year end closing gl
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Oracle Month/Year End Closing Procedures
Year End Closing GLMany organizations follow specific procedures to generate special journal entries to close and open fiscal years. These closing entries apply to both the income statement and balance sheet. Auditable closing procedures vary considerably, depending on country reporting requirements, generally accepted accounting practices in a country, and organization business needs. General Ledger is equipped to create actual closing journals for yearend and other closing periods. To process yearend closing Journals, we recommend you: Set up the last day of your fiscal year as an adjusting period. Set up the first day of your new fiscal year as an adjusting period. Ensure the period you are closing is an Open period. Complete your routine accounting before the last day of the year. Post your adjustments and closing entries in the adjusting period. In the last adjusting period of the fiscal year you want to close: Run the Create Income Statement Closing Journals process to transfer income statement yearend account balances of your revenue and expense accounts to the retained earnings account. Run the Create Balance Sheet Closing Journals process to close and zero out the yeartodate balances of all balance sheet accounts: assets, liabilities, and owners equity. In the first adjusting period of your new fiscal year: Run the Open Period program to open the first period of the new year. Reverse and post the balance sheet closing journals to reopen those balances. Note: You are closing actual journals. You cannot close budget or encumbrance balances. Warning: If you are using Multiple Reporting Currencies, make sure you define a conversion rule to prevent replication of your yearend closing journals from your primary set of books to each of your reporting sets of books. Income Statement Closing Journals General Ledger provides two options for the Income Statement Closing Journals. You can choose to zero out each income statement account, and post the balance to the retained earnings account. Alternatively, you can post the reciprocal of the net income balance to an income statement offset account instead of zeroing out each revenue and Expense account. The Income Statement Closing Journals program generates journals to close out the yeartodate (YTD) actual balances of a range of revenue and expense accounts. This program can be submitted for any open period. The Income Statement Closing Journals program can accept two account templates as parameters for the closing journal. The Retained Earnings account template
Oracle Month/Year End Closing Procedures The Income Statement Offset account template The Retained Earnings account template is a required parameter. The Income Offset account template is an optional parameter. Option 1: Income Statement Close When you run the process, Create Income Statement Closing Journals, and you enter an account for the field, Closing Account in the Parameters window, entries are posted against each revenue and expense account in the account range processed. It is the reciprocal of the accounts YTD balance and zeroes out each account. The amount posted to the retained earnings account is effectively the net sum of the revenue and expense accounts YTD balances. If there are income statement balances in both functional and foreign currencies, the closing process produces a journal batch that contains separate journals for each currency processed. For the functional currency, the journal will only have entered amounts, as converted amounts do not apply. For foreign currencies, the journal will have both entered and converted amounts. The program does not process stat account balances. Option 2: Income Statement Offset When you run the process, Create Income Statement Closing Journals, and you enter an account for the fields, Closing Account and Income Offset Account in the Parameters window, the journal generated will be similar to that described above except for the following: The revenue and expense accounts included in the specified account range will not be zeroed out. Instead, the program will take the net sum of the revenue and expense accounts. This sum includes the balance in the income statement offset account. It will then post the reciprocal of the net sum to the income-offset account, in the appropriate debit (DR) or credit (CR) column. The amount posted to the retained earnings account will be the reciprocal of the amount posted to the income-offset account. This retained earnings amount will then also be equal to the net sum of the revenue and expense accounts processed. Running the Create Income Statement Closing Journals Program Before running the process, Create Income Statement Closing Journals, review the following activities: 1. Post all revenue and expense adjustment entries to the appropriate periods. 2. Print General Ledger accounting and analysis reports. 3. Ensure the period you are closing is an Open period. 4. If you have accounts you want to process that have any of the following attributes: Enabled flag was disabled Allow Posting flag was disabled Effective date is out of range Temporarily reenable the account to post the generated closing journal. The Segment Value Inheritance program can help you temporarily reenable these accounts. Use the Segment Value Inheritance program to disable these accounts once the closing journal has been posted.
Oracle Month/Year End Closing Procedures5. Run the close process, Create Income Statement Journals in the adjusting period that represents the last day of your fiscal year or the period you want to close. In the Parameters window, enter an account in the Closing Account field. The Category field below defaults to display Income Close. If you are closing a period and you entered an account for the Closing Account and Income Offset Account fields in the Parameters window, submit your request to generate closing journals. The category field below defaults to display Income Offset. 6. Post the income statement closing journals to update yeartodate actual balances or period to date actual balances. If you chose the Income Statement Offset option, proceed to your next open period. Note: Should you need to make adjustments after the income statement closing journals are posted, reverse and post the original closing entries, make your adjustments, then rerun the closing process to capture the new adjustments. 7. Run the Open Period program to open the first period of the new fiscal year. This program closes out all revenue and expense accounts to the Retained Earnings account. However, because posting of the closing journals has already zeroed out the revenue and expense accounts to the Retained Earnings account, there are no balances to transfer and no further effect on Retained Earnings. 8. If revenue and expense adjustments need to be made after opening the new fiscal year, posting those backdated adjustments will automatically update the beginning balances of the Retained Earnings account for all open periods in the new year. However, amounts in the closing journal will not reflect the adjustments. For accuracy, you must reverse the closing journals, post, enter your adjustments, run the Create Income Statement Closing Journals, and post. Income Statement Closing Journal Attributes General Ledger automatically creates a separate closing account for each balancing segment if you specify an account range that includes multiple balancing segments. The effective date of your closing journal entries is the last day ofthe period you specify in the parameters window, typically the adjusting period on the last day of your fiscal year. The closing journals you generate are marked for reversal in the same period the journals were generated. The reversal method defaults to Change Sign. To change the default reversal method, see Changing The Default Reversal Method, below. General Ledger closes functional and foreign currency balances with different journal entries: Functional Currency: Journal entries reflect only entered amounts. Journal entries do not address foreign converted or account for amounts. Foreign Currency: Journal entries reflect both foreign entered amounts as well as the converted amounts.You journal will display a conversion Type of User and a Rate of 1.
Oracle Month/Year End Closing Procedures
If you experience accounting changes you want to capture after you have run the Create Income Statement Closing Journals program, consider the following options: Option 1, Retained Earnings Account Template: If you only using the Retained Earnings Account Template, reverse all the journals created by the last run of the Create Income Statement Closing Journals program, then run the program again to capture your changes. Option 2, Income Statement Offset Account template: If you are using the Retained Earnings Account Template and the Income Statement Offset Account Template, run the Create Income Statement Closing Journals program to capture the accounting changes made since the last run of the program. Note the following conditions: The account range you specify can be a different range but it must include the original account range you submitted before accounting changes were realized. The account range you specify must include the income offset account. Changing The Default Reversal Method To change the default reversal method: Choose the reversal method you want to use in the Journal Reversal Criteria window before you run the Create Income Statement Closing Journals process. OR After you run the Create Income Statement Closing Journals process, navigate to the Journal Entry window, query your generated journals and change the reversal method. Additional Information: MRC Sets of Books: You should run the Create Income Statement Closing Journals separately for the MRC primary set of books, and