Www.power point.ro 2075-cetatea calnic_mfp

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<p> 1. S redescoperim ROMNIA !Derulare automat sau Click 2. Cetatea Clnic a fost atestatdocumentar n anul 1269,fiind ridicat de comiteleChyl de Kelling, iniial caresedin nobiliar sseasc.In prezent, Cetatea se aflpe lista PatrimoniuluiMondial UNESCO, avnd ovaloare istoric unic.De civa ani, Cetatea Clnicse afl n grija Asociaiei ArsTransilvaniae, care faceparte din Centrul CulturalInternaional, patronat deInstitutul de Arheologie iIstoria Artei al AcademieiRomane din Cluj-Napoca. 3. Localitatea Clnic se afl la 4 Km de drumul european E68 celeag oraele Sibiu i Sebe 4. Cetatea trneasc de la Clnic, este celebr prin turnulSiegfried, un donjon puternic, atestat nc din 1290. Esteamenajat n secolele al XV-lea i al XVI-lea. 5. De proporii monumentale, donjonul de la Clnic, (Turnul Siegfried),a fost construit n jurul anului 1272 din piatr brut, pe un planpatrulater (12,25 x 8,85 m). Grosimea zidurilor donjonului este deun metru. Acesta a avut iniial 14 m nlime, dar a fost ulteriornlat la 20 m. Parterul-pivni i primul etaj ce servea de locuin,au fost boltite n semicilindru. Al treilea nivel, prevzut cu metereze,era foarte scund, iar al patrulea era o camer de locuit fortificat. 6. Turnul de Poart este cea de a doua atracie a Cetii. Acesta areintrarea pe sub o bolt cilindric prevzut cu hers (grtar masiv ceera cobort fulgertor asupra asediatorilor). 7. Dup 1430, ultimuldescendent al greavilor,Johann Gereb deVingard, vinde Cetatearanilor sai din Clnic.Dup opt ani, sultanulMurad al II-lea ocucerete fr lupt, iarndat dup aceea,stenii ntresc Cetatea,ridicnd de-a lungulincintei interioare cmripentru provizii pe treiniveluri. 8. Capela din incint const dintr-o sal dreptunghiular i o absidsemicircular spre rsrit, separat printr-un arc triumfal. Portalul depe latura de apus, sculptat n gresie, are un ancadrament ce aparinestilului gotic trziu. 9. n a doua jumtate a secoluluial XVI-lea fortificaia a fostadaptat noilor cerine, o datcu rspndirea armelor de foc:este ridicat a doua incint.Din 2003 s-au efectuat lucrri de amenajare pentru spaiileexpoziionale i pentru cazare, cetatea fiind transformat ntr-unntr-un centru cultural tiintific internaional. 10. La o mic distan de cetate se afl fosta cas parohialevanghelic, construit n secolul al XVI-lea i mrit n 1779. De laea se ajunge la biserica din Deal , nconjurat de cimitir. Sepresupune c ar fi fost construit n secolul al XIII-lea, dar structurade astzi dateaz din secolul al XV-lea, fiind mult modificat nsecolul al XIX-lea, fapt care a determinat aspectul actual neogotic. 11. The Peasant Fortress at CalnicIn the village of Calnic, first attested in writing in 1269, there is oneof the oldest fortresses in Transylvania. Built around the year 1200, itwas mentioned in writing around 1267 as owned by the Kellingcounts. The name of the village derives from the name of the Kellingnoble family, whose property it was during the 13th-14th centuries.Of large proportions, the Dungeon at Calnic, also called theSiegfried's Tower, was built with raw stone, and has a quadrilateralplan (12.25 x 8.85 m). Its walls are 1 m thick. Formerly 14 m high, itis 20 m now. The cellar ground-floor and the first floor, which servedas a residence house, were vaulted in a semicircular shape, while theother two floors were provided with a ceiling. The third floor,provided with battlements was very low, where as the fourth onemade a fortified room. 12. The defence system of the Fortress included also a 3-4 m widemoat that surrounded its walls, being supplied with water from anear-by brook.Entrance to the Gate Tower is made through a vaulted coveredwalk equipped with a kind of grill-gate ended in stakes called"hersa" which, pulled down swiftly, would isolate the besiegersvanguard from the bulk of their army.After 1430, Johann Gereb of Vingard, the last descendant of theKelling noble family, sold the Fortress to the Saxon villagers atCalnic. Eight years later, sultan Murad the 2nd conquered theFortress without being opposed any resistance. Soon afterwardsthe villagers strengthened the Fortress by building onto theprecinct's walls cells for provisions arranged on three storeys.The Peasant Fortress at Calnic was included in the UNESCOworld patrimony 13. FFoottooggrraaffiiii iinntteerrnneett MMuuzziiccaa -- GGhheeoorrgghhee ZZaammffiirr -- GGooiinngg HHoommee</p>