aar 91st cavalry reconnaissance squadron, july-august 1943, october 1943-february 1944, and may 1944...

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    lIEt\InUARTERS 91st RECDm'AISSANCE SQUADRON--'

    APO N0. 7,8, U. S. fJU;:Y

    6 October, 1943. SUBJECT: Operations of 91at Rcn Sq, U.S. Ar'tn'Y, in Sicily, 10 July

    16 AuglWt, 1943.

    THH.OUGH; Comdg Gene~al II Corps; APO 302, U.S. Army.

    TO The Adjutant General U.S. J\.rmy, . 'ash. D.C. I1. The. report of Operations rom 10 Ju1f to 16 (,ugust, 1943 ./

    Sicili6.I': CaIIQs.ign for this Squadrons submitt.ed in ccmpiiance with AR 345-105.

    2. This report is a compilat~on of troop operations in sequence of >3aph troo, 's entrance into ccnbat. The Squadron having arrivqd in Sicily in tl';ree (3) grcups, ln~luding a special liaison dete.chmenton D-eay, was not complet.ely asoembled ,vhsn hast~.ly cal:'cC: . ir.to acti:m. ::::ts c~rnhat T,licsi011S are bplieved t() "'ue better cle1'inod by describing separa.ta troop action because the Sqdn:was attach"'!-l tv more than one Division in this campaign.

    The report is ',repared in . 'i.ne (9) sections, under following captio~.B;

    Section 1 - Battlp. C'p"'!rations Sec+.icn 2 - EYtracts fr~ Squadron History and

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    Q\U"nal.. Section 3 _. l"':'p.ld Orde~'s "-' St:c:,j on i.~ - G~~ra.l Orders ~orranendati"ns) S*':'lC~:~_on 5 .~ f!.c:bn::..l"istrative Crders . ClJlSSJ:nCATJQ~ ,-.u...,. ... + - Casualtics and Jiteplacements .i ~T "~G:Ia)~t~on 1 - r~ ~s ~f Var _1 . . CANCELL~&~ ~ ~ ~~~ 1AI~ IV.J1JJ.O~j.ADJ1

    Hajor, Cavalry,E~=:~J Commanding.1 Incl. !

    Report of Operations.

    ~TRIBU'l'ION I . Oopies tTo 1 te 2 to~ The Adjutant General,

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    CHA~ A. ELLIS,

    U.S. A'I.'ffq Copy 3 - C.G. ~TATomA Copy 8 - CaY. School. (rt. Way)

    \I 4 - c.G. SeTA!1.th ArMY' II. 9":. File (9l8tRcn Bq) '. II 10 _ If' II rll, IIII , - C.G. II C::'rps

    I! 6 - C. G. ls'c U.s. Ir.' Div II 11 - ""I (less' oterlays) .....

    \I 7 - C. G. 9th 'J,)3 I~.f. n~.ii \I 12 -. II .,.1' I~._?',r,

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    .....___.....________.............'...,..........__....._-'.......!"...~.""......~........._ ......r..________________..,.~-"'''"i...!....' ...._ .....~....__~~..:.;;~"~~-",__~LI

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    noon

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    t~t~,~', I j 11 ~- fit ~I~ tJlthe .,let neeonnaisso.nee, 8qUD.~':~1, frlZ .":~,'. ~f)).,..l94l1o ........t16, 1943, 1I1clus1ve.

    ..,,-;.,:)~::~ia8 lOO13().S cl't.ly 194~, a dett\chment of th1;s SqUlldronconl;;:i.stine :.,~-.Mt~,*. _ fourteen enlisted men, one, SCOUT, car anCi. -!ow;:) on~-qual'teJ. ~\~r.l

    . '"trueD, . n&MI b.r .sault bar. att:l.ohecl to CT 16 p6r F. o. 26, Uq. ls~~ ~.s. :LnfE-.1"..tr~"

    "':"'--h' - D-d ~ n'll'TJ t"l'CT-V ",,-' t'- 'I -""'.... f t' nl:v ...~.l..ont on~ %Nllb.JQ.r;- nII:l' HIO, r.oar w:.u~, 0, ...L.L~ all'-4 ":':l'~1'" .I.e... ' . ,;.ant

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    .~ Arranacments ware.. . .lc1o or a British wr boat to \ ..e al..::-.c;sid.: t!:1;. ;'.'

    Lewis Uorris, ond tnke nboord for transport to the vicinity 6f GEIJL, SICILY, i~ ..':'::t

    necossordirulte cxpec tGI..' :.T;'I_"!lcdi,. L

    cporo.tions ashore involvine other troops of t.he SqtL:1.drcn alre~dy hnv:..,."'-:: :::..~ri1i~c.

    . near GEL.:'a.. ..\..t 2000-B July, this comond eroup w!th three vehielo8 X'.d era.7:::,

    dcpo.rte~ EOi:' .GELA1 o.bout one Hundred milE's dist..-mt, unoscorted, i.." l;llc..t. n":/{ i..~

    believed to be the lOJlB'Ost trip on record" involvine a Unit uoking n oon::-:r. :;;7

    lnnctLne recoiving ~ 1mmedinto cam~1.t mission on hoatile ~hc~p,s.

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    The ~quadrori, le... '!'roop "C", nnd Headquarters Troop, \" r.lov~ tcnv:"'.l-d N:CO..{'".,. 10">.:1 :'~'2

    rco.d n.~ c~t tba eIlCIm.Y. ',l'tI.oSecO!'ld Plc."\toon under COIm!llJlc.~ of it. Sog:'.::, mo;"",:~

    out nt t\P1'~t.l1' 2S09OO-B. Lt. Hogon with Q. section of or."} 4x:~ v~:,L':'''';s

    1IIDged i.IlW tM 'Valle7 to the BW'th Q.nd ill tho v!.cir..1ty of Hill %.;~. :~e :".E'r1V7r

    ~.,.. ..,u. NmaiDed 111 ~QI't to cover by firE'! vr!th S~ff Scrge~:t:-: r;ir1~::':::"

    in oiw;aancl ... ~ by' 'bO\11'1CIiIJ, the lie,ht ,,"eo.;on sec"i:.::"or.. ~rrj.-J'ed t.'!'Cc".S-S :>:..' ':.:..~_=.

    , BiJ5 aDd. -.- ...."riddeG a.ncl devnstiDs UG M.d Mort!'.r riTe !"!-QIn hi.dden :ne::~~\

    pce1t1caw,~ Hlll.8L$ GDd ?SS. h. five ".n patral uc.s 8udlenl;", trc.'?~Focl. ~::1. ?~s:.t.~':'~~.i.

    0Il8 ".8 kUltd end tmo~. J..88.18t8(1 by tho firet p;u..tocn \:\"~c.er "t.hs cu.."l'\,-:l..~).d.

    of L~" _~. -V T:eo.pCIU aectian la1.d ciOlma coveri~l& !i~ to P....::::!.t -:n "lr'()

    1fbo 1fO:reto oacnpe. T"Z1e enemy posi-cions ';Tore so situ,:r';:eti. :J.~ "7,.:, ,[S.:l':~')':" .'

    ,~ of ODd actim of t~.e o.'t.t.ached ~Jc platoon ,j,".S r.OCG~SI.lr:r to,- iii- . . J.ftar Ylitbdrnw.1ne. aU orsnniza~ions u.~der !U"..tt-t.c.!~

    , :u. .. d:l.lcovered, tbBt Sere~t Lelkulich hc.d beon left

    :~"IN_ a.rawmt RUIIItUU'1 at the wheel" Lt. Hogan returnsc: ~~ t'l'~E;

    . .the body. Lt. Bogan l'.r.d SerBell.tlt R'llllL\r.l1 1v'1rf3 rv"t~:

    ......".. .~ua._d aate17. ~t. Coi'foo in COlllllltLr..o. of ~.he ~-:;~

    ~~ .SUD. pOe1tiona aft Hill 810 shar-tly- th8!'ent'ter.I i

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    At 2,::rOO-f) tlLtly. l"9l"3, 'i.h.r fire on the e.~~my .A.Tgun position::> and ::-cndcred them inactive. J~t 26J~00-:a" L't,. -1rl.tecotton'e' plat.oon made an or.d run ~.n too v2.11sy scu:'h of .Hi:i.l 81.;$ a."ld neut:-:-a1ized ~everal er..emy I!lD.chinc gun pO,sltions and retired after this action under h~vy ~:1Ur.;:{ artillel~:r fire . At 262000-B" t!1ell_~tI3t r'!~+o~n rrroop \lA" l"elleved the se~or..d pla~oon~ The t.hird platoon, Troop irA;' un..ier c~.n1 of Lt, Simpson ("ontinue1its rec;TlZU\isso-nee J41.1.saion to the north of .the VILLAROSA-NICOSD\ ..oad, rcporti.lg con~1nued inc:'casina1y fficult terrain. il.t &!,::.ight this :lif.1'3 l!l.O!'Tling thd i'ust ~la.toa,'l brL'ught mortar fire to bear on mo t.nerJY trucks c.t the foo~ ot l!::ll 77~ s~t'";.i:-lg fi~(:. to one :md. fOI'e~ tho other to tu,,:,n'lx\ck. Same enemy eo.S"~l:'ieo 1'TE;I~~ inflict.ed. E'oUot'dng "th:;s nction Lt. Oolfee committed his tonk plat ,OO"1 int,:> ~he sftthern valley destroying one maehin~ gun nelit and an 1.nt1-~.M g.m pooit'i_C'~1.... I.t. Ccffee wen stlddenly Qbservec1 o.n ~ h.;.lf.-treck, p8l'.omcl c

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    At 2400-:-B Troop 'lA" we.s ~ to' . . aU. ..~ .....ua\1e.., .. ai4 of Itt. Franklin in c

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    ~~~-be On high gr~:1d to th", frol:t oi the t:Nw'll Ti~IJ:NlI." GOnEtant C'""Sl1rYn.'t"on.. ~lrDpt.. en tI!d.e'OP through August 2nd. Lt. H3rmC'n .' .:1t ;::ltruls tc ?ill 910

    : ~ . .. fa""l"Cl ;ta...~t1Qn 01 tile tam ot GAGLWTO to cut tt..t; .~_G!..j:!JUTOTRC~lA ro,~d. .

    Stronaa~"V:Lt1e6 in.tho ~tT ot ~GIIAI!O pr(!vunt.ed thi~. Th~ :Y:I SC/c.r O-'~ "! ;;)1 ~be,DG pa~o18 tar~d the enolf' to. prepare tor it 's '\Vithdrn.I'i~:: ~~; the ,~cc~;.! ~(.T['~dmomA.. fer SOftt'oaldql, in. that ~.p, eneJq forces were obseI'y~d !'!lin:':!':g and ::-rcp~. ~.daW!t101)8 along this 'ilountainous ro..,t~. A:'ti!l,",~'Y cuser-vers r,:;-:-~ br~.W' ",bp Of on HUl 910 and tldjustne"!:l'l' w~;; dirc~t..i.J seen trca ~ (It t.o be str~ en.trenchp.d on t.ne higil ero'::1!lQ. in !':'O!'At 0:: :'RJ~.~ Prequent ~ lll"t1ll8ry til-a 1'm8 re~e!veJ upon this o~f'er'7'::.t1.;n post..

    en the latter chte remo.ir.i.ng c.:ler..en:'s of ~:'o~p ";;' ~"::"n~1 .!.-:. ';:: "trcc~ in S~"".'ldron nosurvo fer r~ha.b:i.11~1.tion [.nd :r"'ocee~d -:'0 ~~'3en'~l:r ~r~~ ~~~ v~ '.~:::."ty of Gt\lr.U~~NJ.

    'l':-OOP. liB" T iI;311 mth o::.s -:'~1~C r-:.:t 'i"o~': .;:rt.=..-.:11v.i c..:or!~ .'!.~I.i:::::y :'20 a.r.d to reconn~iter Sr.;lJJ, tt"dlst(.o l.h.3 '~orth ~~ tc.u: lO~+'~. ~

    T'" tl.., o......lymr r- .. "1O' o.f' ~u.....,~t "!j,.J.'U. .....1" ~"'cp i'-'i. I""'~ 1"1"""'':''r'I'.('.~' rl"""''' . .. .1.;' 'I-=- "'loA W' ..a....LJ,~ .. n orwlu .-.....","1 .j, ....\,; ..... .., _ .- ....~,,-; _~-.Il1_"''''' .., .; .L.. JIA..-4'",-.J !1X."W~d o~r..ts of ':roo, .1;\11 U\3:,'e b~ld qr L7 i:t. ~noorr.7 L'_~'.":1 ~~~~e ".":' :.:-"..1"-03 -:: ii the v1ci:.i~y of 5'15-195 n6c."\T outskirts 0: IUu:;)JI.:ZO. L'!.5:nCiu:~r::d. :::,~'.r,!'v~:; rJ:~~ JO 'j::! '!lent 0...t lromthis pos1t-ion with oojl;tc"ti".c::!'J \1XU;s.i.J. r: !: ,5. ~i l:"\-:. (1!.,. . 3"....:. ,n t.:'c~o

    torr.l.B were reo.cli-;:d .:>:.:1 repo~..ej clear C'!" c.:,ne or.em~r. ~~":'~t.e~n malt:;:!:' "'~le ~.'::,;:. plntoon ......or; injm',Jd thia 8.;.:00 d~.y ty 0.::1 I.,.: I:,jne in t.~ vi.:::':ll-=..t:" of -~1~ 'p:':'-;n';. b:ridgu .

    . !j,'he Squ.1.d!'on 1mS :roliev~ fl"OIr. t~1C ~es!ol:'S ,.,ssig!'!l~::!. ~- '~r..\:l J""'..Ys~ u.,sc IntantryI'1vis~.c,n a.: tr..c eysJ;J.ng ef ~h. :~th ar.d t:n..~ :'.'ro~p ~i'~[.lT1cvr~d i .. :' _ '-)i.~.:.uc w!.tl: tt-9 rest ot tne (,rgnr.;i,.zC;fjicn..

    . Treop liB-' vms tpe se:ond Troc;~ vi' "tno 5c;,11aQrl.'"rL t.;) :.. O:';'C~l t.r.J .'l.~2@;/~:'Y a.ro~ roar Ll(;.l~T11, nnd o~ the 23" d of July t!'j.~ tt CO? 'l"TC.S o""bflr':'n:i r:':lct t:Ol.:.t:-:.oer;. f ~'{'

    COlU'Jf1.:~. Mcvir..g ~crtb Cnp-t~ir. Riggs reportc:l. :'n tu .::;~":lt1'vn ..: ,",~I'&"l.:.l:-': '. os ~:. t r.;::...:, ;."' P.

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  • Dl.:.l"ing e18 28-1:h of Ju

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