.ospneric c ond i tiorts :.lso delayed the 168 IrJ f~.l" try. .t 1,.",.". ,i . 1'i L-783205, under enemy fire. 'I'roop "Bits 1st platoon, meanwhile, had .Joined the 2nd platoon ot Troop "a", at lit. Del GALLETTO (L-794194) and r.ad sent a patrol to reconnoiter for trails North. The patrol reached 1~795l97 where that trdJ. ended abrup~y, necessij;ating workin2, out another trail to L-803196. The 2nd platoon of Troop "C" also seeking a possible trail North in this 'sector, opened one trail, to L- 800l9~. _lie" it become impassable.and re~oea ~t. r4ute to try another. By OlIO-A, this platoon had reached L-802116 and moTed on toward MOLINELLI (L-79920l), over an enremely narro'o1, rocky and slippery tl"&11. At l14S-A, the Troop "C", 1st platoon continued in a heavy fire-fight, receiving MG tir.e from 1-770207, ~d Ji.T fire from an isolated gun, believed to be located at L-770208. The FO with this platoon, directed supporting tire on these positions. 'Die 3rd platoon of Troop "e" at -the blown bridge at 11-7842.06, receiTed heaYJ" e, arty fire, and the medical 'detachment.was Bent to evacuate their casualties.' By l43O-A, the 1st platoon, still unable to ~dvance in the tace of stiff enemy resistance, and receiving oont1nuoua heavy tire, reported the enem, advancing down the road at L-773207. 'The Squadron Ca.mander requested assistance trom the 2nd Bn of the 168 Intazrtry. The Ia:ttali_ COJIIIIIaIlderagreed to send a combat patrol to assist, but could not send any more as he was attempting to move his entire battalion ,to the left,around Hill 747 (L-7'11202). In this engagement, the lstpla.toon of Troop "C" had found itself at extreme disadvantage, both numerically and in position, due to severe terrain &ad heavy fog, along a mountain road, prohibiting deployment of Vehicles off the road. pontact'ing the enemy at L-777204, they had received heavy S/A and 1m fire, and hand grenades, thrown from embankment alongside of road.' The dense tog caused the platoon to dismount~ompletely, and engaged in close combat. with han~ grenades and small ~~s and forced enemy fwd elements to with'draw.' 'llle,"uoPils' 't~'en :ea:r1.y in theenga.gement,. in-dicu.te.d. under interrogation, that the position was jj,eld by 3 companies of GerLta..n Grenadier ,Inf'Wltry, deployed East and West of L-773207. The P.'!' s company was the 1st Co., 35 Regt, 16 S8 Division. consisting"o~ 80 men and 1 officer. Inclement' weather, of tog and rain, had r~duced the visibility nearly to zero, and the precipitous terrain prevented moving the vehicles off the road. Under these conjitions, the tanks could not be moved into position to fire. :.I:hen the ~latoon continued to ..press its advance by road, the enemy dropped grenades from tile high banka, one Of. which fell into the turret of one Armored Car. The 1st Bn of the '168th Inf, mOving out of assanbly at ~IA.NO (L-778l88), drew a mortar barrage, which inflioted numerous c2.sualties, and the 'resulting disorgani&ation d$layed their movement. The 2nd Battalion was occupied in moving around the left of this enemy position (Hill 747), w.ith Co "G" ti.t L-769198, sending patrols toward Hill 594 (L-766199) and Hill 561 (L-764l97), t-hen North along the rOd.to 1-767205. :.1ithout Infantry support, Troop "C", 1st platoon was compelled to withdraw under irlcreasing heavy enemy 4., L:G and mortar fire, reaching 1-778196 at l530-A. oAt 1 63dO-0:', ellteme}'jllt~ of tThe Inf.Ca.c~~try reached L-7'13203, with the enemy at L-7722 7, an t he s p a-r.oon roop moved to join them. - 3 j / t. i , , ~~!.L1st ,platoon, 'at L-768235,2nd platoon, at L-SOU08 and the' 3rd platoon ~ eli LAMA (~783~a,). troop "B"'s 1st and 2nd platoons, secure4 at L-'1,",205, where engilleers were still working, at this bypass " which was , the~ under wa.ter ot a rapid stream. The 3.rd platoon ot Troop "B" was at L-758227. Prior to securing positions tor the night, our patrols had reached SmJ'ANO (L-790H9) and U UNTO~ (~'i5245). ~ i : The 'Squadron c,ntinued ita aciTance and active soreenin.J of the Division le~ tLank, at tirst-light, 07 October. Troop "B", oa the :lett, .had obJectiv. at PIANO di SETT.A. '(~7502ao) and PONTI LOOATELLO (u-'153214), to seoure the iSquadron lett tlank, which fts. expo~e4. - Troop "0' objectives were RI~ ft~O (Ir766M8) J the RJ at L-76'24'1 and Ir.'164241, and to attempt' to establi~ an 0' on' Hill 816 (11-740264), which OP mission was later cancelled. nemilnts ot Troop "B" were also to establish contact with the 6 SAAD, whose . o d positiollswere SW ot them, in the vic ot L-74Sl81. At 0639-A, Troo-p B"' 3rd platooll, reported a bridge out at L-754214 and the 'by-pass heavily ,'. Troop C's 1st and -31'd p~toon patrol entered RIOVEGGIO at 0820-'&, ritb/ the 31'd. platoon patrol at L-"5237, held up by en8ll1Y arty fire. ' Partisansl reported that 7 enemy at IRONCO (L-759247), were observing the lstplatoon1 through field glas..s and that approximately 200 ey, were 2 to 3 Kms Soutpwest ot the 1st-platoon position. At 095O-A, this platoon could observe en.,. at RONCO (~759247) and d,irected tire on that position. 'rhe 3rd platoon; patrol drew small arms fire .from their ,lett, at L-774240, and reported at lP4o-A, that they would hold there until reinforcements could be brought up. iAn'Infantry patrol moved out in' support of our element to investigate87A ,ire, reported tram buildings in vic L-770238. A.tter a conterence with the .4th Div., G-3, at the Squadron CP, the Squadron Commander, at l13a-A, issued tragmentary orders 1;0 Troops "A": "B:" and "O~;' 'Troop "C" Was ordered -to '.intaina strongpointat'L-76424l: ~ahd .'dispatch aJ.::l:~av&ilable dismounted . personnel to vic of'RIOVEGGIO (L-766248), and establish a strongpoint there, sending vehicles ~o join'the platoons when security tram road visibility by the enemy permitted~ One platoon ot medium tanks, and one platoon of TD's r~ed attached to Troop "C". Troop "Btl was ordered to establish a strongpoint at L':'756215 and outpost the vic of PION di SE'l'TA (L-'150221). One platoon! ot Co "B", 757 Tk Bn, was attached to Troop "B". Troop ".~II was assigned the ~ission of relieving the elements of the 168th Int, on the Squadron right flank, relieving Co "C" (L-77525l), first, and tl1en relieving Co' ~ "Kti and "L" (L-784255) and L-791265, as soon as vehicles can be put in position, with secutity trom e~emy observation. The 2nd pllitoon of Co "B", 757 l'k Bn, was atta,hed to Troop filA". At 123Q-A, Troop "Blu s 3rd platoon was in position at L.7752l6, with a patrol to RJ L-753213, and it's 1st pl~toon was at L-749. 198, with a patrol in contact with the 3rd plc.toun. . 'l'he 2nd platoon was at L-766204, looking for a trail leading to the ';lest. Troop "C", 1st pldoon, was 'at L-7642.42, with a patrol at itIOV.BGGIO (L-766248), the 3rd ple.toon was at L-783227, with a patrol at L-774240, and the 2nd platoon enroute to join the 1st platoon. .~t 1500-.:~, the ~st and 2nd plc:toons ot Troop "e", secured . their vehicles at L-766245 and moved their dismounted personnel ir;.to lliQV':::;GG10 (L-766248). Troop "Alt moving out of assembly as Jquacron reserve, was enroute to POLVE1~~\A (u-775251). Throughout the afternoon, the enemy a1 , ;' I I continued. to hc.:.ra.:ils tiie ,;,'ilAAt 090o-A, the Squadron was detached fro,. the 16Jth Tnf ~\.ect ".i-.ich it i-;.ad relieved, and the Squadron plus Co "B't (- 1 }ll;l.toor.) of t;;e 757 'l'k ':;n, und 1 platoon of 804 'i'.O Bn -~as attaciled to 0(;".", 1 st .~r,~_ored. ..:ivi ",ion, still responsible for the security or' the 34th .Jivi::.ioL" 10f't n;;uJ~. Fro~. lJ:;i:.)-.\ to 1155-A, 23 rourllis of eneE1Y al'ty fell on t~"e .jquc..urol1 Gf, causin2, 18 casua,lties. 'i'hrou6hout the day, 4S rourld~ fell in tile CF area and enemy artillery increased in inter.sit.y tllrOUtf1v'lt tile 3quao.ron sector. At 0045-.~, on 10 uctober, the 1st pl::;;.tocn of Troo) II~" observed 9 enemy \moving Southeast, at L-788260, where t::ey were joir,ed .J/ ~ !dOre. uur outposts openecl fire 2:lnd trie en8r.1Y ran back towu.ru.. t.,e r:i_vsr. 1:0 l'blrt:'le.c activity VI~,S observed. ~'hc '~'roops Ll&int"cinec;. CO!:tB.ct )~ '~:cols betv:e n -~._(;ir positions, and 'l'roop "" ./ith trIo Infantry on the ri(;,ht.'.I.'he ~4th L\.Cr. Troop was to IIlliintain contactilliih our left. elements. dt lSOO-A, 'l'roop ":.:.," COI.:plated fire misuions on 3 tart;ets, reported by Partisans. An enemy liF ""t L-771~64 w&..s well covered, and a direct hit Vias i ..acie or. the house. AA area at L-783:::'12, con'i;ainin:: 1 pl.,l.toon of enemy wa3 c...lso \,ell covered. ~nemy were reported alO{'b tne trail fror:. (;.d,j~ ..... (L-77 5265), to (J ...;.:;;.I..I'V:......i~~ at (L-783273), to rO.j ....JJLJ.d,;i; (1-7842741, anel this mission \ilaS "elso fireo, but results c.ould not be observeel. At 1855-.:.. , un ey ve:licle, believed to be an 5P, was observed movin from CAP~'Ioo'.A (L-77:l268) to Fu",G-IO \:"'-77923:, ana. t;1ence to C~;:)O;'~v~LLO (1-776276). ~~t this point, it was fired. on by Troop It.::;" and was no longer observed. A survey of conditions of the S~uadron':;; viO-l'licles at, ti'iis period, indicated t.lat they had suffered consiuerable dc..wabe from the continuous enemy arty and hard usage in the recent advance. Tires especially had suffered from shell fragr:lonts, l!lE.ny raa.:.al.ors lll;;..d. 'been punctur.ed a~d si~m:..l r8place,mentparts and: Claintena~ce w!3..s. b::.c.ily_tle,oded, aSwell,as ,~xt.ensive auto~llOtive naintenc.nce .. On the 11th and 12th of .vctooer, :'roop .t_.", u,._~.t (;Xlci "G" continued. active patrollini: of tHe 3quaciron sector, unier cor1'i;inueo., hec.V"j eYlemy art], 5P and mortar fire.'J.'roop U::i;"'s fOI",~arcl obserV6r directeu t:le fi.re of tis own guns, and also the 175th 11'..... , o-oservili~ and. dil'ectins effect';'ve l.~issions on numerous ene1ilY gun posi'tions, concotratior.s of personnel, UP's una. veilicles. On the 13t;i of October, the .3quadro(l{;as attb.c.,ed cLLrE.:ctly to t!-.:8 1st :~rmored Division, ef'fective 1200-,., Ll!lCi. was notir'ied ~!l,;.t it woulc.. be relieved by the 81st l~cr" In, tile niL.-nt of 14/15 Uc'tooe-r. The relief was compJ.e~ed as scneciulel., end on tJlG L/~(: of Lctober, ~,t, 0450-~-i., tLe ::iqub.clrOl1 closed in bivouLc in t:le ii'V.I. 1-:"66, vic of L-b0700,;;, 1 K: .. South of' L. LUCC';:I~. :-0 tir:le (fE-.S lost in stG",. G.ula to ~llOW :,;ontion pictures since ti1(; 2'::th of ;'u:':,ust, .Len pictures had been sho.a1 two ui;,.::l.ts in succession, a rare trec.t. . ..l"rC-.n: eLl(;)r.ts were .:!ade to rotde thG l.~'-ll o~ pass to FLOaI;;l C~, (ItCJ.l~r), i'iit:10ut i;terfl~l"ir'b ',lith tile neceS~2.ry det~,ils, tl1is ,.as an even bi~ .... er eV61~t L-S i t Lil;;.ri~ed the first ti;;le operu.tior..s li....J permittcLI wiviriL, pc..3~es to to\'m, since prior to the d.ri ve I"orih 1'0);1 the G.1:",IGLLi"lJ.:u, on ;,ay 11th. (.:on the l7th of October however, the Squadron Vie.s ordered to h;;;.ve a detail 01 150 LlCm, 9~ Wit~1 shovels ar.cl lO,~ v"iit~l picl:s, report to the l6th ::::r.;:.ineers, at L-83223'1, bet\"1een LCLJIL and ::O:':.;..;";"i'~L, to ',.ark on the road :there. ,on advru~ce detliil left at 1530-,.. an. .,...- .. ud would relieve the 6th Armored Infantry in position, the night of Qct., 28/29. '!he Squadron OGIIIInander and s-a conferred with the Cci and 3-3 of the 6th Armored IIlfantry', to coordill&.te the relief' of thcLt organization. 1 " On .8 Ootober, final arrangements for relief of the 6 Armd Inf Bn were'.made. \ '!he 17th fA Bn ..as pla.ced in. direct support of the Squadron. One FO ot the ,21. UI. Bn w..s ~ced with Xr.oop ,ltj._ on Hill ;:)02 and one FO with Troop ... ~ Hill 520. ~e .Troop cOlllD8.llders made personal reconnaissance of their '!'roop .ectors" and at last-light the Troop mOT8d out to take over their posi_tj,ons. Troop lIB- .completed the relief of Co -,,- at 19l5-A," and at 200o-~.' moved ORe .ectio~ to ~838271, to establish a strongpo~t. By 2l00-A, Troop -AM had AU.yed Co "C", and Troop "C" had relieved Co "B- by 23l.2-A. Ttle Troops tmmediately assumed actiye patrolling within their zones, rililintalning close contact beUeen Troops and with the 14th Aruored Infantry, in the vic f' ot 1r8lS2'1a. At 0100-A., on ?9 October, the 2nd platoon of Troop "Att reponed a red nue .... L-8212'17, in-the 14th Armd Inf eactor. As the Squadron had bean n,otified that USth Inf' used a flare code with Red, meaning "enemy attacking, ~" 1uaediate check wa. made to determine if the 14th Armel Inf was using ther> ' .... code. At OlIS-A, it 11'8.& found that a trip flare had been set off and & man .....een num1ng~ Co "B", 14th Armd Inf opened fire with a ltiG with UDdeterm1ned resUlts. ' " OIlB October, arrangements were made to perfect manner of contact between Troop -A" ~d 14th Armored Infantry patrols, as they had not been succe.sful" the preTi~us night. It _s agreed to make contact at 2200-A and ~Oo-A,:-.':l8iJli, p1l1.poi,~t f"la~gh~ signa'ls, ;ns~ead. ot whi~'3tle. Simi.l,,"r arrangements tor' 'contact pattols were 'ruade with 2ndBn, '-la'5th Inf Regt, aCroS8 riYer at L-8lO2'16. '!'he patrol to arrive at this point at 2.245-A, and remain until 231S-A~ unless contact made sooner. ..t 1600-J1, Troop 1t,A.. notitied the Squadron Con:mander that Sgt Fresh and Pvt Lopez, one LliG and' one BAR were *Lssing. 'l'h4ty' had gone on post at 040Q-J" and had not been seen aince, as enemy observation and movement drew immeaiate fire. 'llhese t~1o men were reported MIl. and considered captured. At l73o-ii., Troop "C" was , ordered to have a raiding patrol go out witil the 'r~'oop IIB" contact patrol, to contact Point, with Co "C", l35th Inf, vic L-840276. Troop "C" patrol then to proceed N and MY', !ll.scertaining enemy positions e.lor.g route and attempt to capture l' P,I ~ search out hou~es at FURCOLI (L-832285), working between 83 and 84 Eastings to this point. Troop "B" patrol to cover the advance otlthe raiding patrol. CC"AM and 2nd Bn, 135th Infantry and arty were informed of our patrol intentions. The patrols proceeded as ordered, reaching 1-839284, without contact. Reported observing, enerr:y 20-mm firing from L-835287, toward Hill. 395 (L-842286). The Troop ItB" patrol returned to it I s position at 04S5-A, Oil the 30th October and the Troop "c" patrol at 0540-A. During 'the day, 30 October, ~r observers found and directed arty fire on enemy personnel and In positions. Plans were made for the night's patrols. Troop "B' s patrol contacted the laSth Infantry, successfully, at SlOl05-J~. If L~. A Troop "A" patrol reached FURCOLI (L-832285) and returned at 023O-A. They reported hearing Gernwn voices in the buildir~s and observed flashes, believed to be mortar positions, behind Hill 497. The night was very light, so they returned without managing to capture a P'.V. The day of 31 October, passed ~ith exchange of arty fire. Our positions directed fire on observed enemy positions. At 2113-A, Ge~ patrolling picked up in front of 2nd platoon, Troop "A- outpost. A flare was tripped and voices were heard. Troop itA" covered the area with MG fire and grenades and activity ceased. Troops "A" "B" and "C" \vere each augmented with 10 men, from each of TroolJ "E" (assault gun 'I'roop) and Co "F" (light tanks) to increase firepower for these dismounted defensive positions. Each Rcn Troop was reorganized into two (2) provisional platoons (reinforced), with light ~Ghin. guns, BARs, k-l rifles, cal. 45 SUG and a few Carbines, per platoon. Another urgent requisition was subm:l.tted for rine grellEl.des and grenade launchers, but the launchers were unavailable. ~e period ended with the Squadron maintaining these defensive positions, and active and aggressive patrolling, in it's s~ctor, under extremely adverse weather conditions. The mud, rain and cold made the maintenance of these positions, and the carrying out of extensive patrolling, a tiring and exhausting, as well as hazardous mission. Here again the Squadron was placed upon an Infantry miSSion, and handicapped for effective fire-power, because of L~proper small arms weapons, particularly lacking in M-l rifles and overburdened with Carbines, under the present T/O and E allDwance. The need for signal flares and projectors was again indicated insufficiently provided by the present T/O and E. Needless to "repeat" the T/O and E ~~ corrected to equip this Squadron with es sential and proper small arms weapons, including BAR and pistols. [ufle r;renade launchers are definitely essential for this Squadron's dismounted and patrolling missions. The critical "scarcity" of equipment, in this Theater necessitates requests and "special authority" to draw essential items to perform various missions, inclUding no~al reconnaissance missions. This paradox makes it difficult for the energetic Unit Commander to meet the exigencies of battle. One must "plead" for the authority (to draw it), "pray" that it will be avail~_hle ~nd "promise" its return (to the depot). The enemy, pressed for time &nd opportunity to fortify his defensive posi tiotlS and to accomplish an orderly withdrawal, has fought a stubb orn resistance in delaying actions, as our advance r-!orthward progresses to the brink of the APPENUiES, into the PO VALLEY. . ".ru..ES A. ELLIS, Lt. Col., Cavalry, Commanding. , '\l'iT __.A....... , , r /.lat , ...., , .... 10........ IMIf ....... .......t ___'11, 1 ...... n _& lIM. 'IIaft C.. JlftIl~ .&PO ... _. 8... ...,. ,. ~ 1.IP.Jot .... DeJ'., ......... D.C. 1. 1 ... "'I '., UMIepe"'., .....u.u., tId.a bill.... ' i., IIIIII'-l............U ft. 0161-101. 1M ~ .., "AIIIIr. MIMAI, ............ 1*, ...I..... -..rieaJ. ................. ., ora laau.... I. '11M ......... .-tu..a .............. 1 An." lifttll. tUl 1".1It .tile........ ...... 1 te 10 leY. .. U ..,...........tua. I.a GO/". ...Wi1 11 ...... 14 .... 'M 1.11 ....... t CerA-, IMIa .... ......... .. ill liYidla .......... II _ 30 Mn. tt u.m,'" TA'''' Sa t". I. (".I.ted) II ,.... 00/-." ......r ....... et ...ZUIO ~, au. ... s. t'b1t......- u .......... ia t .. (4) ,_u...... leu... 1....... .,a,enu... 2. rieW on.... onrlap, MaJe. CD ....... I. Me...... t. iINJIlta1IlaU. .........", ~. 4. A' ale t ,.1'lM tale ....... .-S-C tilt IatDtrr ..... III 4It._1.. ",-,t.a aM ......t et Meier, ............ te 1 Ara..... I1d_ no....., '--I.."~ ..'....~ ,. " ,t ~ \ ... r r lV\,:;,..;.u 1'0: , CA,',.CL! (~ or THE ATY' 1~'A'I."_,I;~~Ll-.~et~E .-:f;'.. . . ,4 of HlADQUAaSU .1n 04YAUlJ' RiCCllruulANi& a~WWRON 110 ..,. 4", u.s. ANI! Ia the ft.e1., DalJ. 10 De.".., lM4 . worr or'-UP' ttae ......Uaal pen.4 0' 01 '" 10 lIoft8Iber 1M4 ...Mel wi'h the .1.' C&ftl.., ...-.l.II". 8.......a't.al. 11__ud cl.tl po.ltl_, ..nh .t IIOIIUIIO, rt&lr. 'ftl. _........ had nlt" ,he Ith AnaoreG IalaDv, Ill. -the .ftDia& of .8 Ott...., ..8Wliaa til. " t ..... ot ,be ...t .... H_.. t~ 14th ArM.... lat. Ba 1.ft (no. Lalap,.) ud th. Ult.. lat. _'t. 'b. right (ne. L-""I)._ 011 'Uae a1a-- .t 11 oa...... - 01 Noy....r. a .....' pa, ... l ot Troop"C ......... N.nh _ ,_ roM .....1D&, &~ t_ , ral l1rao oC f.h. 831 laet1A& _ O. ru~OLI (1.-111281). ,t 010JIO-A, thi. patrol ODOOUDf.....el aD ...., --'17 ........ tin, waraiD& all '1aa".d 25 or 30 lIulm1 _ho _PI.d our .a,...l wi'" I ..... o'h... S/1. tl.... A br1at, clo.o-in tl ..... tip' deYel.,.. ill wbs-h .. _.., patrol 01 ab.u' , Mil .'''.pt.a to wort af'OUlMl W ~....... ot .,. .a'..o1. Thi. .tton wa. MlO.otull., npal.... .... th. TrM. "C" patnl wi.""...... withod __al'l !an. ll1tl.1ot.el a' loaet I 0..." .....lU.. _ ~11..,. Duftnc tho cia, ., an, uul _r, .... ~ o_,ia.... laten.. u. our Iloran &D4l \h, r.A. BIl. -ca," ."'.p""" _, pIl peolU.. ill eOUllt.r-ba"'.r, tlr I." .....t _ 01 .~..., Troop "A" 0.' .,,' ,.' ..01 to 1aTo.'i,ato h....." ,,"1101.. At 1110-1., Troo. "A" npon.. ~, 1'. patrol had ......heel L-UOllfto .un l' .1IC0uaM.... aa ....., pat..ol wbien t.hr.. 2 anaa.....4 ope_ tin wi"h _h1ao' p1.,01.. OIIr pa'ro1 ...tura.el the tiro .... with..... wi"hout oa.'.1~1.o. Tbo Da"Wn aacl extont ot on., actint, wa. 4Ua.n1' w ".,.,... ... yla1bW" ...."\11"04 1a ...up; tOl anci cln.nl.. treo,. "A" aIl4 "0" la14 WG tin a~ tao road tr. L-8302'1Y to 1.-1111.. &ad th. a, r.A. aa. firM tl&......cl nar aholl. in ~o no ot ~. be".. at L-UOaaJ UI4 l\l (L-II1IM) 111 ...tton ~ U.l_laato ~i0tor. 'lbd.otlDa at8elpboric COlielit!......cl.r.el '\h1a otton Mply ."".. ."cohl ... ~, a 4i11 &1- t.hro"'lh ,be tOI could b. ob..". bl our to....,. .~II'.. A' 2060-A. tbo Troop "A", a4 pl.'ooa poo1'10110 ...caiclVA tin t ... .. ua"oO .oureo anel a' 20~5-A, tind UPOD It. maD obe.r.ed .....,., toWU'd "b...ead 111 troDt ot their pou'ioll.. i\.t aUo-A, tne Squaclro. Ct '3-3 of :1rel BD.........il1.4 tu, pat.rol &ITaII&-_t. witn tohe 31. lilt. IWI'''_ whloh n11ewd t.h. abcl 8a. ot tho la~ I.t. iWg't. on our rlib'. Troo. -a" will COIltao" Co. "l(" at 2300-A., at L-M02'1' . At Q12l15-~L, troop "A" eli.patohed anot.lae .. patrol f.O "\h. 1NUIl. Y1c1n1', ot th.ir ..rlio.. patrol ola.h a.nel ..'abU.hod an Ulb"'oh. Th1e UIb",oh pa- . 1:ro1 ......1aeci In po.ltion Oft Hill 446 (Yic. L-830282) ,,1 ..-' c.tut aDCl returned &t OIC)t.3O-A. 'fhape... _t&ar. ot tho squaclroa , ..ltlo ,..... Tenting 1Ul1 patrol &O~lYl1:, or i.cliri.4ul acrnaeart. ill -JllPt. !'roop ....a. alpecl t.h. Idi_ ot tl&I"a1.hi.Jlg a patrol M ....riUU... tItl...... anor 1ari 11,". At. Oal'to-A, t.he Troop -B- patnl 1.ft it. CP aM pa.... ~ t._ 1'roop C ov\pon. at. 181"-1\. At lOla-A. Troop .A." outpon "',erMcl a trip tlan .acl -"'111& a tbe n.ildt, ot tho ..".Il ,..ltlO11 (~8JOI8'). Ariy &ad. _rtar tir .... 0 .......... t.be iW L-DIIM, ut.lolpat1ll& ....,. actly 1t.1 111 'Uaat. y18. a. a nealt. ot the .u.a.s.. rita 0"1' &IIln'D pat,..l. HeaYJ _., tire tr. tile "taU4l1n&.... lMt or _ft. or o'ib.r .o..r, to..... 0"1" ..tl'Ol t.o .1........ aft.... enae&i. \1M ..., 1. a ..1tt. tlnti",t. with unkMwa re-.1t.. After ,lolW1c .. a ... ..,,1, ot .-"Di~1ea ~ patrol tabU.h" ,O.lt.l_ Hr tk. olll"" .t 11-111110 but 'Ut ...., IIa4l 110' toll." .... 11. ,-",,_I' MU'flt., ........rM4. A.. aaoul-A., __..,. ...... __.Watt.. _... talli.. 1a ,lie 'fl.ir it)' ot tu lariel,. at. 1.-111110 ... aft" SOnia _ tU 'd..bU" ot L-UlIf6. Laok ot ao..r aael tn. t.at.eui.. , of ~.. ft. ... t ..... til. witll....wa1 of .. Troop "a" pa'trol.. AMy .0. tlre .. laU ill tIM aI'W. t .... au t.o 831 ia....1ft,. u. fram 2" to 210 Morth1ll& ucl t.~ ., ....... tin ....... ~1.. '\h. cia, .-.,. bara1JIc fi... DOaUalM4l 111 tu a,.__ ...tor. At. 1UO-A.. a.a.ral DANIEL, co, CC",. or_I''' tu S~ t.o ....... at..... ___at. pa, t.rol to cl o"t. tho .'" , iU... 1a t.M ..... YM IIlU ... (1.-110181). Troop -A" 1pH till. lIi.d.. aacl it.......... pat...l 1.ft at Wo-I.. At. CMOOIO-A, ............ of th. l.t. Pl.t_, Tn., -, .............. i. olY111aA olotta app.....1dI&& A1a .1011& tit. tall tr_ '\ta. "cl1netiaa .t t.h. -1HI1. He app..................... ...,111-. t 111...\i_, tl1i'il" hill oy.r t.e b1. pl.at.ooa .....-t to ,. _ro..-n ..lit t.r , ...u.m.aa. 1'M an aloDl .1th _otll.r ~ 1a 'tao ""dna ...-Mr, Y., uacler atal1&1' olro__.......... tOllncl w _ .,1...... CIC illnau'pt1ee NYeal.._0 1Jlt..ron1D& 1afo....t.s.. _ th. u. tt1 0.... or tJal. t.". ot ... plo_,.. A _ri.t __,., ot til. etc ...,.... ,. at...... to tIl1........t.l.aal. r.pon. 'I'M o.....t. pat....l fr. Troop -,- r.,.n.o at alta-A, tiIa.. it ...... 'tho hov _ HiU 4M (11-8101'1) wit.bo." .,.,..lti......, a ..... ot .. bov..... &11 "' Up. JftJlUi.al t. ret... tna.Mir_ tboa to _. -.",. ty 1Iil_, tile ,..'i...l ...... Go,... talkl.. &lid .,......"t. "t.e ..., 0.,... maD ,.tnl ..Iliac ... '\b...... t .... ttlo ..nla. 'ftl ...., patrol .. 41.,..... eel, ,NYlDUaac- ..tlat.1a ot it.. nnapla. our paVel .pe. tin, t1Uia, .. _., aM p...i.bl, w1lllClb, .taw.. Th.., patnl .. ro"t_ aM IftHat... lle""" tl....... 41r..t. tbelr ,..tIl of wlt.Wnwal _, .w pat.,.l &11&, ........t.i_ ot tire t.h. pat...l _w. r..arcl to iaftnlpt. rMd. ... .t.a1IIlel.nt.lt.t....tlo... At till. u.. til. _.., la1el ill ........ .....I'&ti_. t ...a, th. witWnw.l .f .... pavol. , . 11ill.Q! 1 ,\t O6(KIc.-A, 'b'Mp "." 6 .. pat...l .. iaYMUpw .a... ia ...... L-IIIIt"I, .....inU 11M .......... ...., ..Uftt,. At OIl'-A, ....., ,......1 .t ..,...u.tel., 5 MIl .... ope- la .. 'IT.., ......t .. n.. ""111171. !be ,.tnl Vi....It _4 1.n ...... _ JIl..... l ...tltl.cl Ala a ,ri....... rn. lael C , .6tJa lal. a.,'t Utll. ....... 'Ba.Tro., "A patrel t ..... lt ....._.., cU....... It. __...... ...,.. 1ipt fteiOU.!-t, iDe...... and r.a1aecl la \lie n LeW'-", ft1t1ft& t.,.lMr..- .i.1bUJ.t, or ..... kD '.f.n 10i.fta _. At lI30-A, TrM, -...... a l .... the _ .... t ..di rc & fA , ...1 ..nil .t tho rkCI, bdw. HU.l 401 (;....lIIlaa) ... R.I 1.-811.', ". a ......wa _.., "'oplti_ uel nnllPbe 'ftll. pat...1 left at 111O-A. At lMI-A. tile t'r -A patr.,. ......... ,... ito la.,.."ip.tlaa ., .......ft. aM npen......nq the .tiN Iaet atallk of the gw.o... tar .. L-Wlfi, .U...." I ...... .., "Yr ..., actid', At 1.UQ-A, t .. ..., la ~ 1'10. of MOnllUIMXCI (L-a,m.), -.........u..,. anel. tlar.....n ob.en" 1a tbi .s.d..it." ... 8/1. ..... MG ft." ... h..... by our OMtpoat.. A" 1110-", "B. Troop "B" ,..t...1, wid... lad. ......11... a U.tlRilli poa' 1a til. Yia. L-U0JIr8, ........ MaYJ ...... lin ot &ate..tic .-.pon.. 'Ih., "'tune' 't. tire bMt ..,.. t ...... to d'UlUa. aM _rtlll aortar tin .. til. ..." WM pnYecl to _ 18 oouldenbl. n .... CUl. At. O~OU4-A. a tear .. J\ecoaaai..... JIltnl Ina Tr.., "B~ .......4 Mel repone" l' tacl .....b.' ""115283, &lUI ........Un', _ 'Ul. roacl th..... 1\ .1x -.n ., pat.rol ... .. IG aDd._ria, w... aJ.& tho ro&4. all. til'. was reported a. 1.-113113, L-8a6185, aM ~"OIU, 1Mrabl. ac'i1.1t, 1Jl 1I'Ooclec:l .,.. aoMt.h or "*be rHei, 1& 'f'1o. 1.-"'.. Th. Ud..u. po.t. of Troop "Bill Nt..... 'H L-UOI'fi, after 41....'111& Mriartin _ the ., ...t. bacl ""_ t.h_ ...1' ...... tin, u4 ,.-.1... 1a pe.iU_ uUl tirot light. with... r.rth.r ..'i.1.,_ 'Dlro.ag.IMNt tAo ,..W, ia wblota the sq.............1" t.h1. cletl" .octor, t.tl.. __, C"-baM to la, colUlicleralll.. a..ru.1II& art., &Act _riar fir. OIl O\lr ,..1~_.. Tbi. 11re bonaHcl 1a 1IItl'" II"Olll aoclerat.. to bY7 tr.q~OIIt.l,. but ..yor dreu.d. bel.. W!aat _0\114 b. c.s.UI'.d. 11K.""a.. lat......1ty_ Th. d..t.... .t ta. .ec~or G.t..... t.o , ...ral pa.tt.OI"I1 of .....1 l1.t... ~ro"lll ~h. daflight hou". wit.h .....t. held. to a .hl.un: b1 _..,- ........U_. JAlrilai th.ee n...., ......r-batr' _ ...., ..nar It.nG aM, pi.~ .... tirecl by OW" Mnan aM It, t.he "til r.A. Ill., 'irec~.ci. f ... HI" to""" po.i~io.. 1d1en ob..rftU po9.1bl.. '!'h ...t.beI' contt.a.cl ....ra11' bael, wit.h rala aaa b_YJ 111.' aad tOI ofta .t111& ob....a'U t ., pa po.Uoi.oaa Japolbie. ~ the houre ot dart-a ~h. detena. 01 tho ct.OI' became ~88i.. with atrong ca.bat patrol well ". eontao. aaul .......lai.IOaIlC6 pa'rola wort1a& conatantl, throl.i&h t.n. tUbnt., to probe tAe __, poai tions IiUQ pl"t.ellt. lnfiltrat.1.on of 0\&1" po.l~i.1l8. ~rin& t.~ bo~r8 the .nvmy'. patrolre aleo kctiv. and. patrol. Claebe8 "ouf-nel, ~e1.ULlly iJc'vo:r!\l tb.tl8 .!lch night. A' Oil.83U-", Troop ":~" diaJvut.chod tl ... man patrol t.o HUl 403 (~8J32aa) udlToop "8- agaill t.abli.hed it. .. UatoniD pon at L-830a1'. Tho 'i'roop - 3 il -.- ,..tre1 _~ .. _. patnl .t 11-"'" aacl ~ pv-" 4&1... ,...td.a& 1t. At alAS-", .. Un-I. ,..~ ......... tl1uiD& M ~lr tr_~, la ta. YlAlId.t, .t tJle 'l'1q. L-lIOafl. 1.t.1l tile ., ... our patnl 0,...tiN at.1.........1' .. _ bel1eYecl al"...., OIIr ,."...1 .u.n."" ....... 11... _ t.M ..., ........ .u.r.t Ill". _ tat. ~rt.dc. w.r...,... .... .....re1 ........._ ... tile Itrlclp 1'1' t... th.... ...ul MONO-A, .,1.... ... ",,"_I' '1 uUYlt,. lb .,...., -.- ..\rol _T.el Nt ..... 011800-, Mel apia .nabllatlecl 1~. ll....eda& pon, briapq "p ...... t. lapl'Oye it,. ~ree all ncoaaal..... ,.tNl, al.8o, ......at at taU. ua. 11'. 'Uae ri. of ),,-83727'1, to1~ ......... te &., w. left fit tile __ aM tbea M.". alo.. "raU, .... _tah" 'lb. patrol.reacheel...... ot tile II 11 ltd teU-iD& 1.....0....... ria 1.-811.', ....... ~ ...... t!uw....4 0.\1....4 to l.I-833aM, where th.T tIlb ....,. ~........ P'l'iaadl, an, .bell1ac tb. vio of RJ L-83laa. aM ,..v.l clU aot ........ turua.r byt 1'0000ecl \bor. uUl 'lUr4ft w1~.t 'n1&I& -.., aoU,.lt,. oa tho .".a1a& ot 0'1 .0.,..... Troop "C" "U,,... Troop tlA" 11\ podtl. ...1....1a& til ...u.t .t aaa-A. III 'th. a1&Jst. ,.1'10410 MG uel 20-. t1n ... 1It.."_ .la1al Ina ale,.. ot H111 tal (11-113283). , At Oa..I-A, til......Uft ott1r ot CO"A- RtAiti.d \ill .:iqua41'01l it, w..u b. roll.Yeel ~, Dip' 10/U No,."'" It, t.M 81 CaY. ilDn. S~. ','hI lattor wotllcl aka prell-i_,., nOo8ll&1........ of ,..lUollo,' tobi&ot 9/10 .......1'. A'" OIlIH-A, a Troop -." ,...0--.18... patonl mond out to t.IT to ....ah ot IIOII'lIRUMICI D1 SOlItA (1,-UIIIf) _d til. RJ no C.roUCUi.1 (1.-111211). '!'h. pat.ro1 toU........... NIl'" nA ~bat the, Jad kk.. two al&bt.. ,,0 " .....h lr1M283. A~ aOO&-A, 't.h0J' Gb .,ned & 14 118n __, ,.trol lolq ".n rr. L-8M281. C1.1Dubi t.e ~_ buileling. a~ 1.-834284, til. ,.'tnt1 t_d ttt. e1.....,,\ beani ac,\1,.1t., ... M,.OZ_t. 1a uadld1n t 11-111186 (e. J'URCOLI)" at. R.J L-SSUM .d 1a ~. Tic: or 1,-8J3186. Th. ,.trol ...WniH .t. OIl11I-A. l)aui. 'th .., ot O. }~oy_.,., neoe......, arruc..nt.. ~o t ..l11t..~. t.he nU.t or ta. i41U&V- ..... _u &lUI .'\ 1741-.., the Troop C.....ci.r ..... ........ "0 npori to the SqaacbWa CP tor 1.a.nnc~l.... r1al d.tall. ot ~....ll.t .............e4l _ 10 No~..... a _.tact parir tro. the 81Ca,.. ~I" SQ1 pld.. w the _oat.u1. po1a't. by Troop "C", 80 trut't, t.h.y ..talel b. fallU1ar wlta. thi, &I"I'&DI_ent. 'Dle aonar poaiUo. ft. relieTea' It, _rV.I'o of tal. 81 C.,.. RIIIIl. Squaal"On aM l.h. "U.t ln place ot' ihe ID. t.l... Sq....... wa. 0..,1I"'d at. 2110-4. ~!.1 224~", aU l.roopl haa clolJ.d 1......I"ft ......1' p.ll~.., 1a the no ot SiRlU (1,-815124) aDd TM~~ (11-114110). 'l'b8 S~ua"'" re-iNcl 1D c.;c,," "Mm...U1 14 NOY.__ wnln Troop ritA- ....ttach.. to Ule 81 CaY. len. S... , 18 '.pport aDel tha :iquaclraa (- 1 'l're.p) ... ciotachecl fr_ CC",\" aa4 "YOnM to lei I\rmorecl W.Tl.1oD Rei'"'. Th. SqYadron (- 1 Troop) Y.d. lat.o blYOuaG lD th. rieiDli, ot CA DI. MIlO (1.-835160). ,011 1.,1030-.., 't.k. Sq....... CP anel HIS Troop llOyad lDt.o til....01 ..... at. CM~L 1W.. ~I (~8I01M). Durin, iM. p.riod L_ I ~ .. __ ...:.. 1. ....orY.. '*be' ....,.. Ira. tor the troop. and, l " ~ .. Hur1"1 "ill &110..t ot ~n1a11l1 ....nit101l, co__"" a MUciule ot 1'allI. tirirc ia the ric. or th. bl"uac. OIl 11 "."er, the Squacil"Oll .... al.n_ to rell t.h. 81 CaY. ~J1. SQ. in poaiUon _ t.h. night ot 13/24 Jlo."-'.r. ;..Jor Hela (S-3) aDd Capt. Call... (A 't. 5-3) .u a pr.U.' _17 I"MO" nai.Mlle. ot ~e pontJ.0a8 preparatory to th. reli.f. At 1430-A, _ t.n. Il.t Jlo.-b.r, a s~ t ....U .... Ml. a" wlli_ Ult.Jor G.neral DYES, C.0., II Corp., , ........ 1 o.k Leal el".'" '0 tM 51lr star, " Silftr ,.... elilstar. to the Br... star. aIId 141roaa. star. to ....... of ta. Sqll&Al.r'ell. IMriq II 1Ie.".r. fteal pra,.....U_ tor .tt.U,. the reU.t ot th. 81 caw. Ran. SQre .... aM _ IIlibt ot II Nay.... tbe Squaclroa _"d laW pe.lt.1oa, t tt., tho rall.t of the t.NU'd pH1t~OJ1 darti... at laet lipt. 'l'be enUn ,..l1.t ... oe.pl......... -u.. Sqwulron a....... -.lid ot tho asctor. at I215-A. At l'So-A. _ at No....... Co. ""I" (cU._ted), ot the let 'fank Ba. 010... 18 til. TiaWt, 01 TlWlAa80 (L-1M2"), 1a I",_roe aupporl ..4 at lll!-A, til. Koriar ,la,"- ., tIao 1d '!'au la. "linK ta...nan 01 _. 4"h 'fank BIl. A' I06I-A. CO. r (till. Sqaclroa) repon.d that ..Il.truu.. ot .. O.F. a' L-SS..,4, I .,11.-' liN. bad ... cc.pl.t.d.. JIonal ,.t.roo1l111c aot.ln" PrMH4IM through t.h. aipt. ot 14/11 .o._b.r. l'h11.., .. oonod ~o b. ao'1 18 t.h. nolalt, ot HUl. 4M (11-810183). 4., (L-u.al5) .... 403 (11-813183) Militaia1Jt& cl.ton.l" ),;.0. &ad _,_tic _.poIl. t1r. alon& Id. t"IR. 'ftln.pn" ttl, cIq of 15 No....r. tIM --.r IIOnar &lid an111.1'1 ft.n 1........ in ~_.lt1 _4 at 2141-. a boa.., ........... 1&14 _ Troop ", .W. all__t1.,...... ~\.O. tir., wlt.ia ._1M...le t..........p" the1r t.or tl"Oll .....-al cIi,..."l... 'ftl1............"1.IIM4 'ld.th .na" i..d..." aad ft. d.t..ra1aed. "0 be .... pNplLl'a'U_ tor .. _.., e...t..rat.t.aet. ,... p....ut.10_17 _ ..un, Tr_, "A" aDd Co. "B-, le" 'ft. 8a...." al.ar\e4 to ."ppon ..... Squdroll 111 ~nat ot ...... all attMlt. !tie .squadroll 110....... Mel Troop ".- Aa-..lt au.u 11r_ cloton.lft lIl.alon. _ ""'''ipatocl cl.. t_81 s....... ta. If '.A. I. laicl doa 1". cl.t~ft n.r.. ill tnn 01 t.be sqll&CiJ'OIl ......r. 8, illS-A, the ...., .................. to lM1ucSe tb. 14th A....roG Illtan"" Sa Met.or (Oil ,lie rip") _41 0-1. 1." AnIOnd Dlyl.lon 8Ot.ll1" -ua. S.-4roIa Ca....r that. t.b. lltls u.ncl Ialaatry .11. bacl ~... alorted. ,Troop C" pat.rol bad arrlftd at. a polat. 1'5 rd. s.w. ot 'Ua. b"Ucl1n&.. - H:tl1 ... r.&1....ed wi~ 10M .tt.." a.. ...cl8 ot ,roaD., yole..... fthi,cl....__... 111 t.tae .n., peeltl_ ." 1110-., ..... t.o belioat.. 'Ulat. ...., " ...... ill .....t.1n& tMlr ou1lalU.... 91 "hi. t.illo t,ho eeay tll'. tad d.......d o.rlc1.nb1, ... _0 poibWt, ot ea.,cotat..r-a"t.uk le..... wi....1 , ..t.rat.1.. or a.., _.., ......s.a, .ur ,..Uloaa. A Troop "Art c_ba" ,.t....1 ....-' ill. ar... 1a the .ieldt., of HUl III (l~"'-27i) aael t.he Troop "8" U"'8Ilil'll po.t in t.ho .1oiA1tJ .t the brld&. "penH no aotid'1 att.r IMI-,.. Th. ~ql.llld.rOll C--..cler order" o"r S/;" ua4 aan.. - ::. 1 ,.. " ...'ic w.,.. to wi'\hho1cl 11.re YIlt!l t.ll. --1 .......h.d proll.la.it.1 01 01IJ' liO.lUOM. B1" ilo1ng 1.h. en81111 tailec1 'to. el.Mnd.n. our at.nJlfttl or d ... po.it.lona. 'lb. dM.l ot 26 aloY-.r ...8 tou.y a.m o"roan, t.be &8111 apparent.ll b.ll.T~ our obe.rn.-U. poorer t.baa l~ ..."WLll, eho .. ed eonaiclen.ble mo.-en" ill lI1e poeiti.e. In ,spit.e or poor ?ia1bl1i"y. our tonal"\i obs.rv.rs ..... <l. to ....... aIlcl report. ._ ot "hU _"__nt ancl cli.rect. th. lin 01 our ....tan _ theee po.lU". After lad 11rht, a Troop liB" pat.rol _?ecl \e t... Yialaltl of "be na .t. L-U'IIO, wh.r. ~., re 8l'lIAI..a .. , tat _.., wlt.1l lIP ft.re. Aft.r i"d.u..e til. tire. wlt.b uadet.err.-.lnecl re.111~ ~., ..tIldn1r .t. 106&-4. JUrtJlar pat.nll.1Da. by Troop "el t r8nale" __, 1i.(I. ,..lU_ 111 tile ftoiait.1 ., ... &l (wall8") and fl111 ..OJ (L-Wau) ... ~.., .aUnt.t 1a v.. d~a1t.1 ., 8111 427 'LI-aa628~). nat Sca_clNa oontil1ued In &.u.. ,.te... of l~s lector, throl.gh 'Ul. r.a1nur 01 tJa. ,.-1M. w1'Ua _. dt_U. "-1ain( uuJumged. Un ~ alp" ot a. "...-Der. treop -I.- nl1...." Troop 1tB.. ill 0(11 ticn, compl."1IIc \:1. nlJ..t .t. 11lIO-.... DI~ expo_N of O\lr t.roeJIII, in th. t ....... JHlld:U... _ c..ti".) wet ....e14. IIa4 ....~t.d 1a .. wlele apna.cl .t .u. .............. tile _. A8iM I .... l ..trtq the .,ficiency 01 th. _ a. the elt., _ ".ir 1IIal'Ul, 'iiii"-aUoa repeat.edly jeof*ru ... ~ ..."nt, of alP" pat,.l_, n __ we... takea .1t.h .:izltr('t.4 of ....t.rel.l.e4l " ....i... .At. til. 010 t th. p.rlCtCl. 1 - 30 Mo'uMber-, ~h. S....r .--1........ 1a uUy. pat.l'Ol and c .t.r-pi4trol act.L itit w1t.h1a it....wr. -..,,/.~--:'~ /1 " /j /' ~~ ~~-::1~~...-z,~r~~~IIL..' .:..louiJ.CiillJUi~ :i A. L'. col., ~.valry. r-.dl. .... b l:a :& , .....I.~UTH, '. I1H.-rLl.L____~_:::_aDA'iE 20 JanUhry 1945 ;~i.J >:,UA..t{'L.'G aa'lallnau;::;:::::,,,: 91st CAVi~LRY &Gu~ji.... LI~:.j.'.l(;~ .J,,' .. ~.i.J ....L.~ ~ J~O 1,0. 464, L .;; hl1 Ir, the Fiolu, Italy. 20 J~nuary, 1~45. Subject: Report of Operations, 1 - 31 Decell:ber, 19K.. Thru Conu!lb.ndill[ General, Fifth .~rLy, APO 464, ti.;;;. Army. To Adjutant General,;ar clepartment, .1asninEton, ;;.'J' 1. Report of Operations by this Squadron from l-.n ;:)th;,.l.:uf;:r ir.ll., is submitted in compliance with A.i. 345-1(;5 and lette:r :leaciqv_.rter.J Fif'~n ,,1"'l ,\G 314-AH, dated 22 January 1944, subject "Historic1:I.l hecocL:; dll:l :.:;stcd.'3.3 of Organizations". 2. At the begiru1in[; of the period, the ;J'-iUCiUrOn was at~ached to CL."3 t1 maintaining defensive positions N. of :.;01ZUl.U (L-823247). i'l.t 04002~-.~ the ..)\{u\C,"'ron was relieved in pl!-.l.ce by the 2nd 3n., 3::Soth Inf. ~.e~ir,:ent ~r...;! Il.:uv'?ci to positions vic 'RA~.j50 (L-32la4) in CC"'rl" reserve. .,..t 050200-,., C.::'., 1st Armored Div. notified S,.uadron (-) upor. completion 01' J.elief ':,Quld oe detE.ched CC"B" a.nd revert to Di. vision control. L':Jon relief v:uul(.L !IJOVU to ri:: 'it 9.r-3E;. vic SESTO (~'-750750). SqU':l.dron remained in rest f... ree. i'cr '~. IJ(:Jrio r:. (,i' L d!.ij'S undergoing complete rest, rehu.bilitation and traininG, Officers of t;iE. ';;qu~.,~ron were assembled frequ.er!tly to diacu::;s pl~6 lor FIh.l~0iu:.. PL..J-i" in 1st ~.ru:'.j Division sector (see section 2, F.O .40) , until ~20900-..1., /;At which t:il!le alerted for future operations itl J:\vision. soctor . Squadron closed in reserve area ,vicl mIZU;\) . (L-823.247) ht ;;;21915-11., reverting to' CC"'B" control'- r.!.'he' ":j\j'remaln'e'd in reserve' uirt'ii Z7' boc. a. t ...:hich time it relieved 3rd 'Bn., 338tr. In!'. [tegt. in position. jt;ca.use of lilluted personnel, (je"B" ol"dered the S", to mount &. ph..toon ul lig-nt tan!w (; -5) from Co. "F" for support. , On 28 Dec. the S'~ WE-.S nutified it .J;JulJ be rel.i.eveu. b:t 1st Jr.., 363 Il'f. aegt., nie-!1t :C:90130-~, Dec., 1;;44 and the :i'~ ;{oulcl revert 'to ttect'l hf;SErVE:: (91 Inf. Div.) vic A;O~!ZUN(; (L-823247). 3. 'l'his report :is prep;.red in (4) sections c:.S i'ollovlfP Section 1 - Report of Ol)erations, " 2 - 15 E C T ION 1 ~ORT OF OF~RATIONti HJW)QUARTEHS /aed 9lst CAVALRY RlWONNAISSANCE SQUADRON APe NO. 464, U.6. ARMY In the Field, Italy. 20 January, 1945. BEPORT OF OPERATIONS At the beginning of the December 1944 period the 91st Cavalry Reconnai.eano. Squadron continued to hold the sector North of MONZUNO, Italy between the 14th Armored Inf. Bn. on the right and the 5th GrelUidier Guards (6th SAAD) 011 the left. '!he situation remained static with both the enemy and our.elve. maintaining fued defensive lines. Between these lines both sid continued active with strollg patrols operating in the hours of darkn.... Iaraing and count.r-battery fire of mortars and artillery ftried from IIOderat. to intense. Th. 3qladron remained in defense of this aector through the night of 3-4 Decemb.r when it waa relieved in pla.ce ,by the 338th Infantry Regiment. During this period the Squadron operated strong combat patrols along its tront and contact patrols to the flanks. Our mortars and assault guns fired mia.ion. OD ob.erved enemy gun positions, personnel and transport while our observer. directed .upporting artillery (27th rA Bn) on similar targets. On the ~rning ~f 1: D,ecember p~icularly"int~:n,s,e patrol clash ensued WheD .l' cOmba'tpa.trol' 'cit Troop '''C''retuitdng :trom'L-82'62'SS'"was engaged by an ene., patrol in the vicinity 'of ~825280 at OS30-A. Fire was rec.ived from approximately 5 Machine Pistols and several rifles while about 25 grenade. w.r. thrown by the enemy from positions on high groU!".d above the patrol. Uter this cluh everything becams quiet until our patrol started to move -saiD. Another exchange of fire and grenades followed and our patrol began to withdraw in small groups. All returned safely except one IDB.D whose body was later recovered by a small patrol. It was estimated that at least 1 enem, wa. tilled and several wounded. On ~25-A r ponsibUity for the se.ctor was assumed by the CO, 2nd Bn. 338th Inf. Reglt. and the Squadron usembled in the vicinity of TRASSAS:lO (L-8202l4) in CC"B" Relene. Troop "E" continued to support CC"B" with its assault guns in position and Company "r" (dismounted) 118.8 placed under operatioDal control of the 2nd Bn., 338th Inf. (85th DiT) to perform patrolling missions. At 042155-A, Ce"B" notified the Squadron that itwou1d be relieved in rerve by Company "B", 11th Armld Infantry on the night 4-5 December. Company "l" continued in its patrolling mission and instructions for Troop "E" would follow. - 1 Orders were received at 050200-A from CG, 1st Arm'd Div. that the 91st Cav. Rcn. Sq., les8 Troop -E" and Co. "F" upon completion of its relief was detached from cctta" and was to move to a rest area ill the vicinity ot SES'l'O (Q-750'150) under let AD Control. '!he Squadron (- Troop WE" and Det., Co ,..) mOTed at 051200- to Si:S'l'O as ordered, and remained in rest until 22 December. Thia waa the tirat time the Squadron had been assignee to a rest area since prior to the orfensive beginning on 11 May 1944. During thi8 t1ae there had been period. of a f. day_ for repair and maintenaDCe but nothing affording the opportunity tor relaxation and amusement for the men that waa now possible. iverythinl possible was done for the reat and relaxation of the men in the way ot quarters, sleeping facilities, clean uniforms and pass privileges. During the rest period, 6-21 December, the Staft and Troop Commanders conferred frequently on plans tor an anticipated operation and officers of CC"B" and supporting units visited the Squadron CP in reterence to the.. plan On 13 December the Squaelron COIIIII8I1der, Lt. Col. Charles A. Ellis __ awarded the DSC in a preaentation at II Corps Headquarters by Lt. Gen. Mart w. CLARK. On 16 Dece.,er II Corp. notified the Squaelron that it }ad be. authorbed to .ear the II Corps shoulder patch. On ihe evening of the 16th, the HO~. Clare Boothe Luee, Repre.entative from Connecticut visited tha Squadron CPo The G-3, 1st AD alerted the Squadron at 1605-A OIl 21 December to lae pr... pared to move on 220900-A. The Squadron moved from SES'l'O at 220M5-A to the Squadron Rear area at CAST.lI;L ua. ALPI cloaing there at 1415-A. At 1645-A, the squadron CP and Troopa -A", "B" and C- moved forward to positiona in vicinity of WONZUNO, with the CP just outside of MONZUNO (~828251), Troop "A. at CASONCELLO (~82952395) and Troopa "8- and C" in the vic of TRASASSO at v8212l3 and L-824220 respectively. The move was completed at 221915-A. The Squadron remained in reserve until 27 Dece.,er preparing for the planned dismounted attack which was anticipated. On 231835-A, Lt. Col. Ellia, Squadron Commander, was taken to the hospital leaving the So-S, Yajor Helm, in Command. A.t 252255-A the Coamanding Officer of CC-a- notified that the Squadron A ould relieve the 3rd Bn., 338th Inf. Reg't. in ppsition on the night of 27-28 December and a reconnaissaDCe party was sent to their CP at 26oo30-A to go over the forward positions. This was the same sector which the Squadron had previously held. The morning of 26 December, 30 men and 2 officers of Company "1M and 50 men and 2 officers of Troop "E" who had not been in rest with the remainder of the Squadron were sent to ~ESTO for a four day rest per VOCG, 1st AD. On - 2 27 December at 1100-A the Commanding Otficer, CCMB" ordered that it would be....1')' tor the perlonnel ot Company"" to be recalled and mount & platoon ot ~8. (U-S light) in deten.e of the .ector. The relief ot the 3rd Bn., 338th Regtt. proceeded aa planned and at 272305-A the SqUadron Commander a.aumed control ot the .ector. On 18 Dec_ber the Squadron aa notified that the lat Bn.. 363 Inf. a.gtt. (Ilat Diy) would rel1eye it on the night 29-30 December and the Squadron would reyen to Regimental b.ene in the ar SOuth of KOlIZUHO. fbi. reliet waa oa.pleted at 212335-A and the Troop. returned to the reserve ar.... in the nc ot TRASASSO. At the clo.e ot the period the Squadron remained in rese"e po.ition with. d.tu_ant ot Company "r" and Troop ttEft in the rest are. vic MONTECA-TINt, tiDally aDag:l.ng to get the relt they had miaaed. ) , I I_r; i,, '.u I ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~:: , -1l , -'- ......-' -;"!i 1 1 1.1'111 111.111111.1 HUDqtWlTBRS lou. I1A CAVALRY DCONNAISs&NCJ: SQtWXlOH .&PO "" - u. s. I.BIlr Dl the rtel.cl, :na:Ly, a:l JIanIl 1.145SUb.1..". Repori of OpuaU_, 1. .TIUI-I'J u aa re1NUT 1MS. .... 1.. ..,on ot Operatl.e br thl. lquaclroa t ... 1 JuuaI"J to as rebru&rJ 1.M5 b IIUIaIIlt'H4 1a owaplienoe nth a M5P-lOS, aM letter Rct. iUll.nIrt, AG SHaM, _teA Jaa., 11M, .u.1,,", tl!l:l.Rorioal ...corda uacl Hietone. of Gr.i.U... .. fte ~ oODUauecl attached to the 3Grd Dltut17 Repmellt, nn Dltaav, D~:d.e1OB, ill the vloiDlty of IIONIUNO a. "eene tro. 1 to Ii Janu&lT. 2I1e 88Ua Datutly D:l.ri.a1oa aa_cl oontrol. ot the .ector oa the Kth JaIluarr. 2Ile "..,.,... oeBUa.. ill n.VYe in the .... eeotor untU JuUU7 aa it "".....4 u II Co.,. .oatrGl pnparatol"J' to nllet of CC"C-, 4th South African Anton' DI:d.elOB 011 the ID4 'ebrual'J. !be Squa.cIroD, reilltoroed by lea COIll.pU'l'p .. aM .. 'ft) -. ..lIM' ooau.d of a.. MCtor l'UDDiDS seurall,. troa COLLm ~ _ the left to d.o1dty of GRIUAN&. on the right ucl cOIltiDu4 detail", recOIlaala.... u4 ......81" Jl&trolltDlin the eeotor tor r-.1Ilder ot peri.. -. I. _!Jd. Npo~ 18 -pnparecl ill .1& (&) .eotione,_ a. tollOUI .... ., '. ':.,':. ,4 ...u. 1 - a.,ort ot OperaUou. a - ftel.4l Orden, OYerlap &DCl OperaUoa 11__ \ S - Jlatrol lDtel1tiou aI14 Re8Ulta ,,- "'Kg 5 - Ho.p1talll&'U.CIIl and ca.ualty I8port 4 - IIapa , .. RiPORT Oli' OPERATIONS , ,. l1.8t caVALRY RECONNAISSANCE SQUADRON DO 464 - U. S. ARIa III the riel4, &1" 18 JIaroh 1945. BIPOU OJ' ODMTlCIfl 0. 1 J&IlU&J7 1145. the I18t C&ftl.r"7 Reoormai.8Uoe Squadroa oon'tinue4 ..ttaohed to the USri IBtantry Rac1ment in the Yio1nity ot lWNZUNO (u-82825l.). tile ~ .. in rene with a mion ot IRlpportiDg the 3SSrd. Infantry aep.at ill the .Yent ot an .n.., oOUilter-attaok. In thi. statio .ituatiem a 11a. ot .eooDdary d.t.n.. waa established aDd our reooDDai....o. troop. working at Jd&ht bullt the po8itione. Troop -I." wa. moved to the vioinity ot L-I3UK OIl , January in .upport ot the 1st Battalion, Si3rd Intantry Regi.ellt. UMl Tl'oo,. "A" ... lIB" worked 011 the R& po.itl 111 the 1st Bat'taliOll .eotorwhile Troo, -C- bullt po.itioll8 in the RRL in the 2Dd Battalion .ector. 0. 10 January the 8quadrcm was ordered to relieve outpo.t. on H1ll S15 (1.-11,.,0) ucl R1ll 311 (1.-83'12S') held by element. ot the let Battalioll. fti. rel.1et as ettect. at l~ by 35 IHn ot our Coap&IIf "I'lt. 011 1.8 ........., the 3Urd. Int Rap pve the Iquadroll the miiem ot aending a patrol to H1ll ~ (L-830283) 011 the night ot 20 Juury to determine enemy po.itloll. ucl it poible to bring baok a pri.oner. Thi. miion was given to !froop -1.-. 'lbe patrol ft. later poatponed to the night ot 21 January. Upon r_ohillg a point '5 yard. trom the houa. 'on Hill 444 the patrol ob.ened two .eneay .wi~tow.r4 FURC.OLI ..RJ, and a.;..they cont1AU".d to advance, wo lIore enemy ran ott in the same ciirection. ".earch: of the: houie and it. vicinity revealed no ,urther enemy and the patrol returned. 'lb. 88th Int DiVi.ion assumed oontrol ot the seotor on 24 January and the Co -,.. outpo.tr. relieved by 223Ql tbat night. '!h. Iquadrem oontinued in re.ene ot the 88th Division in the aame .eotor until 2S January when it reverted to II Corp. control in preparation tor a ne. mi.aion with the 6th South Urioan Armored D1viai011. '!he Squadron 010.e4 in the vioinity ot the Rear CP at CAS'mL del LPI at 2S214Ol. 'lbe reconnais.ance troops of the 804th and 805th TD Battalions were attached to the Squadron and as.embled at SAN BENEDETTO. The Squadron and attaohed unit. r..-in.d in this vicinity until 31 January when the movement to the 6th South Urican A~ored Division .ector began. !he Squadron Commander asaumed command of the ne. sector on 021420A Februal"J when the reliet ot CO"C", 6th South Atrican Armored Di vi.ion had been ettected. '!hi. aector ran generally trom COLLINl on the left to the vicinity ot GRIZZ&N& on the right .ith the defensive positions running to~rd ot this line ancl camanding the RENO River Valley. The Squadron OP Was established j -" at STANCO, SUpply at U.RIZZANA and the aS8ault gun8 of Troop "E" in the vioinitJ of PlANO d. SE~ The s.ctor on the left was held by the Bl.t Cav Raa Squadron which al.o attaohed to the 6th SAAD. On the right was the 12th SA Armor.d Brigad In thi. ..ctor there w.re no road. and supply wa. a dittioult proo Truck. could move a. tar a. GRIZZANA but from there to STANCO th.re .... ozalJ one traU tor 1/4 ton vehicle. oDJ.;'. From STANCO to COLLINA th.re wa. another trail, .ven poorer, a trail led down the IDOunta1n trOlD COLLINA to LAGARO. A fairly good road ran into COLLINA from the Southw.st but this route wa. arJl mile. out ot the w..,.. A large part of .upply .... done at night by pack DWle The mi.sion ot the Squadron wa. primarily the deten.e of it. s.ctor but the nature of the deten.e wa. highly aggr iv. and called for not only .ztensiv. reconnaiance patrolling ot enem, position. but many large combat patrols to haras. the enemy and attempt to tat. pri.oner.. 1'11nemy wa. also active and it ft. necessary to maintain security patrol. to prevent intUtration into our po.ition.. Contaot patrol. operated on both flank.. The terrain and excellent .nem, observation reduoed da,light activit, to the operation ot opt. and firing mortar and assault iUI1 ms.ions on observed .nemy target. but our patro18 were active every night. On 12 Februal'J Troop "B" relieved the position of the rc/CTH Regiment c. point 551 (717223). r.n. 6th SAAD ft. reli.ved on 20 r.bru&rJ b, the 1st Armored Divi.ion an4 the Squadron Was attached to CC"B", 18t AD to continue in it8 8ame ctor. The reconnaissance troop of the 805 TO Bn was ordered kept in CCMB" re.erve and could be u.ed only tor patrolling. Under CC"B", pressure on the enemy was intensified and it wa8 ordered that patrolling would all be aggressiv., constant contact would be maintained, and any withdrawal by the enem, would be followed ~p immediately. Through the remainder of the period nearly all of our patrols were strong combat patrole or raiding partie In the early morning of the 22nd a Troop "B" outpo.t at point 400 (709245) was surrounded by a large enemy raiding party. The outpost was remote anel isolated from the other positions and consi.ted ot 6 men holding a hou.e at that point. A combat patrol moved out from Troop "B" position. to engage the enelQ' and while they were on the way assault guns of Troop "E" placed tire all around the hou.e. Troop "B" also had a number of .50 cal MG. grouped a. a battel"1 which they normally u.ed to hara.s an ene~ supply route acr08S the ~NO riv.r. These were turned and tired in the area of the outpo.t as well. By-the time the Troop "B" patrol reached the outp08t the ene~ had withdrawn. It was known that casualties had been inflicted on the enemy but they were carried ott when they withdrew. - 2" At the clole ot the period the Squadron continued in the same sector. By thi. time our patrols had covered all the ground on the East side of the rivera. tar North a. VERGATO, which was strongly held by the enemy, and had crossed the river repeatedly to tind possible fords and determine enemy disposition and roa4 conditionl on the West side. Maj or, Cavalry, COIIIII8Jlding. . !i '. L '\, ,,' l' . ' I fi f " ,.":.. ~ ?~i i\f," . . r I if I ~ , "r i, t :~~....~, . " ............................ ."t~ ....fAG __61111_ ....... ........ '.Am ...,.. _\.....u... l.-I1 ..... 1....-~ "3 ..... ' Ial, ftftIl ....... tM. I_ .. Am. ,.,.het '.lId, ............... ".i._." ,I I. ....... ., .....U -, tide ',sll;" ,...1-& .... lM1 ia __ ....... ta. Ult 3.... AI l..us .. IriM.............. ft.ftIa AIIII M " ",W, \.........." .1IM, ..~... ~ ......... 8latedu .,...,.......... At .. " ...... fit till ,..uI, ta.. II ... I g pt'.. at......... ... 116 ...... _=111 ......u.. ' . ..tirel. ., 00.-., aa ........... ..... .U .... JNltt.ta . 'I' ........" "till .ttIa .,.. .. fl" ...... ,ea .. --1"b ... ..... .. 3d.... ... UU. tile ........ ...u.... tile IN .. 1J~ Jaf -+ ............~ .... II. .... ,,,...). .". _plett. fit nll.t ......-taw I , ... ..1.....,.. ...... _ ..... .,.,.U~ ....wel ., cr.-. ,'-'.....,h._..tt.IW........,...u..t ....... .,a/.Afd1 .., ...... .""" . 1M ____ ....... te ..un. tile ItIl ...... tal.. Sa ......s. ~ - - ..... ., 4,11 .,u. . ...., .........I~~ a. ,...,.. ... eSa1at (.).~.. '.. t.u.. ...~1- ..... ., ......1... ftA1t ...... - ...,..,. - ..... -- ............I\.,...u..~.. - .............., ftua. - ....v.l~ ,. JIa.......... - . - au tUM'" ......-.u.au. ..,.n. . . :~~~.::': '::~. '111'1011 ....,at~m.. .. .,' \ ", " / . I~i a_II !i~i'~ ,ttll Sl~=11 ilrf~1 'I'llflll .l~ft ~;tli ~ii!~:r tl!~ r 1~~J(l-li ~l!'lf~ ! I,ll 'I _ ....... ;- :fr:f d lOla" ~~h ~r::t-g. " 1 i if. fl I t ~!.l ft~JifIF2~lf ,!Ii' II: ~!If; !t :1. I,!,; : .~ :. 1~~~I !i!l: ~ t~t~! If~f~!if .If!f~=:, ff:~1 d t ! fi:ii ! ! Iii rfl,! .&~ t: n Jtil g... ul" I'li ,-r ! I~'ff r -I"lty, i-I I f,"~irill :tJj Hilll' :i:!~ ;!i.fiJ ti~:!! "Uj::'r,.~t it1t-,,' r-! ~I r -,.(, '.",. I, a ~ 'I >- II'" i l. Iii ~s; f I'r.~11 ;ll! }I,,' .1 .... ,'. ." i:.~~~:' ;~7:~.; :"-r-~'~:~~~~.~"~'~'ki~'~~~~l~'~'!';':";'~~':~~ ~!~.~:'~~:'~" . filii' .1111 .IIU I' PII'I,III, f:l 1!lar' fe;, 1,1 I ,II f II ,. f IU , I~IJ-U:' : ~. . r ,I 11"1 a I 'I I I' , . { it I. ~,~ .. ~:.'. ' . ! ~ , ~ . f !1- il ~:a_ i ,Ill ~ . I II, I . tI.l I I! r -II ,eI li :' Iff. I 11 .!ra lf f ( 1 . Df,~1S~~'~~~~~~.~.;.1Iiii- : .......................~... --"" rilliADQtwl'aau5... CiAVLRT UOO~~ ~U&DRON =- APO t6t... U. s. ~ ~ In the 1'1.14, ItalJ. 11 MaJ lM~. MJen. ....... et .".."1..., 1 .. 10 April. lM~. !lira O. .'. a..nl., J'lt'Ul.&.nIT, APO ""', u.s. AnII. 'Ie l jdJnut Ge.nl.. War D.pu"'Ua.", "".hin&tOD, D. C. 1........ of Operatio bJ 'thi. s....... f ... 1.-30 Apr:U incl., 1 ...tt. 1Ja e.pl.1.uo. with All MO-105 aa4 1.t..... s.....n.n rlfth Anq M 114--. ....... II J..~ 1"'. .\abJect -m..torioal R.ecol'd. uul Hl..torie. of O....nia.t1..... ......... : a. At the b.ginn1111 or th. period, th. SquadroD reinforced with the ReD Ole of 10& aa4 101 T.D Baa ... .a1DtalniD& d.f.naiy. positions in the yic of La .-alIA 0.-'''''1'). At 060115-8 th. Squadron wa. r.lieyed in place by the"'0. lepa.t (Iou'lb UI"1cUl). Ora the mt. or - -~ection 6 - Patrol Intentions. , - Patrol Re.ult 8 - Ca.ualtie. I Ho"p1tal1&ation Repon. 4. At the close of the period the ~quaclrOD had reached .dlJi:i.ALLl and PAVa, wal securing bridges and rounding up PC1ll and att8lllptin& to dispose or th_. a Incl, Report or Operations. Journal 1-30 April Incl. JJISTR...mU'l'LON I Copi 1-2-3 CU, 5th ArIQ. Copy ~ Commadant, Cavalry .;)Chool, Ft. Riley, Kanaaa. Cop1e. 4-6 r11 .. ~ >, .. , " ~. '4 ~.t.iC'l'ION I ~Ol{T 01~~ Iln (lAVALttt iUlliO~~~1.ii: ~~LW).LtO~ .&PO 4" - u. 13. ARia na 'the ft.el.., I'bly. 11..., 11015 t t.he begiDn1ag ot the Apr.Ll operatiou pel'iM, the 'lat Caftlry Recormaial&DOe ~qua4ron reinforced .ith the Ren. Co of SOl ud 805 TO BIa , cODtirmed t.o hold it. derensiYe aect.or 111 the Yic1n1ty of W. ~.mca oppo.iIlg the ellsay po.iti.. in the rioiDit.y ot JaAONIE 1:i0L&. On it.s let" .... the ltth AX BIl. aDd OD the nght, the 2nd Bn., U5th Lnt. *". Activit.y in the s80tor consi.ted of patrol aacl couter patrol opera'Uona in the houra ot darkness and MiD~D1n, OP'. cluring the c1q. Ovr .onan UId. uaaul" gun. were u ..d uten.ively1n baru.in, and cownez-battel'J ti.... 011 the Dipt ot a-i Apr.Ll, the aquaclr~ .. relieve" by the ro/emRegiment (SOuth Uricu). Die reliet completed a'l OlOUH. OIl the niPt. of ...5 April the .quadron relieved the 6th AI BIl in pOAt:L-. in It ector 111 the vicinity of CA'UPlARO ('26131). At tld.. tiM 00. "8-, rra (South Uric&D) .... att.aohed to the aquadron. 1'he ......ctor wu generally North aDd w.at ot \a"aLZua aDd .at ot \tjiiiYA'.L'O on the rOraN Ilope. ot the hlgh groWld along the RIIilI) Hlver. 'the aeaault cuu .ere 111 poaiUon at 74161274. In thia eeotor the aqua4ron had the Slat CaT. Rail. SIle on lta lett &lid the let Bn., USth Int. bat. on the right. RecoBnaislNLllce eel _um patrol. operated Digbtly aDd security and contact patrolre a1ntaine4. The squadron held this sector tor f'1ve days untU relieved on the Dight i-10 April by the ruVn (south .Atrican) Upon rellet the elements ot the .quadroa moved direct. to PIA'J.l) closina there at 0'7001 on 10 April. On 12 Aprti 114-5 the .quadron moved frClll J:!CA.TO, Italy, (Q-6f58Ol) ... closed in the nciDity ot oi!Ll..A (L-5MlU, at O'lao-B. ti this time the aquadron waa attached to IV Oorpe tor future operation. and placed in Corpa re.erve. 'or.. period several days prior to thls Jlove the -ca-4r.on had reorgani&ecl aDd retitted its vehicle.. 'J.'hs time in the n.. "1'_ ft. occupied. wlth tralning, range tiring 01' the 37. guns and emall arme, and ottleer reconnaissance ot the !orwart area. tor future operations. While awaiting CQIDUl1'tment, a mission in support ot the a'llst Lntantry Regimen" in the event 01' enemy counterattack in their sector was &S8igned 'to the squadron. A plan for road block8 and detensive positions in this sector was set up after a reconnaissance had been made, but it did not become necessary to put this plan in operat10lh C. l' A,prU orciers were receiveci to move to \j~(jLlO (655281) via GAGGIO MONTANO (55Ol68). '!he .quadron was to move on iOLK (655309) but not to prooe. bey0D4 CKRIilyI,a without preTioue recozmai.aance. '!'he movement to U.II:Rlt4JA.. coapletecl at 1820-8. At this time orders were al.o received to .eu &D ott:l.cer aDd rad10 crn with an ~CR 113 to the 85th Division to work with Iktver Pete (air - grouncl lla1aGll) tor th... 'thi..... compliecl 111.... DIar1D& thi. early peri04 of the ottensive the .ituation ... obscure aD4 el18llJ nlri..tance 1I1t.n... Several m1e.10na were tentatively aaaigDecI to the .~ aDd then cancell..... and the .quacI.rca ~ed in Co~ re.erTe tuoup 18 April. At 1'~, 11 QrU, the aq,l&Clrcm, by Qrder of IV Corp., .... attach_ to the l~.MoUllta1D JATiaiGll &Dd moved to a .-ably areaa as tell_. !fI'oop -A, null, TrMp -S-, '105345, Troop "C-, 668320, Troopa -sa &Del ...., 6658] i.. BJ' thi. tiM the enemy ha4 begu.n to give p-owui in some place. ua4 111 the eour oE the .,;hance the line. of cem""ni cation hacl become e.nr.9.... overloadecl. .Dle IIBR. 111 thi. aector ran over eeconGary road. in the aOUDta1u ..Nt ot Illy 65 -.ny or which were too narr_ tor tw~ trattie. '!'h... roU.8 an J....t with amnJnition and. ration convoya, unit. moTi. torwar4 aDd othera to the r-.r, aDd al.o returning truck convoy At 0200-B on ao April the ;J.'roGp C~nders were briereci on their mi.sion ot eere8ll1D& the lett 1'laDk ot the loth Mountain Division and reporting all avanabl,. intol'lBtion ot both the rrienclly and ensy .ituatiOl1. Troop itA-.ovecl out at OISO-B and l'rOop -S- at 0400-B. It waa necessary to mov. Troop -:s- througk the 1-' Armond Di.Tision ctor in order to reach it. portion ot the .~4ron .ector and a clearance tor this movement was secured. !he road., howver, wen tilled with other .unite who.. otficer. di4 not mOlr of the priorit7 u.4 .ould not allow our col.. to.. pa... 'lTooP ...~1t til'lally IllUaged to iDtUti"B.:g'it. vehiclea bto the other' aOnvoys anclDY lQ3()etl bad reached 61M31 and 618UI. At this 101M Troop It,._ on the right was at 619402. '!he ..th04 of eparat:l.oll used at. this time was aimilar to that p~ev1oualy u..d by the squadron 111 mobile llituationa and provec1 generally 8&t1stactory. When po..ible two recoDlJ&1888JlCe troops w.re eOlllDitted anet one held 111 re.erTe although in the PO Talle,. OperatiOll it was otten necesN.ry to use all thr.. troop. to cover the large Meton aseigned. Each reconnaissance troop had a platoClll ot Compaay ..,. light tank. and a platoon of '!'roop It]Ca aaeault guns attachecl. lD addition to tma support, the lOth lAountain Division a1ita,ched a platoon of engineers conaisting ot three (S) squad. ot twelve (12) men each with a cluIIp truck, Pioneer and .uemolition ecp1pment, and a mine detector tor each aquaL ODe ot these .quads was attached to each troop. ,. buildo&er w.. later !urDi8hed and held in reserTe to be used. when and where neeciecl. OIl the evening ot the 20 AprU the loth Mountain Division gave the squadron the Il1se:loll ot policing the ~ooD. River Valley and securing the road to '122510 to c~. For thia mission it was necessary to cOlllnit Troop "0111 -a eD8III1 reaistance .a. _till .trong. Troop -C .oon reachecl it. objecti", the bridge at 770548, ..cur1ng it iDtact .hil. it. tirst platool1 ....10111 .ngaged in a tire tight. At the NIl8 time, ',L'roop -A- .. ai.o ....ting reai_tanH at '131W, aD4 uAng it. m... i(ortar Wi'th a tonrari ob..ner against el1emy po.itiona. By laa-Wght the .qua4roD helcl po.iUou at '''561, '15055', "1548, '1705ll'1. '!'he tbin. platoc:m of Troop -0- 1/8,a eD.gaiM in a .eri ot Uind.ahe. 011 the right &Del ooulet ollly .ecure ita own po.1UOI18, but OUl' other el81118l1t. maintainecl agre.s1" patrolling 111 their oton throup the DiPt. ~ON'.lS WiAWIO bacl bMll .ecurecl and .... now outpo.tecl with the aid ot 'l'J) element. ancl 1ntantl"J. ca 11 April. our troops IIIOTecl out at tint light to the Rorih &lid KoriIP t with the miion ot effecting aggre1Ye recoDD&i.aance in 1t. sector &JIll to .ecun &Del hold. 'the bricag. at .dOlO'OluV t651f51) aDd a bl"1clge ill 'the vicinitJ at 61"", th.n to ate a recoDnai...... at \i0WA1."lA (lI-55'l1iO) .. BOBGO roam (""5115) alo. th8 PO IIlver. At 16151 the .qaacIr_ ... 1l0t1ti.. ot a ohaD&. ill it. .ector bOW1clari... '!'her n oa the 'lINt t,.. 670610 North to 631621 Northwest to 635611 to 6Mf.5 te 6lano to 51l8Oa. aM aD the ..t fr. 5'11571 to 610'105 to 651800. At thi. u. tI'Oop -.l- bacl already reached '10660 and. ... enp.ged. 111 t1nt1ght uaillg ita light taU. "reduce the oppo.ition. Troop -A- rachecl the first objecU,.e at l.a50-8. !he br1cige bacl been prepa.recl tor cl.aliti.on but ft. aiea_ beton it could b. blO1lD. 'Dle road .as mined in this area aDd. enemy intantl"1 &Del u uU-tank gun an on the road Northwe.t at Jj~UR'lO at 6S1'151. Dl tile oaur.. ot 1t. uftIloe to this objective 'l'roop -.- bad taken 151 ... aDd n\lDGecl or t1ll.e4 aD watnon D'-er. 'ltd. troop oontiDuecl to aclvance cI.uri.D& the Id&b" againn perd.tiag 81181111 oppe.itiGll. At 25-B vehicl.e. burDiDg in the r0a4 WN holcling up 'the aclvaDce aDd there were two (a) tNckloacle ot en.., lJatuv, uul a anU-tank gUll coll1'l'OrrtiJIg tu.. At. 22001514 Troop -A- eagagecl t_ .1l8IBf at 6287'1e and routed. ~ Dt.Ir1D& thi. time Troop -0- hacl been moY1n& OD the eecorul objective, the briclge acros. the oIliCCHIO BinI' at (615775). At 0823-8 on II April they bad reached. the bridge, tiDding it intact, but receiri.Dg he&YJ rocket tin trca"1.10 or the river. At l.OOO-.S vlhicleen PIt aero the br:l.clge &lUi it .. secUN at 10051. Troop -a- Illpled the 11181111 in a tiretight at "'188 anA reportecl another eulllJ' co1_ at 581."88. '1'I'0op -0-, cODt.lnui ng beycmd the bridge, dl.troyed an ammunitiol1 clwap at 600780, and reached. 55..5 where it ft. IIIOved ott the road by the CG at the loth l40urrtaill Di TiaiOll to allow hi. eolWlll18 to pas.. '!he troop finally got clear at 1600-8 and by 1618-B bad moved 011 to 515930.' HJ' thi. time the operatiol18 ot the .qua.clroIl "1'8 so utended and the .ituation .0 open that .. _1'6 ordere4 to tuniah patrol.a OD the road. behind u. a. security tor mes.enger. and other movement onthe.e roads. 'the .quadron wa. relieved from the loth Mounta1ll D1Ti.1on by Corp. Orter at 221500-H to &sawne the milon at screening the IV Corp. right tlank aII4 -3o..u.... NCaal....e ill ~ Corp. Sec",or e.lual",. of tho 1.t IJ) HC",OI". B 1IU iapo.dbl0 t. r.u.o",. "rroop. ~.. UMl -0" at ODC. U. to tJae "'1cultr ill &.ttilll nhu t ..... up to reUe.,.. th-. 0I&r UftIIC. ooatiaueel n1t'Ur ... tMn .. u.s,n, taeII\f t. the rear aid OIL the tl.aab of our el_ellt. u ..u. u to tJat fl'Ollt. B .... b. adld.ttecl that whU. th1a aritt exp101tatiaa et .... bnattar.... o0atuaa4 t_ ..., .... eft_ 1'UW.te4 1D tbe capture of Ia1a arUlJ.'17 aDd tu lI1.aure .t hi. ratioa tn:l.ll. 1l0Yiq t.o IAlpplr torc al...., ltt1d.D4 u, aU tJat coatua1_ .. DOt OD hild.t u4 _ ..... aot without ... prob~. & f ...,1 at tba Ili.t-.UOIl at thi. tiM 1Iill gi",e a piotun ot tile , ...ral at_tio. u 1t aUt.. ~1d our operat:l.ona 1I1th. ftlltJ. '&'t 111...., .,..... ... app4 1a a f1n f1&ht at lO0I08 111 which 21 IY., , Vucb .... ..n. an captuNd wh:I.la 'J:I'H -0- .. al.reaq at 56$no. au 1ead1Dg ~at. Jiad. "~ctcl OY.I" 6 .... 'r 1OlG-8 ad u..ed...... at 5... While ..u.n .......&1. -u. ..., d""" IlOO-8 OUI" ltad1a& .1.... ..... ..,... ....oth'l" , .... te ....1016 aM a~ IIOIOO-B .. 1Dt&llVJ BIl ru iIlw aD .... at ............ 16 _ ....... I.Mfi. bfadI7 ~... _ tM I'i.Pt ... alu& tJat Korih1ll& ad tM 1ft AD bad bMD "porte4 a" "'.... ., 'Uaia tiM .... O"W _tlaU_ ,,"ee-" eriua1..... tifa n..talUea iM"...........ftDOe ocmtim ,,,. rt wu Ilot only that the trueb of oar _niee .obtl_.rNa ... to., I ....., pea1ti__ t .. .,. .. to t,M troe,. but Wo em tb8 war baot te the cluapa, aD4 at 'the aame t:l.me th ..,. ftI"t pttt.a& left futhll" btldal atl1 1.t ... hll daf'. trip for a t ....t t. ,e I .... .... _pplJ :I.utallaUoa to tb8 au clap ud. "tum. J'rca here It ....c...., to ,tt tIM p.a &D4 oth.r euppl.iu _ \lp t. our fol'ftl'd ,.altl_ ............... an lRIfft.c:leat "ncb ill tJat ~ to buMIl. a le.. . "d1tn.o1ll.t".~ppl.r .~~~U.~.~",,~. 'A..' Pl'ob~_ w.. t_porarUy ..1",84 byoaP'1lI'1a& aa4 NJI&irlaI ..,. ""'eh1c18 .; ... " . ' .. ,",.' ". . .. "" .""" ".' C. II .,rU 'a" appl'Ol1d.ately l.l.OO-B 0111" .1....llt. rKehe4 the PO M",er u' MIR M Jl&trole to'tM ... uul1fe... ])a the co.... of the dar the .qacll"on r .....o:Lt.r.. the PO Bi",.r tr_ tAo 445 ..t1l1& to ~. 61.5.11.:aet1ll&. .t 1200-8 a 1004 plac. tor bricls1Di the riY'1" .. foUJUl at 61Sao &D1l reponet. AU. of tile na4 an witlWa th1a ana rtCozaoit.re4 nth road &D4 bricla' clu... aM coDd.1t10 repo"_ to IT Corp.. 'l'Z'Oop -.- to the 50\ltheari e..w1.JI& the rJ..aId tlaDt .. eapp4 wi.th the .D., &I far Iovth &I 'Utor &lid latel" ent.r.4 .. ~ 1D coza.iuact101l wi.'th e18ll81lt. .t 0111" iIlt&l1v, in whioh 200 PIf. 1DclN:lD' a Lt. Col. aIl4 Wo _jon are taten. 'ti... 111 the T:l.o:b1:ty of ,aallO. B7 2311OO-B theN _n DO bri.d.p. up but two po1ble point. tor _Jdna a patrol cro.eiJI& wen toW1Cl ill the Yic1nity of 615130 aIl4 5OOlO5 and 'the .cpadroa llot:l.ti.4 IV Corp. that 1t would .tt~ croel:l.D&' at tho.. pcd.JI\. tbat Illgbt. 'Ib_ at..pt. cU.cl not IUcceed the current ... too nit" tor 0111" -u. rubb.r boat. &I1d & patrol tre 'ft'Oop "C" .llcOUlltered etroDg ..,. ree:l.naac. Oil th1. ddt ot the riTer ~ the T:l.c1nity of 52"21 &114 tlak batter:L 1a the Tio1D:l.ty of 5OQll' d.epred an4 uaeQ for defensive ~re. 1 Other element. ot the .qua.clraD cOllliAg up OIL the right toad a bn at HSllI with two center spans blown but still possible tor Wantf'J el...Di. " oreu. '!he i.Jatu.Ur cli4 'I'M. 'Ud.e bl"1d&e uG tON B&V'JIIU (,II1l5). In 'tile .....t.1... Troop w8- 111 the West had tound. a oiyilian terry at 478099 and had one platoon aoross at 1455-B. '!'he remaining platoOZUI and the vehicl.s ot the third. platoOD tollowed ancl the troop moved to secllTe the lett lank of the intantry bridg.. heaet with po.itione at 6021.9 and ~aa and 1II&1I1tai1'1iD& pa:trol. in thi. v101n1t,.. At 0355-8 the reainder ot 'l'rOOp -a- aDd '.1'1"oops MAW and "0. were ord.ereel to asstlllble all oambat 1/ft. ton vehicle. with per.ODDel aear CAII&1'TA (5Hl28) to start crossing riYer at Of)ftH but 'there ft. no briGg. ooapleted to oU'l'J' vehiole. until 1030-.6. 111. delq ill eat.bliab1ng bridge O&l.l.e4 by a lack ot available bridge ...teriel Which it ..... ooulet bave be. kept i-eciiateq behind the torward element. - especially as it bad been gene~1 aatioipate4 tor s.. time that it .ould be nece.8al")' to bridge the river. B1 this t1ae Troop w._ had reached 55'126 and wu ontered. to proceed to w.N'.L'OYA (ft-fOB5). 'ftd.. objective w.. reached at 1715-B atter reconnoiter1D& the ana .. the r0a4 net. Troop. wI.- ancl "0-, haviDg orossed the river JIlOyecl in coluan UMl re&clwet .95330 at Ol~ on 26 April. '.1.'1"oop "8- hacl ass8lllbled to~ a lLew misBOIl u4 moved out at 0235-8 to cut H'WJ 10 :ilL the Tic1D1t,. ot U,STJ;LLUCUHIO (3623). 1!le .quad.rol1 mis.ion was now the screening ot the 10th Mountain D1Tiaioll lett flank. 'lb. mis.ion of the 10th )ltn. Diy. wa. to cut HlrJs10,62, &D4 U _d advanos on V.l!it1O.NA, .ie&iAg vIL1.aAJ'11AWA Airport with all possible aps.. '!'he Troo, "A- and "0 oolWDD had. r_checl 645522 a't 0610-.6 where a blCllllll brUge held th_ up tor s8Teral hours. At 09~ the,. bad a b,..,... ud ..... orclered to reaoh HWJ 11 and u.. it as an ax:.I.a to mon 011 .b~O\ia (056t). 8J J..HM they' had reachecl JIr7 11 at VJlaWNi, reconnoitered and reported all bridge. blon. and nung We." on HrJ U tOftri 'their objective. Dur1& this time order. from the CG, IV Corps had been received to move on lzHdWI (0851) Airtielcl with all possible speed, b,...,..ain& all 0PPOU'iiOIL aDd. capture the airport. Troop "B- reached the objeoti.e at 1345-B, totall,. surprisl.Dg the en_,. and eng&&ing thea in a fto hour fire tipt iD whioh sa Ph were w.ua aacl '*he -., .. preven'te4 traa .e'tt1llg ott prepared demolitions. A cbart ot the.e demolitions and the tield wu .ellt to IV Oorp Troop. -A- &lid -C- advuaced Weat on ltrJ 11 &Del at 2300-8, 'tha Ilight ot 26 AprU, held bridge. aero the j'IUlUti MINCIO at 4tl1554 aDC1 431514. The bJ"'" paa. ar... behilld th_ were acti with en.,. aovetHl1't U1Cl th.y reponed ..., araor in 'the ar_ " 't of the nyero. A reque.t wu mad.e to Corps for the support ot .. platOOll ot medium tanks or tank destroyers at 2400-.9 but apparellU, DODe .ere a'faiable. . At first light on 2'1 April the second and third. platoons of both 'roop ""'. and 'roop "C moved out while the first platoons of both troops ramained to -.oure the bridges. At oaao-s ths aclv&IlCiDg elements had reach" 3505~ where ,t ft. reported by cinlians uul I'art1AJ1S tbat the enlllY armor bad moved 0'" to the Rorihwen cl1Ir1Dg the' preTious Idgh~. At l,"~ contact .... made with 00-"- 01 "Uae l.t AD at BRii;:ca &D4 'l'1"OOp -.- W&8 ordered to reconnoiter the route tna ~1Uil)I.iIA. to \.i.Kllai.l and '.!.'roop -0- to secure all brid.ge. west of J:SR.l!il)CU and recolU1oiter trca J:S&i.,c,;U to 'J:BIIiRIld.IO on Hwy U. Both tl"OOp. continued to advance with good proire.s will into the evening. ])l the rioiDity of ';0lI:~ at 2255-~ Troop .1.- r&I1 :Lnto an enemy column whioh i' eaga.ged and oaptured 30 W.. Atter the engag_ent the troop withdrw acro the WLIO RiTer to secure for tbe D1gb~. Troop -C- al.ao ran into the .n... at &bOIl" the .... t1lle. D. oolumn cut all enemy con'f'OJ appronmately in halt at a RJ in the 'f'1cinity ot uaAVA\NLU Md knocked out 15 enemy TeMele. ancI toot, W.. All unknOWll numb.r ot .nemy p.ri.heel and b\U"l1H in the eleatroyecl vehicle.. CcmUlluillg the uvanc. Oil 2S April, 'lTOOP 0- reachedJ.'&lVr~LIO at Oi55t-B ucl ft. Jo1Aecl then MOrUy by 'J.'I"OOp -1.-. At 140~ Troop -0- was order.el to IlOTe to &D4 due LCIlI anc1 \.iRitiW., .stablish a Roadblock, and .iel. the bridg 1n thi. v1c1n1ty. TrOop -A- moved to ~UI to reli.ve '.1.'I"Oop -B- which had. beell r,e~recl to reaill at the airfi.ld tor security ed alao to guard the large nuaD.r ot pri.on.r. it bad ama.sed. UpOIl r.lief, lTOOP -B- mov.d to the 'f'ic1ldty 01 878255 aDd aasembled, closing at 230o-B. !be accumulation ot prisoner. and the lack of tacilities for dieposing ot them had b.gun to becoms a probl.... soon u our element a broke out into the valley- POI Cages are well b.hind and no provision ftS made for picld.l1g up priaoller. &D4 tran.porting them to the.e point.. It was neceleary for a UDlt to turnish1t. own tl"&l1Sport for this purpose or keep the prisonera. a hal pre'f'ioualy been .tat.d. the vehicles of the squadron wer. inadequate for 1ts own .upply without transporting food for prisoners and carrying them long d1sw.zace. to the near.at case.. 1111. aituation became particularly critical on 29 April. '!'roop "0 .... holding approximately '100 priloners at one point and ~oo in another. and Troop -j.- reported that thepriaonera Itill held at the \.t&Ul Qrport were without food for the .econd day and there .s no way ot moving th_. At this time Troop "B- wu ordered to li..8 and hold the bridge at 085394 and '.I.'1"OOp -0- the bridge at 19532' ana reconnoiter 'II.at and i)outhweat to the '.1.'ICINO RiTlr. At 1630-8 the third platoon ot 'J.'I"OOP -B- .ngaged approx1Dately 500 enemy 1n a fire tight n.ar \iAS'i~U'.1..1.'ANO (&ft5390) anel forced their surrender. Troop "0- had 1000 enemy held betweell the 42 and. 45 1'lorthings anel 43 and. 44 East1ng. negot:Lat1Dg their surrender. Troop -B- reached ita objective near VOu)NUO and helcl there for the night. OIl 30 April our .l..nt. reached tlU~ and i'Ava and the day w... .pent roundiDg up our prisoners and attempting to dispose or them. .- .> -6- -~~-~. rt. J:SRu~, {fLt., vol., ~av \.iommanding. { t' s :: , II: &I U I I .:i"" I I , I 1':S:I:~:I:'I"IIII"'IIIII" ~~U~{Ll!;tt:) 91st ~n.I.:oL....x .ic.~U1'l!~.L..J.;i,.\N~~ ~IolWWH.UlJ APO 464 - lJ. .j. ARL..'Y In the Field, Italy. 6 June 1945. Subject. Report of Operations, 1 - 31 1.:&y 1945. 'lbru , Coamanding G-eneral, Io~ifth Army, APO 464, u.S. I.rrrrio To I A.djutant ueneral, "ilar uepartment,.lashington, D. C. 1. Report of Operations by this ::)quadron fr~ 1 - 31 -.y incl., i. 6ub~tted in coru~liance with AR 345-105 and letter Headquarters" Fifth A.rmy AG 314-AH, dated 22 Janua.ry 1944, suiJject "Historical H.ecords and Histories of Orsanizations". 2. .lt the beginning of the period, the squadron wes dispereed in the area. South of ~,~~O and ~outhwest of.l.OrlJ..110 engaged in clearing this area Korth of the .l.ICI!~O Hiver of scattered enemy units. ',L'he squadron wa. 'ordered to push .est and contact the enemy. At 02103-H Uay elements ot the French forces were contacted at rtlYOLI. After the surrender 3 U&y the squadron was given the mission of securing and patrolling the vicinitJ ot TURINO and the area NN to the ,french dorder. ,tor this operation the squadron was given tactical control of Co. "B, 11th Armd Int tin., Co. "DM, 4th ~aDk Jjn., t;o. "B", 13th 'Lank .!:Sn and the 1st Hoyal Natale 4. At the close of the period Troop ":i!i" and Company "F" were still in V.~oi& awaiting transporters, the balance of the squadron continued routine patrolling and garrisOning wi~hout incident. ~>-~m-". Lt. Col., Cav., . I .', CODnanding. 2 Incl, Report' of Operations. Journal 1-31 ! .ay 1945. ,1)1 .j'.i'.Ud U dONI Copies 1-2-3 Cu, Fifth Army. Copy 5 C ommadant , Cavalry Jchool, ,'t. Riley, Kansas. ~pies 4-6 File .. t'~"UAH:~:;:'C'.i) 9lst ~.~V.Ll{{ ~l",i'j.~"''''..J~'-4.'''-'' ,j,,_~.\,~.~, APO '*64 - I.J. .J. A&.Y In the :riald, Italy. 6 June 1945. 1.10 the beginning of the i.E..Y 1945 Opere:..tional Fariod, tl.e tacticE:.l. situation in the PO River Valley had tenerall] beco~!e fnirly quiet and activity consisted mainly of finding and controllin scattered eneLY units a8 they surrendered. 'i'he squadron was dispersed in the area South of 1...~U.IO and ~outhwest of ~uH.Il~U ent;a;ed in C1ElCirit:t:;ti,is area i:orth oi' the .rICINu River. 'i'roop "Sit, in the vicinity of .('L(h,~O, ',:as [iven the mssion of sen.... '. Recormai8sance 'troop of the 92nc1 .:.ntantrJ uivision moving on orcier to posi tiona in this lone were halted. 0'1 the ~. renC!l at ,'lJ;".rl..i.J uL . .AZZ() and not allowed to proceed. irench troops at ti,is tirlle At the alo.. of the p6rioj the squadron continued ~ n this sector and. rQ.utirie patrolling and garrisoning COlltinued without incident - 3