9.what is intelligence, anyway?. about intelligence tests about intelligence tests as we know,...

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  • Slide 1
  • 9.What is Intelligence, Anyway?
  • Slide 2
  • About Intelligence Tests About Intelligence Tests As we know, intelligence test is given to measure a persons intellectual ability---- ability to solve different kinds of problems. As we know, intelligence test is given to measure a persons intellectual ability---- ability to solve different kinds of problems. There are many kinds of intelligence tests in nowadays. The first intelligence test, known as Binet Scale, was developed in 1905 by a French psychologist named Alfred Binet. The Binet Scale has been revised many times for determining the progressive classification of childrens intelligence in the US by psychologists at Standford University and is now called Standford- Binet Scale. There are many kinds of intelligence tests in nowadays. The first intelligence test, known as Binet Scale, was developed in 1905 by a French psychologist named Alfred Binet. The Binet Scale has been revised many times for determining the progressive classification of childrens intelligence in the US by psychologists at Standford University and is now called Standford- Binet Scale.
  • Slide 3
  • About Intelligence Tests For years the Binet Scale was the only widely known intelligence test. Then came World War . The US government needed a way to test the intelligence of more than one million army recruits. For this purpose, the group intelligence test was designed. And since then it has almost become a sort of routine to give recruits an intelligence test. For years the Binet Scale was the only widely known intelligence test. Then came World War . The US government needed a way to test the intelligence of more than one million army recruits. For this purpose, the group intelligence test was designed. And since then it has almost become a sort of routine to give recruits an intelligence test.
  • Slide 4
  • About Intelligence Tests The intelligence quotient (I.Q.) The intelligence quotient (I.Q.) The result of an intelligence test is called an I.Q., short form for an intelligence quotient. Generally a persons I.Q. is to be obtained by dividing his or her mental age (determined by a test) by his or her real age and multiplying the result by 100 (mental age / real age 100). The result of an intelligence test is called an I.Q., short form for an intelligence quotient. Generally a persons I.Q. is to be obtained by dividing his or her mental age (determined by a test) by his or her real age and multiplying the result by 100 (mental age / real age 100).
  • Slide 5
  • About Intelligence Tests There are many different intelligence tests which yield results along different numerical scales. However, many of those currently in use conform to the following scale: There are many different intelligence tests which yield results along different numerical scales. However, many of those currently in use conform to the following scale: Below 85 retardation Below 85 retardation 85100 average intelligence 85100 average intelligence 110120 bright- average intelligence 110120 bright- average intelligence 120130 intellectually superior 120130 intellectually superior Above 130 intellectually very superior Above 130 intellectually very superior
  • Slide 6
  • About Intelligence Tests Those who have scored 130 or above are usually labeled as gifted, and those who have scored 140 or above, as genius. Those who have scored 130 or above are usually labeled as gifted, and those who have scored 140 or above, as genius. But not all educators But not all educators agree that intelligence agree that intelligence tests are accurate tests are accurate measures of intellectual measures of intellectual ability. ability.
  • Slide 7
  • How do you think about intelligence test? Group work: Group work: 1.How do you think about it, agree or not? And why? 1.How do you think about it, agree or not? And why? 2. do you think intelligence is the most important factor for a persons success? If not, what else? 2. do you think intelligence is the most important factor for a persons success? If not, what else?
  • Slide 8
  • The organization of the text Part ( para. 1) Part ( para. 1) What is intelligence? The authors statement---high score in intelligence tests doesnt meaning anything. What is intelligence? The authors statement---high score in intelligence tests doesnt meaning anything. Part ( paras. 2--7) Part ( paras. 2--7) Why there is much more in intelligence than just being able to score high on intelligence tests. Why there is much more in intelligence than just being able to score high on intelligence tests.
  • Slide 9
  • The frame of Part The author has always been getting high scores, but he thinks it doesnt mean he is highly intelligent. The author has always been getting high scores, but he thinks it doesnt mean he is highly intelligent. An example of an auto-repair man An example of an auto-repair man Although the repair-man is not able to get high scores in intelligence tests, he is good at solving mechanical problems, while the author can do nothing. Although the repair-man is not able to get high scores in intelligence tests, he is good at solving mechanical problems, while the author can do nothing. From the joke the repair-man told the author, he leaves a thought-provoking questionDoes high score really meaning something? Obviously not. From the joke the repair-man told the author, he leaves a thought-provoking questionDoes high score really meaning something? Obviously not.
  • Slide 10
  • Word learning aptitude aptitude complacent complacent academic academic worthy (of) worthy (of) estimate estimate grant grant explore explore devise devise verbal verbal determine determine evaluation evaluation numerical numerical deaf deaf dumb dumb clerk clerk heartily heartily uneasy uneasy for sure for sure pick out pick out make up make up
  • Slide 11
  • Main idea of Part The text starts with the question: What is Intelligence, Anyway? The text starts with the question: What is Intelligence, Anyway? After stated his own experience of intelligence test, the author puts forward his point of view: high score in intelligence tests doesnt meaning anything. After stated his own experience of intelligence test, the author puts forward his point of view: high score in intelligence tests doesnt meaning anything.
  • Slide 12
  • Main idea of Part Translate the following sentences: Translate the following sentences: What is Intelligence, Anyway? What is Intelligence, Anyway? No one at the base had ever seen a figure like that and for two hours they made a big fuzz over me. No one at the base had ever seen a figure like that and for two hours they made a big fuzz over me.
  • Slide 13
  • Main idea of Part in para. 2, The author told that he has always been getting high scores, but he thinks it doesnt mean he is highly intelligent. in para. 2, The author told that he has always been getting high scores, but he thinks it doesnt mean he is highly intelligent. In para. 3, The author stated an example of an auto-repair man as an objection in order to support his point of view. In para. 3, The author stated an example of an auto-repair man as an objection in order to support his point of view.
  • Slide 14
  • Main idea of Part In para. 4, It tells us that: although the repair-man is not able to get high scores in intelligence tests, he is good at solving mechanical problems, while the author cannot do anything. In para. 4, It tells us that: although the repair-man is not able to get high scores in intelligence tests, he is good at solving mechanical problems, while the author cannot do anything. In para. 5-6, From the joke the repair- man told the author, he leaves a thought-provoking questionDoes high score really meaning something? Obviously not. In para. 5-6, From the joke the repair- man told the author, he leaves a thought-provoking questionDoes high score really meaning something? Obviously not.
  • Slide 15
  • Main idea of Part In para. 7, The author ends the text with only one sentence: And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there. In para. 7, The author ends the text with only one sentence: And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there. The one-sentence paragraph here is really more powerful than stating clearly his point of view again. The one-sentence paragraph here is really more powerful than stating clearly his point of view again.
  • Slide 16
  • Main idea of Part Translate the following sentences: Translate the following sentences: All my life Ive been registering scores like that, so that I have the complacent feeling that Im highly intelligent, and I expect other people to think so, too. All my life Ive been registering scores like that, so that I have the complacent feeling that Im highly intelligent, and I expect other people to think so, too. Its numerical evaluation is determined by a small subsection of that society which has managed to foist itself on the rest of us as an arbiter of such matter. Its numerical evaluation is determined by a small subsection of that society which has managed to foist itself on the rest of us as an arbiter of such matter.
  • Slide 17
  • Main idea of Part And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there. And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there.
  • Slide 18
  • Scientist and science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov ________ the question of intelligence in this artic

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