a study on flash floods and landslides disaster on 3rd august

Download A Study on Flash Floods and Landslides Disaster on 3rd August

Post on 01-Jan-2017

372 views

Category:

Documents

1 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • A S

    tudy o

    n Flash

    Flo

    ods and

    Land

    slides D

    isaster on 3

    Aug

    ust 2012 alo

    ng B

    hag

    irathi Valley in U

    ttarkashi D

    istrict, Uttarakh

    and

    rdA

    Stud

    y on F

    lash F

    loods and

    Land

    slides D

    isaster rd

    on 3

    Aug

    ust 2012 alo

    ng B

    hag

    irathi Valley in U

    ttarkashi D

    istrict, Uttarakh

    and

    Surya Parkash

    A Study on

    Flash Floods and Landslides Disaster on

    rd3 August 2012 along

    Bhagirathi Valley in Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand

    National Institute of Disaster ManagementMinistry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India

    5 B, I.P. Estate, Ring Road, New Delhi 110 002www.nidm.gov.in

    World Centre of Excellence on Landslide Disaster Reduction

    9 7 8 9 3 8 2 5 7 1 1 0 0

    ISBN 978-93-82571-10-0

    National Institute of Disaster ManagementMinistry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India

    5 B, I.P. Estate, Ring Road, New Delhi 110 002www.nidm.gov.in

    World Centre of Excellence on Landslide Disaster Reduction

  • A Study on Flash Floods and Landslides Disasteron 3rd August 2012 along Bhagirathi Valley in

    Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand

    by

    Surya Parkash, Ph.D.

    World Centre of Excellence on Landslide Disaster Reduction

    National Institute of Disaster ManagementMinistry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India

    5 B, I.P. Estate, Ring Road, New Delhi 110 002www.nidm.gov.in

  • A Study on Flash Floods and Landslides Disaster on 3rd August 2012 along Bhagirathi

    Valley in Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand

    Report Prepared and Submitted by Dr. Surya Parkash to NIDM, New Delhi during August2012

    ISBN 978-93-82571-10-0

    NIDM, New Delhi

    Edition : First, 2015

    Published byNational Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM), Ministry of Home Affairs,Government of India, New Delhi - 110 002, India

    CitationParkash Surya (2015). A Study on Flash Floods and Landslides Disaster on 3rd August2012 along Bhagirathi Valley in Uttarkashi District, Uttarakhand, National Instituteof Disaster Management, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India,New Delhi - 110 002, 230 Pages

    DisclaimerThis document may be freely reviewed, reproduced or translated, in part or whole, purelyon non-profit basis for humanitarian, social and environmental well-being, We welcomereceiving information and suggestions on its adaptation or use in actual training situations.The content of this documents are solely those of the author (s).

    The document can be downloaded from http://www.nidm.gov.in

    Design and PrintingImage Print, N -78, Kriti Nagar, New Delhi.

  • Towards a disaster free India..... 5B, I.P. Estate, M. G. Marg, New Delhi - 110 002

    National Institute of Disaster Management(Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India)

    jkVh; vkink izca/ku laLFkkux`g ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj

    izks- larksk dqekj

    Prof. Santosh KumarExecutive Director

    vxj mfpr gS vkink izca/ku] rHkh feysxk fodkl dks /kuAQksu Ph: +91-11-23702445, Fax: +91-11-23702446, E-mail:ed.nidm@nic.in, Website : www.nidm.gov.in/ / / /QSDl bZ esy osc lkbZV

    dk;Zdkjh funskd

    As per sections 42 and 43 of Chapter VII of Disaster Management Act 2005, NationalInstitute of Disaster Management has been mandated to undertake documentation studiesrelated to disasters in the country as part of its activities for disaster risk reduction. TheInstitute has already published some of such documentation studies, viz KumbhkonamFire incident, Kosi Floods, Barmer Floods, Sikkim Earthquake, Kutch Earthquake etc. Thepresent report is an endeavour in the same direction where the recent disaster in theUttarkashi district of Uttarakhand has been studied by Dr. Surya Parkash, AssociateProfessor, NIDM and published in this document as A Report on the Study of Flashfloodsand Landslides (3rd August 2012) in the Bhagirathi Valley of Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand.

    NIDM expresses its unfathomable grievances and condoles the untimely deathsof the victims in this disaster and hopes that the document would bring out variousissues, challenges and opportunities that would help in reducing the risk from suchdisasters in future. The efforts made by Dr. Surya Parkash, Associate Professor, NIDM,are immensily appreciated, especially the fact that he had visited the affected areaimmediately after the event and gathered relevant information, ideas and experiencesto derive lessons from the event and propose onsite suitable recommendations to therelevant stakeholders for avoiding, preventing or reducing the risks in a systematicmanner.

    The readers of the document are requested to provide feedback, comments andsuggestions to the Institute for improving specifically the quality of documentation andmaking it more effective and user friendly to the public, administration, professionals,government and other stakeholders.

    (Prof. Santosh Kumar)Executive Director

    Foreword

  • iv

  • Preface

    The monsoon period i.e., June to September is infamous for causing catastrophic anddevastating disasters due to cloudbursts, flashfloods and landslides in the hilly terrains, particularlythe habituated areas of Himalaya. However, such events also happen during other periods of theyear as well, when heavy to very heavy precipitation occurs on susceptible slopes with poor drainagesystem. Besides the natural factors like geodynamically active seismic belt, immature topographyand high to very high intensity rainfalls, the role of human beings in aggravating the impacts ofthese catastrophic events cannot be over-sighted. The increasing concentration of population oversusceptible unstable slopes and ill-developed planning / mining / construction of habitations aswell as highways, infrastructure in close proximity with the rivers or footslopes without properprotective measures have added to the woes of the people who suffer from the impacts of thesehazardous events. The victims include the local community, pilgrims, tourists, trekkers, labourers,shopkeepers and visitors in the affected locality and indirect impacts are faced by people whodepend on trading / resources from these hills.

    In addition to the haphazard and unscientific developments, lack of adequate disasterrisk reduction measures and in efficient disaster management system, results in chaotic and adverseapproach leading to delayed and poor risk management. Thus, it is the dire need of the society torevamp the whole system of development and disaster risk management in a proper systematicand scientific way so that incidences and the adverse impacts of such catastrophic events onhumanity, environment development and resources can be reduced. The present study of recentdisasters (flashfloods and landslides) in the Upper Bhagirathi valley of Uttarkashi district inUttarakhand, India is an endeavour in this direction.

    The present document provides an insight on the incidences of past disasters, andadministrative, demographic, socio-economic and infra-structure perspective of the Uttarkashidistrict for assessing the vulnerability and capacity of the district in disaster risk reduction. Theauthor has also attempted to discuss the causes and consequqneces of the recent event alongwith the response by various stakeholders. The report summarises the lessons learnt achievingand recommends measures that would be useful in devising strategies for achieving disaster riskreduction.

    v

  • The readers are requested to provide their free and frank opinion about the usability ofthis report vis-a-vis its aims and objectives. Any good and practically acceptable suggestion whichwould help in strengthening our efforts towards disaster risk reduction would be welcome.

    (Surya Parkash, Ph.D.)Head

    Knowledge Management & Communication Division,NIDM, New Delhi

    E-mail : suryanidm@gmail.com

    vi

  • I would like to express my sincere gratitude to Prof. Santosh Kumar, Executive Director,National Institute of Disaster Management, New Delhi for his kind encouragement and support incarrying out the field study and in preparing the present document on Study on Flash floods andLandslides (3rd August 2012) in the Bahgirathi Valley of Uttarkashi district, Uttarakhand.

    I am grateful to Shri Om Prakash, Principal Secretary (Disaster Management), Governmentof Uttarakhand; Dr. R. Rajesh Kumar, Deputy Commissioner, Uttarkashi and other civic servants ofthe state, viz; Shri Sanjay Gunjiyal, DIG Police; Shri B.K. Mishra, ADM; Dr. S.K. Baranwal, Dy. Collector;Mr. Ghildyal, District Information Officer; Shri D.C. Nautiyal, AE (PWD), Uttarkashi; Mr. Kamal SinghRawat, Local Represenative; Mr. Sharad Singh Chauhan, Mr. Phool Babu, Mrs. Urmila Semwal,Digvijay Singh Negi and Attar Singh Negi people directly affected by the disaster; Mr. YogeshMishra of Infromation and Public Relations Department, Dehradun; and Mr. Girish Gairola, BureauChief Garhwal Mandal from Avanti Media Limited (TV 100) for their kind cooperation during thefield visit and meeting held with them on the matter. Their inputs and experience sharing haveadded a great value to this report.

    Thanks are due to Dr. Piyoosh Rautela, Executive Director, Disaster Mitigation andManagement Centre, Dehradun and Shri Davender Singh Patwal, District Project Officer, DisasterManagement, Uttarkashi for sharing valuable experiences on disaster management.

    All district and the state officials as well as the local representatives and affected peoplewho have shared information and experiences deserve appreciation for highlighting the responseactions, challenges and difficulties faced in managing the disaster.

    The role of central government agencies in the area

Recommended

View more >